Disease Detectives B/C

Test your knowledge of various Science Olympiad events.
User avatar
SenseiSushi
Member
Member
Posts: 110
Joined: Tue Apr 28, 2015 10:51 pm
Division: C
State: PA
Location: Los Estados Unidos
Contact:

Disease Detectives B/C

Postby SenseiSushi » Tue Sep 06, 2016 8:46 pm

Short Event Description: "Students will use investigative skills in the scientific study of disease, injury, health and disability in populations or groups of people with a focus on foodborne illness."

Define the term “host” and name the three classifications of hosts.
Userpage
2014 States: R&M-4th, Sounds of Music-5th
2015 States: Crime Busters-2nd, Green Gen-2nd
2015 Nationals: Green Generation-1st
2015 Swap Meet: Cheese Hat
2016 States: Green Gen-1st, Exp Des-5th, Scrambler-6th
2016 Nationals: Green Generation-1st

User avatar
bhavjain
Member
Member
Posts: 153
Joined: Sat Feb 21, 2015 3:30 am
Division: C
State: PA
Contact:

Re: Disease Detectives B/C

Postby bhavjain » Tue Sep 06, 2016 11:35 pm

Sensei_Sushi wrote:Short Event Description: "Students will use investigative skills in the scientific study of disease, injury, health and disability in populations or groups of people with a focus on foodborne illness."

Define the term “host” and name the three classifications of hosts.


Answer
A host is an organism that can be infected by a pathogen under normal circumstances; this organism harbors and provides shelter for the pathogen. Classifications: primary, secondary (intermediate), and reservoir.
2017 Science Olympiad - (Invites TBD/Reg/State/Nats) - Division C

Anatomy: (-/-/-/-)
Astronomy: (-/-/-/-)
Disease Detectives: (-/-/-/-)
Ecology: (-/-/-/-)
Microbe Mission: (-/-/-/-)
Remote Sensing: (-/-/-/-)
Rocks & Minerals: (-/-/-/-)
Towers: (-/-/-/-)

User avatar
mangothecat
Member
Member
Posts: 41
Joined: Tue Aug 04, 2015 4:16 am
Division: B
State: CA
Contact:

Re: Disease Detectives B/C

Postby mangothecat » Thu Sep 22, 2016 5:10 am

Since it's been a while(ish) since the last post, I'll just jump in here!
1. What is the Hawthorne effect?
2. Name a viral infection that is associated with Guillain-Barre syndrome.
3. Name a bacterial infection that is associated with Guillain-Barre syndrome. Describe the pathophysiology of GBS caused by this bacterium.
“Cats can work out mathematically the exact place to sit that will cause most inconvenience.” ~Pam Brown
2016: Churchill, Mira Loma, Mesa/Wilson, Wicklund, Regs, States
Anat&Physio: 2/3/1/1/1/
Disease Detectives: 1/1/2/1/1/
Microbe Mission: 1/4/2/2/2/

cemsc10
Member
Member
Posts: 31
Joined: Sun Mar 06, 2016 12:16 am
Division: B
State: OH
Location: Studying Disease Detectives
Contact:

Re: Disease Detectives B/C

Postby cemsc10 » Sat Sep 24, 2016 2:03 am

sorry i accidentally double posted ignore this
Last edited by cemsc10 on Sat Sep 24, 2016 2:05 am, edited 1 time in total.
An disease detective who happens to experiment with meteorology when she is sick of testing her scrambler.

cemsc10
Member
Member
Posts: 31
Joined: Sun Mar 06, 2016 12:16 am
Division: B
State: OH
Location: Studying Disease Detectives
Contact:

Re: Disease Detectives B/C

Postby cemsc10 » Sat Sep 24, 2016 2:04 am

mangothecat wrote:Since it's been a while(ish) since the last post, I'll just jump in here!
1. What is the Hawthorne effect?
2. Name a viral infection that is associated with Guillain-Barre syndrome.
3. Name a bacterial infection that is associated with Guillain-Barre syndrome. Describe the pathophysiology of GBS caused by this bacterium.





answer
The Hawthorne effect is when people will alter behaviors in a study since they know they are being observed.
The Zika virus is associated with guillain barre syndrome. A bacterial infection associated could be Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
GBS is caused by this bacterium as it is usually triggered by an infection. When antibodies are made to fight a disease, they sometimes mistake the nerves as germs, causing inflammation and leading to GBS.
An disease detective who happens to experiment with meteorology when she is sick of testing her scrambler.

User avatar
mangothecat
Member
Member
Posts: 41
Joined: Tue Aug 04, 2015 4:16 am
Division: B
State: CA
Contact:

Re: Disease Detectives B/C

Postby mangothecat » Sat Sep 24, 2016 8:31 pm

cemsc10 wrote:
mangothecat wrote:Since it's been a while(ish) since the last post, I'll just jump in here!
1. What is the Hawthorne effect?
2. Name a viral infection that is associated with Guillain-Barre syndrome.
3. Name a bacterial infection that is associated with Guillain-Barre syndrome. Describe the pathophysiology of GBS caused by this bacterium.





answer
The Hawthorne effect is when people will alter behaviors in a study since they know they are being observed.
The Zika virus is associated with guillain barre syndrome. A bacterial infection associated could be Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
GBS is caused by this bacterium as it is usually triggered by an infection. When antibodies are made to fight a disease, they sometimes mistake the nerves as germs, causing inflammation and leading to GBS.

Yeeup all correct! Your turn!
other possible answers:
1. cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, HIV, enteric viruses.
2. Campylobacter jejuni
“Cats can work out mathematically the exact place to sit that will cause most inconvenience.” ~Pam Brown
2016: Churchill, Mira Loma, Mesa/Wilson, Wicklund, Regs, States
Anat&Physio: 2/3/1/1/1/
Disease Detectives: 1/1/2/1/1/
Microbe Mission: 1/4/2/2/2/

kelei
Member
Member
Posts: 2
Joined: Mon Jul 25, 2016 12:34 am
Division: C
State: NC
Contact:

Re: Disease Detectives B/C

Postby kelei » Mon Oct 03, 2016 2:46 pm

Nobody has posted in a while, so here are a few questions:
1. What is prophylaxis?
2. How can anthrax be transmitted?
3. Define a spot map.
2017-2018 prospective events
Disease Detectives (veteran)
Rocks and Minerals
Microbe Mission
Dynamic Planet
Herpetology

User avatar
yellow_squirtle
Member
Member
Posts: 18
Joined: Tue Aug 19, 2014 1:02 am
Division: C
State: TX
Contact:

Re: Disease Detectives B/C

Postby yellow_squirtle » Fri Oct 28, 2016 12:26 am

..
1. actions taken to prevent a disease from occurring
2. inhaling spores in the air (aerosol transmission)
3. map showing case locations

yang573
Member
Member
Posts: 35
Joined: Tue Apr 01, 2014 7:25 pm
Division: C
State: NY
Location: Earth
Contact:

Re: Disease Detectives B/C

Postby yang573 » Sun Nov 06, 2016 2:03 am

yellow_squirtle wrote:
..
1. actions taken to prevent a disease from occurring
2. inhaling spores in the air (aerosol transmission)
3. map showing case locations


Those are correct. Anthrax can also be spread through contaminated food (gastrointestinal anthrax) and through open skin (cutaneous anthrax). You can post a question.

User avatar
dcrxcode
Exalted Member
Exalted Member
Posts: 100
Joined: Sun Mar 22, 2015 3:53 pm
Division: Grad
State: IN
Contact:

Re: Disease Detectives B/C

Postby dcrxcode » Sun Nov 20, 2016 2:31 am

Since no one has posted in a while:

Differentiate between pathogenicity, infectivity, and virulence.

User avatar
bhavjain
Member
Member
Posts: 153
Joined: Sat Feb 21, 2015 3:30 am
Division: C
State: PA
Contact:

Re: Disease Detectives B/C

Postby bhavjain » Sun Nov 20, 2016 4:19 pm

dcrxcode wrote:Since no one has posted in a while:

Differentiate between pathogenicity, infectivity, and virulence.


Answer
Infectivity - ability of a pathogen to undergo horizontal transmission, or actually spread to another organism. This is taken without regard to whether the pathogen actually causes disease.

Pathogenicity - ability of a pathogen to actually cause disease once it has infected the host

Virulence - degree/extent to which the disease is; severity of the disease caused by pathogen.

User avatar
dcrxcode
Exalted Member
Exalted Member
Posts: 100
Joined: Sun Mar 22, 2015 3:53 pm
Division: Grad
State: IN
Contact:

Re: Disease Detectives B/C

Postby dcrxcode » Sun Nov 20, 2016 4:22 pm

bhavjain wrote:
dcrxcode wrote:Since no one has posted in a while:

Differentiate between pathogenicity, infectivity, and virulence.


Answer
Infectivity - ability of a pathogen to undergo horizontal transmission, or actually spread to another organism. This is taken without regard to whether the pathogen actually causes disease.

Pathogenicity - ability of a pathogen to actually cause disease once it has infected the host

Virulence - degree/extent to which the disease is; severity of the disease caused by pathogen.


Yep, your turn!

User avatar
bhavjain
Member
Member
Posts: 153
Joined: Sat Feb 21, 2015 3:30 am
Division: C
State: PA
Contact:

Re: Disease Detectives B/C

Postby bhavjain » Sun Nov 20, 2016 6:43 pm

List three pathogens that can cause Guillain-Barré syndrome. What are the symptoms of the disorder?

kelei
Member
Member
Posts: 2
Joined: Mon Jul 25, 2016 12:34 am
Division: C
State: NC
Contact:

Re: Disease Detectives B/C

Postby kelei » Mon Nov 28, 2016 3:09 am

bhavjain wrote:List three pathogens that can cause Guillain-Barré syndrome. What are the symptoms of the disorder?


Pathogens:
Campylobacter jejuni bacteria, CMV, influenza virus

Symptoms:
pain in the muscles, fatigue, muscular weakness and malfunction, abnormal or fast heart rate

User avatar
bhavjain
Member
Member
Posts: 153
Joined: Sat Feb 21, 2015 3:30 am
Division: C
State: PA
Contact:

Re: Disease Detectives B/C

Postby bhavjain » Mon Nov 28, 2016 7:26 am

kelei wrote:
bhavjain wrote:List three pathogens that can cause Guillain-Barré syndrome. What are the symptoms of the disorder?


Pathogens:
Campylobacter jejuni bacteria, CMV, influenza virus

Symptoms:
pain in the muscles, fatigue, muscular weakness and malfunction, abnormal or fast heart rate


Correct. Your turn.


Return to “2017 Question Marathons”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest