jonathanzhang53 wrote:so it says that you need to research mitigation of natural disasters caused by plate tectonics. but isnt the whole point of the disaster is the fact that it's "natural"
How do you mitigate something that can happen at any time. Even if you knew when it would happen, how would you stop it?
eg. tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption
does the cheat sheet mean precautionary techniques?
Isn't mitigation reducing the negative effects of an event, not necessarily removing the negative event itself? In that case, mitigation of natural disasters wouldn't be preventing natural disasters, but limiting the loss of life through appropriate construction techniques, etc.
Hurricanes are the example I can think of best off the top of my head, they're not relevant to tectonics but as an example of mitigation of natural disasters, you could build houses on stilts, so that when there's a storm surge it doesn't wash away the houses or flood them inside, since there isn't any direct way to prevent the hurricane from happening and having a storm surge.
It should be the same idea for the tectonics natural disasters - given that earthquakes and volcanoes and tsunamis are going to happen, mitigation means asking what can we do to make sure as few people as possible die when they happen, or there's as little property damage as possible, and so on? So there are ways of constructing buildings that are less likely to collapse in an earthquake, and things like that, I think that's what they're asking about. I guess that would be, as you say, precautionary techniques.
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