Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Test your knowledge of various Science Olympiad events.
Anomaly
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Postby Anomaly » March 25th, 2018, 10:35 am

Uh I guess I'll start this back up again?
Easy Questions
1. What cells produce surfactant?
2. Which respiratory structures are part of the conducting zone?
3. What is the function of pancreatic juice?
4. What is the function of intrinsic factor and which cells is it secreted by?
5. Which type of immune response is most directly effective against bacteria?
6. Explain the steps of the inflammatory response.
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Anatomy and Physiology, Codebusters, Disease Detectives, Write It Do It

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venules
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Postby venules » March 27th, 2018, 6:11 pm

1. Type II alveolar cells
2. nose/nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles
3. to break down proteins and starch/carbohydrates
4. Intrinsic factor is secreted by the parietal cells of the stomach and it is needed to produce vitamin B12.
5. specific/adaptive immunity
6. Infection occurs > histamines released to site of infection > blood vessels dilate > ?
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Postby The48thYoshi » April 6th, 2018, 11:56 am

I guess I’ll give some questions?
Questions
1. What is the function of steapsin?
2. Where it is produced?
3. What is another name for it?
4. What digestive enzyme is found exclusively in babies?
5. What does it do?
6. What enzyme replaces it with age?
7. What type of cells is it produced by?
aeshs ‘22

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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Postby strawberryy » April 8th, 2018, 10:27 am

*deleted*

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Nano1llus10n
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Postby Nano1llus10n » April 23rd, 2018, 7:16 pm

The48thYoshi wrote:I guess I’ll give some questions?
Questions
1. What is the function of steapsin?
2. Where it is produced?
3. What is another name for it?
4. What digestive enzyme is found exclusively in babies?
5. What does it do?
6. What enzyme replaces it with age?
7. What type of cells is it produced by?

Answers
1. to break up triacylglycerols into glycerol and fatty acids
2. pancreas
3. triacylglycerol lipase
4. rennin
5. coagulates milk
6. pepsin
7. chief cells
2017-2018 (Div C)
Event: MIT/R/S/N
Anatomy and Physiology: 8/3/2/26
Helicopters: 11/-/2/43
Microbe Mission: 13/2/2/8

2018-2019 (Div C)
Event: R/S/N
Anatomy and Physiology: 1/2/8
Designer Genes: 1/2/4
Protein Modeling: 1/3/2
Wright Stuff: 2/2/9


Seven Lakes High School '21

The48thYoshi
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Postby The48thYoshi » April 23rd, 2018, 7:34 pm

Nano1llus10n wrote:
The48thYoshi wrote:I guess I’ll give some questions?
Questions
1. What is the function of steapsin?
2. Where it is produced?
3. What is another name for it?
4. What digestive enzyme is found exclusively in babies?
5. What does it do?
6. What enzyme replaces it with age?
7. What type of cells is it produced by?

Answers
1. to break up triacylglycerols into glycerol and fatty acids
2. pancreas
3. triacylglycerol lipase
4. rennin
5. coagulates milk
6. pepsin
7. chief cells


Correct. Your turn
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Nano1llus10n
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Postby Nano1llus10n » April 23rd, 2018, 8:12 pm

Name the 9 respiratory volumes/capacities and give a brief description for each
2017-2018 (Div C)
Event: MIT/R/S/N
Anatomy and Physiology: 8/3/2/26
Helicopters: 11/-/2/43
Microbe Mission: 13/2/2/8

2018-2019 (Div C)
Event: R/S/N
Anatomy and Physiology: 1/2/8
Designer Genes: 1/2/4
Protein Modeling: 1/3/2
Wright Stuff: 2/2/9


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Limke
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Postby Limke » April 24th, 2018, 10:21 am

Nano1llus10n wrote:Name the 9 respiratory volumes/capacities and give a brief description for each


There's only 8 on a spirometry graph, so I'm not sure if these are the 9 you were looking for
1. Tidal Volume- air in and out of a normal cycle
2. Inspiratory Reserve - Max air inhaled after normal inhalation
3. Expiratory Reserve- Max air exhaled after normal exhalation
4. Residual Volume- Air left after max exhalation
5. Vital Capacity- Max air breathed out after max inhalation
6. Total Lung Capacity- All the air in the lungs at max inspiration
7. Functional Residual- Volume in lungs after exhalation
8. Inspiratory Capacity- sum of IRV and TV
9. Anatomic Dead Space- air that never reaches the Alveoli
2019 Events: Anatomy & Physiology, Designer Genes, Forensics, Protein Modeling.

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Nano1llus10n
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Postby Nano1llus10n » April 24th, 2018, 4:48 pm

Limke wrote:
Nano1llus10n wrote:Name the 9 respiratory volumes/capacities and give a brief description for each


There's only 8 on a spirometry graph, so I'm not sure if these are the 9 you were looking for
1. Tidal Volume- air in and out of a normal cycle
2. Inspiratory Reserve - Max air inhaled after normal inhalation
3. Expiratory Reserve- Max air exhaled after normal exhalation
4. Residual Volume- Air left after max exhalation
5. Vital Capacity- Max air breathed out after max inhalation
6. Total Lung Capacity- All the air in the lungs at max inspiration
7. Functional Residual- Volume in lungs after exhalation
8. Inspiratory Capacity- sum of IRV and TV
9. Anatomic Dead Space- air that never reaches the Alveoli


That's correct! Sorry about that, I accidentally counted one of them twice.
2017-2018 (Div C)
Event: MIT/R/S/N
Anatomy and Physiology: 8/3/2/26
Helicopters: 11/-/2/43
Microbe Mission: 13/2/2/8

2018-2019 (Div C)
Event: R/S/N
Anatomy and Physiology: 1/2/8
Designer Genes: 1/2/4
Protein Modeling: 1/3/2
Wright Stuff: 2/2/9


Seven Lakes High School '21

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Limke
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Postby Limke » April 24th, 2018, 6:46 pm

I'll post some questions!

1) What is the FEV1/FVC Ratio? What does it determine?
2) What do the Vagus & Phrenic nerve do?
3) What happens during T Cell selection and why is it necessary?
4) What are the 3 types of Alveolar cells and their functions?
5) What is the difference between professional and non-professional APCs?
6) What are the sacs in the large intestine called? What about the long bands of muscle?
7) How are fats/lipids digested?
2019 Events: Anatomy & Physiology, Designer Genes, Forensics, Protein Modeling.

do not eat the forensics powders

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Nano1llus10n
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Postby Nano1llus10n » May 6th, 2018, 8:11 pm

Limke wrote:I'll post some questions!

1) What is the FEV1/FVC Ratio? What does it determine?
2) What do the Vagus & Phrenic nerve do?
3) What happens during T Cell selection and why is it necessary?
4) What are the 3 types of Alveolar cells and their functions?
5) What is the difference between professional and non-professional APCs?
6) What are the sacs in the large intestine called? What about the long bands of muscle?
7) How are fats/lipids digested?


Answer
1. the proportion of the vital capacity that can be forcibly expired in 1 second. Usually for diagnosis between obstructive vs restrictive disorders
2. vagus: parasympathetic control of heart, lungs, and gastrointestinal tract;
phrenic: stimulates diaphragm
3. costimulation, is important because w/o, it can lead to anergy, destruction of t cell, or immune tolerance
4. type 1: makes up wall portion of alveoli
type 2: secretes surfactant
alveolar macrophage: kills pathogens that enter alveoli
5. professional have MHC 2 while non-professional have MHC 1
6. haustra, teniae coli
7. by lipases
2017-2018 (Div C)
Event: MIT/R/S/N
Anatomy and Physiology: 8/3/2/26
Helicopters: 11/-/2/43
Microbe Mission: 13/2/2/8

2018-2019 (Div C)
Event: R/S/N
Anatomy and Physiology: 1/2/8
Designer Genes: 1/2/4
Protein Modeling: 1/3/2
Wright Stuff: 2/2/9


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