Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Test your knowledge of various Science Olympiad events.
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Post by MorningCoffee » November 17th, 2020, 11:33 am

theprimegrinder wrote:
November 16th, 2020, 7:50 pm
1. I bands & H zones shorten in length during contraction, while the A-band remains the same length
2. They get closer due to the sliding- filament model.
3. A muscle strain is when the muscle is overstretched or twisting of muscle, commonly due to fatigue & in lower back, hamstrings, and quadriceps
4. (this one is probably wrong) BCC - most common, is easily preventable if identified early - 99% are fully cured. SCC - 20%, second most common, good chance of recovery if not treated early. Melanoma - 1% of skin cancers, very rare, deadly, very low survival rate & poor chance of cure & metastasizes quickly
5. Some common treatments are auto grafts, or cadaver or pig skin replacement
6. 9%
7. 1 - Cranium 2- Clavicle 3 - Humerus 4 - Ulna 5 - Radius 6 - Femur 7 - Tibia 8 - Mandible 9 - Sternum 10 - Ribcage 11- Illium 12- Sacrum 13 - Coccyx 14 - Patella 15 - Tibia

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All good!!! Your turn! :D
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Post by theprimegrinder » November 17th, 2020, 4:23 pm

Ok then.

1) What is the name of a substance which removes hair?

2) Describe Trosseaus' sign in hypocalcemia

3) Label!
https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=ht ... egUIARCiAQ

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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Post by MorningCoffee » November 29th, 2020, 12:12 pm

theprimegrinder wrote:
November 17th, 2020, 4:23 pm
Ok then.

1) What is the name of a substance which removes hair?

2) Describe Trosseaus' sign in hypocalcemia

3) Label!
https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=ht ... egUIARCiAQ
ahhh no one answered this so i'll revive this thread again!
1. uhhhh i think calcium hydroxide
2. I believe it is when a person is getting their blood pressure taken, their hand bends at a certain point and is a sign of hypocalcemia in patients
3. (the image quality wasn't the best so i apologize if half of these are wrong ;w; don't worry i actually know this stuff)
a. epidermis
b. dermis
c. hypodermis/subcutaneous layer
d. papillary layer of dermis
e. reticular layer of dermis
f. the image quality is kinda bad but i'm 50% sure it's a hair follicle
g. blood vessel?
h. nerve?
i. adipose tissue
j. eccrine gland
k. arrector pilli?
l. i have not the slightest idea
m. connective tissue?
i'm sorry i'm blind lol
I really wanted to revive this thread so have fun reading my terrible answers 8-)
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Post by MorningCoffee » December 8th, 2020, 3:10 pm

hMmMm it's taking a bit for whoever's questions I answered to be checked so imma ask some new questions. Take your time checking my answers though, I don't want to rush you!

A 45 year old woman comes to you complaining of widespread muscle pain throughout her body, mainly around her leg and shoulder areas. It has been occuring for 4 months, and is accompanied by general fatigue and a few cognitive abilities.
1. What condition does this woman have?
2. How would you diagnose this disease? (what tests do you do, the test that will give it away that they have it (if that one test exists), etc.)
3. Provide treatment methods for this disease.

4. What is the difference between a boil and a carbuncle?
5. Why are tanning beds more dangerous than natural sunlight?
6. Why do calluses form?

7. How many bones are in the axial skeleton, and what bones are included?
8. Describe the bone repair process.
9. Explain the importance of Vitamin D in mineral absorption.
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Post by MorningCoffee » December 18th, 2020, 9:51 am

someone please answer, it's absolutely fine if you get it wrong, activity in this forum is dead and we must revive it!
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Post by MorningCoffee » December 24th, 2020, 3:29 pm

MorningCoffee wrote:
December 18th, 2020, 9:51 am
someone please answer, it's absolutely fine if you get it wrong, activity in this forum is dead and we must revive it!
HSNSMSMHSHSHSHS NO ONE ANSWERED THE QUESTIONS JJSJSJSJ
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Post by theprimegrinder » January 3rd, 2021, 8:14 am

1. Fibromyalgia
2. Blood tests?
3. Pain relievers, antidepressants, anti-seizure drugs

4. Boils are caused by Staphylococcus aureus and are large painful lump on the back of the neck, softens over time, not caused by injury. -caused by skin infection of hair follicle or gland. - start as red, tender lumps. These fill with pus, grow, then rupture and drain, and are on hairy areas w/ friction & sweat A carbuncle is a cluster of boils.
5. As it has more harsh UV radiation, it can lead to a greater incidence in skin cancer
6. They form as a result of the skin trying to protect itself from friction and pressure

7.80 bones - sternum, vertebral column, ribcage, skull bones
8. Hematoma -> fibrocartilaginous callus -> bony callus -> remodeling of bone
9. It can increase absorption of many organic components of the bone, especially Calcium.
Also, I probably got some (or all) wrong
Last edited by theprimegrinder on January 3rd, 2021, 8:19 am, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Post by MorningCoffee » January 3rd, 2021, 9:02 am

theprimegrinder wrote:
January 3rd, 2021, 8:14 am
1. Fibromyalgia
2. Blood tests?
3. Pain relievers, antidepressants, anti-seizure drugs

4. Boils are caused by Staphylococcus aureus and are large painful lump on the back of the neck, softens over time, not caused by injury. -caused by skin infection of hair follicle or gland. - start as red, tender lumps. These fill with pus, grow, then rupture and drain, and are on hairy areas w/ friction & sweat A carbuncle is a cluster of boils.
5. As it has more harsh UV radiation, it can lead to a greater incidence in skin cancer
6. They form as a result of the skin trying to protect itself from friction and pressure

7.80 bones - sternum, vertebral column, ribcage, skull bones
8. Hematoma -> fibrocartilaginous callus -> bony callus -> remodeling of bone
9. It can increase absorption of many organic components of the bone, especially Calcium.
Also, I probably got some (or all) wrong
All good, except 2, because there are no certain tests for fibromyalgia, you would just have to do multiple tests and exclude all other conditions Thanks so much for reviving the marathon and keeping it going! :D

Your turn!
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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Post by theprimegrinder » January 3rd, 2021, 9:19 pm

1. Briefly describe the 5 main sensory fibers in the integumentary system. Be specific!

2. Breifly describe tetanospasmin

3. A hallmark syndrome of achondroplasia is what? (hint: _______ finger)

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Re: Anatomy and Physiology B/C

Post by theprimegrinder » January 4th, 2021, 4:59 pm

It would be great if someone responded...It is fine if you get it wrong!




edit: ok then
Last edited by theprimegrinder on January 6th, 2021, 9:06 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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