## Simple Machines B/Compound Machines C

jonmui28
Member
Posts: 8
Joined: November 4th, 2013, 2:33 pm
Division: Grad
State: NY

### Re: Simple Machines B/Compound Machines C

I've done simple machines in middle school, but does anyone knew how to calculate the ratio between 2 masses with the compound lever? My problem is that the mass of the arm of the class 2 lever complicates the equation(l1*w1 = l2*w2) without knowing at least one mass.

retired1
Member
Posts: 674
Joined: July 25th, 2012, 5:04 pm
Division: Grad
State: FL

### Re: Simple Machines B/Compound Machines C

You do not need to know any of the weights. You are finding the ratio of one to another. d1wt1 = d2 wt2 when they are in balance, so the ratios are really the relationship of d1 and d2

Byu0823
Member
Posts: 1
Joined: November 15th, 2014, 8:29 am
Division: B
State: CA

### Re: Simple Machines B/Compound Machines C

Need help. How to find ratio of mass when you have 2 unknown masses?

jonmui28
Member
Posts: 8
Joined: November 4th, 2013, 2:33 pm
Division: Grad
State: NY

### Re: Simple Machines B/Compound Machines C

I understand that, but the problem is that the ratio between d1 and d2 is that the mass of the bar prevents finding an equal ratio. I've tried tests with 2 known masses, and I found measurements to create equilibrium with 2 200g masses, but not 2 20g masses. Does anybody else know how to figure out the ratios? Thanks.

blindmewithscience
Member
Posts: 44
Joined: October 2nd, 2014, 8:57 pm
Division: C
State: NV

### Re: Simple Machines B/Compound Machines C

I understand that, but the problem is that the ratio between d1 and d2 is that the mass of the bar prevents finding an equal ratio. I've tried tests with 2 known masses, and I found measurements to create equilibrium with 2 200g masses, but not 2 20g masses. Does anybody else know how to figure out the ratios? Thanks.
The mass of the bar shouldn't prevent you from your results. Is it at equilibrium before putting masses on? If not, then get it there! Use a counterbalancing mass.
Nevada state SO occurs on tau/2 day. Support the correct mathematical constant with all tauists.
http://www.tauday.com/tau-manifesto

Event: Regional/States
Astronomy: x/:(
Bungee: 3/3
Compound Machines: x/1
TPS: x/:(

samlan16
Member
Posts: 523
Joined: December 30th, 2013, 2:54 pm
Division: Grad
State: TN
Contact:

### Re: Simple Machines B/Compound Machines C

For everyone asking about how to do the ratio:

You do not require a mass to determine the ratio. Instead, you can derive the ratio by setting the torques of each side of the lever equal to each other such that τ(1)=τ(2). Then, rmgsinΘ=rmgsinΘ, and simplification yields r(1)m(1)=r(2)m(2), which can be rearranged to r(1)/r(2)=m(2)/m(1), where r(1) is the distance mass A is away from the fulcrum and r(2) is the distance mass B is away from the fulcrum. Simplifying r(1)/r(2) so the denominator equals 1 will yield the ratio m(2):m(1), and no further calculation is necessary.
Remember, we are proud of every team that participated and you are all winners.

blindmewithscience
Member
Posts: 44
Joined: October 2nd, 2014, 8:57 pm
Division: C
State: NV

### Re: Simple Machines B/Compound Machines C

For everyone asking about how to do the ratio:

You do not require a mass to determine the ratio. Instead, you can derive the ratio by setting the torques of each side of the lever equal to each other such that τ(1)=τ(2). Then, rmgsinΘ=rmgsinΘ, and simplification yields r(1)m(1)=r(2)m(2), which can be rearranged to r(1)/r(2)=m(2)/m(1), where r(1) is the distance mass A is away from the fulcrum and r(2) is the distance mass B is away from the fulcrum. Simplifying r(1)/r(2) so the denominator equals 1 will yield the ratio m(2):m(1), and no further calculation is necessary.
Expanding on what you've said for compound machines.(And apologies for ms paint)
Let's say that we have a mass Y, and we're trying to figure out the mass R. This pictured lever are at equilibrium. As stated before, the main equation of levers is m1d1=m2d2.

The left lever is pushing upwards on the right lever at the point of contact.If we look at the left lever alone, what mass would need to be on the other side of the lever to have it at equilibrium? From the equation, we get m=Y*d1/d2.
The right lever is pushing downwards on the left lever at the point of contact. If we look at the right lever alone, what "mass" would need to be pushing upwards on the right lever? From the equation, we get n=R*d4/d3
Now, these two "masses" are equal (this comes from newtons third law, if we simply turn them into forces).so, we get that Y*d1/d2=R*d4/d3. Solving, the ratio Y/R=d4*d2/(d3*d1).
Now the best part of this equation is that d2 and d3 can be measured in advance, and you simply have to plug in your distances.
I'm pretty tired right now (school and stuff) so please correct me if I made a mistake.
Attachments
Compound Levers.png (4.09 KiB) Viewed 1586 times
Nevada state SO occurs on tau/2 day. Support the correct mathematical constant with all tauists.
http://www.tauday.com/tau-manifesto

Event: Regional/States
Astronomy: x/:(
Bungee: 3/3
Compound Machines: x/1
TPS: x/:(

phil9047
Member
Posts: 35
Joined: October 14th, 2013, 12:33 pm
Division: C
State: CA

### Re: Simple Machines B/Compound Machines C

For all of you in Simple Machines, what are some of the harder problems you've encountered? It seems that the rules make the event so limited in terms of scope, and I'm wondering what I should study.
Sine functions are quite odd, to be honest.

blindmewithscience
Member
Posts: 44
Joined: October 2nd, 2014, 8:57 pm
Division: C
State: NV

### Re: Simple Machines B/Compound Machines C

For all of you in Simple Machines, what are some of the harder problems you've encountered? It seems that the rules make the event so limited in terms of scope, and I'm wondering what I should study.
From my experience last year in simple machines:
Being able to take an object and figure out ALL simple machines that are in it.
For example, take a bicycle: you have the wheels (wheel/axle), the gear chains (pulley), lever (handlebars), etc.
Make sure that you are able to solve basic questions about Work, Energy, forces, etc.
Also history of simple machines. Make sure to read up on that.
Nevada state SO occurs on tau/2 day. Support the correct mathematical constant with all tauists.
http://www.tauday.com/tau-manifesto

Event: Regional/States
Astronomy: x/:(
Bungee: 3/3
Compound Machines: x/1
TPS: x/:(

Unome
Moderator
Posts: 4156
Joined: January 26th, 2014, 12:48 pm
Division: Grad
State: GA
Location: somewhere in the sciolyverse

### Re: Simple Machines B/Compound Machines C

For all of you in Simple Machines, what are some of the harder problems you've encountered? It seems that the rules make the event so limited in terms of scope, and I'm wondering what I should study.
From my experience last year in simple machines:
Being able to take an object and figure out ALL simple machines that are in it.
For example, take a bicycle: you have the wheels (wheel/axle), the gear chains (pulley), lever (handlebars), etc.
Make sure that you are able to solve basic questions about Work, Energy, forces, etc.
Also history of simple machines. Make sure to read up on that.
At Dodgen Invitational we had some very difficult problems involving levers with multiple balance points and masses of parts of the machine. The hardest I've seen in Div B are slightly under the level of Fizix's Div C test on the test exchange.
Userpage
Chattahoochee High School Class of 2018
Georgia Tech Class of 2022

Opinions expressed on this site are not official; the only place for official rules changes and FAQs is soinc.org.

Return to “2015 Lab Events”

### Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 0 guests