https://scioly.org/wiki/api.php?action=feedcontributions&user=Knittingfrenzy18&feedformat=atomScience Olympiad Student Center Wiki - User contributions [en]2019-08-20T16:12:45ZUser contributionsMediaWiki 1.27.1https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=User_talk:Knittingfrenzy18&diff=51633User talk:Knittingfrenzy182017-05-29T16:27:51Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: Please read my message! - A retired SOian</p>
<hr />
<div>Wow, I'm back here. I haven't competed for two years nor been on this site, it's changed, wow. Anyways, I was cleaning files out, and I found an old Picture This test I made up. I put it into Quizlet, and wanted to submit it to the Test Exchange as a link? Here it is https://quizlet.com/_3i7qo1. Please let me know if someone can add this somehow (I know it is not a current event, either). [[User:Knittingfrenzy18|Knittingfrenzy18]] ([[User talk:Knittingfrenzy18|talk]]) 16:27, 29 May 2017 (UTC)</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=User:Knittingfrenzy18&diff=37136User:Knittingfrenzy182015-05-11T15:38:46Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* 2014-2015 */ ok XD</p>
<hr />
<div>Hi there. Call me Red.<br />
<br />
{{Userbox/School|logo-background=#F00|logo-color=gold|sshort=PH|school=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|past=0|name=knittingfrenzy18}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{userstate|state=MD|past=0|name=knittingfrenzy18}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
=Biography=<br />
I'm a homeschooler who lives in [[Maryland]]. I do Science Olympiad with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]. For more about me, you're better off googling my username, knittingfrenzy18. There's loads (too much) about me out there.<br />
<br />
Two of my websites include knittingfrenzy18.webatu.com, my from-scratch programmed, currently broken website; and my Wordpress blog, knittingfrenzy18.wordpress.com.<br />
<br />
=Science Olympiad History=<br />
==2011-2012==<br />
Red participates as a 6th grader in Division B for her first time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
<ol><br />
<li>Mission Possible</li><br />
<li>Write It/Do It</li><br />
<li>Food Science</li><br />
</ol><br />
<br />
==2012-2013==<br />
Red participates as a 7th grader in Division B for the second time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
#Food Science<br />
#Write It/Do It<br />
#Sounds of Music<br />
#Keep the Heat (States)<br />
<br />
==2013-2014==<br />
Red participates as an 8th grader in Division B for the third time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
<br />
#Anatomy<br />
#Can't Judge A Powder<br />
#Heredity (Nationals)<br />
#Metric Mastery<br />
#Sounds of Music<br />
#Write It/Do It<br />
<br />
==2014-2015==<br />
Red participates as a 9th grader in Division B for the fourth and final time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
<br />
#Bio-Process Lab<br />
#Can't Judge A Powder<br />
#Crave The Wave<br />
#Picture This<br />
<br />
==Medals==<br />
===2011-2012===<br />
Because I find the medal boxes cheesy.<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 7<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 3<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 43<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 12<br />
| Food Science<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 12<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=38|state=Maryland|level=Nationals|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2012}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
===2012-2013===<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 14<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Keep the Heat<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=2|state=Maryland|level=State|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2013}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
===2013-2014===<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 7<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 3<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 34<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 17<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 29<br />
| Heredity<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 25<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 5<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 21<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=19|level=Nationals|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2014}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
===2014-2015===<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Bio-Process Lab<br />
| 2015 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 4<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2015 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Crave The Wave<br />
| 2015 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 3<br />
| Picture This<br />
| 2015 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Bio-Process Lab<br />
| 2015 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
|-<br />
| 4<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2015 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Crave The Wave<br />
| 2015 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Picture This<br />
| 2015 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| ?<br />
| Bio-Process Lab<br />
| [[University of Nebraska 2015|2015 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| ?<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| [[University of Nebraska 2015|2015 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| ?<br />
| Crave The Wave<br />
| [[University of Nebraska 2015|2015 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| ?<br />
| Picture This<br />
| [[University of Nebraska 2015|2015 National Tournament]]<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=?|level=Nationals|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2015}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
[[Category:User Pages]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Pilgrimage_Homeschool_(Division_B)&diff=36718Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)2015-04-26T20:27:21Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TeamInfoBox<br />
|Member since=2011|Best regional=1st |Best state=1st |Best nationals=19th }}<br />
<br clear="all"><br />
<br />
The '''Pilgrimage Homeschool''' Division B team was started in 2011 and extended with a second team in 2013.<br />
<br />
==Team History==<br />
===2010-2011===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the A division in 2011 and placed first in that division. They also placed third overall in Maryland.<br />
===2011-2012===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the AA division in 2012 and placed first in the Maryland state. They beat [[North Bethesda Middle School]] by one point.<br />
<br />
They also made it to Nationals, landing 38th place, and earning one silver medal in Awesome Aquifers.<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=Regionals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=State|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=38|level=Nationals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all" /><br />
===2012-2013===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the AA division and placed 2nd, losing to North Bethesda Middle School by 4 points at the Maryland State.<br />
<br />
===2013-2014===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the AA division and placed 1st at both the Regionals and States tournaments.<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=Regionals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=State|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
At the 2014 National Tournament, Pilgrimage Homeschool placed 19th as a team.<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/>{{TeamWinnings|result=19|level=Natinonals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
===2014-2015===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the AA division and placed 1st at both the Regionals and State tournament.<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=Regionals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=State|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
==SciOly.org Team Members==<br />
<ul><br />
<li>[[User:Slarik|Slarik]] (2011-2012)</li><br />
<li>[[commandoCC9811]] (2011-2013)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Azismith|Azismith]] (2011-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Jdawg495|jdawg495]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Alexcazam|Alexcazam]] (2014-2015)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Asthedeer|asthedeer]] (2014-2015)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Baker Girl|Baker Girl]] (2014-2015)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Bearasmith|bearasmith]] (2012-2015)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Irishfeet123|irishfeet123]] (2014-2015)</li><br />
<li>[[User:knittingfrenzy18|knittingfrenzy18]] (2012-2015)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Voltage|Voltage]] (2013-2015)</li><br />
</ul><br />
<br />
[[Category:Team Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Team Pages B]]<br />
[[Category:Maryland B]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Pilgrimage_Homeschool_(Division_C)&diff=36717Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division C)2015-04-26T20:24:55Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>{|style="width: 20em; text-align: left; font-size: 80%; border: 1px solid #888; float: right;"<br />
|+ style="font-size: larger;" |'''{{PAGENAME}} At a Glance'''<br />
|-<br />
|-<br />
|'''Member of SO since'''<br />
|{{{Member since|2012-2013}}}<br />
|- <br />
|'''Best finish, regionals'''<br />
|N/A<br />
|- <br />
|'''Best finish, state'''<br />
| 1st place, 2015<br />
|- <br />
|'''Best finish, nationals'''<br />
|N/A<br />
|}<br />
<br />
{{float left|[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] is a... yup, homeschool team from [[Maryland]] whose Division C team was started in 2012-2013.}}<br />
<br clear="all"><br />
<br />
=Team History=<br />
<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the Regional and State Tournaments from 2013-2015.<br />
<br />
In 2013, Pilgrimage made it to the State tournament and finished ?th.<br />
In 2014, Pilgrimage made it to the State tournament and finished 7th.<br />
In 2015, Pilgrimage placed 1st at the State tournament and goes on to 2015 Nationals to represent Maryland.<br />
<br />
=SciOly.org Team Members=<br />
<ul><br />
<li>[[User:Slarik|Slarik]] (2013-2015)</li><br />
<li>[[commandoCC9811]] (2014-2015)</li><br />
</ul><br />
<br />
[[Category:Team Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Team Pages C]]<br />
[[Category:Maryland C]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=User:Knittingfrenzy18&diff=36716User:Knittingfrenzy182015-04-26T20:21:05Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* 2014-2015 */</p>
<hr />
<div>Hi there. Call me Red.<br />
<br />
{{Userbox/School|logo-background=#F00|logo-color=gold|sshort=PH|school=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|past=0|name=knittingfrenzy18}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{userstate|state=MD|past=0|name=knittingfrenzy18}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
=Biography=<br />
I'm a homeschooler who lives in [[Maryland]]. I do Science Olympiad with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]. For more about me, you're better off googling my username, knittingfrenzy18. There's loads (too much) about me out there.<br />
<br />
Two of my websites include knittingfrenzy18.webatu.com, my from-scratch programmed, currently broken website; and my Wordpress blog, knittingfrenzy18.wordpress.com.<br />
<br />
=Science Olympiad History=<br />
==2011-2012==<br />
Red participates as a 6th grader in Division B for her first time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
<ol><br />
<li>Mission Possible</li><br />
<li>Write It/Do It</li><br />
<li>Food Science</li><br />
</ol><br />
<br />
==2012-2013==<br />
Red participates as a 7th grader in Division B for the second time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
#Food Science<br />
#Write It/Do It<br />
#Sounds of Music<br />
#Keep the Heat (States)<br />
<br />
==2013-2014==<br />
Red participates as an 8th grader in Division B for the third time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
<br />
#Anatomy<br />
#Can't Judge A Powder<br />
#Heredity (Nationals)<br />
#Metric Mastery<br />
#Sounds of Music<br />
#Write It/Do It<br />
<br />
==2014-2015==<br />
Red participates as a 9th grader in Division B for the fourth and final time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
<br />
#Bio-Process Lab<br />
#Can't Judge A Powder<br />
#Crave The Wave<br />
#Picture This<br />
<br />
==Medals==<br />
===2011-2012===<br />
Because I find the medal boxes cheesy.<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 7<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 3<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 43<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 12<br />
| Food Science<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 12<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=38|state=Maryland|level=Nationals|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2012}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
===2012-2013===<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 14<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Keep the Heat<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=2|state=Maryland|level=State|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2013}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
===2013-2014===<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 7<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 3<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 34<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 17<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 29<br />
| Heredity<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 25<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 5<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 21<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=19|level=Nationals|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2014}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
===2014-2015===<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Bio-Process Lab<br />
| 2015 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 4<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Crave The Wave<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 3<br />
| Picture This<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Bio-Process Lab<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
|-<br />
| 4<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Crave The Wave<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Picture This<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| ?<br />
| Bio-Process Lab<br />
| [[University of Nebraska 2015|2015 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| ?<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| [[University of Nebraska 2015|2015 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| ?<br />
| Crave The Wave<br />
| [[University of Nebraska 2015|2015 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| ?<br />
| Picture This<br />
| [[University of Nebraska 2015|2015 National Tournament]]<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=?|level=Nationals|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2015}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
[[Category:User Pages]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=User:Knittingfrenzy18&diff=36715User:Knittingfrenzy182015-04-26T20:20:15Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>Hi there. Call me Red.<br />
<br />
{{Userbox/School|logo-background=#F00|logo-color=gold|sshort=PH|school=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|past=0|name=knittingfrenzy18}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{userstate|state=MD|past=0|name=knittingfrenzy18}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
=Biography=<br />
I'm a homeschooler who lives in [[Maryland]]. I do Science Olympiad with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]. For more about me, you're better off googling my username, knittingfrenzy18. There's loads (too much) about me out there.<br />
<br />
Two of my websites include knittingfrenzy18.webatu.com, my from-scratch programmed, currently broken website; and my Wordpress blog, knittingfrenzy18.wordpress.com.<br />
<br />
=Science Olympiad History=<br />
==2011-2012==<br />
Red participates as a 6th grader in Division B for her first time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
<ol><br />
<li>Mission Possible</li><br />
<li>Write It/Do It</li><br />
<li>Food Science</li><br />
</ol><br />
<br />
==2012-2013==<br />
Red participates as a 7th grader in Division B for the second time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
#Food Science<br />
#Write It/Do It<br />
#Sounds of Music<br />
#Keep the Heat (States)<br />
<br />
==2013-2014==<br />
Red participates as an 8th grader in Division B for the third time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
<br />
#Anatomy<br />
#Can't Judge A Powder<br />
#Heredity (Nationals)<br />
#Metric Mastery<br />
#Sounds of Music<br />
#Write It/Do It<br />
<br />
==2014-2015==<br />
Red participates as a 9th in Division B for the fourth and final time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
<br />
#Bio-Process Lab<br />
#Can't Judge A Powder<br />
#Crave The Wave<br />
#Picture This<br />
<br />
==Medals==<br />
===2011-2012===<br />
Because I find the medal boxes cheesy.<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 7<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 3<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 43<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 12<br />
| Food Science<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 12<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=38|state=Maryland|level=Nationals|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2012}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
===2012-2013===<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 14<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Keep the Heat<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=2|state=Maryland|level=State|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2013}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
===2013-2014===<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 7<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 3<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 34<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 17<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 29<br />
| Heredity<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 25<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 5<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 21<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=19|level=Nationals|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2014}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
===2014-2015===<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Bio-Process Lab<br />
| 2015 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 4<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Crave The Wave<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 3<br />
| Picture This<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Bio-Process Lab<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
|-<br />
| 4<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Crave The Wave<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Picture This<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| ?<br />
| Bio-Process Lab<br />
| [[University of Nebraska 2015|2015 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| ?<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| [[University of Nebraska 2015|2015 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| ?<br />
| Crave The Wave<br />
| [[University of Nebraska 2015|2015 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| ?<br />
| Picture This<br />
| [[University of Nebraska 2015|2015 National Tournament]]<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=?|level=Nationals|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2015}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
[[Category:User Pages]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=User:Knittingfrenzy18&diff=31509User:Knittingfrenzy182014-05-19T15:48:45Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* 2013-2014 */</p>
<hr />
<div>Hi there. I'm Red.<br />
<br />
Well, in reality, my name isn't Red, but I'd like you to call me that.<br />
<br />
{{Userbox/School|logo-background=#F00|logo-color=gold|sshort=PH|school=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|past=0|name=knittingfrenzy18}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{userstate|state=MD|past=0|name=knittingfrenzy18}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
=Biography=<br />
I'm a middle homeschooler who lives in [[Maryland]]. I do Science Olympiad with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]. I play the cello, knit, and program computers in my spare time. I also like to run cross-country. I love contributing to and editing wikis like this one.<br />
<br />
Fun facts:<br />
<ul><br />
<li>I have my own website, made [almost] entirely from scratch, located [http://knittingfrenzy18.webatu.com here].</li><br />
<li>I love running cross-country, and my best mile time is 6:58, and my best two mile time is 15:48. I am generally better at long distance.</li><br />
<li>I love math and take math class at the [http://aops.com Art of Problem Solving] site.</li><br />
<li>I play cello and have participated in MCYO, the Maryland Classic Youth Orchestras, for four years. With them, I have been to Carnegie Hall. I performed with my orchestra and even got the solo part in the Concerto Grosso, being the principal that year.</li><br />
</ul><br />
<br />
=Science Olympiad History=<br />
==2011-2012==<br />
Red participates as a 6th grader in Division B for her first time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
<ol><br />
<li>Mission Possible</li><br />
<li>Write It/Do It</li><br />
<li>Food Science</li><br />
</ol><br />
<br />
==2012-2013==<br />
Red participates as a 7th grader in Division B for the second time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
#Food Science<br />
#Write It/Do It<br />
#Sounds of Music<br />
#Keep the Heat (States)<br />
<br />
==2013-2014==<br />
Red participates as an 8th grader in Division B for the third time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
<br />
#Anatomy<br />
#Can't Judge A Powder<br />
#Heredity (Nationals)<br />
#Metric Mastery<br />
#Sounds of Music<br />
#Write It/Do It<br />
<br />
==Medals==<br />
===2011-2012===<br />
Because I find the medal boxes cheesy.<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 7<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 3<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 43<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 12<br />
| Food Science<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 12<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=38|state=Maryland|level=Nationals|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2012}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
===2012-2013===<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 14<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Keep the Heat<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=2|state=Maryland|level=State|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2013}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
===2013-2014===<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 7<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 3<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 34<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 17<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 29<br />
| Heredity<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 25<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 5<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 21<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=19|level=Nationals|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2014}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
[[Category:User Pages]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=User:Knittingfrenzy18&diff=31508User:Knittingfrenzy182014-05-19T15:48:10Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* 2013-2014 */</p>
<hr />
<div>Hi there. I'm Red.<br />
<br />
Well, in reality, my name isn't Red, but I'd like you to call me that.<br />
<br />
{{Userbox/School|logo-background=#F00|logo-color=gold|sshort=PH|school=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|past=0|name=knittingfrenzy18}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{userstate|state=MD|past=0|name=knittingfrenzy18}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
=Biography=<br />
I'm a middle homeschooler who lives in [[Maryland]]. I do Science Olympiad with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]. I play the cello, knit, and program computers in my spare time. I also like to run cross-country. I love contributing to and editing wikis like this one.<br />
<br />
Fun facts:<br />
<ul><br />
<li>I have my own website, made [almost] entirely from scratch, located [http://knittingfrenzy18.webatu.com here].</li><br />
<li>I love running cross-country, and my best mile time is 6:58, and my best two mile time is 15:48. I am generally better at long distance.</li><br />
<li>I love math and take math class at the [http://aops.com Art of Problem Solving] site.</li><br />
<li>I play cello and have participated in MCYO, the Maryland Classic Youth Orchestras, for four years. With them, I have been to Carnegie Hall. I performed with my orchestra and even got the solo part in the Concerto Grosso, being the principal that year.</li><br />
</ul><br />
<br />
=Science Olympiad History=<br />
==2011-2012==<br />
Red participates as a 6th grader in Division B for her first time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
<ol><br />
<li>Mission Possible</li><br />
<li>Write It/Do It</li><br />
<li>Food Science</li><br />
</ol><br />
<br />
==2012-2013==<br />
Red participates as a 7th grader in Division B for the second time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
#Food Science<br />
#Write It/Do It<br />
#Sounds of Music<br />
#Keep the Heat (States)<br />
<br />
==2013-2014==<br />
Red participates as an 8th grader in Division B for the third time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
<br />
#Anatomy<br />
#Can't Judge A Powder<br />
#Metric Mastery<br />
#Sounds of Music<br />
#Write It/Do It<br />
<br />
==Medals==<br />
===2011-2012===<br />
Because I find the medal boxes cheesy.<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 7<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 3<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 43<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 12<br />
| Food Science<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 12<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=38|state=Maryland|level=Nationals|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2012}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
===2012-2013===<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 14<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Keep the Heat<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=2|state=Maryland|level=State|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2013}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
===2013-2014===<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 7<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 3<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 34<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 17<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 29<br />
| Heredity<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 25<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 5<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 21<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2014|2014 National Tournament]]<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=19|level=Nationals|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2014}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
[[Category:User Pages]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=University_of_Central_Florida_2014&diff=31507University of Central Florida 20142014-05-19T15:46:52Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* Division B */</p>
<hr />
<div>[[Image:2014 SONT Logo.png|right|200px]]<br />
<br />
==Information==<br />
The 2014 National Tournament will be held on May 16-17 at the University of Central Florida in Orlando, Florida.<br />
<br />
[http://www.soinc.org/2014_national_tournament/ Science Olympiad National Tournament]<br />
<br />
[http://scienceolympiad2014.com/ 2014 Nationals Website - Florida]<br />
<br />
The tournament will celebrate the 30th anniversary of Science Olympiad.<br />
<br />
==Teams That Have Qualified for the 2014 National Tournament & Results==<br />
===Division B===<br />
{| class="sortable" style="width:75%; height:50px" border="1"<br />
|-<br />
! State<br />
! Date of State Competition<br />
! School<br />
! Team Number<br />
! Place<br />
! Score<br />
|-<br />
| [[Montana]]<br />
| November 26, 2013<br />
| [[Corvallis Middle School]]<br />
| B38<br />
| 55<br />
| 1087<br />
|-<br />
| [[New Mexico]]<br />
| February 22, 2014<br />
| [[Albuquerque Area Home Schoolers]]<br />
| B32<br />
| 45<br />
| 921<br />
|-<br />
| [[South Carolina]]<br />
| February 22, 2014<br />
| [[Bell Street Middle School]]<br />
| B53<br />
| 44<br />
| 908<br />
|-<br />
| [[Arizona]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
|[[Paragon Science Academy]]<br />
| B45<br />
| 34<br />
| 781<br />
|-<br />
| [[Hawaii]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
| [[Iolani School]]<br />
| B42<br />
| 33<br />
| 760<br />
|-<br />
| [[Maine]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
| [[Medomak Middle School]]<br />
| B60<br />
| 58<br />
| 1203<br />
|-<br />
| [[Minnesota]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
| [[Chippewa Middle School]]<br />
| B44<br />
| 29<br />
| 707<br />
|-<br />
| [[Oklahoma]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
| [[Casady Middle School]]<br />
| B48<br />
| 47<br />
| 933<br />
|-<br />
| [[Nevada]]<br />
| March 8, 2014<br />
| [[Hyde Park Middle School]]<br />
| B56<br />
| 39<br />
| 806<br />
|-<br />
| [[New Jersey]]<br />
| March 11, 2014<br />
| [[West Windsor-Plainsboro Community Middle School]]<br />
| B37<br />
| 16<br />
| 513<br />
|-<br />
| [[Delaware]]<br />
| March 15, 2014<br />
| [[Henry B. du Pont Middle School]]<br />
| B35<br />
| 35<br />
| 784<br />
|-<br />
| [[Florida]]<br />
| March 15, 2014<br />
| [[Orlando Science School]]<br />
| B21<br />
| 51<br />
| 990<br />
|-<br />
| [[Florida]]<br />
| March 15, 2014<br />
| [[Archimedean Middle Conservatory]]<br />
| B22<br />
| 52<br />
| 997<br />
|-<br />
| [[Massachusetts]]<br />
| March 15, 2014<br />
| [[Coolidge Middle School]]<br />
| B33<br />
| 36<br />
| 786<br />
|-<br />
| [[Connecticut]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Lyme-Old Lyme Middle School]]<br />
| B47<br />
| 37<br />
| 788<br />
|-<br />
| [[Georgia]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[J. C. Booth Middle School]]<br />
| B19<br />
| 15<br />
| 490<br />
|-<br />
| [[Georgia]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Dodgen Middle School]]<br />
| B20<br />
| 25<br />
| 574<br />
|-<br />
| [[Indiana]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
|[[Thomas Jefferson Middle School]]<br />
| B23<br />
| 20<br />
| 525<br />
|-<br />
| [[Indiana]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Wilbur Wright Middle School]]<br />
| B24<br />
| 42<br />
| 875<br />
|-<br />
| [[South Dakota]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Yankton Middle School]]<br />
| B59<br />
| 40<br />
| 855<br />
|-<br />
| [[Virginia]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Longfellow Middle School]]<br />
| B34<br />
| 22<br />
| 531<br />
|-<br />
| [[Mississippi]]<br />
| March 28, 2014<br />
| [[Germantown Middle School]]<br />
| B54<br />
| 57<br />
| 1181<br />
|-<br />
| [[Alaska]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| [[Teeland Middle School]]<br />
| B51<br />
| 56<br />
| 1096<br />
|-<br />
| [[Iowa]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| [[Mount Vernon Middle School]] <br />
| B57<br />
| 53<br />
| 1018<br />
|-<br />
| [[Louisiana]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| [[St. John Berchmans Catholic Cathedral]]<br />
| B46<br />
| 49<br />
| 976<br />
|-<br />
| [[Maryland]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| [[Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)|Pilgrimage Homeschool]]<br />
| B40<br />
| 19<br />
| 523<br />
|-<br />
| [[Nebraska]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| [[Mission Middle School]]<br />
| B41<br />
| 30<br />
| 732<br />
|-<br />
| [[Wisconsin]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| [[Hamilton Middle School]]<br />
| B31<br />
| 27<br />
| 592<br />
|-<br />
| [[Wyoming]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| [[Riverton Middle School]]<br />
| B58<br />
| 59<br />
| 1221<br />
|-<br />
| [[New York]]<br />
| April 4-5, 2014<br />
| [[Paul J. Gelinas Junior High School]]<br />
| B7<br />
| 11<br />
| 421<br />
|-<br />
| [[New York]]<br />
| April 4-5, 2014<br />
| [[Eagle Hill Middle School]]<br />
| B8<br />
| 12<br />
| 441<br />
|-<br />
| [[California (South)]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
| [[Muscatel Middle School]]<br />
| B1<br />
| 6<br />
| 316<br />
|-<br />
| [[Idaho]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
| [[St. Joseph's Catholic School]]<br />
| B49<br />
| 43<br />
| 900<br />
|-<br />
| [[Kansas]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
| [[Leawood Middle School]]<br />
| B25<br />
| 41<br />
| 858<br />
|-<br />
| [[Kansas]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
| [[All Saints Catholic School]]<br />
| B26<br />
| 46<br />
| 929<br />
|-<br />
| [[Oregon]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
| [[Franklin Middle School]]<br />
| B50<br />
| 32<br />
| 751<br />
|-<br />
| [[Alabama]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Auburn Jr. High School]]<br />
| B27<br />
| 10<br />
| 415<br />
|-<br />
| [[Arkansas]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[LISA Academy West Middle School]]<br />
| B55<br />
| 60<br />
| 1245<br />
|-<br />
| [[California (North)]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Winston Churchill Middle School]]<br />
| B2<br />
| 2<br />
| 216<br />
|-<br />
| [[Illinois]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Science and Arts Academy]]<br />
| B9<br />
| 18<br />
| 515<br />
|-<br />
| [[Illinois]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Daniel Wright Junior High School]]<br />
| B10<br />
| 3<br />
| 233<br />
|-<br />
| [[Kentucky]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Russell Independent Middle School]]<br />
| B39<br />
| 31<br />
| 735<br />
|-<br />
| [[Missouri]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Ladue Middle School]]<br />
| B17<br />
| 8<br />
| 404<br />
|-<br />
| [[Missouri]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Pembroke Hill Middle School]]<br />
| B18<br />
| 13<br />
| 442<br />
|-<br />
| [[Rhode Island]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Barrington Middle School]]<br />
| B52<br />
| 54<br />
| 1046<br />
|-<br />
| [[Tennessee]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Bearden Middle School]]<br />
| B36<br />
| 28<br />
| 633<br />
|-<br />
| [[Utah]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Fairfield Junior High School]]<br />
| B43<br />
| 38<br />
| 794<br />
|-<br />
| [[Washington]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Frontier Middle School]]<br />
| B30<br />
| 48<br />
| 973<br />
|-<br />
| [[Colorado]]<br />
| April 19, 2014<br />
| [[Preston Middle School]]<br />
| B28<br />
| 26<br />
| 590<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Carolina]]<br />
| April 25-26, 2014<br />
| [[Piedmont Middle School]]<br />
| B3<br />
| 9<br />
| 406<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Carolina]]<br />
| April 25-26, 2014<br />
| [[Jay M. Robinson Middle School]]<br />
| B4<br />
| 23<br />
| 542<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Dakota]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
| [[Bismarck Mandan Area Home Schoolers]]<br />
| B29<br />
| 50<br />
| 986<br />
|-<br />
| [[Michigan]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
| [[Meads Mill Middle School]]<br />
| B5<br />
| 4<br />
| 246<br />
|-<br />
| [[Michigan]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
| [[Lakeshore Middle School]]<br />
| B6<br />
| 24<br />
| 552<br />
|-<br />
| [[Ohio]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
| [[Solon Middle School]]<br />
| B11<br />
| 5<br />
| 253<br />
|-<br />
| [[Ohio]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
| [[Magsig Middle School]]<br />
| B12<br />
| 7<br />
| 366<br />
|-<br />
| [[Pennsylvania]]<br />
| May 2, 2014 <br />
| [[Shady Side Academy]]<br />
| B13<br />
| 14<br />
| 488<br />
|-<br />
| [[Pennsylvania]]<br />
| May 2, 2014 <br />
| [[Springhouse Middle School]]<br />
| B14<br />
| 17<br />
| 515<br />
|-<br />
| [[Texas]]<br />
| May 2-3, 2014<br />
| [[Riverwood Middle School]]<br />
| B15<br />
| 21<br />
| 526<br />
|-<br />
| [[Texas]]<br />
| May 2-3, 2014<br />
| [[Beckendorff Junior High School]]<br />
| B16<br />
| 1<br />
| 207<br />
|-<br />
|}<br />
<br />
===Division C===<br />
<br />
{| class="sortable" style="width:75%; height:50px" border="1"<br />
|-<br />
! State<br />
! Date of State Competition<br />
! School<br />
! Team Number<br />
! Place<br />
! Score<br />
|-<br />
| [[Montana]]<br />
| November 26, 2013<br />
| [[Helena High School]]<br />
| C38<br />
| 50<br />
| 1007<br />
|-<br />
| [[New Mexico]]<br />
| February 22, 2014<br />
|[[Albuquerque Area Home Schoolers]]<br />
| C39<br />
| 29<br />
| 669<br />
|-<br />
| [[Arizona]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
| [[Catalina Foothills High School]]<br />
| C43<br />
| 45<br />
| 905<br />
|-<br />
| [[Delaware]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
| [[The Charter School of Wilmington]]<br />
| C34<br />
| 24<br />
| 609<br />
|-<br />
| [[Hawaii]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
| [[Iolani School]]<br />
| C45<br />
| 32<br />
| 716<br />
|-<br />
| [[Oklahoma]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
| [[Casady School]]<br />
| C57<br />
| 57<br />
| 1085<br />
|-<br />
| [[Minnesota]]<br />
| March 8, 2014<br />
| [[Mounds View High School]]<br />
| C28<br />
| 2<br />
| 262<br />
|-<br />
| [[Nevada]] <br />
| March 8, 2014<br />
| [[Centennial High School]]<br />
| C52<br />
| 55<br />
| 1052<br />
|-<br />
| [[New Jersey]]<br />
| March 11, 2014<br />
| [[West Windsor-Plainsboro High School South]]<br />
| C29<br />
| 10<br />
| 372<br />
|-<br />
| [[New York]]<br />
| March 14-15, 2014<br />
| [[Fayetteville-Manlius High School]]<br />
| C1<br />
| 6<br />
| 319<br />
|-<br />
| [[New York]]<br />
| March 14-15, 2014<br />
| [[Columbia High School]]<br />
| C2<br />
| 16<br />
| 468<br />
|-<br />
| [[Florida]]<br />
| March 15, 2014<br />
| [[Boca Raton Community High School]]<br />
| C17<br />
| 21<br />
| 579<br />
|-<br />
| [[Florida]]<br />
| March 15, 2014<br />
| [[Archimedean Upper Conservatory]]<br />
| C18<br />
| 41<br />
| 885<br />
|-<br />
| [[Georgia]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Brookwood High School]]<br />
| C15<br />
| 27<br />
| 653<br />
|-<br />
| [[Georgia]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Gwinnett School of Mathematics, Science, and Technology]]<br />
| C16<br />
| 25<br />
| 642<br />
|-<br />
| [[Indiana]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Munster High School]]<br />
| C23<br />
| 15<br />
| 441<br />
|-<br />
| [[Indiana]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Whiting High School]]<br />
| C24<br />
| 35<br />
| 775<br />
|-<br />
| [[Massachusetts]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Acton-Boxborough Regional High School]]<br />
| C40<br />
| 33<br />
| 717<br />
|-<br />
| [[South Carolina]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Clinton High School]]<br />
| C49<br />
| 54<br />
| 1042<br />
|-<br />
| [[South Dakota]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Yankton High School]]<br />
| C60<br />
| 53<br />
| 1035<br />
|-<br />
| [[Virginia]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology]]<br />
| C36<br />
| 23<br />
| 606<br />
|-<br />
| [[Mississippi]]<br />
| March 28, 2014<br />
| [[Mississippi School for Mathematics and Science]]<br />
| C50<br />
| 49<br />
| 988<br />
|-<br />
| [[Alaska]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| [[Mat-Su Career and Technical High School]]<br />
| C59<br />
| 52<br />
| 1017<br />
|-<br />
| [[Connecticut]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| [[Hopkins School]]<br />
| C41<br />
| 31<br />
| 682<br />
|-<br />
| [[Iowa]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| [[Ames High School]]<br />
| C54<br />
| 44<br />
| 900<br />
|-<br />
| [[Louisiana]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| [[Baton Rouge Magnet High School]]<br />
| C46<br />
| 36<br />
| 809<br />
|-<br />
| [[Maine]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| [[Waynflete School]]<br />
| C51<br />
| 48<br />
| 980<br />
|-<br />
| [[Maryland]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| [[Walter Johnson High School]]<br />
| C42<br />
| 43<br />
| 896<br />
|-<br />
| [[Nebraska]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| [[Lincoln Southwest High School]]<br />
| C37<br />
| 40<br />
| 865<br />
|-<br />
| [[Wyoming]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| [[Campbell County High School]]<br />
| C58<br />
| 59<br />
| 1174<br />
|-<br />
| [[Wisconsin]]<br />
| April 4-5, 2014<br />
| [[Menomonie Sr. High School]]<br />
| C25<br />
| 26<br />
| 650<br />
|-<br />
| [[California (South)]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
| [[Troy High School (California)|Troy High School]]<br />
| C3<br />
| 1<br />
| 224<br />
|-<br />
| [[Idaho]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
| [[Bishop Kelly High School]]<br />
| C53<br />
| 58<br />
| 1137<br />
|-<br />
| [[Kansas]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
| [[Olathe North High School]]<br />
| C30<br />
| 22<br />
| 604<br />
|-<br />
| [[New Hampshire]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
| [[Merrimack High School]]<br />
| C48<br />
| 34<br />
| 760<br />
|-<br />
| [[Oregon]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
| [[Westview High School]]<br />
| C55<br />
| 38<br />
| 833<br />
|-<br />
| [[Alabama]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Auburn High School]]<br />
| C33<br />
| 47<br />
| 952<br />
|-<br />
| [[Arkansas]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Little Rock Central High School]]<br />
| C56<br />
| 60<br />
| 1204<br />
|-<br />
| [[California (North)]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Mira Loma High School]]<br />
| C4<br />
| 4<br />
| 300<br />
|-<br />
| [[Illinois]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[New Trier High School]]<br />
| C11<br />
| 13<br />
| 412<br />
|-<br />
| [[Illinois]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Adlai E. Stevenson High School (Illinois)| Adlai E. Stevenson High School]]<br />
| C12<br />
| 11<br />
| 385<br />
|-<br />
| [[Kentucky]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Russell Independent High School]]<br />
| C32<br />
| 20<br />
| 576<br />
|-<br />
| [[Missouri]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Pembroke Hill High School]]<br />
| C21<br />
| 28<br />
| 668<br />
|-<br />
| [[Missouri]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Ladue High School]]<br />
| C22<br />
| 39<br />
| 862<br />
|-<br />
| [[Rhode Island]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Barrington High School]]<br />
| C47<br />
| 56<br />
| 1080<br />
|-<br />
| [[Tennessee]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Montgomery Bell Academy]]<br />
| C31<br />
| 42<br />
| 896<br />
|-<br />
| [[Utah]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Utah County Academy of Sciences]]<br />
| C44<br />
| 51<br />
| 1007<br />
|-<br />
| [[Washington]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| [[Camas High School]]<br />
| C27<br />
| 19<br />
| 548<br />
|-<br />
| [[Colorado]]<br />
| April 19, 2014<br />
| [[Fossil Ridge High School]]<br />
| C35<br />
| 37<br />
| 810<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Carolina]]<br />
| April 25-26, 2014<br />
| [[William G. Enloe High School]]<br />
| C5<br />
| 18<br />
| 521<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Carolina]]<br />
| April 25-26, 2014<br />
| [[Raleigh Charter High School]]<br />
| C6<br />
| 30<br />
| 673<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Dakota]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
| [[Bismarck High School]]<br />
| C26<br />
| 46<br />
| 928<br />
|-<br />
| [[Michigan]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
| [[Grand Haven High School]]<br />
| C7<br />
| 9<br />
| 360<br />
|-<br />
| [[Michigan]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
| [[Northville High School]]<br />
| C8<br />
| 17<br />
| 469<br />
|-<br />
| [[Ohio]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
| [[Solon High School]]<br />
| C13<br />
| 5<br />
| 302<br />
|-<br />
| [[Ohio]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
| [[Centerville High School]]<br />
| C14<br />
| 12<br />
| 402<br />
|-<br />
| [[Pennsylvania]]<br />
| May 2, 2014<br />
| [[Harriton High School]]<br />
| C9<br />
| 3<br />
| 299<br />
|-<br />
| [[Pennsylvania]]<br />
| May 2, 2014<br />
| [[Penncrest High School]]<br />
| C10<br />
| 8<br />
| 345<br />
|-<br />
| [[Texas]]<br />
| May 2-3, 2014<br />
| [[William P. Clements High School]]<br />
| C19<br />
| 14<br />
| 421<br />
|-<br />
| [[Texas]]<br />
| May 2-3, 2014<br />
| [[Seven Lakes High School]]<br />
| C20<br />
| 7<br />
| 323<br />
|-<br />
|}<br />
<br />
==Special Awards==<br />
===Lockheed Martin Spirit Award===<br />
B Division: [[Science and Arts Academy]] from [[Illinois]]<br />
<br />
C Division: [[Barrington High School]] from [[Rhode Island]]<br />
<br />
==="Lucky Three's" 30th-Anniversary Scholarship===<br />
B Division: [[J. C. Booth Middle School]] from [[Georgia]] for [[Rotor Egg Drop]]<br />
<br />
C Division: [[Hopkins School]] from [[Connecticut]] for [[Entomology]]<br />
<br />
===DuPont Team Enterprise Award for "New and Emerging Teams"===<br />
B Division: [[Springhouse Middle School]] from [[Pennsylvania]]<br />
<br />
C Division: [[Columbia High School]] from [[New York]]<br />
<br />
{{2014}}<br />
<br />
{{Nationals Results}}<br />
<br />
[[Category:National tournaments]]<br />
[[Category:History]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Pilgrimage_Homeschool&diff=31506Pilgrimage Homeschool2014-05-19T15:40:43Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>'''Pilgrimage Homeschool''' is a homeschool team from [[Maryland]] that began competing during the 2010-2011 season as a single [[Division B]] team. The [[Division C]] team began competing during the 2012-2013 season,as well as the team's alternate Division B team.<br />
<br />
[[Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)|Division B Page]]<br /><br />
[[Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division C)|Division C Page]]<br />
<br />
==Name History==<br />
The name comes from the umbrella group of the coach, who was trying to make sure he was technically entering in the correct school name. After doing well the first year the name stuck, and has not changed since.<br />
<br />
==Team Members==<br />
Actually, go look in the individual pages above for each team for a better list which also lists years competed. Some people disappear from one list and go to the other depending on year.<br />
<br />
[[Category:Disambiguation Pages]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Pilgrimage_Homeschool_(Division_B)&diff=31505Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)2014-05-19T15:39:52Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TeamInfoBox<br />
|Member since=2011|Best regional=1st |Best state=1st |Best nationals=19th }}<br />
<br clear="all"><br />
<br />
The '''Pilgrimage Homeschool''' Division B team was started in 2011 and extended with a second team in 2013.<br />
<br />
==Team History==<br />
===2010-2011===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the A division in 2011 and placed first in that division. They also placed third overall in Maryland.<br />
===2011-2012===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the AA division in 2012 and placed first in the Maryland state. They beat [[North Bethesda Middle School]] by one point.<br />
<br />
They also made it to Nationals, landing 38th place, and earning one silver medal in Awesome Aquifers.<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=Regionals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=State|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=38|level=Nationals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all" /><br />
===2012-2013===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the AA division and placed 2nd, losing to North Bethesda Middle School by 4 points at the Maryland State.<br />
<br />
===2013-2014===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the AA division and placed 1st at both the Regionals and States tournaments.<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=Regionals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=State|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
At the 2014 National Tournament, Pilgrimage Homeschool placed 19th as a team.<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/>{{TeamWinnings|result=19|level=Natinonals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
==SciOly.org Team Members==<br />
<ul><br />
<li>[[User:Slarik|Slarik]] (2011-2012)</li><br />
<li>[[User:knittingfrenzy18|knittingfrenzy18]] (2012-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Azismith|Azismith]] (2011-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Voltage|Voltage]] (2013-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[commandoCC9811]] (2011-2013)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Bearasmith|bearasmith]] (2012-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Alexcazam|Alexcazam]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Jdawg495|jdawg495]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Baker Girl|Baker Girl]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Asthedeer|asthedeer]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Irishfeet123|irishfeet123]] (2014)</li><br />
</ul><br />
<br />
[[Category:Team Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Team Pages B]]<br />
[[Category:Maryland B]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Pilgrimage_Homeschool_(Division_B)&diff=31504Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)2014-05-19T15:39:30Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* 2013-2014 */</p>
<hr />
<div>{{TeamInfoBox<br />
|Member since=2011|Best regional=1st |Best state=1st |Best nationals=38th }}<br />
<br clear="all"><br />
<br />
The '''Pilgrimage Homeschool''' Division B team was started in 2011 and extended with a second team in 2013.<br />
<br />
==Team History==<br />
===2010-2011===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the A division in 2011 and placed first in that division. They also placed third overall in Maryland.<br />
===2011-2012===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the AA division in 2012 and placed first in the Maryland state. They beat [[North Bethesda Middle School]] by one point.<br />
<br />
They also made it to Nationals, landing 38th place, and earning one silver medal in Awesome Aquifers.<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=Regionals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=State|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=38|level=Nationals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all" /><br />
===2012-2013===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the AA division and placed 2nd, losing to North Bethesda Middle School by 4 points at the Maryland State.<br />
<br />
===2013-2014===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the AA division and placed 1st at both the Regionals and States tournaments.<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=Regionals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=State|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
At the 2014 National Tournament, Pilgrimage Homeschool placed 19th as a team.<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/>{{TeamWinnings|result=19|level=Natinonals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
==SciOly.org Team Members==<br />
<ul><br />
<li>[[User:Slarik|Slarik]] (2011-2012)</li><br />
<li>[[User:knittingfrenzy18|knittingfrenzy18]] (2012-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Azismith|Azismith]] (2011-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Voltage|Voltage]] (2013-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[commandoCC9811]] (2011-2013)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Bearasmith|bearasmith]] (2012-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Alexcazam|Alexcazam]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Jdawg495|jdawg495]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Baker Girl|Baker Girl]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Asthedeer|asthedeer]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Irishfeet123|irishfeet123]] (2014)</li><br />
</ul><br />
<br />
[[Category:Team Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Team Pages B]]<br />
[[Category:Maryland B]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Pilgrimage_Homeschool_(Division_C)&diff=30524Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division C)2014-04-05T03:45:05Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* SciOly.org Team Members */</p>
<hr />
<div>{|style="width: 20em; text-align: left; font-size: 80%; border: 1px solid #888; float: right;"<br />
|+ style="font-size: larger;" |'''{{PAGENAME}} At a Glance'''<br />
|-<br />
|-<br />
|'''Member of SO since'''<br />
|{{{Member since|2012-2013}}}<br />
|- <br />
|'''Best finish, regionals'''<br />
|N/A<br />
|- <br />
|'''Best finish, state'''<br />
|N/A<br />
|- <br />
|'''Best finish, nationals'''<br />
|N/A<br />
|}<br />
<br />
{{float left|[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] is a... yup, homeschool team from [[Maryland]] whose Division C team was started in 2012-2013.}}<br />
<br clear="all"><br />
<br />
=Team History=<br />
The team has no history yet.<br />
<br />
=SciOly.org Team Members=<br />
<ul><br />
<li>[[User:Slarik|Slarik]] (2013-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[commandoCC9811]] (2014)</li><br />
</ul><br />
<br />
[[Category:Team Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Team Pages C]]<br />
[[Category:Maryland C]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Pilgrimage_Homeschool_(Division_B)&diff=30523Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)2014-04-05T03:44:50Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* SciOly.org Team Members */</p>
<hr />
<div>{{TeamInfoBox<br />
|Member since=2011|Best regional=1st |Best state=1st |Best nationals=38th }}<br />
<br clear="all"><br />
<br />
The '''Pilgrimage Homeschool''' Division B team was started in 2011 and extended with a second team in 2013.<br />
<br />
==Team History==<br />
===2010-2011===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the A division in 2011 and placed first in that division. They also placed third overall in Maryland.<br />
===2011-2012===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the AA division in 2012 and placed first in the Maryland state. They beat [[North Bethesda Middle School]] by one point.<br />
<br />
They also made it to Nationals, landing 38th place, and earning one silver medal in Awesome Aquifers.<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=Regionals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=State|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=38|level=Nationals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all" /><br />
===2012-2013===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the AA division and placed 2nd, losing to North Bethesda Middle School by 4 points at the Maryland State.<br />
<br />
===2013-2014===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the AA division and placed 1st at both the Regionals and States tournaments.<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=Regionals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=State|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
==SciOly.org Team Members==<br />
<ul><br />
<li>[[User:Slarik|Slarik]] (2011-2012)</li><br />
<li>[[User:knittingfrenzy18|knittingfrenzy18]] (2012-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Azismith|Azismith]] (2011-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Voltage|Voltage]] (2013-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[commandoCC9811]] (2011-2013)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Bearasmith|bearasmith]] (2012-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Alexcazam|Alexcazam]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Jdawg495|jdawg495]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Baker Girl|Baker Girl]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Asthedeer|asthedeer]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Irishfeet123|irishfeet123]] (2014)</li><br />
</ul><br />
<br />
[[Category:Team Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Team Pages B]]<br />
[[Category:Maryland B]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Pilgrimage_Homeschool&diff=30522Pilgrimage Homeschool2014-04-05T03:42:57Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* Team Members */</p>
<hr />
<div>{{TeamInfoBox<br />
|Member since=2011|Best regional=1st |Best state=1st |Best nationals=38th}}<br />
<br />
'''Pilgrimage Homeschool''' is a homeschool team from [[Maryland]] that began competing during the 2010-2011 season as a single [[Division B]] team. The [[Division C]] team began competing during the 2012-2013 season,as well as the team's alternate Division B team.<br />
<br />
[[Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)|Division B Page]]<br /><br />
[[Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division C)|Division C Page]]<br />
<br />
==Name History==<br />
The name comes from the umbrella group of the coach, who was trying to make sure he was technically entering in the correct school name. After doing well the first year the name stuck, and has not changed since.<br />
<br />
==Team Members==<br />
Actually, go look in the individual pages above for each team for a better list which also lists years competed. Some people disappear from one list and go to the other depending on year.<br />
<br />
[[Category:Team Pages]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Pilgrimage_Homeschool_(Division_C)&diff=30521Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division C)2014-04-05T03:42:00Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* Active Science Olympiad Student Center Team Members */</p>
<hr />
<div>{|style="width: 20em; text-align: left; font-size: 80%; border: 1px solid #888; float: right;"<br />
|+ style="font-size: larger;" |'''{{PAGENAME}} At a Glance'''<br />
|-<br />
|-<br />
|'''Member of SO since'''<br />
|{{{Member since|2012-2013}}}<br />
|- <br />
|'''Best finish, regionals'''<br />
|N/A<br />
|- <br />
|'''Best finish, state'''<br />
|N/A<br />
|- <br />
|'''Best finish, nationals'''<br />
|N/A<br />
|}<br />
<br />
{{float left|[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] is a... yup, homeschool team from [[Maryland]] whose Division C team was started in 2012-2013.}}<br />
<br clear="all"><br />
<br />
=Team History=<br />
The team has no history yet.<br />
<br />
=SciOly.org Team Members=<br />
<ul><br />
<li>[[User:Slarik|Slarik]] (2013-2014)</li><br />
</ul><br />
<br />
[[Category:Team Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Team Pages C]]<br />
[[Category:Maryland C]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Maryland&diff=30520Maryland2014-04-05T03:38:36Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* Competitions */</p>
<hr />
<div>{{SOInfoBox<br />
|State name=Maryland<br />
|Member since=2007<br />
|Number B teams=23<br />
|Member C teams=16<br />
|Total teams=50<br />
|States location=Johns Hopkins University<br />
|B champs=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)|Pilgrimage Homeschool]]<br />
|C champs=[[Walter Johnson High School]]<br />
|website=http://marylandscienceolympiad.org<br />
}}<br />
<br />
<br />
==History==<br />
<br />
===Past State Champions===<br />
<br />
This is a record of the past state champions and runners up, and their respective places at the national competition, if applicable. Scores at the state competition may be shown in parentheses.<br />
<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Year!!Division B Champion!!B Champ Nats Place!!Division B Runner-up!!Division C Champion!!C Champ Nats Place!!Division C Runner-up<br />
|- <br />
!2002<br />
| [[Herbert Hoover Middle School]]|| 60|||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2003<br />
| || ||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2004<br />
| || ||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2005<br />
| || ||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2006<br />
| || ||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2007<br />
| |||| ||[[Atholton High School]]||58||<br />
|-<br />
!2008<br />
|[[Thurmont Middle School]]||60||||[[Walter Johnson High School]]||50||[[River Hill High School]]<br />
|-<br />
!2009<br />
|[[Mt. Airy Middle School]]||60||||[[Walter Johnson High School]]||49||[[Centennial High School]]<br />
|-<br />
!2010<br />
|[[North Bethesda Middle School]]||51||||[[River Hill High School]]||29||[[Walter Johnson High School]]<br />
|-<br />
!2011<br />
|[[North Bethesda Middle School]]||36||||[[Walter Johnson High School]]||26||[[Centennial High School]]<br />
|-<br />
!2012<br />
|[[Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)|Pilgrimage Homeschool]] (68)|| 38 || [[North Bethesda Middle School]] (69) ||[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]] (59)|| 29 ||[[Walter Johnson High School]] (60)<br />
|-<br />
!2013<br />
|[[North Bethesda Middle School]] (79)|| 32 || [[Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)|Pilgrimage Homeschool]] (83) ||[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]] (46)|| 19 ||[[Richard Montgomery High School]] (103)<br />
|-<br />
!2014<br />
|[[Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)|Pilgrimage Homeschool]] || || [[North Bethesda Middle School]] ||[[Walter Johnson High School]] || ||[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]] <br />
|}<br />
''(points in parentheses)''<br />
<br />
==Competitions==<br />
2010-2011 Season<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Competition!!Location!!Date<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament (Division B)||Crestwood Middle School||February 26, 2011<br />
|-<br />
| Baltimore City Regional Tournament||Morgan State University||March 5, 2011<br />
|-<br />
| Eastern Shore Regional Tournament||Salisbury University||March 12, 2011<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament (Division C)||[[Atholton High School]]||March 19, 2011<br />
|-<br />
| Maryland State Tournament||Johns Hopkins University||April 2, 2011<br />
|}<br />
<br />
2011-2012 Season<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Competition!!Location!!Date<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament||University of Maryland (College Park)||February 25, 2012<br />
|-<br />
| Baltimore City Regional Tournament||?||?<br />
|-<br />
| Eastern Shore Regional Tournament||Salisbury University||March 3, 2012<br />
|-<br />
| Maryland State Tournament||Johns Hopkins University||March 31, 2012<br />
|}<br />
<br />
2012-2013 Season<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Competition!!Location!!Date<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament||University of Maryland (College Park)||February 16, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Baltimore City Regional Tournament||Morgan State University<br />
||March 2, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Eastern Shore Regional Tournament||Salisbury University||March 9, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Maryland State Tournament||Johns Hopkins University||April 20, 2013<br />
|}<br />
<br />
2013-2014 Season<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Competition!!Location!!Date<br />
|-<br />
| Baltimore City Regional Tournament||Morgan State University<br />
||February 22, 2014<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament||University of Maryland (College Park)||March 1, 2014<br />
|-<br />
| Eastern Shore Regional Tournament||Salisbury University||March 8, 2014<br />
|-<br />
| Western Regional Tournament||Frostburg University||March 15, 2014<br />
|-<br />
| Maryland State Tournament||Johns Hopkins University||March 29, 2014<br />
|}<br />
<br />
==Teams==<br />
<br />
===Division B===<br />
<br />
:[[Ballenger Creek Middle]]<br />
:[[Bohemia Manor Middle School]]<br />
:[[Crestwood Middle School]]<br />
:[[Chesapeake Science Point]]<br />
:[[Edgewood Middle School]]<br />
:[[Fallstaff E/M]]<br />
:[[Frederick County Home School]]<br />
:[[Kent County Middle School]]<br />
:[[Lime Kiln Middle School]]<br />
:[[Mace's Lane Middle School]]<br />
:[[Metapeake Middle School]]<br />
:[[Monocacy Middle School]]<br />
:[[Montebello E/M]]<br />
:[[Mount Airy Middle School]]<br />
:[[New Life Christian]]<br />
:[[North Bethesda Middle School]]<br />
:[[Oakdale Middle School]]<br />
:[[Parkland Magnet]]<br />
:[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]<br />
:[[Rockbridge Academy]]<br />
:[[Stephen Decatur Middle School]]<br />
:[[Thurmont Middle School]]<br />
:[[Urbana Middle School]]<br />
:[[Walkersville Middle School]]<br />
:[[Windsor Knolls Middle School]]<br />
<br />
===Division C===<br />
<br />
:[[Atholton High School]]<br />
:[[Baltimore Polytechnical High School]]<br />
:[[Broadneck High School]]<br />
:[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]]<br />
:[[Glenlg County School]]<br />
:[[Indian Creek Upper]]<br />
:[[James M. Bennet High School]]<br />
:[[Marriotts Ridge High School]]<br />
:[[New Life Christian]]<br />
:[[Northwestern High School]]<br />
:[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]<br />
:[[Poolesville High School]]<br />
:[[Richard Montgomery High School]]<br />
:[[River Hill High School]]<br />
:[[Rockbridge Academy]]<br />
:[[South Caroll High School]]<br />
:[[Stephen Decatur High School]]<br />
:[[Walkersville High School]]<br />
:[[Walter Johnson High School]]<br />
:[[Wheaton High School]]<br />
:[[Worchester Technical High School]]<br />
<br />
<br />
[[Category:State Pages]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=User:Knittingfrenzy18&diff=30371User:Knittingfrenzy182014-03-30T22:23:30Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>Hi there. I'm Red.<br />
<br />
Well, in reality, my name isn't Red, but I'd like you to call me that.<br />
<br />
{{Userbox/School|logo-background=#F00|logo-color=gold|sshort=PH|school=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|past=0|name=knittingfrenzy18}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{userstate|state=MD|past=0|name=knittingfrenzy18}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
=Biography=<br />
I'm a middle homeschooler who lives in [[Maryland]]. I do Science Olympiad with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]. I play the cello, knit, and program computers in my spare time. I also like to run cross-country. I love contributing to and editing wikis like this one.<br />
<br />
Fun facts:<br />
<ul><br />
<li>I have my own website, made [almost] entirely from scratch, located [http://knittingfrenzy18.webatu.com here].</li><br />
<li>I love running cross-country, and my best mile time is 6:58, and my best two mile time is 15:48. I am generally better at long distance.</li><br />
<li>I love math and take math class at the [http://aops.com Art of Problem Solving] site.</li><br />
<li>I play cello and have participated in MCYO, the Maryland Classic Youth Orchestras, for four years. With them, I have been to Carnegie Hall. I performed with my orchestra and even got the solo part in the Concerto Grosso, being the principal that year.</li><br />
</ul><br />
<br />
=Science Olympiad History=<br />
==2011-2012==<br />
Red participates as a 6th grader in Division B for her first time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
<ol><br />
<li>Mission Possible</li><br />
<li>Write It/Do It</li><br />
<li>Food Science</li><br />
</ol><br />
<br />
==2012-2013==<br />
Red participates as a 7th grader in Division B for the second time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
#Food Science<br />
#Write It/Do It<br />
#Sounds of Music<br />
#Keep the Heat (States)<br />
<br />
==2013-2014==<br />
Red participates as an 8th grader in Division B for the third time with [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] from [[Maryland]]. Events are:<br />
<br />
#Anatomy<br />
#Can't Judge A Powder<br />
#Metric Mastery<br />
#Sounds of Music<br />
#Write It/Do It<br />
<br />
==Medals==<br />
===2011-2012===<br />
Because I find the medal boxes cheesy.<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 7<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 3<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2012 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 43<br />
| Mission Possible<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 12<br />
| Food Science<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|-<br />
| 12<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| [[University of Central Florida 2012|2012 University of Central Florida National Tournament]]<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=38|state=Maryland|level=Nationals|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2012}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
===2012-2013===<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Food Science<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 14<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Keep the Heat<br />
| 2013 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=2|state=Maryland|level=State|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2013}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
===2013-2014===<br />
{|class="wikitable" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 0 auto; width: 90%;"<br />
|-<br />
! Place<br />
! Event<br />
! Competition<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 7<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 2<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] Central Maryland Regional Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 3<br />
| Anatomy<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Can't Judge A Powder<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Metric Mastery<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Sounds of Music<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|-<br />
| 1<br />
| Write It/Do It<br />
| 2014 [[Maryland]] State Tournament<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=State|team=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]|year=2014}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
[[Category:User Pages]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Pilgrimage_Homeschool_(Division_B)&diff=30370Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)2014-03-30T22:11:24Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TeamInfoBox<br />
|Member since=2011|Best regional=1st |Best state=1st |Best nationals=38th }}<br />
<br clear="all"><br />
<br />
The '''Pilgrimage Homeschool''' Division B team was started in 2011 and extended with a second team in 2013.<br />
<br />
==Team History==<br />
===2010-2011===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the A division in 2011 and placed first in that division. They also placed third overall in Maryland.<br />
===2011-2012===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the AA division in 2012 and placed first in the Maryland state. They beat [[North Bethesda Middle School]] by one point.<br />
<br />
They also made it to Nationals, landing 38th place, and earning one silver medal in Awesome Aquifers.<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=Regionals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=State|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=38|level=Nationals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all" /><br />
===2012-2013===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the AA division and placed 2nd, losing to North Bethesda Middle School by 4 points at the Maryland State.<br />
<br />
===2013-2014===<br />
Pilgrimage competed in the AA division and placed 1st at both the Regionals and States tournaments.<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=Regionals|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
{{TeamWinnings|result=1|state=Maryland|level=State|team=Pilgrimage Homeschool}}<br />
<br clear="all"/><br />
<br />
==SciOly.org Team Members==<br />
<ul><br />
<li>[[User:Slarik|Slarik]] (2011-2012)</li><br />
<li>[[User:knittingfrenzy18|knittingfrenzy18]] (2012-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Azismith|Azismith]] (2011-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Voltage|Voltage]] (2013-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Bearasmith|bearasmith]] (2012-2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Alexcazam|Alexcazam]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Jdawg495|jdawg495]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Baker Girl|Baker Girl]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Asthedeer|asthedeer]] (2014)</li><br />
<li>[[User:Irishfeet123|irishfeet123]] (2014)</li><br />
</ul><br />
<br />
[[Category:Team Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Team Pages B]]<br />
[[Category:Maryland B]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Maryland&diff=30369Maryland2014-03-30T21:54:55Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{SOInfoBox<br />
|State name=Maryland<br />
|Member since=2007<br />
|Number B teams=23<br />
|Member C teams=16<br />
|Total teams=50<br />
|States location=Johns Hopkins University<br />
|B champs=[[Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)|Pilgrimage Homeschool]]<br />
|C champs=[[Walter Johnson High School]]<br />
|website=http://marylandscienceolympiad.org<br />
}}<br />
<br />
<br />
==History==<br />
<br />
===Past State Champions===<br />
<br />
This is a record of the past state champions and runners up, and their respective places at the national competition, if applicable. Scores at the state competition may be shown in parentheses.<br />
<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Year!!Division B Champion!!B Champ Nats Place!!Division B Runner-up!!Division C Champion!!C Champ Nats Place!!Division C Runner-up<br />
|- <br />
!2002<br />
| [[Herbert Hoover Middle School]]|| 60|||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2003<br />
| || ||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2004<br />
| || ||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2005<br />
| || ||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2006<br />
| || ||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2007<br />
| |||| ||[[Atholton High School]]||58||<br />
|-<br />
!2008<br />
|[[Thurmont Middle School]]||60||||[[Walter Johnson High School]]||50||[[River Hill High School]]<br />
|-<br />
!2009<br />
|[[Mt. Airy Middle School]]||60||||[[Walter Johnson High School]]||49||[[Centennial High School]]<br />
|-<br />
!2010<br />
|[[North Bethesda Middle School]]||51||||[[River Hill High School]]||29||[[Walter Johnson High School]]<br />
|-<br />
!2011<br />
|[[North Bethesda Middle School]]||36||||[[Walter Johnson High School]]||26||[[Centennial High School]]<br />
|-<br />
!2012<br />
|[[Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)|Pilgrimage Homeschool]] (68)|| 38 || [[North Bethesda Middle School]] (69) ||[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]] (59)|| 29 ||[[Walter Johnson High School]] (60)<br />
|-<br />
!2013<br />
|[[North Bethesda Middle School]] (79)|| 32 || [[Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)|Pilgrimage Homeschool]] (83) ||[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]] (46)|| 19 ||[[Richard Montgomery High School]] (103)<br />
|-<br />
!2014<br />
|[[Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)|Pilgrimage Homeschool]] (?)|| 40 || [[North Bethesda Middle School]] (?) ||[[Walter Johnson High School]] (?)|| 42 ||[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]] (?)<br />
|}<br />
''(points in parentheses)''<br />
<br />
==Competitions==<br />
2010-2011 Season<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Competition!!Location!!Date<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament (Division B)||Crestwood Middle School||February 26, 2011<br />
|-<br />
| Baltimore City Regional Tournament||Morgan State University||March 5, 2011<br />
|-<br />
| Eastern Shore Regional Tournament||Salisbury University||March 12, 2011<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament (Division C)||[[Atholton High School]]||March 19, 2011<br />
|-<br />
| Maryland State Tournament||Johns Hopkins University||April 2, 2011<br />
|}<br />
<br />
2011-2012 Season<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Competition!!Location!!Date<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament||University of Maryland (College Park)||February 25, 2012<br />
|-<br />
| Baltimore City Regional Tournament||?||?<br />
|-<br />
| Eastern Shore Regional Tournament||Salisbury University||March 3, 2012<br />
|-<br />
| Maryland State Tournament||Johns Hopkins University||March 31, 2012<br />
|}<br />
<br />
2012-2013 Season<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Competition!!Location!!Date<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament||University of Maryland (College Park)||February 16, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Baltimore City Regional Tournament||Morgan State University<br />
||March 2, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Eastern Shore Regional Tournament||Salisbury University||March 9, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Maryland State Tournament||Johns Hopkins University||April 20, 2013<br />
|}<br />
<br />
2013-2014 Season<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Competition!!Location!!Date<br />
|-<br />
| Baltimore City Regional Tournament||Morgan State University<br />
||February 22, 2014<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament||University of Maryland (College Park)||March 1, 2014<br />
|-<br />
| Eastern Shore Regional Tournament||Salisbury University||March 8, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Western Regional Tournament||Frostburg University||March 15, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Maryland State Tournament||Johns Hopkins University||April 20, 2013<br />
|}<br />
<br />
==Teams==<br />
<br />
===Division B===<br />
<br />
:[[Ballenger Creek Middle]]<br />
:[[Bohemia Manor Middle School]]<br />
:[[Crestwood Middle School]]<br />
:[[Chesapeake Science Point]]<br />
:[[Edgewood Middle School]]<br />
:[[Fallstaff E/M]]<br />
:[[Frederick County Home School]]<br />
:[[Kent County Middle School]]<br />
:[[Lime Kiln Middle School]]<br />
:[[Mace's Lane Middle School]]<br />
:[[Metapeake Middle School]]<br />
:[[Monocacy Middle School]]<br />
:[[Montebello E/M]]<br />
:[[Mount Airy Middle School]]<br />
:[[New Life Christian]]<br />
:[[North Bethesda Middle School]]<br />
:[[Oakdale Middle School]]<br />
:[[Parkland Magnet]]<br />
:[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]<br />
:[[Rockbridge Academy]]<br />
:[[Stephen Decatur Middle School]]<br />
:[[Thurmont Middle School]]<br />
:[[Urbana Middle School]]<br />
:[[Walkersville Middle School]]<br />
:[[Windsor Knolls Middle School]]<br />
<br />
===Division C===<br />
<br />
:[[Atholton High School]]<br />
:[[Baltimore Polytechnical High School]]<br />
:[[Broadneck High School]]<br />
:[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]]<br />
:[[Glenlg County School]]<br />
:[[Indian Creek Upper]]<br />
:[[James M. Bennet High School]]<br />
:[[Marriotts Ridge High School]]<br />
:[[New Life Christian]]<br />
:[[Northwestern High School]]<br />
:[[Poolesville High School]]<br />
:[[Richard Montgomery High School]]<br />
:[[River Hill High School]]<br />
:[[Rockbridge Academy]]<br />
:[[South Caroll High School]]<br />
:[[Stephen Decatur High School]]<br />
:[[Walkersville High School]]<br />
:[[Walter Johnson High School]]<br />
:[[Wheaton High School]]<br />
:[[Worchester Technical High School]]<br />
<br />
<br />
[[Category:State Pages]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Maryland&diff=30368Maryland2014-03-30T21:54:03Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* Past State Champions */</p>
<hr />
<div>{{SOInfoBox<br />
|State name=Maryland<br />
|Member since=2007<br />
|Number B teams=23<br />
|Member C teams=16<br />
|Total teams=50<br />
|States location=Johns Hopkins University<br />
|B champs=[[North Bethesda Middle School]]<br />
|C champs=[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]]<br />
|website=http://marylandscienceolympiad.org<br />
}}<br />
<br />
<br />
==History==<br />
<br />
===Past State Champions===<br />
<br />
This is a record of the past state champions and runners up, and their respective places at the national competition, if applicable. Scores at the state competition may be shown in parentheses.<br />
<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Year!!Division B Champion!!B Champ Nats Place!!Division B Runner-up!!Division C Champion!!C Champ Nats Place!!Division C Runner-up<br />
|- <br />
!2002<br />
| [[Herbert Hoover Middle School]]|| 60|||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2003<br />
| || ||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2004<br />
| || ||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2005<br />
| || ||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2006<br />
| || ||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2007<br />
| |||| ||[[Atholton High School]]||58||<br />
|-<br />
!2008<br />
|[[Thurmont Middle School]]||60||||[[Walter Johnson High School]]||50||[[River Hill High School]]<br />
|-<br />
!2009<br />
|[[Mt. Airy Middle School]]||60||||[[Walter Johnson High School]]||49||[[Centennial High School]]<br />
|-<br />
!2010<br />
|[[North Bethesda Middle School]]||51||||[[River Hill High School]]||29||[[Walter Johnson High School]]<br />
|-<br />
!2011<br />
|[[North Bethesda Middle School]]||36||||[[Walter Johnson High School]]||26||[[Centennial High School]]<br />
|-<br />
!2012<br />
|[[Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)|Pilgrimage Homeschool]] (68)|| 38 || [[North Bethesda Middle School]] (69) ||[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]] (59)|| 29 ||[[Walter Johnson High School]] (60)<br />
|-<br />
!2013<br />
|[[North Bethesda Middle School]] (79)|| 32 || [[Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)|Pilgrimage Homeschool]] (83) ||[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]] (46)|| 19 ||[[Richard Montgomery High School]] (103)<br />
|-<br />
!2014<br />
|[[Pilgrimage Homeschool (Division B)|Pilgrimage Homeschool]] (?)|| 40 || [[North Bethesda Middle School]] (?) ||[[Walter Johnson High School]] (?)|| 42 ||[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]] (?)<br />
|}<br />
''(points in parentheses)''<br />
<br />
==Competitions==<br />
2010-2011 Season<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Competition!!Location!!Date<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament (Division B)||Crestwood Middle School||February 26, 2011<br />
|-<br />
| Baltimore City Regional Tournament||Morgan State University||March 5, 2011<br />
|-<br />
| Eastern Shore Regional Tournament||Salisbury University||March 12, 2011<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament (Division C)||[[Atholton High School]]||March 19, 2011<br />
|-<br />
| Maryland State Tournament||Johns Hopkins University||April 2, 2011<br />
|}<br />
<br />
2011-2012 Season<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Competition!!Location!!Date<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament||University of Maryland (College Park)||February 25, 2012<br />
|-<br />
| Baltimore City Regional Tournament||?||?<br />
|-<br />
| Eastern Shore Regional Tournament||Salisbury University||March 3, 2012<br />
|-<br />
| Maryland State Tournament||Johns Hopkins University||March 31, 2012<br />
|}<br />
<br />
2012-2013 Season<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Competition!!Location!!Date<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament||University of Maryland (College Park)||February 16, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Baltimore City Regional Tournament||Morgan State University<br />
||March 2, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Eastern Shore Regional Tournament||Salisbury University||March 9, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Maryland State Tournament||Johns Hopkins University||April 20, 2013<br />
|}<br />
<br />
2013-2014 Season<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Competition!!Location!!Date<br />
|-<br />
| Baltimore City Regional Tournament||Morgan State University<br />
||February 22, 2014<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament||University of Maryland (College Park)||March 1, 2014<br />
|-<br />
| Eastern Shore Regional Tournament||Salisbury University||March 8, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Western Regional Tournament||Frostburg University||March 15, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Maryland State Tournament||Johns Hopkins University||April 20, 2013<br />
|}<br />
<br />
==Teams==<br />
<br />
===Division B===<br />
<br />
:[[Ballenger Creek Middle]]<br />
:[[Bohemia Manor Middle School]]<br />
:[[Crestwood Middle School]]<br />
:[[Chesapeake Science Point]]<br />
:[[Edgewood Middle School]]<br />
:[[Fallstaff E/M]]<br />
:[[Frederick County Home School]]<br />
:[[Kent County Middle School]]<br />
:[[Lime Kiln Middle School]]<br />
:[[Mace's Lane Middle School]]<br />
:[[Metapeake Middle School]]<br />
:[[Monocacy Middle School]]<br />
:[[Montebello E/M]]<br />
:[[Mount Airy Middle School]]<br />
:[[New Life Christian]]<br />
:[[North Bethesda Middle School]]<br />
:[[Oakdale Middle School]]<br />
:[[Parkland Magnet]]<br />
:[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]<br />
:[[Rockbridge Academy]]<br />
:[[Stephen Decatur Middle School]]<br />
:[[Thurmont Middle School]]<br />
:[[Urbana Middle School]]<br />
:[[Walkersville Middle School]]<br />
:[[Windsor Knolls Middle School]]<br />
<br />
===Division C===<br />
<br />
:[[Atholton High School]]<br />
:[[Baltimore Polytechnical High School]]<br />
:[[Broadneck High School]]<br />
:[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]]<br />
:[[Glenlg County School]]<br />
:[[Indian Creek Upper]]<br />
:[[James M. Bennet High School]]<br />
:[[Marriotts Ridge High School]]<br />
:[[New Life Christian]]<br />
:[[Northwestern High School]]<br />
:[[Poolesville High School]]<br />
:[[Richard Montgomery High School]]<br />
:[[River Hill High School]]<br />
:[[Rockbridge Academy]]<br />
:[[South Caroll High School]]<br />
:[[Stephen Decatur High School]]<br />
:[[Walkersville High School]]<br />
:[[Walter Johnson High School]]<br />
:[[Wheaton High School]]<br />
:[[Worchester Technical High School]]<br />
<br />
<br />
[[Category:State Pages]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=University_of_Central_Florida_2014&diff=30345University of Central Florida 20142014-03-30T02:12:53Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>[[Image:2014 SONT Logo.png|right|200px]]<br />
<br />
==Information==<br />
The 2014 National Tournament will be held on May 16-17 at the University of Central Florida in Orlando, Florida.<br />
<br />
[http://scienceolympiad2014.com/ 2014 Nationals Website]<br />
<br />
The tournament will celebrate the 30th anniversary of Science Olympiad.<br />
<br />
==Teams That Have Qualified for the 2014 National Tournament & Results==<br />
===Division B===<br />
{| class="sortable" style="width:75%; height:50px" border="1"<br />
|-<br />
! State<br />
! Date of State Competition<br />
! School<br />
! Team Number<br />
! Place<br />
! Score<br />
|-<br />
| [[Montana]]<br />
| November 26, 2013<br />
| [[Corvallis Middle School]]<br />
| B38<br />
| <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
| [[New Mexico]]<br />
| February 22, 2014<br />
| [[Albuquerque Area Home Schoolers]]<br />
| B32<br />
| <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
| [[South Carolina]]<br />
| February 22, 2014<br />
| [[Bell Street Middle School]]<br />
| B53<br />
| <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
| [[Arizona]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
|[[Paragon Science Academy]]<br />
| B45<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Hawaii]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
| [[Iolani School]]<br />
| B42<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Maine]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
| [[Medomak Middle School]]<br />
| B60<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Minnesota]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
| [[Chippewa Middle School]]<br />
| B44<br />
| <br />
| <br />
<br />
|-<br />
| [[Oklahoma]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
| [[Casady Middle School]]<br />
| B48<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Nevada]]<br />
| March 8, 2014<br />
| [[Hyde Park Middle School]]<br />
| B56<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[New Jersey]]<br />
| March 11, 2014<br />
| [[West Windsor-Plainsboro Community Middle School]]<br />
| B37<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Delaware]]<br />
| March 15, 2014<br />
| [[Henry B. du Pont Middle School]]<br />
| B35<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Florida]]<br />
| March 15, 2014<br />
| [[Orlando Science School]]<br />
| B21<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Florida]]<br />
| March 15, 2014<br />
| [[Archimedean Middle Conservatory]]<br />
| B22<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Massachusetts]]<br />
| March 15, 2014<br />
| [[Coolidge Middle School]]<br />
| B33<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Connecticut]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Lyme-Old Lyme Middle School]]<br />
| B47<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Georgia]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[J. C. Booth Middle School]]<br />
| B19<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Georgia]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Dodgen Middle School]]<br />
| B20<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Indiana]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
|[[Thomas Jefferson Middle School]]<br />
| B23<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Indiana]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Wilbur Wright Middle School]]<br />
| B24<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[South Dakota]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Yankton Middle School]]<br />
| B59<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Virginia]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Longfellow Middle School]]<br />
| B34<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Mississippi]]<br />
| March 28, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B54<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Alaska]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B51<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Iowa]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B57<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Louisiana]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B46<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Maryland]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| [[Pilgrimage_Homeschool_(Division_B)|Pilgrimage Homeschool B]]<br />
| B40<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Nebraska]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B41<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Wisconsin]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B31<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Wyoming]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B58<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[New York]]<br />
| April 4-5, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B7<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[New York]]<br />
| April 4-5, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B8<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[California (South)]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
|<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Idaho]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B49<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Kansas]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B25<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Kansas]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B26<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Oregon]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B50<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Alabama]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B27<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Arkansas]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
| <br />
| B55<br />
| <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
| [[California (North)]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Illinois]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B9<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Illinois]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B10<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Kentucky]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B39<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Missouri]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B17<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Missouri]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B18<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Rhode Island]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B52<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Tennessee]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B36<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Utah]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B43<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Washington]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B30<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Colorado]]<br />
| April 19, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B28<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Carolina]]<br />
| April 25-26, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B3<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Carolina]]<br />
| April 25-26, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B4<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Dakota]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B29<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Michigan]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B5<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Michigan]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B6<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Ohio]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B11<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Ohio]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B12<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Pennsylvania]]<br />
| May 2, 2014 <br />
|<br />
| B13<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Pennsylvania]]<br />
| May 2, 2014 <br />
|<br />
| B14<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Texas]]<br />
| May 2-3, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B15<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Texas]]<br />
| May 2-3, 2014<br />
|<br />
| B16<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|}<br />
<br />
===Division C===<br />
<br />
{| class="sortable" style="width:75%; height:50px" border="1"<br />
|-<br />
! State<br />
! Date of State Competition<br />
! School<br />
! Team Number<br />
! Place<br />
! Score<br />
|-<br />
| [[Montana]]<br />
| November 26, 2013<br />
| [[Helena High School]]<br />
| C38<br />
| <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
| [[New Mexico]]<br />
| February 22, 2014<br />
|[[Albuquerque Area Home Schoolers]]<br />
| C39<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Arizona]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
| [[Catalina Foothills High School]]<br />
| C43<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Delaware]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
| [[The Charter School of Wilmington]]<br />
| C34<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Hawaii]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
| [[Iolani School]]<br />
| C45<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Oklahoma]]<br />
| March 1, 2014<br />
| [[Union High School (Oklahoma)|Union High School]]<br />
| C57<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Nevada]] <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| C52<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Minnesota]]<br />
| March 8, 2014<br />
| [[Mounds View High School]]<br />
| C28<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[New Jersey]]<br />
| March 11, 2014<br />
| [[West Windsor-Plainsboro High School South]]<br />
| C29<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[New York]]<br />
| March 14-15, 2014<br />
| [[Fayetteville-Manlius High School]]<br />
| C1<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[New York]]<br />
| March 14-15, 2014<br />
| [[Columbia High School]]<br />
| C2<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Florida]]<br />
| March 15, 2014<br />
| [[Boca Raton Community High School]]<br />
| C17<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Florida]]<br />
| March 15, 2014<br />
| [[Archimedean Upper Conservatory]]<br />
| C18<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Georgia]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Brookwood High School]]<br />
| C15<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Georgia]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Gwinnett School of Mathematics, Science, and Technology]]<br />
| C16<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Indiana]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Munster High School]]<br />
| C23<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Indiana]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Whiting High School]]<br />
| C24<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Massachusetts]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Acton-Boxborough Regional High School]]<br />
| C40<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[South Carolina]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Clinton High School]]<br />
| C49<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[South Dakota]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Yankton High School]]<br />
| C60<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Virginia]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
| [[Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology]]<br />
| C36<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Mississippi]]<br />
| March 28, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C50<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Alaska]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C59<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Connecticut]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C41<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Iowa]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C54<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Louisiana]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C46<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Maine]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C51<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Maryland]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
| Walter Johnson HS<br />
| C42<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Nebraska]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C37<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Wyoming]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C58<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Wisconsin]]<br />
| April 4-5, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C25<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[California (South)]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Idaho]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C53<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Kansas]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C30<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[New Hampshire]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C48<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Oregon]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C55<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Alabama]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C33<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Arkansas]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C56<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[California (North)]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Illinois]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C11<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Illinois]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C12<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Kentucky]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C32<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Missouri]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C21<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Missouri]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C22<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Rhode Island]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C47<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Tennessee]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C31<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Utah]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C44<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Washington]]<br />
| April 12, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C27<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Colorado]]<br />
| April 19, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C35<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Carolina]]<br />
| April 25-26, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C5<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Carolina]]<br />
| April 25-26, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C6<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Dakota]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C26<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Michigan]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C7<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Michigan]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C8<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Ohio]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C13<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Ohio]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C14<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Pennsylvania]]<br />
| May 2, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C9<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Pennsylvania]]<br />
| May 2, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C10<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Texas]]<br />
| May 2-3, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C19<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Texas]]<br />
| May 2-3, 2014<br />
|<br />
| C20<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|}<br />
<br />
{{2014}}<br />
<br />
{{Nationals Results}}<br />
<br />
[[Category:National tournaments]]<br />
[[Category:History]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=2014_Test_Exchange&diff=296922014 Test Exchange2014-02-26T13:27:54Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TestExchange}}<br />
<br />
<div style="float:right; clear:right; margin: .5em 0 1em 2em; background: transparent; max-width: 20em;">__TOC__</div><br />
*'''Upload files through this page: [[Special:Upload]].''' <br />
**If you get an error or need another filetype allowed, PM robotman on the forum or email him at robotman@scioly.org<br />
*'''PDF is the preferred format for all tests, excluding PowerPoint presentations or Excel spreadsheets.'''<br />
*'''If a file is not in PDF form, specify in parentheses e.g., (DOCX), (PPT).'''<br />
*'''In Office 2007: Please save your files in Office 97/2000/XP/2003 formats, like .doc and .xls. This will allow more people to open the files.'''<br />
*'''Please put what the tests are from (location/tournament/year) either in the filename, the summary, or both.'''<br />
*'''Do not try to overwrite other tests or remove them from the list.'''<br />
*'''See the [[How to Write a Practice Test|Practice Test Writing Guide]] on how to write and upload homemade tests to the test exchange.'''<br />
<br />
==[[Anatomy]]==<br />
*[[user:vennowsah|vennowsah]]'s Anatomy Practice Test 2014 - Nervous & Integumentary Systems<br />
**[[Media:Venno anat test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Venno Anat key.pdfâ€Ž|Key]]<br />
*[[user:svrr1437|svrr1437]]'s Anatomy Practice Test 2014 - Integumentary System<br />
**[[media:svrr1437 anat test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[media:svrr1437 anat key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Eastside Invitational<br />
**[[Media:Eastside Invitational 2013 Anatomy Test.pdf|Test with Answers]]<br />
*2013 National Sample (DOCX)<br />
**[[media:Anatomy_Sample_Test_2013.docx|Test and Key]]<br />
*2013 Invitationals Anatomy<br />
**[[Media:AnatomyTest.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:AnatomyKey.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Anatomy Test (PPT)<br />
**[[Media:2012 Anatomy practice test.pptx|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer key to the power point.docx|Answer Key]]<br />
*2011 Div C SE WI Regionals Anat & Phys Test <br />
**[[Media:2011 A&P UWM Regionals.pdf|Test with Answers]]<br />
*Anatomy Div B Test<br />
**[[Media:Anatomy+B+test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Anatomy+Stations.pdf|Stations]]<br />
**[[Media:Anatomy+B+Answer+Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*[[User:Chia|Chia]]'s Anatomy "Tryouts" Test<br />
**[[Media:Anatomy_2012_tryout.pdf |Test]]<br />
**[[Media:KEY_anatomy_2012_tryout.pdf|Key]]<br />
*R.C. Murphy Student Challenge 2012<br />
**[[Media:Anatomy_Test_2012.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Stoga_anatomy_&_phys.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012 <br />
**[[Media:Athens_anatomy_&_phys.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Anatomy Exam (Div B) <br />
**[[Media:Anatomy Exam.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Anatomy Exam Answers.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Anatomy Coolidge Invitationals <br />
**[[Media:Anatomy Coolidge test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Anatomy Coolidge Answers.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Anatomy Practice Test <br />
**[[Media:Anatomy Test 1.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Anatomy Test 1 Answers.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2008 North Carolina Example Test (PDF)<br />
**[[Media:2008 Anatomy NC example.pdf|Test]]<br />
<br />
==[[Astronomy]]==<br />
'''Stellar Evolution: Variable Stars (2014)'''<br />
*[[User:Alphatauri|AlphaTauri]]'s Practice Astronomy Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Alpha_Astro_Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
<br />
'''Stellar Evolution: Type II Supernovae (2013)'''<br />
*Pennsylvania State 2013<br />
**[[Media:Pennsylvania States 2013 exam questions.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Image page 1 2013.pdf|Image Page 1]]<br />
**[[Media:Image page 2 2013.pdf|Image Page 2]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer sheet 2013 states.pdf| Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer KEY 2013 states.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Pennsylvania Regionals 2013<br />
**[[Media:REGIONAL exam 2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Regionals 2013 answer sheet.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Regionals 2013 answer key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Virginia Regionals 2013 <br />
**[[Media:AstroRegTest2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:AstroRegFigures2013.pdf|Images]]<br />
**[[Media:AstroRegKey.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Northview Invitational 2013<br />
**[[Media:Northview Astronomy Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Northview Astronomy Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2013 Eastside Invitational<br />
**[[Media:Astronomy p1.pdf|Test Page 1]]<br />
**[[Media:Astronomy p2.pdf|Test Page 2]]<br />
**[[Media:Astronomy p3.pdf|Test Page 3]]<br />
**[[Media:Astronomy p4.pdf|Test Page 4]]<br />
**[[Media:Astronomy_Key_EastsideInv_2013.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2013 Invitationals Astronomy <br />
**[[Media:AstronomyTest.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:AstronomyKey.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
'''Stellar Evolution: Type Ia Supernova (2012)'''<br />
*Pennsylvania States 2012 <br />
**[[Media:PA 2012 state exam questions.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:Image page 1 2012.pdf|Image Set 1]]<br />
**[[Media:Image page 2 2012.pdf|Image Set 2]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer sheet 2012 states.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer key 2012 states.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Southeast Pennsylvania Regionals 2012<br />
**[[Media:REGIONAL exam 2012.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:Regionals 2012 answer sheet.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Regionals 2012 answer key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Stoga_astro.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Athens_astro.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
'''Older Topics'''<br />
<br />
*Pennsylvania State Tournament 2011 <br />
**[[Media:PA 2011 state exam questions.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Image page 1 2011.pdf|Images Page 1]]<br />
**[[Media:Image page 2 2011.pdf|Images Page 2]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer sheet 2011 states.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:PA State 2011 (answer key).pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Minnesota Regionals 2011<br />
**[[Media:2011AstronomyMNRegions.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2011AstronomyMNRegionsAns.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Wayzata Invitational 2011 <br />
**[[Media:AstronomyWayzata11.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Battle of Valley Forge 2011<br />
**[[Media:Ast.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Ast-sol.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2007 Pennsylvania State Exam<br />
**[[Media:PA astro C exam.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:PA astro C key.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Can't Judge a Powder]]==<br />
*Spring 2011 Invitational Test by the National Supervisor<br />
**[[Media:Observation-Sheet-E.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Virginia Regionals 2010 (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:Can'tJudgePowderFinal RegionalTestVirginia.doc|Observation sheet, test, and answer key]]<br />
*Solon Invitational 2010<br />
**[[Media: Can't_Judge_a_Powder_Solon_Invitational_Test_2010.pdf|Test]]<br />
*North Shore Invitational (Illinois) 2010<br />
**[http://www.illinoisolympiad.org/iso/files/2009-2010/invites/NSCD/Materials/Cant_Judge_A_Powder_Key.pdf Answer key]<br />
*New Caney (Texas) 2010 (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:New_Caney_CJAP_test_2010.doc|Test]]<br />
*Cyfalls Invitational (Texas) 2009 (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:Can't_Judge_a_Powder_CyFalls.docâ€Ž|Test]]<br />
*Piqua Regional (Ohio) 2005<br />
**[[Media:Piqu regionals 2005 cjap.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:Piqua regional 2005 obser sht cjap.pdf|Observation Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Background benedict.pdf|Benedicts Background Information]]<br />
**[[Media:Piqua regional 2005 answr key cjap.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Chemistry Lab]]==<br />
*[[User:cnapun|cnapun]]'s Chemistry Lab Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Cnapun chem test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Cnapun chem ans.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Virginia Regionals 2013<br />
**[[Media:ChemLabRegTest2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:ChemLabRegKey2013.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2013 Invitationals Chem Lab<br />
**[[Media:Chem Lab Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Chem Lab Answers.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Eastside Invitational<br />
**[[Media:Eastside_Chem._Lab_2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Eastside Chem. Lab Answer Key 2013.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Brookwood Invitationals <br />
**[[Media:ChemLab BISOT.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:ChemLab key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Equilibrium Practice Test (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:EqPracticeTest.docx|Test and Key]]<br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Stoga_chem_lab.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Athens_chem_lab.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Kenston Invitational 2011 <br />
**[[Media:2011 Kenston Invitational Chem Lab Test.PDF|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2011 Kenston Invitational Chem Lab key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2010 New York Invitationals <br />
**[[Media:Science olympiad 2010 official (2).pdf|Test only]]<br />
<br />
==[[Circuit Lab]]==<br />
*[[user:tangentline|Tangentline]]'s Circuit Lab Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[media:Tangent circuit test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[media:Circuit Lab test key fix.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:JSGandora|JSGandora]]'s Circuit Lab Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:JSGand CircuitL Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:JSGand CircuitL Ans.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Virginia Regionals 2013<br />
**[[Media:CircuitLabRegTest2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:CircuitLabREgKey2013.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 cyanophycean314 Practice Test<br />
**[[Media:Circuit Lab cyanophycean314.pdf | Part 1]]<br />
**[[Media:Circuit Lab cyanophycean314 - Key.pdf | Part 1 Key]]<br />
**[[Media:Circuit Lab 2 cyanophycean314.pdf | Part 2]]<br />
**[[Media:Circuit Lab 2 cyanophycean314 - Key.pdf | Part 2 Key]]<br />
*2013 Invitationals Circuit Lab<br />
**[[Media:DCcircuits Clio13.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:DCcircuits Clio13key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Eastside Invitational<br />
**[[Media:EastSideInvitational2013CircuitLabWrittenTest.pdf|Written Test]]<br />
**[[Media:EastSideInvitational2013CircuitLabWrittenTestSolutionCorrected.pdf|Written Test Key]]<br />
**[[Media:EastSide2013CircuitLabPractical.pdf|Lab Practical]]<br />
**[[Media:EastSideInvitational2013CircuitLabPracticalStations.pdf|Lab Practical Station Pictures]]<br />
**[[Media:EastSideInvitational2013CircuitLabPracticalsolution.pdf|Lab Practical Key]]<br />
*2008 Pennsylvania State<br />
**[[Media:Exam circPAstate08.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:Response sheet circPAstate08.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer Key circpareg08.pdf|Key 1]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer_key_circpastate08.pdf|Key 2]]<br />
*2008 Pennsylvania Region<br />
**[[Media:Exam_circpareg.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:Response_Sheet_circpareg.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:PA_reg06_Answer_key_circ.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2007 Pennsylvania State<br />
**[[Media:PA state exam.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:PA state answer sheet.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:PA state answer key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2007 Pennsylvania Regional Exam<br />
**[[Media:PA regional exam.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:PA regional answer sheet.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:PA_regional_answer_sheet2.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2006 Pennsylvania State<br />
**[[Media:PA state06 Exam circ06.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:PA state06 Response sheet circ06.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:PA state06 Answer key circ06.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Compound Machines]]==<br />
*[[User:Vvheaton|Vvheaton]]'s Compound Machines Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Compound Machines Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Compound Machines Test 2014 Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Crime Busters]]==<br />
*Troy Phoenix Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:Crime+Buster+02-04-12(1).pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Crime+Buster+02-04-12+KEY.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Wright State Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:ScienceCrime.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:ScienceCrimeAnswerKey.pdf|Answers]]<br />
*[[User:Arugi|arugi]]'s practice test 2011<br />
**[[Media:Crime Busters- Test.doc|Test]]<br />
*North Carolina Regional 2010 <br />
**[[Media:CrimeBustersNC2010Reg.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Virginia Regional Tournament 2009<br />
**[[Media:VA Science Crime Busters.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:VA Science Crime Busters key.pdf|Answer key]]<br />
*Northridge Invitational 2009<br />
**[[Media:SCBtest.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:SBCKeyNew.pdf|Answer key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Designer Genes]]==<br />
*[[User:nrat48|nrat48]]'s Designer Genes Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Nrat48 DG Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Nrat48 DG Ans.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:gangsta_duck|gangsta_duck]]'s Designer Genes Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Gangsta DG Test -v2-.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Gangsta DG ans -v2-.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Heredity Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Ptkid Heredity Test.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*[[User:reesabp|reesabp]]'s Heredity Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Reese Heredity test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Reese Heredity ans.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:billyhoho|billyhoho]]'s Heredity Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Heredity 2014.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Heredity 2014 Answer Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Virginia Regionals 2013 <br />
**[[Media:DesGenesRegTest2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:DesGenesRegKey2013.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Wright State Invitational (Division C) <br />
**[[Media:TEST-WrightStateDesignerGenesC.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:AnswerSheet-WrightStateDesignerGenesC.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:KEY-FINAL-WrightStateDesignerGenesC.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Invitationals Designer Genes<br />
**[[Media:DesignerGenesTest2013.pdf â€Ž|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:DesignerGenesAnswerKey.pdf |Key]]<br />
*2006 Poly Regional <br />
**[[Media:2006 polyregional Exam.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:2006 polyregional Response sheet.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:2006 polyregional Answer key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2005 Poly Regional <br />
**[[Media:2005 Polyregional Exam.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:2005 Polyregional Response sheet.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:2005 Polyregional Answer key.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Disease Detectives]]==<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:DiseaseTestClio2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:DiseaseSolutionsClio2013.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2012 Virginia Regionals C<br />
**[[Media:2012VASODisease.pdf|Test]] <br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Stoga_disease.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Athens_disease.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Phoenix Invitational<br />
**[[Media:Disease+Detectives+B+test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Disease+Detectives+B+Answer+Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Wright State Invitational<br />
**[[Media:Wright_State_Final_Version_(2).pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Wright_State_Answer_Key_2012_Final_Version_rev_(2).pdf|Key]]<br />
*2012 New York Invitationals <br />
**[[Media:2012 New York Invitationals Disease Detectives.pdf|Test Only]]<br />
*R.C. Murphy Student Challenge 2012<br />
**[[Media:Disease_Detectives_Test_2012.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Virginia 2009<br />
**[[Media:Virginia_SO_Division_C_Disease_detective_Challenge_09.pdf|Test]]<br />
*2008 North Carolina Division B Test<br />
**[[Media:2008 Disease Detective.pdf|Test]]<br />
<br />
==[[Dynamic Planet]] (Glaciers)==<br />
*[[User:SouthSciOly|SouthSciOly]]'s Dynamic Planet Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:SouthSO DP Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:SouthSO DP ImageSht.pdf|Image Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:SouthSO DP AnsSheet.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:SouthSO DP Ans.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:convertusing4184|convertusing4184]]'s Dynamic Planet Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Converted DP Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Converted DP Ans.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*[[User:PacificGoldenPlover|PacificGoldenPlover]]'s Dynamic Planet Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:PGP DP Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:PGP DP Ans.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:SciFiWiDi|SciFiWiDi]]'s Dynamic Planet Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Scifiwidi DP test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Scifiwidi DP ans.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*[[User:lchs|lchs]]'s Dynamic Planet Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Lchs DynPlnt Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Lchs DP Ans.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Frankenmuth Invitational Test 2013<br />
**[[Media:Frankenmuth_Invitational_Dynamic_Planet_2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Frankenmuth_Invitational_Dynamic_Planet_2013_KEY.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Brookwood Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:Glaciers test BISOT13.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Glaciers test BISOT13 (key).pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:DynamicPlanet2013ClioWKey.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*[[User:Shad160|Shad160]]'s Practice Test 2013<br />
**[[Media:Shad160Dyplantest.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Shad160Dyplantestkey.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:Mnstrviola|Mnstrviola]]'s Practice Test 2013<br />
**[[Media:MnstrviolaDynPlnt2013Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:MnstrviolaDynPlnt2013Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:Fozendog|Fozendog]]'s Practice Test 2013 <br />
**[[Media:SO_Division_B_Test_DP-ACTUAL.docx|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:SO_B_Division_DP_Pictures.docx|Pictures]]<br />
**[[Media:SO_Division_B_Test_DP.docx|Key]]<br />
*2006 Dynamic Planet test<br />
**[[Media:Dynamic Planet 2006.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*2005 New York State<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glaciers_1_dp05.pdf|Exam (Page 1)]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glaciers_2_dp05.pdf|Exam (Page 2)]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glaciers_3_dp05.pdf|Exam (Page 3)]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glaciers_4_dp05.pdf|Exam (Page 4)]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glaciers_5_dp05.pdf|Exam (Page 5)]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glaciers_6_dp05.pdf|Exam (Page 6)]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glacier_student_activity_sheet.pdf|Activity Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glacier_response_sht_dp05.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Answer_key_dp05.pdf|Key]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glacier_img_credits.pdf|Image Credits]]<br />
*2005 Coaches Clinic<br />
**[[Media:Glacier coach guide.pdf|Glaciers Coaches Clinic 2005]]<br />
**[[Media:Glacier outline.pdf|Glacier Outline 2005]]<br />
<br />
==[[Entomology]]==<br />
*Mightymouse2's 2014 Entomology Test<br />
**[[Media:Blank.pdf|Test]]<br />
*[[User:Ukulelechapchap|Ukulelechapchap]]'s 2014 Entomology Test<br />
**[[Media:Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Experimental Design]]==<br />
*[[User:Mnstrviola|Mnstrviola]]'s Experimental Design Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Mnstr ExpDes.pdf|Test]]<br />
*[[User:cupcakegirl|cupcakegirl]]'s Experimental Design Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Cupcake ExpDes.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Stoga_exp_des.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Athens_exp_des.pdfâ€Ž|Test (no rubric)]]<br />
*Wright State University Invitational<br />
**[[Media:2012WrightStateUnivInvitational_-_ExpDes_DivB.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Phoenix Invitationals <br />
**[[Media:Experimental_Design.pdf|Test]]<br />
*2012 Brookwood Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:Experimental_design.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Solon Invitational 2011<br />
**[[Media:Solon 2011 Exp Design.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Battle of Valley Forge 2011 <br />
**[[Media:Exp.pdf|Test]]<br />
<br />
==[[Forensics]]==<br />
*[[user:BlackBeauty|BlackBeauty]]'s Forensics Test<br />
**[[Media:Blackbeauty's Forensics Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:BlackBeauty's Forensics Ans.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:ForensicsTestClio.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:ForensicsTestClioKEY.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Stoga_forensics.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Athens_forensics.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*2012 New York Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:Pal Mac Forensics 2012Student copy.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*2011 Regional Exam<br />
**[[Media:Forensics R2011 Event.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:Forensics R2011 AnsKey.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Battle of Valley Forge 2011 <br />
**[[Media:For.pdf|Test Part 1]]<br />
**[[Media:For2.pdf|Test Part 2]]<br />
**[[Media:For-sol.pdf|Answers Part 1]]<br />
**[[Media:For2-sol.pdf|Answers Part 2]]<br />
<br />
==[[Geologic Mapping]]==<br />
There are currently no tests for Geologic Mapping. [[Special:Upload|Upload]] one now!<br />
<br />
==[[Green Generation]]==<br />
*2014 Rustin Invitational<br />
**[[Media:2014 Rustin Green Generation.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2014 Rustin Green Generation Answer Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Heredity]]==<br />
There are currently no tests for Heredity. [[Special:Upload|Upload]] one now!<br />
<br />
==[[MagLev]]==<br />
*[[User:Sercle|Sercle]]'s Practice MagLev Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Sercle mag lev test.pdf |Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Sercle maglev key.pdf |Key]]<br />
*[[User:DivineBbbbbeast|DivineBbbbbeast]]'s Practice MagLev Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:DBeast MagLev Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:DBeast MagLevAns.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Invitationals 2013 Test<br />
**[[Media:Invitationals_MagLev_Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Invitationals_MagLev_Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals MagLev<br />
**[[Media:2013 Clio Maglev test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2013 Clio Maglev answers.pdf |Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Materials Science]]==<br />
*NY Lake Erie/Niagara Regionals 2013 Test<br />
**[[Media:SCIENCE_OLYMPIAD_MATERIALS_SCIENCE_REGIONAL_2013.pdfâ€Ž|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:KEY_SCIENCE_OLYMPIAD_MATERIALS_SCIENCE_REGIONAL_2013.pdfâ€Ž|Key]]<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals Materials Science<br />
**[[Media:MaterialScienceClio2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:MaterialScienceKey.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Meteorology]]==<br />
*2012 Virginia Regionals<br />
**[[Media:2010VASOMeteor.pdf|Test]] <br />
*Phoenix Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:Meteorology_Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Meteorology_Test_Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Wright State University <br />
**[[Media:Meteorology_wright_state.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Meteorology_key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Virginia Meteorology Test (Climate)<br />
**[[Media:VA Division B VASO Meteorology Test 2009 Regional.pdf |Test]] <br />
**[[Media:VA Division B VASO Meteorology Test 2009 Regional Student's Answer form.pdf | Blank Answer form]]<br />
**[[Media:VA Division B VASO Meteorology Test 2009 Regional Answer Key.pdf | Answer Key]]<br />
*Meteorology Test<br />
**[[Media:MeteorologyTest1.pdf |Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Meteorologytest1answers.pdf |Key]]<br />
*Meteorology Test 2(mainly climate some general weather questions) <br />
**[[Media:MetTest2.pdf |Test]]<br />
**[[Media:MetTest2answers.pdf |Key]]<br />
* Meteorology Test 3 (Climate) <br />
**[[Media:Meteorology Test 3.pdf |Test]] <br />
*Meteorology Test 4 (Mainly Clouds) <br />
**[[Media:MetTest4.pdf |Test]]<br />
**[[Media:MetTest4answers.pdf |Key]]<br />
*Meteorology Test 5 (Everyday Weather basics) <br />
**[[Media:Mettest5.pdf |Test]] <br />
**[[Media:Mettest5answers.pdf |Key]]<br />
*METAR <br />
**[[Media:METARtestandkey.pdf |Test and Key]] <br />
*[[Media:Meteorologystationactivity.pdf |Forcasting activity]] <br />
*R.C. Murphy Student Challenge 2012<br />
**[[Media:Meteorology_Test_2012.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Meteorologyman and ReBobville's Practice Test (Everyday Weather)<br />
**[[Media:Meteorologyman_and_ReBobville's_Meteorology_Test_(Everyday_Weather).pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Meteorologyman_and_ReBobville's_Meteorology_Test_Answer_Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Metric Mastery]]==<br />
*2013 Grandville Invitational<br />
**[[Media:MetricMasteryGrandvilleInvitational2013.pdf|Solutions Guide]]<br />
<br />
==[[Road Scholar]]==<br />
*2013 Comet Invitational Exam <br />
**[[Media:Comet Invitational RS Test.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:2013 Comet RS Answer Sheet.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:2013 Comet RS Answer Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2008 Illinois State Exam <br />
**[[Media:2008-exam-test.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:2008-exam-blanks.pdf|Answer sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:2008-exam-answers.pdf|Answer key]]<br />
*2008 Yukon Jack Exam <br />
**[[Media:2008 Road Scholar.pdf|Exam, Answer Key, and Answer Sheet]]<br />
*North Carolina Regional Test 2007<br />
**[[Media:2007 Regional Road Scholar Story Exam Rev NC.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2007 Regional Road Scholar Response Sheet Rev NC.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:2007 Regional Road Scholar Answer Key Rev NC.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*North Carolina Practice Test 2007<br />
**[[Media:2007_State_Road_Scholar_Story_Exam.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2007_State_Road_Scholar_Response_Sheet.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:2007_State_Road_Scholar_Answer_Key.pdf|Answer key]]<br />
*New York Practice Test ("How The Grinch Aced Road Scholar")<br />
**[[Media:How_the_Grinch_Aced_Road_Scholar_for_mailing.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:How_The_Grinch_Aced_Road_Scholar_ANS_for_mailing.pdf|Answer sheet and map drawing]]<br />
*[[Media:Student_Map.pdf | Map Drawing Exercise]]<br />
<br />
==[[Rocks and Minerals]]==<br />
* [DOC] 2014 Langley HS Invitational Test (used at a 2014 Div. B Invitational)<br />
**[[Media:LHSRocks2014.doc|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:LHSRocks2014RS.doc|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:LHSRocks2014KEY.doc|Key]]<br />
*[[user:Waywardwind12|Waywardwind12]]'s Rocks and Minerals Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Wayward R+M ans.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Wayward R+M test.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[user:tuftedtitmouse12|tuftedtitmouse12]]'s Rocks And Minerals Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Tufted rm test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Tufted rm ans.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[user:Sofossils|Sofossils]]' Rocks and Minerals Quartz Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Quartz Quiz Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Quartz Quiz Answer Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[user:Sofossils|Sofossils]]' Rocks and Minerals Limestone Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Limestone Test.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals <br />
**[[Media:Rocks & Minerals4.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Rocks & Minerals3StationsKey.pdf|Stations]]<br />
**[[Media:Rocks & Minerals2AnswerSheetKey.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012 <br />
**[[Media:Stoga_rocks_&_min.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key (no blank test)]]<br />
*Muscatel Invitational 2012 (Stations 1-2 DOC)<br />
**[[Media:MuscatelInvitationalTest.pdf|Test Questions]]<br />
**[[Media:Station1A.doc|Stations 1-2]] (Word doc)<br />
**[[Media:Station_3A.pdf|Stations 3-4]]<br />
**[[Media:Station_5A.pdf|Stations 5-8]]<br />
**[[Media:MuscatelAK.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012 <br />
**[[Media:Athens_rocks.pdf|Test and Key (not original specimens)]]<br />
*Phoenix Invitationals 2012<br />
**[[Media:2012_Phoenix_R_&_M_Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2012_Phoenix_R_&_M_test_Answer_Packet.pdf|Answers]]<br />
*Wright State Invite 2012<br />
**[[Media:Rocks_and_Minerals.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Rocks_and_minerals_test_answers.pdf|Answers]]<br />
*[[User:IdahoSciGuy|IdahoSciGuy]]'s Practice Test 2012 (PPT or PDF)<br />
**[[Media:Rocks_and_Minerals_Practice_test..pptx|Powerpoint Version]](Recommended)<br />
**[[Media:Rocks_and_minerals_Doc_Version.pdf|Printable Version]]<br />
**[[Media:Rocks_and_minerals_test_answer_sheet.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Rocks_and_minerals_test_answer_key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2008 New York Midwestern Regional<br />
**[[Media:Rocks R08 Stations.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Rocks_R08_AnsKey.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Shock Value]]==<br />
*Pembroke Hill Invitational Exam (December 2013; Kansas City, MO)<br />
**[[Media:PHS_Invitational_2013_Shock_Value_Exam.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:PHS_Invitational_2013_Shock_Value_Answer_Sheet.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:PHS_Invitational_2013_Shock_Value_Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*[[billyhoho]]'s Shock Value Practice Test<br />
**[[Media:Billyhoho Shock test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Billyhoho Shock key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2013 North Bethesda MS Invitational<br />
**[[Media:2013-NBMS-Shock-Value-Practice-Test-1.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2013-NBMS-Shock-Value-Practice-Test-1-With-Answers.pdf|Test with Answers]]<br />
*[[User:ZoNi7567|ZoNi7567]]'s Shock Value Test 2013<br />
**[[Media:Shock_Retryout_test,_no_key.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:ZoNi7567_Shock_Value_Key.pdf|Key]](No schematic drawings)<br />
**[[Media:Shock_test_hands_on_pdf.pdf|Hands-On]](Answers will vary due to supplies)<br />
*[[User:ZoNi7567|ZoNi7567]]'s Shock Value Test Easier 2013 <br />
**[[Media:Shock_value_test_.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Shock_value_test_answer_key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2011 JC Booth Invitational <br />
**[[Media:Shock value test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Shock value answer key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*[[User:Space scientist|Space scientist]]'s Shock Value Practice Test 2011 <br />
**[[Media:Shock Value Practice Test.docx|Test]] (Word doc)<br />
**[[Media:Shock Value practice test answer key.pdf|Answer key]]<br />
*[[User:Space scientist|Space scientist]]'s Shock Value Network Analysis Test 2011 <br />
**[[Media:Shock Value Network Analysis Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Shock Value Network Analysis Test Answer Key.pdf|Answer key]]<br />
*2010 NC Practice Test<br />
**[[Media:Shock Value Practice Test NC 2010.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Shock Value practice test key NC 2010.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*[[User:Ichaelm|Ichaelm]]'s Shock Value Test 2010 <br />
**[[Media:Ichaelm's_Shock_Value_Test_2010.pdfâ€Ž|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Ichaelm's_Shock_Value_Test_2010_Answers.pdf|Answer key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Simple Machines]]==<br />
*[[User:Treeling|Treeling]]'s Simple Machines Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Simple Machines Practice Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
*[[User:Tagfam|Tagfam]]'s Simple Machines Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Smtest1.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Smkey1.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Solar System]]==<br />
*2014 Northeast Kansas Regional<br />
**[[Media:Solar System NE KS 14.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:SS NE KS 14 Images.pdf|Image Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:SS NE KS 14 Answer Sheet.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:SS NE KS 14 Answer Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:nihalt|nihalt]]'s Practice Solar System Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Nihal astronomy test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Nihal astronomy key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2011 JC Booth (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:2011_JCB_SS_Test.doc|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2011_JCB_SS_Key_1_.docâ€Ž|Key]]<br />
*FSA Invitational 2010 (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:FSA Invite SS Test Dec11 2010.docâ€Ž|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:FSA Invite SS Test Image Sheet.doc |Image Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:FSA Invite SS Answer Sheet.docâ€Ž|Answer sheet]] <br />
**[[Media:FSA Invite SS Answer Key.docâ€Ž|Answer key]]<br />
*'''2006 National Tournament'''<br />
**[[Media:Exam_NSO06_solar.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:Response_sheet_NSO06_solar.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer_key_NSO06_Solar.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:brobo|brobo]]'s practice test (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:Brobo_solarsystem_faceoff.doc|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Ss_practicetest_key.doc|Answer key]]<br />
*[[User:fishman100|fishman100]]'s practice test 1 (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:Solar System Practice Test.doc|Test]]<br />
*[[User:fishman100|fishman100]]'s practice test 2 (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:SSpractice.doc|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:SSPracticeRS.doc|Answer sheet]]<br />
*Solar Systems/Astronomy Test created by smarticle 13; distinct characteristics of the planets etc. (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:Solar_Systems_Test_Face.doc|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Solar_system_test_answers.doc|Keyâ€Ž]]<br />
<br />
==[[Sounds of Music]]==<br />
*2012 New York Midwestern Regional Exam<br />
**[[Media:Sounds R2012 Exam.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Southland Invitational 2010<br />
**[[Media:Sounds_of_Music_Test_Southland.pdfâ€Ž|Test]]<br />
*knittingfrenzy18's Practice Test<br />
**[[Media:SoMPracticeTest_knittingfrenzy18.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:SoMPracticeTest_Key_knittingfrenzy18.pdf|Answers]]<br />
<br />
==[[Technical Problem Solving]]==<br />
*Virginia Regionals 2013<br />
**[[Media:TPSRegTest2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:TPSRegKey2013.pdf|Key]]<br />
*IMSA Test 2013<br />
**[[Media:Tech Prob Solving IMSA Regional with KEY.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*Loyola Invitational 2013<br />
**[[Media:Tech Prob Solving Loyola Invite 2013.pdf |Test]]<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:Techprobtest2013.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Athens_tps.pdfâ€Ž|Test and (INCOMPLETE) Key]]<br />
*Practice Test from 2011<br />
**[[Media:TPS test.pdf|Test]]<br />
<br />
==[[Water Quality]]==<br />
*[[User:Wanttoget1st|Wanttoget1st]]'s Water Quality Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Wanttoget WQ Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Wanttoget WQ Ans.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:SciMich|SciMich]]'s Water Quality Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Scimich WQ test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Scimich_WQ_ans.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Kansas City Regional Water Quality Exam, February 2013<br />
**[[Media:WQ_Test_Feb2013.pdfâ€Ž|Test for B and C Divisions]]<br />
*Water Quality Test 2013<br />
**[[Media:WQ test -NO NAME-.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:WQ Ans -NO NAME-.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Kearney Invitational 2013 - Shortened Version (80 questions)<br />
**[[Media:WQ_Kearney_Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:WQ_Kearney_Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Kearney Invitational 2013 - Full Version (120 questions)<br />
**[[Media:WQ_Kearney_Water_Quality_Exam_copy.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Answer Key]]<br />
*Frankenmuth Invitational 2013 <br />
**[[Media:Frankenmuth_Invitational_2013_water_quality.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Frankenmuth_2013_Water_Quality_Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals <br />
**[[Media:WaterQuality2013.pdf|Part 1]]<br />
**[[Media:WaterQualityPart2.pdf|Part 2]]<br />
**[[Media:WaterQualityPart2-Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Booth Invitational 2012 <br />
**[[Media:water_quality_2012.pdf|Just Solutions]]<br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012 <br />
**[[Media:Stoga_water_quality.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012 <br />
**[[Media:Athens_water_quality.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Phoenix Invitationals 2012<br />
**[[Media:Water_Quality_Test_B_IAEAST.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Water_Quality_Test_AnswerKey.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Macomb Regional 2005<br />
**[[Media:Macomb Regional 2005.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Write It Do It]]==<br />
*2014 Bloomington HS South Practice Test: One-paper WIDI<br />
**[[Media:One-paper_WIDI.pdf |Test and Rubric]]<br />
*2014 NABISCO Competition<br />
**[[Media:2014 NABISCO Competition.pdf|Test and Rubric]]<br />
*[[User:hc1220|hc1220]]'s Write It Do it Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Hc1220 WIDI.pdf|Test]]<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:WIDIClio2013.pdf |Test and Rubric]]<br />
*Phoenix Invitationals 2012<br />
**[[Media:WRITE_IT_phoenix_cover.pdf|Task]]<br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012 <br />
**[[Media:Stoga_widi.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012 <br />
**[[Media:Athens_widi.pdfâ€Ž|Test (no rubric)]]<br />
*Write It Do It Practice Test 2011<br />
**[[Media:Write_It-Do-It-Checklist-2011.pdf|List]]<br />
<br />
[[Category:Test Exchange]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=File:SoMPracticeTest_Key_knittingfrenzy18.pdf&diff=29690File:SoMPracticeTest Key knittingfrenzy18.pdf2014-02-26T13:26:07Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: Knittingfrenzy18 moved page File:Answers 1.pdf to File:SoMPracticeTest Key knittingfrenzy18.pdf</p>
<hr />
<div></div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=File:Answers_1.pdf&diff=29691File:Answers 1.pdf2014-02-26T13:26:07Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: Knittingfrenzy18 moved page File:Answers 1.pdf to File:SoMPracticeTest Key knittingfrenzy18.pdf</p>
<hr />
<div>#REDIRECT [[File:SoMPracticeTest Key knittingfrenzy18.pdf]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=File:SoMPracticeTest_Key_knittingfrenzy18.pdf&diff=29689File:SoMPracticeTest Key knittingfrenzy18.pdf2014-02-26T13:25:44Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div></div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=File:SoMPracticeTest_knittingfrenzy18.pdf&diff=29687File:SoMPracticeTest knittingfrenzy18.pdf2014-02-26T13:25:18Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: Knittingfrenzy18 moved page File:Quiz 1.pdf to File:SoMPracticeTest knittingfrenzy18.pdf</p>
<hr />
<div></div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=File:Quiz_1.pdf&diff=29688File:Quiz 1.pdf2014-02-26T13:25:18Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: Knittingfrenzy18 moved page File:Quiz 1.pdf to File:SoMPracticeTest knittingfrenzy18.pdf</p>
<hr />
<div>#REDIRECT [[File:SoMPracticeTest knittingfrenzy18.pdf]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=File:SoMPracticeTest_knittingfrenzy18.pdf&diff=29686File:SoMPracticeTest knittingfrenzy18.pdf2014-02-26T13:24:46Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div></div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Safety_Glasses&diff=29435Safety Glasses2014-02-03T04:33:56Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* 2013 Events that Use Safety Glasses */ should we just preserve all the events here, perhaps? also someone PLEASE HELP add C division</p>
<hr />
<div>[http://soinc.org/eye_protection Science Olympiad] has provided definitions of the various kinds of safety glasses that are to be used in events. However, the explanations do not provide any pictures of the glasses in question. To clear up any confusion, read the definitions again and look at pictures of these different types of glasses.<br />
<br />
==Class 1==<br />
[[Image:Protection 1 and 2.jpg|thumb|These glasses can be treated as 1 or 2 as they have removable side-shields.]]<br /><br />
A basic type of glasses, no side shields, no nothing.<br />
These devices provide protection against flying particles coming from in front of the wearer. They rarely meet requirements for Science Olympiad events.<br /><br />
[[Image:Spectacles.gif]]<br />
<br />
==Class 2==<br />
[[Image:Protection2.jpg|thumb|Class 2 glasses.]]<br />
A basic type of glasses with side shields.<br />
This type of protection guards against particles from the side as well as the front. Due to multiple teams competing in close proximity at the same time, this is usually the lowest level of protection suitable in Science Olympiad events.<br />
You are most likely to see these in a workshop.<br /><br />
[[Image:Sideshield.gif]]<br />
<br />
==Class 3==<br />
This eye protection has a shield that fits tightly to the face on all sides (including top & bottom). These goggles have vents consisting of small holes or screen that may allow a straight line path for liquids to enter the eye (you can see through the holes).<br /><br />
[[Image:Directvent.gif]]<br />
<br />
==Class 4==<br />
[[Image:Protection4.jpg|thumb|Class 4 glasses.]]<br />
These devices have covers over the vents, eliminating any straight line path for foreign matter to enter the eyes.<br />
<br />
Any type of eye protection may be worn in place of those types listed above it, so it's sometimes a good strategy to play it safe and use Class 4 glasses when the rules state only class 2 is required. Chemical/Splash Protection Goggles may be worn instead of any of the other types.<br /><br />
[[Image:Indirectvent.gif]]<br />
<br />
==Class 5==<br />
This class simple refers to any eye-protection that meets the ANSI standard for High Impact resistance. So, the form factor is irrelevant, as either goggles or glasses can meet this specification.<br />
[[Image:Highimpact.jpeg]]<br />
<br />
==Other Information==<br />
Each of the above types of eye protection is available in either Basic Impact or High Impact Protection versions. Devices marked with "Z87" provide Basic Impact Protection. Devices that provide High Impact Protection are marked with a "+" in addition to the "Z87" ("Z87+"). Devices used in events where the rules require High Impact Protection must bear the "Z87+" mark.<br />
<br />
''Please note that the pictures may not show glasses that are actually ANSI rated. They were merely chosen for visual similarity to the classes listed at soinc.org.''<br />
<br />
To be approved eye protection devices must be marked with "Z87".<br />
<br />
[[image:Z87mark-1.gif]][[Image:Z87mark-2.gif]]<br />
<br />
This can be hard to see, especially on devices made of clear material. Removable lenses must also bear the "Z87" mark.<br />
Regular eyeglasses with safety glass are not approved unless they bear this mark.<br />
<br />
Contestants must not be allowed to participate without the level of protection required (or higher) by the rules. It is sometimes impossible for event supervisors to know what hazards a team's device may present; therefore, it is incumbent upon teams to bring and wear a higher level of protection than what is specified in the rules when their device warrants it.<br />
<br />
===2014 Events that Use Safety Glasses===<br />
*''No events currently use Class 1 glasses''<br />
*Class 2<br />
**[[Boomilever]]<br />
**[[Mission Possible C|Mission Possible]]<br />
*''No events currently use Class 3 glasses''<br />
*Class 4<br />
**[[Can't Judge a Powder]]<br />
**[[Chemistry Lab]]<br />
**[[Crime Busters]]<br />
**[[Experimental Design]]<br />
**[[Forensics]]<br />
**[[Materials Science]]<br />
**[[Water Quality]]<br />
*Class 5<br />
**[[Elastic Launched Glider]]<br />
**[[Wheeled Vehicle]]<br />
<br />
[[Category:General Competition]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=2014_Test_Exchange&diff=293452014 Test Exchange2014-01-25T14:06:05Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* Anatomy */ I think it would be a good idea to label which systems are in these; I will do this later today.</p>
<hr />
<div>{{TestExchange}}<br />
<br />
<div style="float:right; clear:right; margin: .5em 0 1em 2em; background: transparent; max-width: 20em;">__TOC__</div><br />
*'''Upload files through this page: [[Special:Upload]].''' <br />
**If you get an error or need another filetype allowed, PM robotman on the forum or email him at robotman@scioly.org<br />
*'''PDF is the preferred format for all tests, excluding PowerPoint presentations or Excel spreadsheets.'''<br />
*'''If a file is not in PDF form, specify in parentheses e.g., (DOCX), (PPT).'''<br />
*'''In Office 2007: Please save your files in Office 97/2000/XP/2003 formats, like .doc and .xls. This will allow more people to open the files.'''<br />
*'''Please put what the tests are from (location/tournament/year) either in the filename, the summary, or both.'''<br />
*'''Do not try to overwrite other tests or remove them from the list.'''<br />
*'''See the [[How to Write a Practice Test|Practice Test Writing Guide]] on how to write and upload homemade tests to the test exchange.'''<br />
<br />
==[[Anatomy]]==<br />
*[[user:vennowsah|vennowsah]]'s Anatomy Practice Test 2014 - Nervous & Integumentary Systems<br />
**[[Media:Venno anat test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Venno Anat key.pdfâ€Ž|Key]]<br />
*[[user:svrr1437|svrr1437]]'s Anatomy Practice Test 2014 - Integumentary System<br />
**[[media:svrr1437 anat test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[media:svrr1437 anat key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Eastside Invitational<br />
**[[Media:Eastside Invitational 2013 Anatomy Test.pdf|Test with Answers]]<br />
*2013 National Sample (DOCX)<br />
**[[media:Anatomy_Sample_Test_2013.docx|Test and Key]]<br />
*2013 Invitationals Anatomy<br />
**[[Media:AnatomyTest.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:AnatomyKey.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Anatomy Test (PPT)<br />
**[[Media:2012 Anatomy practice test.pptx|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer key to the power point.docx|Answer Key]]<br />
*2011 Div C SE WI Regionals Anat & Phys Test <br />
**[[Media:2011 A&P UWM Regionals.pdf|Test with Answers]]<br />
*Anatomy Div B Test<br />
**[[Media:Anatomy+B+test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Anatomy+Stations.pdf|Stations]]<br />
**[[Media:Anatomy+B+Answer+Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*[[User:Chia|Chia]]'s Anatomy "Tryouts" Test<br />
**[[Media:Anatomy_2012_tryout.pdf |Test]]<br />
**[[Media:KEY_anatomy_2012_tryout.pdf|Key]]<br />
*R.C. Murphy Student Challenge 2012<br />
**[[Media:Anatomy_Test_2012.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Stoga_anatomy_&_phys.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012 <br />
**[[Media:Athens_anatomy_&_phys.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Anatomy Exam (Div B) <br />
**[[Media:Anatomy Exam.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Anatomy Exam Answers.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Anatomy Coolidge Invitationals <br />
**[[Media:Anatomy Coolidge test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Anatomy Coolidge Answers.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Anatomy Practice Test <br />
**[[Media:Anatomy Test 1.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Anatomy Test 1 Answers.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2008 North Carolina Example Test (PDF)<br />
**[[Media:2008 Anatomy NC example.pdf|Test]]<br />
<br />
==[[Astronomy]]==<br />
*[[User:Alphatauri|AlphaTauri]]'s Practice Astronomy Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Alpha_Astro_Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Pennsylvania State 2013<br />
**[[Media:Pennsylvania States 2013 exam questions.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Image page 1 2013.pdf|Image Page 1]]<br />
**[[Media:Image page 2 2013.pdf|Image Page 2]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer sheet 2013 states.pdf| Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer KEY 2013 states.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Pennsylvania Regionals 2013<br />
**[[Media:REGIONAL exam 2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Regionals 2013 answer sheet.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Regionals 2013 answer key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Virginia Regionals 2013 <br />
**[[Media:AstroRegTest2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:AstroRegFigures2013.pdf|Images]]<br />
**[[Media:AstroRegKey.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Northview Invitational 2013<br />
**[[Media:Northview Astronomy Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Northview Astronomy Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2013 Eastside Invitational<br />
**[[Media:Astronomy p1.pdf|Test Page 1]]<br />
**[[Media:Astronomy p2.pdf|Test Page 2]]<br />
**[[Media:Astronomy p3.pdf|Test Page 3]]<br />
**[[Media:Astronomy p4.pdf|Test Page 4]]<br />
**[[Media:Astronomy_Key_EastsideInv_2013.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2013 Invitationals Astronomy <br />
**[[Media:AstronomyTest.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:AstronomyKey.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Pennsylvania States 2012 <br />
**[[Media:PA 2012 state exam questions.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:Image page 1 2012.pdf|Image Set 1]]<br />
**[[Media:Image page 2 2012.pdf|Image Set 2]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer sheet 2012 states.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer key 2012 states.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Southeast Pennsylvania Regionals 2012<br />
**[[Media:REGIONAL exam 2012.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:Regionals 2012 answer sheet.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Regionals 2012 answer key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Stoga_astro.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Athens_astro.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Pennsylvania State Tournament 2011 <br />
**[[Media:PA 2011 state exam questions.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Image page 1 2011.pdf|Images Page 1]]<br />
**[[Media:Image page 2 2011.pdf|Images Page 2]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer sheet 2011 states.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:PA State 2011 (answer key).pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Minnesota Regionals 2011<br />
**[[Media:2011AstronomyMNRegions.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2011AstronomyMNRegionsAns.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Wayzata Invitational 2011 <br />
**[[Media:AstronomyWayzata11.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Battle of Valley Forge 2011<br />
**[[Media:Ast.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Ast-sol.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2007 Pennsylvania State Exam<br />
**[[Media:PA astro C exam.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:PA astro C key.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Can't Judge a Powder]]==<br />
*Spring 2011 Invitational Test by the National Supervisor<br />
**[[Media:Observation-Sheet-E.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Virginia Regionals 2010 (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:Can'tJudgePowderFinal RegionalTestVirginia.doc|Observation sheet, test, and answer key]]<br />
*Solon Invitational 2010<br />
**[[Media: Can't_Judge_a_Powder_Solon_Invitational_Test_2010.pdf|Test]]<br />
*North Shore Invitational (Illinois) 2010<br />
**[http://www.illinoisolympiad.org/iso/files/2009-2010/invites/NSCD/Materials/Cant_Judge_A_Powder_Key.pdf Answer key]<br />
*New Caney (Texas) 2010 (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:New_Caney_CJAP_test_2010.doc|Test]]<br />
*Cyfalls Invitational (Texas) 2009 (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:Can't_Judge_a_Powder_CyFalls.docâ€Ž|Test]]<br />
*Piqua Regional (Ohio) 2005<br />
**[[Media:Piqu regionals 2005 cjap.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:Piqua regional 2005 obser sht cjap.pdf|Observation Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Background benedict.pdf|Benedicts Background Information]]<br />
**[[Media:Piqua regional 2005 answr key cjap.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Chemistry Lab]]==<br />
*[[User:cnapun|cnapun]]'s Chemistry Lab Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Cnapun chem test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Cnapun chem ans.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Virginia Regionals 2013<br />
**[[Media:ChemLabRegTest2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:ChemLabRegKey2013.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2013 Invitationals Chem Lab<br />
**[[Media:Chem Lab Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Chem Lab Answers.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Eastside Invitational<br />
**[[Media:Eastside_Chem._Lab_2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Eastside Chem. Lab Answer Key 2013.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Brookwood Invitationals <br />
**[[Media:ChemLab BISOT.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:ChemLab key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Equilibrium Practice Test (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:EqPracticeTest.docx|Test and Key]]<br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Stoga_chem_lab.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Athens_chem_lab.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Kenston Invitational 2011 <br />
**[[Media:2011 Kenston Invitational Chem Lab Test.PDF|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2011 Kenston Invitational Chem Lab key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2010 New York Invitationals <br />
**[[Media:Science olympiad 2010 official (2).pdf|Test only]]<br />
<br />
==[[Circuit Lab]]==<br />
*[[user:tangentline|Tangentline]]'s Circuit Lab Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[media:Tangent circuit test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[media:Circuit Lab test key fix.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:JSGandora|JSGandora]]'s Circuit Lab Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:JSGand CircuitL Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:JSGand CircuitL Ans.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Virginia Regionals 2013<br />
**[[Media:CircuitLabRegTest2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:CircuitLabREgKey2013.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 cyanophycean314 Practice Test<br />
**[[Media:Circuit Lab cyanophycean314.pdf | Part 1]]<br />
**[[Media:Circuit Lab cyanophycean314 - Key.pdf | Part 1 Key]]<br />
**[[Media:Circuit Lab 2 cyanophycean314.pdf | Part 2]]<br />
**[[Media:Circuit Lab 2 cyanophycean314 - Key.pdf | Part 2 Key]]<br />
*2013 Invitationals Circuit Lab<br />
**[[Media:DCcircuits Clio13.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:DCcircuits Clio13key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Eastside Invitational<br />
**[[Media:EastSideInvitational2013CircuitLabWrittenTest.pdf|Written Test]]<br />
**[[Media:EastSideInvitational2013CircuitLabWrittenTestSolutionCorrected.pdf|Written Test Key]]<br />
**[[Media:EastSide2013CircuitLabPractical.pdf|Lab Practical]]<br />
**[[Media:EastSideInvitational2013CircuitLabPracticalStations.pdf|Lab Practical Station Pictures]]<br />
**[[Media:EastSideInvitational2013CircuitLabPracticalsolution.pdf|Lab Practical Key]]<br />
*2008 Pennsylvania State<br />
**[[Media:Exam circPAstate08.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:Response sheet circPAstate08.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer Key circpareg08.pdf|Key 1]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer_key_circpastate08.pdf|Key 2]]<br />
*2008 Pennsylvania Region<br />
**[[Media:Exam_circpareg.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:Response_Sheet_circpareg.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:PA_reg06_Answer_key_circ.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2007 Pennsylvania State<br />
**[[Media:PA state exam.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:PA state answer sheet.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:PA state answer key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2007 Pennsylvania Regional Exam<br />
**[[Media:PA regional exam.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:PA regional answer sheet.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:PA_regional_answer_sheet2.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2006 Pennsylvania State<br />
**[[Media:PA state06 Exam circ06.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:PA state06 Response sheet circ06.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:PA state06 Answer key circ06.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
*[[User:Vvheaton|Vvheaton]]'s Compound Machines Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Compound Machines Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Compound Machines Test 2014 Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Crime Busters]]==<br />
*Troy Phoenix Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:Crime+Buster+02-04-12(1).pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Crime+Buster+02-04-12+KEY.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Wright State Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:ScienceCrime.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:ScienceCrimeAnswerKey.pdf|Answers]]<br />
*[[User:Arugi|arugi]]'s practice test 2011<br />
**[[Media:Crime Busters- Test.doc|Test]]<br />
*North Carolina Regional 2010 <br />
**[[Media:CrimeBustersNC2010Reg.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Virginia Regional Tournament 2009<br />
**[[Media:VA Science Crime Busters.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:VA Science Crime Busters key.pdf|Answer key]]<br />
*Northridge Invitational 2009<br />
**[[Media:SCBtest.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:SCBanswers.pdf|Answer key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Designer Genes]]==<br />
*[[User:nrat48|nrat48]]'s Designer Genes Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Nrat48 DG Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Nrat48 DG Ans.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:gangsta_duck|gangsta_duck]]'s Designer Genes Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Gangsta DG Test -v2-.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Gangsta DG ans -v2-.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Heredity Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Ptkid Heredity Test.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*[[User:reesabp|reesabp]]'s Heredity Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Reese Heredity test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Reese Heredity ans.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Virginia Regionals 2013 <br />
**[[Media:DesGenesRegTest2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:DesGenesRegKey2013.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Wright State Invitational (Division C) <br />
**[[Media:TEST-WrightStateDesignerGenesC.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:AnswerSheet-WrightStateDesignerGenesC.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:KEY-FINAL-WrightStateDesignerGenesC.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Invitationals Designer Genes<br />
**[[Media:DesignerGenesTest2013.pdf â€Ž|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:DesignerGenesAnswerKey.pdf |Key]]<br />
*2006 Poly Regional <br />
**[[Media:2006 polyregional Exam.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:2006 polyregional Response sheet.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:2006 polyregional Answer key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2005 Poly Regional <br />
**[[Media:2005 Polyregional Exam.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:2005 Polyregional Response sheet.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:2005 Polyregional Answer key.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Disease Detectives]]==<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:DiseaseTestClio2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:DiseaseSolutionsClio2013.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2012 Virginia Regionals C<br />
**[[Media:2012VASODisease.pdf|Test]] <br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Stoga_disease.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Athens_disease.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Phoenix Invitational<br />
**[[Media:Disease+Detectives+B+test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Disease+Detectives+B+Answer+Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Wright State Invitational<br />
**[[Media:Wright_State_Final_Version_(2).pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Wright_State_Answer_Key_2012_Final_Version_rev_(2).pdf|Key]]<br />
*2012 New York Invitationals <br />
**[[Media:2012 New York Invitationals Disease Detectives.pdf|Test Only]]<br />
*R.C. Murphy Student Challenge 2012<br />
**[[Media:Disease_Detectives_Test_2012.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Virginia 2009<br />
**[[Media:Virginia_SO_Division_C_Disease_detective_Challenge_09.pdf|Test]]<br />
*2008 North Carolina Division B Test<br />
**[[Media:2008 Disease Detective.pdf|Test]]<br />
<br />
==[[Dynamic Planet]] (Glaciers)==<br />
*[[User:SouthSciOly|SouthSciOly]]'s Dynamic Planet Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:SouthSO DP Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:SouthSO DP ImageSht.pdf|Image Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:SouthSO DP AnsSheet.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:SouthSO DP Ans.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:convertusing4184|convertusing4184]]'s Dynamic Planet Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Converted DP Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Converted DP Ans.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*[[User:PacificGoldenPlover|PacificGoldenPlover]]'s Dynamic Planet Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:PGP DP Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:PGP DP Ans.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:SciFiWiDi|SciFiWiDi]]'s Dynamic Planet Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Scifiwidi DP test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Scifiwidi DP ans.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*[[User:lchs|lchs]]'s Dynamic Planet Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Lchs DynPlnt Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Lchs DP Ans.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Frankenmuth Invitational Test 2013<br />
**[[Media:Frankenmuth_Invitational_Dynamic_Planet_2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Frankenmuth_Invitational_Dynamic_Planet_2013_KEY.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Brookwood Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:Glaciers test BISOT13.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Glaciers test BISOT13 (key).pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:DynamicPlanet2013ClioWKey.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*[[User:Shad160|Shad160]]'s Practice Test 2013<br />
**[[Media:Shad160Dyplantest.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Shad160Dyplantestkey.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:Mnstrviola|Mnstrviola]]'s Practice Test 2013<br />
**[[Media:MnstrviolaDynPlnt2013Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:MnstrviolaDynPlnt2013Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:Fozendog|Fozendog]]'s Practice Test 2013 <br />
**[[Media:SO_Division_B_Test_DP-ACTUAL.docx|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:SO_B_Division_DP_Pictures.docx|Pictures]]<br />
**[[Media:SO_Division_B_Test_DP.docx|Key]]<br />
*2006 Dynamic Planet test<br />
**[[Media:Dynamic Planet 2006.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*2005 New York State<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glaciers_1_dp05.pdf|Exam (Page 1)]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glaciers_2_dp05.pdf|Exam (Page 2)]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glaciers_3_dp05.pdf|Exam (Page 3)]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glaciers_4_dp05.pdf|Exam (Page 4)]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glaciers_5_dp05.pdf|Exam (Page 5)]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glaciers_6_dp05.pdf|Exam (Page 6)]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glacier_student_activity_sheet.pdf|Activity Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glacier_response_sht_dp05.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Answer_key_dp05.pdf|Key]]<br />
**[[Media:Ny_Glacier_img_credits.pdf|Image Credits]]<br />
*2005 Coaches Clinic<br />
**[[Media:Glacier coach guide.pdf|Glaciers Coaches Clinic 2005]]<br />
**[[Media:Glacier outline.pdf|Glacier Outline 2005]]<br />
<br />
==[[Entomology]]==<br />
*Mightymouse2's 2014 Entomology Test<br />
**[[Media:Blank.pdf|Test]]<br />
==[[Experimental Design]]==<br />
*[[User:Mnstrviola|Mnstrviola]]'s Experimental Design Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Mnstr ExpDes.pdf|Test]]<br />
*[[User:cupcakegirl|cupcakegirl]]'s Experimental Design Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Cupcake ExpDes.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Stoga_exp_des.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Athens_exp_des.pdfâ€Ž|Test (no rubric)]]<br />
*Wright State University Invitational<br />
**[[Media:2012WrightStateUnivInvitational_-_ExpDes_DivB.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Phoenix Invitationals <br />
**[[Media:Experimental_Design.pdf|Test]]<br />
*2012 Brookwood Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:Experimental_design.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Solon Invitational 2011<br />
**[[Media:Solon 2011 Exp Design.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Battle of Valley Forge 2011 <br />
**[[Media:Exp.pdf|Test]]<br />
<br />
==[[Forensics]]==<br />
*[[user:BlackBeauty|BlackBeauty]]'s Forensics Test<br />
**[[Media:Blackbeauty's Forensics Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:BlackBeauty's Forensics Ans.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:ForensicsTestClio.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:ForensicsTestClioKEY.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Stoga_forensics.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Athens_forensics.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*2012 New York Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:Pal Mac Forensics 2012Student copy.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*2011 Regional Exam<br />
**[[Media:Forensics R2011 Event.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:Forensics R2011 AnsKey.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Battle of Valley Forge 2011 <br />
**[[Media:For.pdf|Test Part 1]]<br />
**[[Media:For2.pdf|Test Part 2]]<br />
**[[Media:For-sol.pdf|Answers Part 1]]<br />
**[[Media:For2-sol.pdf|Answers Part 2]]<br />
<br />
==[[Geologic Mapping]]==<br />
There are currently no tests for Geologic Mapping. [[Special:Upload|Upload]] one now!<br />
<br />
==[[Heredity]]==<br />
There are currently no tests for Heredity. [[Special:Upload|Upload]] one now!<br />
<br />
==[[MagLev]]==<br />
*[[User:Sercle|Sercle]]'s Practice MagLev Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Sercle mag lev test.pdf |Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Sercle maglev key.pdf |Key]]<br />
*[[User:DivineBbbbbeast|DivineBbbbbeast]]'s Practice MagLev Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:DBeast MagLev Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:DBeast MagLevAns.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Invitationals 2013 Test<br />
**[[Media:Invitationals_MagLev_Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Invitationals_MagLev_Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals MagLev<br />
**[[Media:2013 Clio Maglev test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2013 Clio Maglev answers.pdf |Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Materials Science]]==<br />
*NY Lake Erie/Niagara Regionals 2013 Test<br />
**[[Media:SCIENCE_OLYMPIAD_MATERIALS_SCIENCE_REGIONAL_2013.pdfâ€Ž|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:KEY_SCIENCE_OLYMPIAD_MATERIALS_SCIENCE_REGIONAL_2013.pdfâ€Ž|Key]]<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals Materials Science<br />
**[[Media:MaterialScienceClio2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:MaterialScienceKey.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Meteorology]]==<br />
*2012 Virginia Regionals<br />
**[[Media:2010VASOMeteor.pdf|Test]] <br />
*Phoenix Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:Meteorology_Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Meteorology_Test_Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Wright State University <br />
**[[Media:Meteorology_wright_state.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Meteorology_key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Virginia Meteorology Test (Climate)<br />
**[[Media:VA Division B VASO Meteorology Test 2009 Regional.pdf |Test]] <br />
**[[Media:VA Division B VASO Meteorology Test 2009 Regional Student's Answer form.pdf | Blank Answer form]]<br />
**[[Media:VA Division B VASO Meteorology Test 2009 Regional Answer Key.pdf | Answer Key]]<br />
*Meteorology Test<br />
**[[Media:MeteorologyTest1.pdf |Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Meteorologytest1answers.pdf |Key]]<br />
*Meteorology Test 2(mainly climate some general weather questions) <br />
**[[Media:MetTest2.pdf |Test]]<br />
**[[Media:MetTest2answers.pdf |Key]]<br />
* Meteorology Test 3 (Climate) <br />
**[[Media:Meteorology Test 3.pdf |Test]] <br />
*Meteorology Test 4 (Mainly Clouds) <br />
**[[Media:MetTest4.pdf |Test]]<br />
**[[Media:MetTest4answers.pdf |Key]]<br />
*Meteorology Test 5 (Everyday Weather basics) <br />
**[[Media:Mettest5.pdf |Test]] <br />
**[[Media:Mettest5answers.pdf |Key]]<br />
*METAR <br />
**[[Media:METARtestandkey.pdf |Test and Key]] <br />
*[[Media:Meteorologystationactivity.pdf |Forcasting activity]] <br />
*R.C. Murphy Student Challenge 2012<br />
**[[Media:Meteorology_Test_2012.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Meteorologyman and ReBobville's Practice Test (Everyday Weather)<br />
**[[Media:Meteorologyman_and_ReBobville's_Meteorology_Test_(Everyday_Weather).pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Meteorologyman_and_ReBobville's_Meteorology_Test_Answer_Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Metric Mastery]]==<br />
There are currently no tests for Metric Mastery. [[Special:Upload|Upload]] one now!<br />
<br />
==[[Road Scholar]]==<br />
*2013 Comet Invitational Exam <br />
**[[Media:Comet Invitational RS Test.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:2013 Comet RS Answer Sheet.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:2013 Comet RS Answer Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2008 Illinois State Exam <br />
**[[Media:2008-exam-test.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:2008-exam-blanks.pdf|Answer sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:2008-exam-answers.pdf|Answer key]]<br />
*2008 Yukon Jack Exam <br />
**[[Media:2008 Road Scholar.pdf|Exam, Answer Key, and Answer Sheet]]<br />
*North Carolina Regional Test 2007<br />
**[[Media:2007 Regional Road Scholar Story Exam Rev NC.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2007 Regional Road Scholar Response Sheet Rev NC.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:2007 Regional Road Scholar Answer Key Rev NC.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*North Carolina Practice Test 2007<br />
**[[Media:2007_State_Road_Scholar_Story_Exam.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2007_State_Road_Scholar_Response_Sheet.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:2007_State_Road_Scholar_Answer_Key.pdf|Answer key]]<br />
*New York Practice Test ("How The Grinch Aced Road Scholar")<br />
**[[Media:How_the_Grinch_Aced_Road_Scholar_for_mailing.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:How_The_Grinch_Aced_Road_Scholar_ANS_for_mailing.pdf|Answer sheet and map drawing]]<br />
*[[Media:Student_Map.pdf | Map Drawing Exercise]]<br />
<br />
==[[Rocks and Minerals]]==<br />
* [DOC] 2014 Langley HS Invitational Test (used at a 2014 Div. B Invitational)<br />
**[[Media:LHSRocks2014.doc|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:LHSRocks2014RS.doc|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:LHSRocks2014KEY.doc|Key]]<br />
*[[user:Waywardwind12|Waywardwind12]]'s Rocks and Minerals Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Wayward R+M ans.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Wayward R+M test.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[user:tuftedtitmouse12|tuftedtitmouse12]]'s Rocks And Minerals Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Tufted rm test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Tufted rm ans.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[user:Sofossils|Sofossils]]' Rocks and Minerals Quartz Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Quartz Quiz Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Quartz Quiz Answer Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[user:Sofossils|Sofossils]]' Rocks and Minerals Limestone Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Limestone Test.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals <br />
**[[Media:Rocks & Minerals4.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Rocks & Minerals3StationsKey.pdf|Stations]]<br />
**[[Media:Rocks & Minerals2AnswerSheetKey.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012 <br />
**[[Media:Stoga_rocks_&_min.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key (no blank test)]]<br />
*Muscatel Invitational 2012 (Stations 1-2 DOC)<br />
**[[Media:MuscatelInvitationalTest.pdf|Test Questions]]<br />
**[[Media:Station1A.doc|Stations 1-2]] (Word doc)<br />
**[[Media:Station_3A.pdf|Stations 3-4]]<br />
**[[Media:Station_5A.pdf|Stations 5-8]]<br />
**[[Media:MuscatelAK.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012 <br />
**[[Media:Athens_rocks.pdf|Test and Key (not original specimens)]]<br />
*Phoenix Invitationals 2012<br />
**[[Media:2012_Phoenix_R_&_M_Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2012_Phoenix_R_&_M_test_Answer_Packet.pdf|Answers]]<br />
*Wright State Invite 2012<br />
**[[Media:Rocks_and_Minerals.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Rocks_and_minerals_test_answers.pdf|Answers]]<br />
*[[User:IdahoSciGuy|IdahoSciGuy]]'s Practice Test 2012 (PPT or PDF)<br />
**[[Media:Rocks_and_Minerals_Practice_test..pptx|Powerpoint Version]](Recommended)<br />
**[[Media:Rocks_and_minerals_Doc_Version.pdf|Printable Version]]<br />
**[[Media:Rocks_and_minerals_test_answer_sheet.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Rocks_and_minerals_test_answer_key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2008 New York Midwestern Regional<br />
**[[Media:Rocks R08 Stations.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Rocks_R08_AnsKey.pdf|Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Shock Value]]==<br />
*Pembroke Hill Invitational Exam (December 2013; Kansas City, MO)<br />
**[[Media:PHS_Invitational_2013_Shock_Value_Exam.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:PHS_Invitational_2013_Shock_Value_Answer_Sheet.pdf|Answer Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:PHS_Invitational_2013_Shock_Value_Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*[[billyhoho]]'s Shock Value Practice Test<br />
**[[Media:Billyhoho Shock test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Billyhoho Shock key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*2013 North Bethesda MS Invitational<br />
**[[Media:2013-NBMS-Shock-Value-Practice-Test-1.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2013-NBMS-Shock-Value-Practice-Test-1-With-Answers.pdf|Test with Answers]]<br />
*[[User:ZoNi7567|ZoNi7567]]'s Shock Value Test 2013<br />
**[[Media:Shock_Retryout_test,_no_key.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:ZoNi7567_Shock_Value_Key.pdf|Key]](No schematic drawings)<br />
**[[Media:Shock_test_hands_on_pdf.pdf|Hands-On]](Answers will vary due to supplies)<br />
*[[User:ZoNi7567|ZoNi7567]]'s Shock Value Test Easier 2013 <br />
**[[Media:Shock_value_test_.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Shock_value_test_answer_key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2011 JC Booth Invitational <br />
**[[Media:Shock value test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Shock value answer key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*[[User:Space scientist|Space scientist]]'s Shock Value Practice Test 2011 <br />
**[[Media:Shock Value Practice Test.docx|Test]] (Word doc)<br />
**[[Media:Shock Value practice test answer key.pdf|Answer key]]<br />
*[[User:Space scientist|Space scientist]]'s Shock Value Network Analysis Test 2011 <br />
**[[Media:Shock Value Network Analysis Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Shock Value Network Analysis Test Answer Key.pdf|Answer key]]<br />
*2010 NC Practice Test<br />
**[[Media:Shock Value Practice Test NC 2010.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Shock Value practice test key NC 2010.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*[[User:Ichaelm|Ichaelm]]'s Shock Value Test 2010 <br />
**[[Media:Ichaelm's_Shock_Value_Test_2010.pdfâ€Ž|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Ichaelm's_Shock_Value_Test_2010_Answers.pdf|Answer key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Simple Machines]]==<br />
*[[User:Treeling|Treeling]]'s Simple Machines Practice Test<br />
**[[Media:Simple Machines Practice Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
<br />
==[[Solar System]]==<br />
*[[User:nihalt|nihalt]]'s Practice Solar System Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Nihal astronomy test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Nihal astronomy key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2011 JC Booth (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:2011_JCB_SS_Test.doc|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:2011_JCB_SS_Key_1_.docâ€Ž|Key]]<br />
*FSA Invitational 2010 (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:FSA Invite SS Test Dec11 2010.docâ€Ž|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:FSA Invite SS Test Image Sheet.doc |Image Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:FSA Invite SS Answer Sheet.docâ€Ž|Answer sheet]] <br />
**[[Media:FSA Invite SS Answer Key.docâ€Ž|Answer key]]<br />
*'''2006 National Tournament'''<br />
**[[Media:Exam_NSO06_solar.pdf|Exam]]<br />
**[[Media:Response_sheet_NSO06_solar.pdf|Response Sheet]]<br />
**[[Media:Answer_key_NSO06_Solar.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:brobo|brobo]]'s practice test (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:Brobo_solarsystem_faceoff.doc|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Ss_practicetest_key.doc|Answer key]]<br />
*[[User:fishman100|fishman100]]'s practice test 1 (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:Solar System Practice Test.doc|Test]]<br />
*[[User:fishman100|fishman100]]'s practice test 2 (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:SSpractice.doc|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:SSPracticeRS.doc|Answer sheet]]<br />
*Solar Systems/Astronomy Test created by smarticle 13; distinct characteristics of the planets etc. (DOC)<br />
**[[Media:Solar_Systems_Test_Face.doc|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Solar_system_test_answers.doc|Keyâ€Ž]]<br />
<br />
==[[Sounds of Music]]==<br />
*2012 New York Midwestern Regional Exam<br />
**[[Media:Sounds R2012 Exam.pdf|Test]]<br />
*Southland Invitational 2010<br />
**[[Media:Sounds_of_Music_Test_Southland.pdfâ€Ž|Test]]<br />
<br />
==[[Technical Problem Solving]]==<br />
*Virginia Regionals 2013<br />
**[[Media:TPSRegTest2013.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:TPSRegKey2013.pdf|Key]]<br />
*IMSA Test 2013<br />
**[[Media:Tech Prob Solving IMSA Regional with KEY.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*Loyola Invitational 2013<br />
**[[Media:Tech Prob Solving Loyola Invite 2013.pdf |Test]]<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:Techprobtest2013.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012<br />
**[[Media:Athens_tps.pdfâ€Ž|Test and (INCOMPLETE) Key]]<br />
*Practice Test from 2011<br />
**[[Media:TPS test.pdf|Test]]<br />
<br />
==[[Water Quality]]==<br />
*[[User:Wanttoget1st|Wanttoget1st]]'s Water Quality Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Wanttoget WQ Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Wanttoget WQ Ans.pdf|Key]]<br />
*[[User:SciMich|SciMich]]'s Water Quality Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Scimich WQ test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Scimich_WQ_ans.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Kansas City Regional Water Quality Exam, February 2013<br />
**[[Media:WQ_Test_Feb2013.pdfâ€Ž|Test for B and C Divisions]]<br />
*Water Quality Test 2013<br />
**[[Media:WQ test -NO NAME-.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:WQ Ans -NO NAME-.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Kearney Invitational 2013 - Shortened Version (80 questions)<br />
**[[Media:WQ_Kearney_Test.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:WQ_Kearney_Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br />
*Kearney Invitational 2013 - Full Version (120 questions)<br />
**[[Media:WQ_Kearney_Water_Quality_Exam_copy.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Answer Key]]<br />
*Frankenmuth Invitational 2013 <br />
**[[Media:Frankenmuth_Invitational_2013_water_quality.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Frankenmuth_2013_Water_Quality_Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals <br />
**[[Media:WaterQuality2013.pdf|Part 1]]<br />
**[[Media:WaterQualityPart2.pdf|Part 2]]<br />
**[[Media:WaterQualityPart2-Key.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Booth Invitational 2012 <br />
**[[Media:water_quality_2012.pdf|Just Solutions]]<br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012 <br />
**[[Media:Stoga_water_quality.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012 <br />
**[[Media:Athens_water_quality.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Phoenix Invitationals 2012<br />
**[[Media:Water_Quality_Test_B_IAEAST.pdf|Test]]<br />
**[[Media:Water_Quality_Test_AnswerKey.pdf|Key]]<br />
*Macomb Regional 2005<br />
**[[Media:Macomb Regional 2005.pdf|Test and Key]]<br />
<br />
==[[Write It Do It]]==<br />
*2014 Bloomington HS South Practice Test: One-paper WIDI<br />
**[[Media:One-paper_WIDI.pdf |Test and Rubric]]<br />
*[[User:hc1220|hc1220]]'s Write It Do it Practice Test 2014<br />
**[[Media:Hc1220 WIDI.pdf|Test]]<br />
*2013 Clio Invitationals<br />
**[[Media:WIDIClio2013.pdf |Test and Rubric]]<br />
*Phoenix Invitationals 2012<br />
**[[Media:WRITE_IT_phoenix_cover.pdf|Task]]<br />
*Conestoga Invitational 2012 <br />
**[[Media:Stoga_widi.pdfâ€Ž|Test and Key]]<br />
*Athens Twin Tiers Invitational 2012 <br />
**[[Media:Athens_widi.pdfâ€Ž|Test (no rubric)]]<br />
*Write It Do It Practice Test 2011<br />
**[[Media:Write_It-Do-It-Checklist-2011.pdf|List]]<br />
<br />
[[Category:Test Exchange]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Anatomy_and_Physiology&diff=29198Anatomy and Physiology2014-01-11T16:09:21Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* Practice Tests */ oops this section so old</p>
<hr />
<div>{{EventLinksBox<br />
|active=yes<br />
|type=Life Science<br />
|cat=Study<br />
|2009thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=17&t=403 2009]<br />
|2009tests=http://scioly.org/wiki/2009_Test_Exchange#Anatomy<br />
|2010thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=67&t=1268 2010]<br />
|2010tests=[http://scioly.org/wiki/2010_Test_Exchange#Anatomy 2010]<br />
|2011thread=[http://scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=93&t=2205 2011]<br />
|2011tests=[http://scioly.org/wiki/2011_Test_Exchange#Anatomy 2011]<br />
|2012thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=121&t=2964 2012]<br />
|2012tests=[http://scioly.org/wiki/2012_Test_Exchange#Anatomy 2012]<br />
|2013thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=144&t=3687 2013]<br />
|2013tests=[http://scioly.org/wiki/2013_Test_Exchange#Anatomy 2013]<br />
|2014thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=167&t=4955 2014]<br />
|2014tests=2014<br />
|2014questions=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=173&t=5019 2014]<br />
|B Champion=[[Community Middle School]]<br />
|C Champion=[[West Windsor-Plainsboro High School South]]<br />
}}<br />
<br />
'''Anatomy''' is an event which tests students' knowledge about the anatomy of a human body. [[Division B]] will typically concentrate on two predetermined systems, whereas [[Division C]] will typically concentrate on three systems. Topics may include diseases in those systems as well as the general anatomy and function of each system from the cellular to the holistic scale.<br />
<br />
'''Check the [[General Anatomy]] page for information concerning basic topics of anatomy.'''<br />
<br />
The event can be run in stations or be administered as one test packet.<br />
<br />
==[[2014]] Body Systems==<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
|-<br />
! [[Anatomy/Nervous System|Nervous]]<br />
! [[Anatomy/Integumentary System|Integumentary]] <br />
! [[Anatomy/Immune System|Immune]]<br />
|}<br />
Note: The Division B version of the event does '''not''' include the Immune System.<br />
<br />
==Past Body Systems==<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
|-<br />
! [[Anatomy/Circulatory System|Circulatory]]<br />
! [[Anatomy/Endocrine System|Endocrine]]<br />
! [[Anatomy/Muscular System|Muscular]]<br />
! [[Anatomy/Respiratory System|Respiratory]]<br />
! [[Anatomy/Skeletal System|Skeletal]]<br />
! [[Anatomy/Digestive System|Digestive]]<br />
! [[Anatomy/Excretory System|Excretory]]<br />
|}<br />
<br />
==The Stations== <br />
If there are stations, there may be 10-20 of them. There will be sections in your test corresponding to each of the stations with questions (the format of which is decided by the tester, and can vary widely from tester to tester). Students typically have a time limit at stations (i.e. 5 minutes per station, then rotate).<br />
<br />
There may also be a different type of testing, where students are given a time limit to look at a PowerPoint slide and answer the question/questions on that slide. With this format, the whole group will be tested at once.<br />
<br />
Students must note that in tests there is a strong possibility that a model would be used. For example, the event writer could use a model of the entire body or a specific organ to base questions off of. To do well on an identification station like this, make sure you know your labeling, and be prepared to find numbers on the model quickly. Sometimes it's hard to find certain numbers, so just look very hard, and eventually you will find it. If you really can't find one of the numbers just move on.<br />
<br />
==The Test==<br />
The test will have pages/sections corresponding to the individual stations (if there aren't stations then it will be a normal test). It will have blank lines for you to record your answer. If there are stations, there may be no questions/diagrams in the packet, so all work must be done at the corresponding station. All answers must be recorded in the packet. '''Spelling usually will count unless you have a very lax judge, so be absolutely certain everything is spelled to perfection.''' Points may also be taken away if the packet is not neat or legible. As you record your answers, make sure that you are recording on the right page/section/question. This may save you time and effort.<br />
<br />
Please note that there may be lines for your team name, team number, or the participants' names '''on each page'''. No matter what, ALWAYS make sure you fill out that information on each page, for if you don't, they can take off points. In addition, if you don't identify yourself on your test, they will have a hard time finding you and letting you know about your results. Even if you got every question right, some judges will disqualify you for not filling out every field on your test on competition day.<br />
<br />
There may be as many as 60 questions on the test. The test may include diagrams to label, math problems, or general knowledge questions.<br />
<br />
==Materials==<br />
The only materials to bring are writing utensils along with a good eraser, two non-programmable calculators, and '''one double-sided page of notes''' containing information in any form from any source (i.e pictures, diagrams, handwritten notes, typed notes...).<br />
'''''No other resources are allowed'''''. <br />
Make sure you print the guide to this event in the event info on [http://www.soinc.org soinc.org].<br />
<br />
==Preparing for This Event==<br />
Make a binder! This will help you tremendously in preparing for this event. Even though you can't bring it in, it's a great way to keep all your information in the same place and to remember it. The binder should include material about anything that the Anatomy rules say might be on the test. Review your notes when you wake up and right before you go to sleep every day. The small minutes of studying really add up.<br />
<br />
Remember your charts and diagrams. They are very important in this event. They will account for a majority of the questions on the test. They can be used in the testing room. Simple diagrams often help with studying more the complicated ones do.<br />
<br />
Flash cards can be a useful resource for studying the skeletal and muscular system, whether you create them yourself or buy them. A good study technique is to print out pictures of the muscles to study and put them on index cards. Also, you can make online flashcards on quizlet.com. It is also very helpful to type up a table or list of information about the diseases, so you have a quick reference sheet to study off of (whether weeks before competition, or right before it).<br />
<br />
A useful studying book is the ''Complete Gray's Anatomy''. However, it can get complicated, so using a high school, college, or high-level middle school textbook will greatly assist you in preparing for this event.<br />
<br />
It is also very helpful to practice, because the type of questions can vary widely from test to test.<br />
<br />
Study as much as you can and cover a wide range of material. Even if the rules don't specifically mention an area of a system to study, a good rule to keep in mind is better safe than sorry! The level of complexity of the tests will vary at each level, state, and from year to year. Better to study that one area in more detail than be unprepared for the test!<br />
<br />
===Making the [[Note Sheet]]===<br />
<br />
'''What to include on your note sheet :''' <br />
<br />
Use diagrams often to maximize your note sheet. Try to find ones with big font, so you can minimize it using image processing programs such as paint to make it smaller, but still readable. Also, colored diagrams are easier to use, making it faster to find the information you want. Overall diagrams are very useful, as are ones that specify in a particular function/part. Here is a good example. The diagram is colored, the font is big and it has information on most parts of the digestive system.<br />
[[File:digestive system diagram.PNG|thumb|left|alt=digestive system diagram|A diagram of the digestive system's organs.]]<br />
<br />
Listing the steps to gas exchange would be a life saver if you add it to your note sheet. Gas exchange questions are very common, so be prepared. The same goes for the digestive system. Understand the route food goes through, from your mouth to your large intestine. <br />
<br />
'''Tips:'''<br />
<br />
*Use as small of a font as you can. Go as small as you can, but make sure to ''''''keep it readable''''''. There's no point in having volumes of information if you can't even interpret it.<br />
<br />
*Make your own diagrams, either by hand or with an image manipulation program. The example below was made by aubrey048. Examples of image manipulation programs are GIMP and MS Paint. <br />
<br />
[[File:Arm and Leg Muscle Diagrams.png|thumb|400px|center|An example of some muscle diagrams to use for your note sheet.]]<br />
<br />
*Color code. Use a different (readable) color for notes on each system. This will make things easy to find at competition day. Also color-code your diagrams if you can for maximum efficiency (as seen in the picture above). It's much easier to find a bright orange muscle than one outlined lightly in black. Keep the coding consistent so that by the end of the season you automatically associate a color to a type of information (ex: pink = muscles; blue = respiratory; green = endocrine and etc.) Highlighting will save you a LOT of time at competition. Each system can have color-coded subdivisions (diseases, functions of parts, etc.) <br />
<br />
*Type your sheet up, then hand-write extra notes in the margins. You can write in places where the printer might not be able to print. This is time consuming but well worth the time spent.<br />
<br />
*Source-check before doing anything. The last thing you need is to realize you put incorrect info on your note sheet, then have to do it all over again. <br />
<br />
*Use space efficiently by prioritizing. Include the things you have the most trouble remembering first. Extra information can be added later if you have room.<br />
<br />
*Use charts, like the [[hormones]] and [[Muscle List]]s. Both (if minimized to fit your paper) are life-savers. Or make your own chart with specific information you need - the simple act of making a chart can help tremendously.<br />
<br />
*Laser printers are recommended if your font is that small. Font sizes can be reduced manually if you treat text like a picture (by typing it onto an image manipulation program and then shrinking the image), though this may reduce the readability of your notes.<br />
<br />
*After you print your note sheet, use a pen(cil) to write along the margins. This is a great way to fill up your note sheet, as the printer cannot print on the border off the paper. Remember not to write so small that you cannot see it.<br />
<br />
*Communicate with your partner (if you have one). This is vital in EVERY event. You do not want to be the only person on your team who knows how the sheet is laid out - if this happens, during the test your partner will be asking you continuously where things are, which can be distracting. If you don't trust your partner enough to make the resource sheet, at least show it to them/take a practice test with it so they can familiarize themselves with it.<br />
<br />
*Include formulas! Some tests will have you calculate the dead space in lungs, lung volume, blood pressure, and other anatomical formulas. Make sure you have the appropriate formulas for each system.<br />
<br />
===Sample Exercises===<br />
Check the [[Test Exchange]] for Anatomy tests!<br />
<br />
; Endocrine<br />
1. If people were injected with ghrelin, we would expect that they would ______.<br />
<br />
A) feel sleepy<br />
<br />
B) eat more<br />
<br />
C) lose weight<br />
<br />
D) stop growing<br />
<br />
E) sweat more<br />
<br />
2. Describe the three types of hormones and provide examples of each.<br />
<br />
3. What is the location for the receptor for water-soluble hormones? What is the location for the receptor for fat-soluble hormones? Why is there a difference in the location of the two receptors?<br />
<br />
4. What is a goiter? How can it be prevented?<br />
<br />
5. What is the difference between an endocrine gland and an exocrine gland?<br />
<br />
6. What is the effect of hyposecretion of estradiol?<br />
<br />
; Muscular<br />
1. List the location, origin and insertion of the ''latissimus dorsi'', ''rectus abdominis'', and ''gastrocnemius''.<br />
<br />
2. How does exercise affect the muscular system?<br />
<br />
3. List the steps of muscle contraction in order.<br />
<br />
; Respiratory<br />
1. Describe the function of the respiratory system.<br />
<br />
2. What is a potential cause of emphysema?<br />
<br />
3. List the steps of gas exchange in order.<br />
<br />
; Nervous (2013-2014)<br />
1. Describe poliomyelitus and list the different types and respective treatments.<br />
<br />
; Digestive<br />
<br />
1. Which of these is not a part of the small intestine? <br />
<br />
A)Ileum<br />
<br />
B)Proneum<br />
<br />
C)Jejunum<br />
<br />
B)Duodenum<br />
<br />
2. Which of these is not a salivary gland? <br />
<br />
A)Subpharyngeal Gland<br />
<br />
B)Parotid Gland<br />
<br />
C)Submandibular Gland<br />
<br />
D)Sublingual Gland<br />
<br />
3. What does gastric juice do?<br />
<br />
4. What is the difference between mechanical digestion and chemical digestion? Give and example of each.<br />
<br />
5. What is the function of the liver in the digestive system? <br />
<br />
6. Name the parts of the large intestine.<br />
<br />
7. What is the appendix? What is its role?<br />
<br />
; Excretory<br />
<br />
1. What are the functions of the excretory system as a whole?<br />
<br />
2. What is urea?<br />
<br />
; Integumentary (2013-2014)<br />
<br />
1. What are the five layers of the epidermis?<br />
<br />
2. Name the four types of mechanoreceptors.<br />
<br />
3. How might one treat athlete's foot?<br />
<br />
==Practice Tests==<br />
See the [http://scioly.org/wiki/2014_Test_Exchange#Anatomy Test Exchange] for Anatomy (& Physiology) tests.<br />
<br />
==Useful links==<br />
*[http://soinc.org/anatomy_b The official site of the Anatomy event]<br />
*[http://www.webmd.com Disease information]<br />
*[http://medlineplus.gov/ US National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health]<br />
*[http://www.nida.nih.gov/students.html The national institute of drug abuse]<br />
*[http://www.bartleby.com/107/ The text and some images from Gray's Anatomy]<br />
*[http://www.innerbody.com/htm/body.html Detailed, interactive diagrams on parts of the systems]<br />
*[http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/ National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute]<br />
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com More disease information]<br />
*[http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/anatomy/titlepage.shtml Gives simple, printable diagrams]<br />
*[http://www.khanacademy.org/video/atp--adenosine-triphosphate?playlist=Biology A video on ATP]<br />
*[http://bcs.wiley.com/he-bcs/Books?action=resource&bcsId=2287&itemId=0471689343&resourceId=5244 Challenging, interactive flash games that test your knowledge of general anatomy.]<br />
*[http://www.argosymedical.com/index.html Animations for many systems]<br />
*[http://www.neurology.org/cgi/collection National Academy of Neurology]<br />
<br />
[[File:2011 ANATOMY 8-10.ppt]]<br />
<br />
==See Also==<br />
*[[General Anatomy]]<br />
*[[Digestive Secretion List]]<br />
*[[Anatomy/Nervous System]]<br />
*[[Anatomy/Integumentary System]]<br />
*[[Anatomy/Immune System]]<br />
<br />
[[Category:Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Study Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Anatomy]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Anatomy_and_Physiology&diff=29197Anatomy and Physiology2014-01-11T16:07:16Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* Sample Exercises */ someone add immune system questions for this year</p>
<hr />
<div>{{EventLinksBox<br />
|active=yes<br />
|type=Life Science<br />
|cat=Study<br />
|2009thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=17&t=403 2009]<br />
|2009tests=http://scioly.org/wiki/2009_Test_Exchange#Anatomy<br />
|2010thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=67&t=1268 2010]<br />
|2010tests=[http://scioly.org/wiki/2010_Test_Exchange#Anatomy 2010]<br />
|2011thread=[http://scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=93&t=2205 2011]<br />
|2011tests=[http://scioly.org/wiki/2011_Test_Exchange#Anatomy 2011]<br />
|2012thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=121&t=2964 2012]<br />
|2012tests=[http://scioly.org/wiki/2012_Test_Exchange#Anatomy 2012]<br />
|2013thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=144&t=3687 2013]<br />
|2013tests=[http://scioly.org/wiki/2013_Test_Exchange#Anatomy 2013]<br />
|2014thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=167&t=4955 2014]<br />
|2014tests=2014<br />
|2014questions=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=173&t=5019 2014]<br />
|B Champion=[[Community Middle School]]<br />
|C Champion=[[West Windsor-Plainsboro High School South]]<br />
}}<br />
<br />
'''Anatomy''' is an event which tests students' knowledge about the anatomy of a human body. [[Division B]] will typically concentrate on two predetermined systems, whereas [[Division C]] will typically concentrate on three systems. Topics may include diseases in those systems as well as the general anatomy and function of each system from the cellular to the holistic scale.<br />
<br />
'''Check the [[General Anatomy]] page for information concerning basic topics of anatomy.'''<br />
<br />
The event can be run in stations or be administered as one test packet.<br />
<br />
==[[2014]] Body Systems==<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
|-<br />
! [[Anatomy/Nervous System|Nervous]]<br />
! [[Anatomy/Integumentary System|Integumentary]] <br />
! [[Anatomy/Immune System|Immune]]<br />
|}<br />
Note: The Division B version of the event does '''not''' include the Immune System.<br />
<br />
==Past Body Systems==<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
|-<br />
! [[Anatomy/Circulatory System|Circulatory]]<br />
! [[Anatomy/Endocrine System|Endocrine]]<br />
! [[Anatomy/Muscular System|Muscular]]<br />
! [[Anatomy/Respiratory System|Respiratory]]<br />
! [[Anatomy/Skeletal System|Skeletal]]<br />
! [[Anatomy/Digestive System|Digestive]]<br />
! [[Anatomy/Excretory System|Excretory]]<br />
|}<br />
<br />
==The Stations== <br />
If there are stations, there may be 10-20 of them. There will be sections in your test corresponding to each of the stations with questions (the format of which is decided by the tester, and can vary widely from tester to tester). Students typically have a time limit at stations (i.e. 5 minutes per station, then rotate).<br />
<br />
There may also be a different type of testing, where students are given a time limit to look at a PowerPoint slide and answer the question/questions on that slide. With this format, the whole group will be tested at once.<br />
<br />
Students must note that in tests there is a strong possibility that a model would be used. For example, the event writer could use a model of the entire body or a specific organ to base questions off of. To do well on an identification station like this, make sure you know your labeling, and be prepared to find numbers on the model quickly. Sometimes it's hard to find certain numbers, so just look very hard, and eventually you will find it. If you really can't find one of the numbers just move on.<br />
<br />
==The Test==<br />
The test will have pages/sections corresponding to the individual stations (if there aren't stations then it will be a normal test). It will have blank lines for you to record your answer. If there are stations, there may be no questions/diagrams in the packet, so all work must be done at the corresponding station. All answers must be recorded in the packet. '''Spelling usually will count unless you have a very lax judge, so be absolutely certain everything is spelled to perfection.''' Points may also be taken away if the packet is not neat or legible. As you record your answers, make sure that you are recording on the right page/section/question. This may save you time and effort.<br />
<br />
Please note that there may be lines for your team name, team number, or the participants' names '''on each page'''. No matter what, ALWAYS make sure you fill out that information on each page, for if you don't, they can take off points. In addition, if you don't identify yourself on your test, they will have a hard time finding you and letting you know about your results. Even if you got every question right, some judges will disqualify you for not filling out every field on your test on competition day.<br />
<br />
There may be as many as 60 questions on the test. The test may include diagrams to label, math problems, or general knowledge questions.<br />
<br />
==Materials==<br />
The only materials to bring are writing utensils along with a good eraser, two non-programmable calculators, and '''one double-sided page of notes''' containing information in any form from any source (i.e pictures, diagrams, handwritten notes, typed notes...).<br />
'''''No other resources are allowed'''''. <br />
Make sure you print the guide to this event in the event info on [http://www.soinc.org soinc.org].<br />
<br />
==Preparing for This Event==<br />
Make a binder! This will help you tremendously in preparing for this event. Even though you can't bring it in, it's a great way to keep all your information in the same place and to remember it. The binder should include material about anything that the Anatomy rules say might be on the test. Review your notes when you wake up and right before you go to sleep every day. The small minutes of studying really add up.<br />
<br />
Remember your charts and diagrams. They are very important in this event. They will account for a majority of the questions on the test. They can be used in the testing room. Simple diagrams often help with studying more the complicated ones do.<br />
<br />
Flash cards can be a useful resource for studying the skeletal and muscular system, whether you create them yourself or buy them. A good study technique is to print out pictures of the muscles to study and put them on index cards. Also, you can make online flashcards on quizlet.com. It is also very helpful to type up a table or list of information about the diseases, so you have a quick reference sheet to study off of (whether weeks before competition, or right before it).<br />
<br />
A useful studying book is the ''Complete Gray's Anatomy''. However, it can get complicated, so using a high school, college, or high-level middle school textbook will greatly assist you in preparing for this event.<br />
<br />
It is also very helpful to practice, because the type of questions can vary widely from test to test.<br />
<br />
Study as much as you can and cover a wide range of material. Even if the rules don't specifically mention an area of a system to study, a good rule to keep in mind is better safe than sorry! The level of complexity of the tests will vary at each level, state, and from year to year. Better to study that one area in more detail than be unprepared for the test!<br />
<br />
===Making the [[Note Sheet]]===<br />
<br />
'''What to include on your note sheet :''' <br />
<br />
Use diagrams often to maximize your note sheet. Try to find ones with big font, so you can minimize it using image processing programs such as paint to make it smaller, but still readable. Also, colored diagrams are easier to use, making it faster to find the information you want. Overall diagrams are very useful, as are ones that specify in a particular function/part. Here is a good example. The diagram is colored, the font is big and it has information on most parts of the digestive system.<br />
[[File:digestive system diagram.PNG|thumb|left|alt=digestive system diagram|A diagram of the digestive system's organs.]]<br />
<br />
Listing the steps to gas exchange would be a life saver if you add it to your note sheet. Gas exchange questions are very common, so be prepared. The same goes for the digestive system. Understand the route food goes through, from your mouth to your large intestine. <br />
<br />
'''Tips:'''<br />
<br />
*Use as small of a font as you can. Go as small as you can, but make sure to ''''''keep it readable''''''. There's no point in having volumes of information if you can't even interpret it.<br />
<br />
*Make your own diagrams, either by hand or with an image manipulation program. The example below was made by aubrey048. Examples of image manipulation programs are GIMP and MS Paint. <br />
<br />
[[File:Arm and Leg Muscle Diagrams.png|thumb|400px|center|An example of some muscle diagrams to use for your note sheet.]]<br />
<br />
*Color code. Use a different (readable) color for notes on each system. This will make things easy to find at competition day. Also color-code your diagrams if you can for maximum efficiency (as seen in the picture above). It's much easier to find a bright orange muscle than one outlined lightly in black. Keep the coding consistent so that by the end of the season you automatically associate a color to a type of information (ex: pink = muscles; blue = respiratory; green = endocrine and etc.) Highlighting will save you a LOT of time at competition. Each system can have color-coded subdivisions (diseases, functions of parts, etc.) <br />
<br />
*Type your sheet up, then hand-write extra notes in the margins. You can write in places where the printer might not be able to print. This is time consuming but well worth the time spent.<br />
<br />
*Source-check before doing anything. The last thing you need is to realize you put incorrect info on your note sheet, then have to do it all over again. <br />
<br />
*Use space efficiently by prioritizing. Include the things you have the most trouble remembering first. Extra information can be added later if you have room.<br />
<br />
*Use charts, like the [[hormones]] and [[Muscle List]]s. Both (if minimized to fit your paper) are life-savers. Or make your own chart with specific information you need - the simple act of making a chart can help tremendously.<br />
<br />
*Laser printers are recommended if your font is that small. Font sizes can be reduced manually if you treat text like a picture (by typing it onto an image manipulation program and then shrinking the image), though this may reduce the readability of your notes.<br />
<br />
*After you print your note sheet, use a pen(cil) to write along the margins. This is a great way to fill up your note sheet, as the printer cannot print on the border off the paper. Remember not to write so small that you cannot see it.<br />
<br />
*Communicate with your partner (if you have one). This is vital in EVERY event. You do not want to be the only person on your team who knows how the sheet is laid out - if this happens, during the test your partner will be asking you continuously where things are, which can be distracting. If you don't trust your partner enough to make the resource sheet, at least show it to them/take a practice test with it so they can familiarize themselves with it.<br />
<br />
*Include formulas! Some tests will have you calculate the dead space in lungs, lung volume, blood pressure, and other anatomical formulas. Make sure you have the appropriate formulas for each system.<br />
<br />
===Sample Exercises===<br />
Check the [[Test Exchange]] for Anatomy tests!<br />
<br />
; Endocrine<br />
1. If people were injected with ghrelin, we would expect that they would ______.<br />
<br />
A) feel sleepy<br />
<br />
B) eat more<br />
<br />
C) lose weight<br />
<br />
D) stop growing<br />
<br />
E) sweat more<br />
<br />
2. Describe the three types of hormones and provide examples of each.<br />
<br />
3. What is the location for the receptor for water-soluble hormones? What is the location for the receptor for fat-soluble hormones? Why is there a difference in the location of the two receptors?<br />
<br />
4. What is a goiter? How can it be prevented?<br />
<br />
5. What is the difference between an endocrine gland and an exocrine gland?<br />
<br />
6. What is the effect of hyposecretion of estradiol?<br />
<br />
; Muscular<br />
1. List the location, origin and insertion of the ''latissimus dorsi'', ''rectus abdominis'', and ''gastrocnemius''.<br />
<br />
2. How does exercise affect the muscular system?<br />
<br />
3. List the steps of muscle contraction in order.<br />
<br />
; Respiratory<br />
1. Describe the function of the respiratory system.<br />
<br />
2. What is a potential cause of emphysema?<br />
<br />
3. List the steps of gas exchange in order.<br />
<br />
; Nervous (2013-2014)<br />
1. Describe poliomyelitus and list the different types and respective treatments.<br />
<br />
; Digestive<br />
<br />
1. Which of these is not a part of the small intestine? <br />
<br />
A)Ileum<br />
<br />
B)Proneum<br />
<br />
C)Jejunum<br />
<br />
B)Duodenum<br />
<br />
2. Which of these is not a salivary gland? <br />
<br />
A)Subpharyngeal Gland<br />
<br />
B)Parotid Gland<br />
<br />
C)Submandibular Gland<br />
<br />
D)Sublingual Gland<br />
<br />
3. What does gastric juice do?<br />
<br />
4. What is the difference between mechanical digestion and chemical digestion? Give and example of each.<br />
<br />
5. What is the function of the liver in the digestive system? <br />
<br />
6. Name the parts of the large intestine.<br />
<br />
7. What is the appendix? What is its role?<br />
<br />
; Excretory<br />
<br />
1. What are the functions of the excretory system as a whole?<br />
<br />
2. What is urea?<br />
<br />
; Integumentary (2013-2014)<br />
<br />
1. What are the five layers of the epidermis?<br />
<br />
2. Name the four types of mechanoreceptors.<br />
<br />
3. How might one treat athlete's foot?<br />
<br />
==Practice Tests==<br />
See also: [http://scioly.org/wiki/2012_Test_Exchange Test Exchange]<br />
<br />
[[Media:AnatomyDigestiveTest.doc |Digestive System Test]]<br />
<br />
[[Media:â€ŽAnatomyTestNervousSystem1.doc|Nervous System test]]<br />
<br />
==Useful links==<br />
*[http://soinc.org/anatomy_b The official site of the Anatomy event]<br />
*[http://www.webmd.com Disease information]<br />
*[http://medlineplus.gov/ US National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health]<br />
*[http://www.nida.nih.gov/students.html The national institute of drug abuse]<br />
*[http://www.bartleby.com/107/ The text and some images from Gray's Anatomy]<br />
*[http://www.innerbody.com/htm/body.html Detailed, interactive diagrams on parts of the systems]<br />
*[http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/ National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute]<br />
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com More disease information]<br />
*[http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/anatomy/titlepage.shtml Gives simple, printable diagrams]<br />
*[http://www.khanacademy.org/video/atp--adenosine-triphosphate?playlist=Biology A video on ATP]<br />
*[http://bcs.wiley.com/he-bcs/Books?action=resource&bcsId=2287&itemId=0471689343&resourceId=5244 Challenging, interactive flash games that test your knowledge of general anatomy.]<br />
*[http://www.argosymedical.com/index.html Animations for many systems]<br />
*[http://www.neurology.org/cgi/collection National Academy of Neurology]<br />
<br />
[[File:2011 ANATOMY 8-10.ppt]]<br />
<br />
==See Also==<br />
*[[General Anatomy]]<br />
*[[Digestive Secretion List]]<br />
*[[Anatomy/Nervous System]]<br />
*[[Anatomy/Integumentary System]]<br />
*[[Anatomy/Immune System]]<br />
<br />
[[Category:Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Study Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Anatomy]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Compound_Machines&diff=28911Compound Machines2013-11-06T02:28:02Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: ooops</p>
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<div>{{EventLinksBox<br />
|active=Yes<br />
|type=Physics<br />
|cat=Study<br />
|2014thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=167&t=4975 2014]<br />
|2014tests=2014<br />
|2014questions=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=173&t=5023 2014]<br />
|C Champion=<br />
}}<br />
<br />
'''Compound Machines''' is a [[2014|2013-2014]] event for [[Division C]] in which students answer questions on simple and compound machines, and use a compound lever to determine an unknown mass. Students should bring their device and any other supplies for impound, a binder of [[notes]], and any calculator.<br />
<br />
Compound Machines can be considered the Division C equivalent of the Division B event, [[Simple Machines]].<br />
<br />
==General==<br />
The event is split into 2 parts, the written test and the device. The test will include questions on basic concepts, calculations, and the history of compound machines. For the device testing, the supervisors provide a known mass and an unknown mass and the students will determine the unknown mass by using and adjusting a compound lever. Points will be awarded for accuracy and speed.<br />
<br />
==Terms==<br />
'''Machine:''' A mechanical device that improves or assists in labor using force inputted, and converts it do a different type of force or direction<br />
<br />
'''Simple Machine:''' There are 6 Simple Machines. These are all different types of machines that change the input force to a different output.<br />
They are:<br />
<br />
1)''' Lever'''<br />
<br />
2)''' Inclined plane'''<br />
<br />
3)''' Wedge'''<br />
<br />
4)''' Pulley'''<br />
<br />
5)''' Wheels and axle'''<br />
<br />
6)''' Screw'''<br />
<br />
'''Compound Machine:'''<br />
A machine made up of more than one simple machine. A compound Machine can allow more complex machines and more complex outputs and functions. For example, a scissor combines three different simple machines. 1) Lever- The handle, 2) Wheel and Axle: Pin to attach both sides, 3) Wedge- Blade<br />
<br />
==Types of Machines==<br />
All concept questions will be limited to the topics of levers, inclined planes, wedges, pulleys, wheels and axles, and screws.<br />
See the [[Simple Machines]] page for more in-depth information.<br />
<br />
{{Stub}}<br />
[[Category:Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Lab Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Needs Work]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Compound_Machines&diff=28910Compound Machines2013-11-06T02:27:48Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: reformatting chunky first paragraph</p>
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<div>{{EventLinksBox<br />
|active=Yes<br />
|type=Physics<br />
|cat=Study<br />
|2014thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=167&t=4975 2014]<br />
|2014tests=2014<br />
|2014questions=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=173&t=5023 2014]<br />
|C Champion=<br />
}}<br />
<br />
'''Compound Machines''' is a [[2014|2013-2014]] event for [[Division C]] in which students answer questions on simple and compound machines, and use a compound lever to determine an unknown mass. Students should bring their device and any other supplies for impound, a binder of [[notes]], and any calculator.<br />
<br />
Compound machines can be considered the Division C equivalent of the Division B event, [[Simple Machines]].<br />
<br />
==General==<br />
The event is split into 2 parts, the written test and the device. The test will include questions on basic concepts, calculations, and the history of compound machines. For the device testing, the supervisors provide a known mass and an unknown mass and the students will determine the unknown mass by using and adjusting a compound lever. Points will be awarded for accuracy and speed.<br />
<br />
==Terms==<br />
'''Machine:''' A mechanical device that improves or assists in labor using force inputted, and converts it do a different type of force or direction<br />
<br />
'''Simple Machine:''' There are 6 Simple Machines. These are all different types of machines that change the input force to a different output.<br />
They are:<br />
<br />
1)''' Lever'''<br />
<br />
2)''' Inclined plane'''<br />
<br />
3)''' Wedge'''<br />
<br />
4)''' Pulley'''<br />
<br />
5)''' Wheels and axle'''<br />
<br />
6)''' Screw'''<br />
<br />
'''Compound Machine:'''<br />
A machine made up of more than one simple machine. A compound Machine can allow more complex machines and more complex outputs and functions. For example, a scissor combines three different simple machines. 1) Lever- The handle, 2) Wheel and Axle: Pin to attach both sides, 3) Wedge- Blade<br />
<br />
==Types of Machines==<br />
All concept questions will be limited to the topics of levers, inclined planes, wedges, pulleys, wheels and axles, and screws.<br />
See the [[Simple Machines]] page for more in-depth information.<br />
<br />
{{Stub}}<br />
[[Category:Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Lab Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Needs Work]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Metric_Mastery&diff=28904Metric Mastery2013-11-05T14:43:06Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{EventLinksBox<br />
|active=Yes<br />
|type=Nature of Science<br />
|cat=Lab<br />
|2013thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=142&t=3698 2013]<br />
|2013tests=2013<br />
|2014thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=166&t=4950 2014]<br />
|2014tests=2014<br />
|B Champion=[[Mentor Memorial Middle School]]<br />
}}<br />
'''Metric Mastery''' is a [[Division B]] event currently being run in [[2014]], which tests the students' ability to quickly and accurately estimate and measure the physical properties of objects in metric units. Properties to be measured can include mass, volume, density, area, force, distance, time, and temperature.<br />
<br />
This will usually be a station based event. In the first part of the competition, students will estimate the properties asked for of an object in or in less than 30 seconds, then move on when they are given directions to do so. In the second part, students will usually move back to the same objects with measuring tools, and accurately measure them. In the third part of the competition, students will be given 5 minutes to complete 5 metric unit conversion problems.<br />
<br />
==Part One: Estimate==<br />
*30 seconds is the recommended time that the event supervisors should give for each estimation.<br />
<br />
*Students may not use any tools to help them estimate. <br />
**Such "tools" include watches, writing implements, electronic devices, notes, fingers, pieces of paper, pencils, clothing, etc. In the case that some things are impossible to leave behind (fingers, clothing), they cannot be utilized in the competition.<br />
<br />
*The event supervisor will provide pencils.<br />
<br />
*Students may not touch, feel, or "heft" the objects, unless otherwise explicitly stated.<br />
<br />
*Use correct units. The supervisor will identify which units to use. <br />
<br />
*Follow the correct rotation order. <br />
<br />
*Make sure students understand that their first station will not necessarily be number one on their paper. They might be starting at any number. <br />
<br />
*No calculators are allowed.<br />
<br />
*Approximately <math>\frac{2}{3}</math> of the stations will be direct measurement, and <math>\frac{1}{3}</math> of the stations will be calculated.<br />
<br />
*Quick conversion: if you can estimate mass well but are not as good at estimating force, you can divide grams by 100 or multiply kg by 10 to get Newtons. You will automatically be off by 2%; however, if their mass estimate is very accurate, they may still be within 10% of the correct measurement of force. <br />
<br />
*Scoring system for the estimation section of the competition: <br />
**5 points if within 5% of measured value <br />
**3 points if within 10% of measured value <br />
**1 points if within 20% of measured value <br />
**Not in any of the above, 0<br />
***If in one of the categories, only points for that category are awarded (if you land within 3%, you do not get 5+3+1 points)<br />
<br />
==Part Two: Measure==<br />
*60 seconds is the recommended time that the event supervisors should give for each measurement.<br />
<br />
*Use correct units. The supervisor will identify which units to use. <br />
<br />
*Measure to the precision of the instrument plus one estimated digit. <br />
<br />
*Follow the correct rotation order. The first station you visit may not necessarily be number one on your paper. You could start at any number. <br />
<br />
*Students must realize that not all graduated cylinders are the same, nor are all rulers, or any other measurement instrument. They should practice determining what degree of precision to include in their measurements. <br />
<br />
*Students should practice using a variety of measuring instruments. <br />
**Practice using a vernier scale such as seen on calipers. <br />
**Practice using a vernier caliper to find internal diameter (ID), outside diameter (OD) and depth. <br />
**Practice using micrometers. <br />
**Practice using instruments with a reversed scale such as on some pipettes. <br />
**Practice using double pan or Harvard Trip balances. <br />
**Practice calculating mass by using tare mass. <br />
<br />
*Although it is a good practice to calibrate instruments before they make measurements, do not assume you should at a competition. Check with an event supervisor before adjusting any instrument!<br />
<br />
*Evaluate rulers and meter sticks carefully before you begin measurement, if there isn't a true 0, start measurement at 1 and then subtract 1 from the measurement. <br />
<br />
*Non-programmable calculators are allowed in this part, one to a student.<br />
<br />
*Approximately <math>\frac{2}{3}</math> of the stations will be direct measurement, and <math>\frac{1}{3}</math> of the stations will be calculated.<br />
<br />
*Scoring system for the measurement section of the competition: <br />
**Regionals: correct if within <math>\pm3</math> of the estimated digit<br />
**States: correct if within <math>\pm2</math> of the estimated digit<br />
**Nationals: correct if within <math>\pm1</math> of the estimated digit<br />
<br />
==Part Three: Metric Unit Conversion==<br />
*After parts 1 and 2, students will be given 5 minutes to solve 5 metric unit conversion problems.<br />
<br />
*Students will be asked to convert from metric to metric, and will not be required to convert from one measurement system to another.<br />
<br />
==Other Precautions==<br />
Make sure to:<br />
*return measuring devices to their original position<br />
*clean up any spills<br />
*never alter equipment without first asking an event supervisor (zeroing a balance, etc.-can result in disqualification)<br />
Any of these violations will result in a 10 point penalty, each time.<br />
*Whether doing math or measuring, be sure to use significant figures if your event supervisors want you to.<br />
<br />
==Practice and Resources==<br />
Plastic vernier calipers can be picked up at many hardware stores. Instrument help online: There are many sites available to learning how to use tools such as a micrometer or a vernier caliper. If you use Google to search for a "vernier scale", you will find many usable sites.<br />
<br />
A good way to practice this event is to just estimate and measure everything in sight. Make sure to give yourself units that objects wouldn't usually be measured in (e.g. a door in cm and a doorknob in km) and hard properties (e.g. density, mass, force, etc.)!<br />
<br />
==Links==<br />
*[http://teachers.net/lessons/posts/1275.html| Estimation Practice Game]<br />
*[http://www.upscale.utoronto.ca/PVB/Harrison/Micrometer/Micrometer.html| How to use a micrometer]<br />
*[http://www.phy.uct.ac.za/courses/c1lab/vernier1.html| How to read a Vernier caliper and micrometer]<br />
*[http://eezway.org/clinic/Metric_Mastery/Metric_Mastery07.pdf| More about the 2007 event]<br />
*[http://www.soinc.org/sites/default/files/uploaded_images/SO%20SIGNIFICANT%20FIGURES%20FINAL12-5-12.pdf Science Olympiad policy on significant figures]<br />
[[Category:Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Lab Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Needs Work]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Category_talk:Needs_Work&diff=28903Category talk:Needs Work2013-11-05T14:31:33Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>Maybe Anatomy's Integumentary System can be added here? [[User:Knittingfrenzy18|Knittingfrenzy18]] ([[User talk:Knittingfrenzy18|talk]]) 11:12, 22 October 2013 (CDT)<br />
<br />
[[Category:Talk Pages]]<br />
<br />
Cleanup and Outdated need a -1 in their formula. Currently they're including the templates for marking the page as such as a page. [[User:Knittingfrenzy18|Knittingfrenzy18]] ([[User talk:Knittingfrenzy18|talk]]) 16:13, 4 November 2013 (CST)<br />
<br />
Wait nevermind those are there; then why do I still see 9 and 3? I guess the recent removal of pages from those categories are still refreshing the PAGESINCATEGORY thing. [[User:Knittingfrenzy18|Knittingfrenzy18]] ([[User talk:Knittingfrenzy18|talk]]) 16:14, 4 November 2013 (CST)<br />
<br />
Fixed Entomology. Review for removal from this list please. [[User:Knittingfrenzy18|Knittingfrenzy18]] ([[User talk:Knittingfrenzy18|talk]]) 08:31, 5 November 2013 (CST)</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Entomology&diff=28902Entomology2013-11-05T14:29:41Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: outdated fixing</p>
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|active=yes<br />
|type=Life Science<br />
|cat=Study<br />
|2014thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=167&t=4964 2014]<br />
|2014tests=2014<br />
|2014questions=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=173&t=5027 2014]<br />
|B Champion=<br />
|C Champion=<br />
}}<br />
<br />
'''Entomology''' is an event in which competitors must be able to identify insects from 30 orders and 100 families. On most tests, questions about behavior, structure, human impact, and any characteristics of certain insects may be asked. This event is similar to the old Division B event, Don't Bug Me.<br />
<br />
The 2014 Official Insect List is located [http://www.soinc.org/sites/default/files/uploaded_files/OfficialEntomologyList2014.pdf on soinc.org].<br />
<br />
==What is an insect?==<br />
Before getting into the specifics of identifying insects you have to know what an insect is. An insect is an invertebrate with several distinguishing characteristics. These include: segmented bodies with paired, many jointed legs; 3 major body sections; 6 legs; and 2 antennae. After you have identified an organism as an insect you then must classify to its order and family.<br />
<br />
==General Insect Structure==<br />
===Head===<br />
The head is the anterior oval-shaped body region that hold the antennae, eyes, and mouth parts.<br />
<br />
Insects generally have two types of eyes, simple and compound eyes. Most have three simple eyes,also known as ocelli, located on the upper front part of the head. Several insects lack ocelli or only have two. Compound eyes are situated on the upper portion of an insects head and are composed of many facets. In some insects compound eyes occupy most of the head. <br />
<br />
The antennae are usually located on the front of the head below the simple eyes. These are great for identification. Some of the types of antennae include aristate (are pouch-like with a bristle), capitate (ends in a club), clavate (saw-like), filiformis (threadlike), geniculate (elbowed), monoliform (beaded), pectinate (comb-like), plumose (feather-like shape), serrate (sawtooth shape), and setaceous (bristlelike). See [http://bugs.bio.usyd.edu.au/Entomology/externalmorphology/antennaTypes.html] for pictures.<br />
<br />
The mouth parts of an insect are located on the ventral or anterior part of the head. The mouth part structures typically present are the labrum (upper lip), jaw-like mandibles, jaw-like maxillae, a labium (lower lip), and the hypopharynx which acts as a tongue. Mouth parts are generally sucking or chewing. Insects with chewing mouth parts have lateral moving mandibles and chew their food, while insects with sucking mouth parts have parts like a beak which is called the proboscis through which liquid is sucked. <br />
<br />
Diagram of head: <br />
[[Image:insecthead.gif]] <br />
<br />
===Thorax===<br />
This is the middle section of the body and is divided into 3 segments called the prothorax, mesothorax, and metathorax. Each segment bears a pair of legs, and the mesothorax and metathorax usually bear a pair of wings if the insect is not wingless. Each of the thoracic segments bear 4 groups of sclerites, or platelike areas. These are the notum (dorsally), pleuron (there's one on each side), and sternum (ventrally). These segments are then divided into even smaller segments. <br />
<br />
The wings are located dorsolaterally (they're near the top) on the mesothroax and/or the metathorax. The muscles that move wings are attached to the walls of the thorax most of the time. Insect wings vary in number, size, shape, texture, venation, and in position held at rest making them a great assist in identification. Most insect wings are membranous, though some are thickened or leathery. Some are covered in hair and others in scales. Most insects fold their wings over the abdomen at rest, but others hold them vertically over the body or hold them outstretched. Here's a picture of wing venation:<br />
<br />
===General Venation=== <br />
[[Image:insectwing.gif]] See bottom of http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/course/ent425/tutorial/wings.html for more. <br />
<br />
===Abdomen===<br />
The abdomen typically consists of 11 segments, but the last segment is usually represented by appendages only. Many insects have fewer abdominal segments because of fusing of some insects. Each abdominal segment generally contains 2 sclerites (or hardened body wall plate), a dorsal tergum and ventral sternum. The terga usually extend down the sides of most segments and overlap the sterna. Most insects lack appendages on the abdomen other than at the posterior end. This appendages may be lacking or drawn into the body and hidden. When these terminal appendages are present, they usually consist of a pair of cerci, a median dorsal epiproct (appendage above anus), a pair of paraprocts (pair of lobes located below and on each side of anus), and genitalia. The anal opening is on the posterior end of the abdomen, right under the epiproct. The sexes in many groups can be identified by the genitalia at the end of the abdomen.<br />
<br />
==Insect Taxonomy==<br />
* Kingdom: Animalia <br />
** Phylum: Arthropoda <br />
*** Subphylum: Mandibulata <br />
**** Superclass: Hexapoda <br />
***** Class: Insecta <br />
<br />
==Insect Identification (Orders Only)==<br />
{|class="sortable" style="text-align:center"<br />
|+ Insect Identification<br />
!Order Name (nickname) !!Metamorphosis !!Characteristics<br />
|-<br />
|| Protura (Telsontails)|| Simple || conical head, piercing mouthparts, lacks eyes and wingless, 12 segments in abdomen, .6-1.5mm<br />
|-<br />
|| Collembola (Springtails)|| Simple || wingless, long bodies, 4-6 abdominal segments, multicolored, tube protrudes from abdomen, microscopic<br />
|-<br />
|| Diplura (same) || Simple || 1-segmented tarsi, chewing mouthparts, 2 cerci on head<br />
|-<br />
|| Thysanura (Bristletails) || Simple || spindle shaped, flat bodies with 3 long, bristly tail like appendages ||<br />
|-<br />
|| Ephemeroptera (Mayflies) || Simple || distinguished easily by their two large, triangular wings<br />
|-<br />
|| Odanata (Dragonflies & damselflies) || Simple || two pairs of elongate membranous wings, compound eyes large, abdomen long and slender, antennae very short<br />
|-<br />
|| Plecoptera (Stoneflies) || Simple || 4 membranous wings, elongate, flattened, cerci present, long antennae, mouthparts chewing<br />
|-<br />
|| Orthoptera (Grasshoppers & crickets) || Simple || usually 2 pairs of wings, antennae many-segmented, cerci present, has ovipositor, FW is long, narrow, and many veined<br />
|-<br />
|| Blattodea (Roaches) || Simple || flattened oval bodies, long laid back antennae, wings (almost never used)<br />
|-<br />
|| Isoptera (Termites) || Simple || small, soft-bodies, usually pale-colored, antennae generally short and thread- or bead-like<br />
|-<br />
|| Dermaptera (Earwigs) || Simple || slender flattened bodies, large pincers at end<br />
|-<br />
|| Mallophaga (Chewing lice) || Simple || bristly body, toothed mandibles, small compound eyes, abdomen more wide or as wide as head<br />
|-<br />
|| Anoplura (Sucking lice) || Simple || flattened and wingless, sucking mouthparts, abdomen thiner than head<br />
|-<br />
|| Thysanoptera (Thrips) || Simple || slender bodies, short antennae, short legs, feathery wings<br />
|-<br />
|| Hemiptera (True bugs) || Simple || FW (front wing) thickened at base and membranous at tip, HW (hind) shorter than FW, wings held flat on body, tips of FW overlap, mouthparts sucking, antennae of 5 or fewer segments (long and conspicuous or short and concealed)<br />
|-<br />
|| Homoptera (cicadas and more) || Simple || beak short and rising at back of head (different from Hemiptera), wings held rooflike over body, tarsi 1- to 3-segmented, antennae sometimes short and bristlike or sometimes long and threadlike<br />
|-<br />
|| Neuroptera (dobsonflies, lacewings, antlions) || Complete (finally) || FW and HW almost same size, four membranous wings, wings held rooflike over body at rest, wings with many veins, antennae long, cerci absent, mouthparts chewing<br />
|-<br />
|| Coleoptera (beetles) || Complete || FW horny or leathery, FWs meet in straight line on back, HW membranous and are usually longer than FW, wings rarely absent or reduced, antennae usually with 11 segments (sometimes with 8-10), antennae variable in form<br />
|-<br />
|| Mecoptera (Scorpianflies) || Complete || slender, soft bodies; long legs and elongated, snout like heads<br />
|-<br />
|| Trichoptera (Caddisflies) || Complete || shaped or colored like certain moths, antennae long and threadlike, antennae usually long as body or longer, HW a little shorter than FW<br />
|-<br />
|| Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies) || Complete || 4 membranous wings, usually have proboscis in form of coiled tupe, wings covererd in scales<br />
|-<br />
|| Diptera (True flies) || Complete || one pair of membranous wings (you can identify them instantly from this), have knoblike projections called haltares<br />
|-<br />
|| Siphonaptera (Fleas) || Complete || laterally flattened abdomens, tough skin, enlarged coxae, mouthparts with 3 piercing stylets for blood sucking<br />
|-<br />
|| Hymonoptera (Bees, Ants, Wasps, and more) || Complete || wings are sometimes present, FW a little larger than HW, antennae usually fairly long<br />
|-<br />
|}<br />
<br />
==Binder Checklist== <br />
'''*NOTE* The 2013-2014 competition only allows for one double-sided, 8.5 x 11 inches page of information. However, previous years have allowed for a binder, so it may still be helpful to create one for studying purposes.'''<br />
<br />
Here is a binder checklist that was useful in the past:<br />
Make sure you have the following information in your binder or known by memory:<br />
Definitely necessary: <br />
*Insect identification guide and sheets <br />
*Nymph identification sheets <br />
*Insect pictures (obviously) <br />
*Insect characteristics sheets <br />
*Human impact information <br />
*Basic insect information <br />
<br />
Optional: <br />
*Entomology glossary (to be on the safe side) <br />
*Note Sheets (for quick finding if they have a section where you must answer questions about insects not already identified) for the following: <br />
**Vectors<br />
**Record-winning insects (largest, smallest, fastest fliers, most deadly, etc.)<br />
**Historical info. (safe side, horrible test making at state had at least five questions on this subject)<br />
**Invasive species<br />
<br />
==Resources==<br />
The following [[Field Guides|guides]] are highly recommended:<br />
*[http://www.amazon.com/National-Audubon-Society-American-Insects/dp/0394507630 Audubon Field Guide to Insects and Spiders]: '''official field guide of the Entomology event, on which taxonomic scheme and questions are based on''', has nice colored pictures and good bug descriptions, good for general insect knowledge; '''''-note-''''' this field guide groups bugs into groups based on their basic appearance rather than their correct phylogenetic groups (not good since the insects in here must be ID'd according to family and order), is also rather outdated regarding dates and population statistics<br />
*[http://www.amazon.com/National-Wildlife-Federation-Insects-Spiders/dp/1402741537 National Wildlife Federation Field Guide to Insects and Spiders & Related Species of North America]: contains close-up color photographs with informative description, very up-to-date; '''''-note-''''' has more than 2,000 photos of over 940 species, which may be confusing<br />
*[http://www.amazon.com/Field-Guide-Insects-America-Mexico/dp/0395911702 Peterson Field Guides]: Insects - shows differences between different insects, has all insects on insect list; '''''-note-''''' contains a lot of information on how to collect and preserve an insect, which may not be useful when preparing for this event<br />
*[http://www.amazon.com/Smithsonian-Handbooks-Insects/dp/0789493926 Smithsonian Handbooks]: Insects - really nice pictures, great for nymphs and larva identification; '''''-note-''''' thin and should only be used as a supplement (the first two/three field guides are better suited for use during the event)<br />
<br />
==Good Links==<br />
*http://soinc.org/events/dontbugmeC/index.htm<br />
*http://bugguide.net<br />
<br />
Soon to come:<br />
*Human Impact Section<br />
*Dichotomous Key<br />
*Insect Behavior<br />
<br />
==Recommendations For Group Members== <br />
Both team members should have a strong background in Environmental Science (AP Level).<br />
the team should be prepared for both types of events (visual: power point/pictures, and live specimens), a lack of practice in either area can result in false identifications.<br />
the teams should have knowledge in using all types of microscopes.<br />
teams should spend a portion of their preparation, near various habitats (if available) such as marshes, swamps, forests, grassland, etc. to observe certain native species in a natural habitat (bring plenty of sunblock, & bug repellent)<br />
<br />
{{Living ID}}<br />
<br />
[[Category:Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Study Event Pages]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Entomology&diff=28901Entomology2013-11-05T02:10:05Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: somewhat outdated. will fix tomorrow.</p>
<hr />
<div>{{Outdated}}<br />
{{EventLinksBox<br />
|active=yes<br />
|type=Life Science<br />
|cat=Study<br />
|2014thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=167&t=4964 2014]<br />
|2014tests=2014<br />
|2014questions=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=173&t=5027 2014]<br />
|B Champion=<br />
|C Champion=<br />
}}<br />
<br />
==Description==<br />
'''Entomology''', which is similar to the Division B event [[Don't Bug Me]], is an event in which competitors must be able to identify insects from 30 orders (div. B and C) and 100 families (div. C only). You should have a good amount of knowledge on general insect information. To do well in this event, make sure you go beyond the rules. On most tests, questions about behavior, structure, human impact, and any characteristics of certain insects may be asked.<br />
<br />
==What is an insect?==<br />
Before getting into the specifics of identifying insects you have to know what an insect is. An insect is an invertebrate with several distinguishing characteristics. These include: segmented bodies with paired, many jointed legs; 3 major body sections; 6 legs; and 2 antennae. After you have identified an organism as an insect you then must classify to its order (div. B and C) and family (div. C only).<br />
<br />
==General Insect Structure==<br />
===Head===<br />
The head is the anterior oval-shaped body region that hold the antennae, eyes, and mouth parts.<br />
<br />
Insects generally have two types of eyes, simple and compound eyes. Most have three simple eyes,also known as ocelli, located on the upper front part of the head. Several insects lack ocelli or only have two. Compound eyes are situated on the upper portion of an insects head and are composed of many facets. In some insects compound eyes occupy most of the head. <br />
<br />
The antennae are usually located on the front of the head below the simple eyes. These are great for identification. Some of the types of antennae include aristate (are pouch-like with a bristle), capitate (ends in a club), clavate (saw-like), filiformis (threadlike), geniculate (elbowed), monoliform (beaded), pectinate (comb-like), plumose (feather-like shape), serrate (sawtooth shape), and setaceous (bristlelike). See [http://bugs.bio.usyd.edu.au/Entomology/externalmorphology/antennaTypes.html] for pictures.<br />
<br />
The mouth parts of an insect are located on the ventral or anterior part of the head. The mouth part structures typically present are the labrum (upper lip), jaw-like mandibles, jaw-like maxillae, a labium (lower lip), and the hypopharynx which acts as a tongue. Mouth parts are generally sucking or chewing. Insects with chewing mouth parts have lateral moving mandibles and chew their food, while insects with sucking mouth parts have parts like a beak which is called the proboscis through which liquid is sucked. <br />
<br />
Diagram of head: <br />
[[Image:insecthead.gif]] <br />
<br />
===Thorax===<br />
This is the middle section of the body and is divided into 3 segments called the prothorax, mesothorax, and metathorax. Each segment bears a pair of legs, and the mesothorax and metathorax usually bear a pair of wings if the insect is not wingless. Each of the thoracic segments bear 4 groups of sclerites, or platelike areas. These are the notum (dorsally), pleuron (there's one on each side), and sternum (ventrally). These segments are then divided into even smaller segments. <br />
<br />
The wings are located dorsolaterally (they're near the top) on the mesothroax and/or the metathorax. The muscles that move wings are attached to the walls of the thorax most of the time. Insect wings vary in number, size, shape, texture, venation, and in position held at rest making them a great assist in identification. Most insect wings are membranous, though some are thickened or leathery. Some are covered in hair and others in scales. Most insects fold their wings over the abdomen at rest, but others hold them vertically over the body or hold them outstretched. Here's a picture of wing venation:<br />
<br />
===General Venation=== <br />
[[Image:insectwing.gif]] See bottom of http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/course/ent425/tutorial/wings.html for more. <br />
<br />
===Abdomen===<br />
The abdomen typically consists of 11 segments, but the last segment is usually represented by appendages only. Many insects have fewer abdominal segments because of fusing of some insects. Each abdominal segment generally contains 2 sclerites (or hardened body wall plate), a dorsal tergum and ventral sternum. The terga usually extend down the sides of most segments and overlap the sterna. Most insects lack appendages on the abdomen other than at the posterior end. This appendages may be lacking or drawn into the body and hidden. When these terminal appendages are present, they usually consist of a pair of cerci, a median dorsal epiproct (appendage above anus), a pair of paraprocts (pair of lobes located below and on each side of anus), and genitalia. The anal opening is on the posterior end of the abdomen, right under the epiproct. The sexes in many groups can be identified by the genitalia at the end of the abdomen.<br />
<br />
==Insect Taxonomy==<br />
* Kingdom: Animalia <br />
** Phylum: Arthropoda <br />
*** Subphylum: Mandibulata <br />
**** Superclass: Hexapoda <br />
***** Class: Insecta <br />
<br />
==Insect Identification (Orders Only) (Format stolen from DH's Rocks&Minerals Page)==<br />
{|class="sortable" style="text-align:center"<br />
|+ Insect Identification<br />
!Order Name (nickname) !!Metamorphosis !!Characteristics<br />
|-<br />
|| Protura (Telsontails)|| Simple || conical head, piercing mouthparts, lacks eyes and wingless, 12 segments in abdomen, .6-1.5mm<br />
|-<br />
|| Collembola (Springtails)|| Simple || wingless, long bodies, 4-6 abdominal segments, multicolored, tube protrudes from abdomen, microscopic<br />
|-<br />
|| Diplura (same) || Simple || 1-segmented tarsi, chewing mouthparts, 2 cerci on head<br />
|-<br />
|| Thysanura (Bristletails) || Simple || spindle shaped, flat bodies with 3 long, bristly tail like appendages ||<br />
|-<br />
|| Ephemeroptera (Mayflies) || Simple || distinguished easily by their two large, triangular wings<br />
|-<br />
|| Odanata (Dragonflies & damselflies) || Simple || two pairs of elongate membranous wings, compound eyes large, abdomen long and slender, antennae very short<br />
|-<br />
|| Plecoptera (Stoneflies) || Simple || 4 membranous wings, elongate, flattened, cerci present, long antennae, mouthparts chewing<br />
|-<br />
|| Orthoptera (Grasshoppers & crickets) || Simple || usually 2 pairs of wings, antennae many-segmented, cerci present, has ovipositor, FW is long, narrow, and many veined<br />
|-<br />
|| Blattodea (Roaches) || Simple || flattened oval bodies, long laid back antennae, wings (almost never used)<br />
|-<br />
|| Isoptera (Termites) || Simple || small, soft-bodies, usually pale-colored, antennae generally short and thread- or bead-like<br />
|-<br />
|| Dermaptera (Earwigs) || Simple || slender flattened bodies, large pincers at end<br />
|-<br />
|| Mallophaga (Chewing lice) || Simple || bristly body, toothed mandibles, small compound eyes, abdomen more wide or as wide as head<br />
|-<br />
|| Anoplura (Sucking lice) || Simple || flattened and wingless, sucking mouthparts, abdomen thiner than head<br />
|-<br />
|| Thysanoptera (Thrips) || Simple || slender bodies, short antennae, short legs, feathery wings<br />
|-<br />
|| Hemiptera (True bugs) || Simple || FW (front wing) thickened at base and membranous at tip, HW (hind) shorter than FW, wings held flat on body, tips of FW overlap, mouthparts sucking, antennae of 5 or fewer segments (long and conspicuous or short and concealed)<br />
|-<br />
|| Homoptera (cicadas and more) || Simple || beak short and rising at back of head (different from Hemiptera), wings held rooflike over body, tarsi 1- to 3-segmented, antennae sometimes short and bristlike or sometimes long and threadlike<br />
|-<br />
|| Neuroptera (dobsonflies, lacewings, antlions) || Complete (finally) || FW and HW almost same size, four membranous wings, wings held rooflike over body at rest, wings with many veins, antennae long, cerci absent, mouthparts chewing<br />
|-<br />
|| Coleoptera (beetles) || Complete || FW horny or leathery, FWs meet in straight line on back, HW membranous and are usually longer than FW, wings rarely absent or reduced, antennae usually with 11 segments (sometimes with 8-10), antennae variable in form<br />
|-<br />
|| Mecoptera (Scorpianflies) || Complete || slender, soft bodies; long legs and elongated, snout like heads<br />
|-<br />
|| Trichoptera (Caddisflies) || Complete || shaped or colored like certain moths, antennae long and threadlike, antennae usually long as body or longer, HW a little shorter than FW<br />
|-<br />
|| Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies) || Complete || 4 membranous wings, usually have proboscis in form of coiled tupe, wings covererd in scales<br />
|-<br />
|| Diptera (True flies) || Complete || one pair of membranous wings (you can identify them instantly from this), have knoblike projections called haltares<br />
|-<br />
|| Siphonaptera (Fleas) || Complete || laterally flattened abdomens, tough skin, enlarged coxae, mouthparts with 3 piercing stylets for blood sucking<br />
|-<br />
|| Hymonoptera (Bees, Ants, Wasps, and more) || Complete || wings are sometimes present, FW a little larger than HW, antennae usually fairly long<br />
|-<br />
|}<br />
<br />
==Binder Checklist== <br />
'''*NOTE* The 2013-2014 competition only allows for one double-sided, 8.5 x 11 inches page of information. However, previous years have allowed for a binder, so it may still be helpful to create one for studying purposes.'''<br />
<br />
Here is a binder checklist that was useful in the past:<br />
Make sure you have the following information in your binder or known by memory:<br />
Definitely necessary: <br />
*Insect identification guide and sheets <br />
*Nymph identification sheets <br />
*Insect pictures (obviously) <br />
*Insect characteristics sheets <br />
*Human impact information <br />
*Basic insect information <br />
<br />
Optional: <br />
*Entomology glossary (to be on the safe side) <br />
*Note Sheets (for quick finding if they have a section where you must answer questions about insects not already identified) for the following: <br />
**Vectors<br />
**Record-winning insects (largest, smallest, fastest fliers, most deadly, etc.)<br />
**Historical info. (safe side, horrible test making at state had at least five questions on this subject)<br />
**Invasive species<br />
<br />
==Resources==<br />
The following [[Field Guides|guides]] are highly recommended:<br />
*[http://www.amazon.com/National-Audubon-Society-American-Insects/dp/0394507630 Audubon Field Guide to Insects and Spiders]: '''official field guide of the Entomology event, on which taxonomic scheme and questions are based on''', has nice colored pictures and good bug descriptions, good for general insect knowledge; '''''-note-''''' this field guide groups bugs into groups based on their basic appearance rather than their correct phylogenetic groups (not good since the insects in here must be ID'd according to family and order), is also rather outdated regarding dates and population statistics<br />
*[http://www.amazon.com/National-Wildlife-Federation-Insects-Spiders/dp/1402741537 National Wildlife Federation Field Guide to Insects and Spiders & Related Species of North America]: contains close-up color photographs with informative description, very up-to-date; '''''-note-''''' has more than 2,000 photos of over 940 species, which may be confusing<br />
*[http://www.amazon.com/Field-Guide-Insects-America-Mexico/dp/0395911702 Peterson Field Guides]: Insects - shows differences between different insects, has all insects on insect list; '''''-note-''''' contains a lot of information on how to collect and preserve an insect, which may not be useful when preparing for this event<br />
*[http://www.amazon.com/Smithsonian-Handbooks-Insects/dp/0789493926 Smithsonian Handbooks]: Insects - really nice pictures, great for nymphs and larva identification; '''''-note-''''' thin and should only be used as a supplement (the first two/three field guides are better suited for use during the event)<br />
<br />
==Good Links==<br />
*http://soinc.org/events/dontbugmeC/index.htm<br />
*http://bugguide.net<br />
<br />
Soon to come:<br />
*Human Impact Section<br />
*Dichotomous Key<br />
*Insect Behavior<br />
<br />
==Recommendations For Group Members== <br />
Both team members should have a strong background in Environmental Science (AP Level).<br />
the team should be prepared for both types of events (visual: power point/pictures, and live specimens), a lack of practice in either area can result in false identifications.<br />
the teams should have knowledge in using all types of microscopes.<br />
teams should spend a portion of their preparation, near various habitats (if available) such as marshes, swamps, forests, grassland, etc. to observe certain native species in a natural habitat (bring plenty of sunblock, & bug repellent)<br />
<br />
{{Living ID}}<br />
<br />
[[Category:Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Study Event Pages]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Category_talk:Needs_Work&diff=28900Category talk:Needs Work2013-11-04T22:14:51Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>Maybe Anatomy's Integumentary System can be added here? [[User:Knittingfrenzy18|Knittingfrenzy18]] ([[User talk:Knittingfrenzy18|talk]]) 11:12, 22 October 2013 (CDT)<br />
<br />
[[Category:Talk Pages]]<br />
<br />
Cleanup and Outdated need a -1 in their formula. Currently they're including the templates for marking the page as such as a page. [[User:Knittingfrenzy18|Knittingfrenzy18]] ([[User talk:Knittingfrenzy18|talk]]) 16:13, 4 November 2013 (CST)<br />
<br />
Wait nevermind those are there; then why do I still see 9 and 3? I guess the recent removal of pages from those categories are still refreshing the PAGESINCATEGORY thing. [[User:Knittingfrenzy18|Knittingfrenzy18]] ([[User talk:Knittingfrenzy18|talk]]) 16:14, 4 November 2013 (CST)</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Category_talk:Needs_Work&diff=28899Category talk:Needs Work2013-11-04T22:13:38Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>Maybe Anatomy's Integumentary System can be added here? [[User:Knittingfrenzy18|Knittingfrenzy18]] ([[User talk:Knittingfrenzy18|talk]]) 11:12, 22 October 2013 (CDT)<br />
<br />
[[Category:Talk Pages]]<br />
<br />
Cleanup and Outdated need a -1 in their formula. Currently they're including the templates for marking the page as such as a page. [[User:Knittingfrenzy18|Knittingfrenzy18]] ([[User talk:Knittingfrenzy18|talk]]) 16:13, 4 November 2013 (CST)</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Maryland&diff=28898Maryland2013-11-04T21:59:08Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: md tournament info 2014</p>
<hr />
<div>{{SOInfoBox<br />
|State name=Maryland<br />
|Member since=2007<br />
|Number B teams=23<br />
|Member C teams=16<br />
|Total teams=50<br />
|States location=Johns Hopkins University<br />
|B champs=[[North Bethesda Middle School]]<br />
|C champs=[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]]<br />
|website=http://marylandscienceolympiad.org<br />
}}<br />
<br />
<br />
==History==<br />
<br />
===Past State Champions===<br />
<br />
This is a record of the past state champions and runners up, and their respective places at the national competition, if applicable. Scores at the state competition may be shown in parentheses.<br />
<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Year!!Division B Champion!!B Champ Nats Place!!Division B Runner-up!!Division C Champion!!C Champ Nats Place!!Division C Runner-up<br />
|- <br />
!2002<br />
| [[Herbert Hoover Middle School]]|| 60|||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2003<br />
| || ||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2004<br />
| || ||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2005<br />
| || ||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2006<br />
| || ||||||||<br />
|- <br />
!2007<br />
| |||| ||[[Atholton High School]]||58||<br />
|-<br />
!2008<br />
|[[Thurmont Middle School]]||60||||[[Walter Johnson High School]]||50||[[River Hill High School]]<br />
|-<br />
!2009<br />
|[[Mt. Airy Middle School]]||60||||[[Walter Johnson High School]]||49||[[Centennial High School]]<br />
|-<br />
!2010<br />
|[[North Bethesda Middle School]]||51||||[[River Hill High School]]||29||[[Walter Johnson High School]]<br />
|-<br />
!2011<br />
|[[North Bethesda Middle School]]||36||||[[Walter Johnson High School]]||26||[[Centennial High School]]<br />
|-<br />
!2012<br />
|[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] (68)|| 38 || [[North Bethesda Middle School]] (69) ||[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]] (59)|| 29 ||[[Walter Johnson High School]] (60)<br />
|-<br />
!2013<br />
|[[North Bethesda Middle School]] (79)|| 32 || [[Pilgrimage Homeschool]] (83) ||[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]] (46)|| 19 ||[[Richard Montgomery High School]] (103)<br />
|}<br />
''(points in parentheses)''<br />
<br />
<br />
==Competitions==<br />
2010-2011 Season<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Competition!!Location!!Date<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament (Division B)||Crestwood Middle School||February 26, 2011<br />
|-<br />
| Baltimore City Regional Tournament||Morgan State University||March 5, 2011<br />
|-<br />
| Eastern Shore Regional Tournament||Salisbury University||March 12, 2011<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament (Division C)||[[Atholton High School]]||March 19, 2011<br />
|-<br />
| Maryland State Tournament||Johns Hopkins University||April 2, 2011<br />
|}<br />
<br />
2011-2012 Season<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Competition!!Location!!Date<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament||University of Maryland (College Park)||February 25, 2012<br />
|-<br />
| Baltimore City Regional Tournament||?||?<br />
|-<br />
| Eastern Shore Regional Tournament||Salisbury University||March 3, 2012<br />
|-<br />
| Maryland State Tournament||Johns Hopkins University||March 31, 2012<br />
|}<br />
<br />
2012-2013 Season<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Competition!!Location!!Date<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament||University of Maryland (College Park)||February 16, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Baltimore City Regional Tournament||Morgan State University<br />
||March 2, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Eastern Shore Regional Tournament||Salisbury University||March 9, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Maryland State Tournament||Johns Hopkins University||April 20, 2013<br />
|}<br />
<br />
2013-2014 Season<br />
{| class="wikitable"<br />
!Competition!!Location!!Date<br />
|-<br />
| Baltimore City Regional Tournament||Morgan State University<br />
||February 22, 2014<br />
|-<br />
| Central Maryland Regional Tournament||University of Maryland (College Park)||March 1, 2014<br />
|-<br />
| Eastern Shore Regional Tournament||Salisbury University||March 8, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Western Regional Tournament||Frostburg University||March 15, 2013<br />
|-<br />
| Maryland State Tournament||Johns Hopkins University||April 20, 2013<br />
|}<br />
<br />
==Teams==<br />
<br />
===Division B===<br />
<br />
:[[Ballenger Creek Middle]]<br />
:[[Bohemia Manor Middle School]]<br />
:[[Crestwood Middle School]]<br />
:[[Chesapeake Science Point]]<br />
:[[Edgewood Middle School]]<br />
:[[Fallstaff E/M]]<br />
:[[Frederick County Home School]]<br />
:[[Kent County Middle School]]<br />
:[[Lime Kiln Middle School]]<br />
:[[Mace's Lane Middle School]]<br />
:[[Metapeake Middle School]]<br />
:[[Monocacy Middle School]]<br />
:[[Montebello E/M]]<br />
:[[Mount Airy Middle School]]<br />
:[[New Life Christian(Div B)]]<br />
:[[North Bethesda Middle School]]<br />
:[[Oakdale Middle School]]<br />
:[[Parkland Magnet]]<br />
:[[Pilgrimage Homeschool]]<br />
:[[Rockbridge Academy(Div B)]]<br />
:[[Stephen Decatur Middle School]]<br />
:[[Thurmont Middle School]]<br />
:[[Urbana Middle School]]<br />
:[[Walkersville Middle School]]<br />
:[[Windsor Knolls Middle School]]<br />
<br />
===Division C===<br />
<br />
:[[Atholton High School]]<br />
:[[Baltimore Polytechnical High School]]<br />
:[[Broadneck High School]]<br />
:[[Centennial High School (Maryland)|Centennial High School]]<br />
:[[Glenlg County School]]<br />
:[[Indian Creek Upper]]<br />
:[[James M. Bennet High School]]<br />
:[[Marriotts Ridge High School]]<br />
:[[New Life Christian(Div C)]]<br />
:[[Northwestern High School]]<br />
:[[Poolesville High School]]<br />
:[[Richard Montgomery High School]]<br />
:[[River Hill High School]]<br />
:[[Rockbridge Academy(Div C)]]<br />
:[[South Caroll High School]]<br />
:[[Stephen Decatur High School]]<br />
:[[Walkersville High School]]<br />
:[[Walter Johnson High School]]<br />
:[[Wheaton High School]]<br />
:[[Worchester Technical High School]]<br />
<br />
<br />
[[Category:State Pages]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=University_of_Central_Florida_2014&diff=28897University of Central Florida 20142013-11-04T21:53:39Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* Division C */</p>
<hr />
<div>[[Image:2014 SONT Logo.png|right|200px]]<br />
<br />
==Information==<br />
The 2014 National Tournament will be held on May 16-17 at the University of Central Florida in Orlando, Florida.<br />
<br />
[http://scienceolympiad2014.com/ 2014 Nationals Website]<br />
<br />
The tournament will celebrate the 30th anniversary of Science Olympiad.<br />
<br />
==Teams That Have Qualified for the 2014 National Tournament & Results==<br />
===Division B===<br />
{| class="sortable" style="width:75%; height:50px" border="1"<br />
|-<br />
! State<br />
! Date of State Competition<br />
! School<br />
! Team Number<br />
! Place<br />
! Score<br />
|-<br />
| [[Montana]]<br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
| [[Arkansas]]<br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
| [[New Mexico]]<br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
| [[South Carolina]]<br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
| [[Hawaii]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Minnesota]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Nevada]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Oklahoma]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[New Jersey]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Alabama]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Delaware]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Georgia]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Indiana]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Maine]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Massachusetts]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Wisconsin]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Mississippi]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Arizona]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Connecticut]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Florida]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Iowa]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[South Dakota]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Wyoming]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Alaska]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[California (South)]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Idaho]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Kansas]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Missouri]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Tennessee]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[New York]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[California (North)]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Oregon]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Utah]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Washington]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Colorado]]<br />
| April 19, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Illinois]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Maryland]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Nebraska]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Dakota]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Rhode Island]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Pennsylvania]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Carolina]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Kentucky]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Louisiana]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Michigan]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Ohio]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Virginia]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Texas]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|}<br />
<br />
===Division C===<br />
<br />
{| class="sortable" style="width:75%; height:50px" border="1"<br />
|-<br />
! State<br />
! Date of State Competition<br />
! School<br />
! Team Number<br />
! Place<br />
! Score<br />
|-<br />
| [[Montana]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Arkansas]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[New Mexico]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Arizona]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Delaware]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Hawaii]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Nevada]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Oklahoma]] <br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[New York]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Minnesota]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[New Jersey]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Alabama]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Georgia]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Indiana]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[South Carolina]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Mississippi]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Florida]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Massachusetts]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Iowa]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[South Dakota]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Wyoming]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Alaska]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[California (South)]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Connecticut]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Idaho]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Kansas]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Maine]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Missouri]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[New Hampshire]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Tennessee]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[California (North)]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Oregon]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Utah]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Washington]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Wisconsin]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Colorado]]<br />
| April 19, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Illinois]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Maryland]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Nebraska]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Dakota]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Rhode Island]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Pennsylvania]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Carolina]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Kentucky]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Louisiana]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Michigan]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Ohio]]<br />
| April 26, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Virginia]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Texas]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
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|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
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|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
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|-<br />
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|-<br />
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|-<br />
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|-<br />
|<br />
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|<br />
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|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
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|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
|}<br />
<br />
{{2014}}<br />
<br />
{{Nationals Results}}<br />
<br />
[[Category:National tournaments]]<br />
[[Category:History]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=University_of_Central_Florida_2014&diff=28896University of Central Florida 20142013-11-04T21:53:21Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* Division B */</p>
<hr />
<div>[[Image:2014 SONT Logo.png|right|200px]]<br />
<br />
==Information==<br />
The 2014 National Tournament will be held on May 16-17 at the University of Central Florida in Orlando, Florida.<br />
<br />
[http://scienceolympiad2014.com/ 2014 Nationals Website]<br />
<br />
The tournament will celebrate the 30th anniversary of Science Olympiad.<br />
<br />
==Teams That Have Qualified for the 2014 National Tournament & Results==<br />
===Division B===<br />
{| class="sortable" style="width:75%; height:50px" border="1"<br />
|-<br />
! State<br />
! Date of State Competition<br />
! School<br />
! Team Number<br />
! Place<br />
! Score<br />
|-<br />
| [[Montana]]<br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
| [[Arkansas]]<br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
| [[New Mexico]]<br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
| [[South Carolina]]<br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
| [[Hawaii]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Minnesota]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Nevada]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Oklahoma]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[New Jersey]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Alabama]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Delaware]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Georgia]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Indiana]]<br />
| March 22, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Maine]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Massachusetts]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Wisconsin]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Mississippi]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Arizona]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Connecticut]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Florida]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Iowa]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[South Dakota]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Wyoming]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Alaska]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[California (South)]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Idaho]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Kansas]]<br />
| April 5, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Missouri]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Tennessee]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[New York]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[California (North)]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Oregon]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Utah]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Washington]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Colorado]]<br />
| April 19, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Illinois]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Maryland]]<br />
| March 29, 2014<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Nebraska]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[North Dakota]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Rhode Island]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
| [[Pennsylvania]]<br />
| <br />
|<br />
|<br />
|<br />
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|-<br />
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===Division C===<br />
<br />
{| class="sortable" style="width:75%; height:50px" border="1"<br />
|-<br />
! State<br />
! Date of State Competition<br />
! School<br />
! Team Number<br />
! Place<br />
! Score<br />
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| March 22, 2014<br />
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{{2014}}<br />
<br />
{{Nationals Results}}<br />
<br />
[[Category:National tournaments]]<br />
[[Category:History]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Circuit_Lab_(Episodes)&diff=28895Circuit Lab (Episodes)2013-11-04T21:38:42Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{Cleanup}}<br />
<br />
{{EventLinksBox<br />
|2009thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=17&t=403 2009]<br />
|2010tests=[http://scioly.org/wiki/2009_Test_Exchange#Shock_Value 2010]<br />
|2010thread=[http://scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=65&t=1278 2010]<br />
}}<br />
<br />
==Introduction==<br />
''Continuing with my trend of the two previous help threads, (which will be linked at the bottom for anyone interested) I've decided to write a new shocking guide. A guide to that energizing event, Circuit Lab. If you were at all like me when you got these rules, you might have screamed in shock. But fear not, my fellow shocked-in-the-fingers-friends, for I've prepared a few notes, definitions, and various helpful items that hopefully won't short circuit (I'll explain that later) your brain. -Demosthenes''<br />
<br />
==Episode I==<br />
First of all, let's answer some questions for the completely new:<br />
<br />
'''-What is a 'circuit'?'''<br />
<br />
Let's take an example of a battery, for now. The battery has a positive (+) end, and a minus ( - ) end. When you touch a wire onto both ends of the battery at the same time, you have created a circuit. What just happened? Current flowed from one end of the battery to the other through your wire. Therefore, our definition of circuit can simply be a never-ending looped pathway for electrons (the battery counts as a pathway!).<br />
<br />
'''-But what's current? What are all these positive and minus things?'''<br />
<br />
This is the next thing we should understand: electron flow. What is an "electron?" To put it simply, an electron is an atomic particle which carries a negative charge. These electrons spin around the nucleus of an atom, which has a positive charge, and is located in the very center of the atom. The concept of "electricity" has to do with these electrons and with their "electron flow." Do you remember the example of our battery? This battery takes these negatively charged electrons from a chemical reaction inside the battery, pushes them out of the negative end of the battery, and into the wire. These electrons will then bump electrons in the atoms of the wire over and over until finally electrons arrive back at the positive end of the battery. Elements which allow this process of "bumping" those electrons on over determines how conductive the element is. So, when there's a current, it's just electrons bumping each other from atom to atom and flowing on.<br />
<br />
'''-Oh, I get it; you could just put a wire onto one end of a battery, and the electrons would still bump each other?'''<br />
<br />
No, you could not. As stated before, in our definition of the circuit, a continuous loop is required. But think about it scientifically: If you did attach the wire to only one end of the battery, where would the electrons go that got bumped to the opposite end of the wire? That is why there needs to be that continuous loop of wire: the electrons need somewhere to go.<br />
<br />
'''-Okay, I gotcha! I know about the flowing thing now, but what about all that "voltage," "resistance," and "ampere," stuff they're going to ask me on the circuit lab tests?'''<br />
<br />
To help everyone understand these 3 concepts, I'm going to use an example from sports.<br />
<br />
Imagine you are the coach of the New York Yankees baseball team. Aside from dealing with being the Devil on Earth, you also have to deal with keeping a winning team amidst the ever-so-polite New York fans and cutthroat media. You want to make your team the best it can be by focusing on 2 big things: scoring runs, and preventing runs. If you can do both of these, you'll be an awesome team, but no one is perfect. So naturally, you're going to have to choose one area to focus on.<br />
<br />
Say you want to score more runs; let's relate this to the concept of "amperes." The amount of runs you make is your score - the more you get the better your chance of winning. Similarly, amperes measure the amount of current you have flowing per second through an area: is it a lot, or a little bit?<br />
<br />
Now, if you want to win the game, you don't necessarily have to score a whole lot of runs, you just need to score more than your opponent. So, maybe your resistance to their scoring of runs will be high - and resistance to current flowing is also one of our important terms we need to know.<br />
<br />
Now, how do these concepts of amperes and resistance relate? If you multiply the resistance by the amperes, you have the voltage of a circuit (remember, we're always talking about circuits here, not on a baseball field). This relationship was discovered by Georg Simon Ohm, and it says, simply, that:<br />
<br />
<math>V = I \times R</math><br />
<br />
Or<br />
<br />
Voltage = Current times Resistance<br />
<br />
If you are having trouble, think back to the baseball example: you can have a high chance of winning (voltage) by either scoring a lot of runs (high current) or having good defense/pitching (resistance).<br />
<br />
'''-But I was the kid in Little League who kicked dirt in the outfield, and I just don't understand 'voltage'...'''<br />
<br />
As for voltage, it's definitely the hardest of the three concepts to understand. Some really smart guys call it "potential," other people use analogies of a water tank. The links at the bottom will explain all this juicy stuff to you: I, again, will develop my own analogy (I won't grill the Yankees this time). Have you ever pumped up a super-soaker in order to blast your little brother? If so, you'll be pleased to understand the next example.<br />
<br />
The harder you pump that super-soaker, the harder that stream is going to be when it comes out of the gun. You can think of voltage like that. Voltage is the potential for that water to go very quickly out of the gun: the more you pumped, putting more "voltage" in, the faster that water will go: but sometimes you will have a "multi-functioning" nozzle which even allows you to adjust that water speed even further. Suppose you're new at super-soakers and you don't have a steady arm to hold the gun, so you want the water to go out in a "wider" and "bigger" stream, you might change the nozzle to a bigger opening. What you've just done is changed the amount of space that the water is allowed to go through: the water is now given a much bigger space to flow through. The "voltage," or potential, of the water to go fast and give bruises is still high, but now you've taken away from it's hitting-power by spreading it out. Anyone see where this is going? The bigger your nozzle gets (think of it like the resistance), the smaller the hitting power (current (which is a speed in electricity too!)) is going to be.<br />
<br />
'''-Wow, the water example makes it easier to understand. So it's like if I can get one of those huge guns, with more "voltage," I might be able to get a lot more "amps" out of it (how hard it hits).'''<br />
<br />
If anyone is at all confused by these examples, it would be a good idea to read the links placed throughout the guide, in addition to the links at the bottom of this episode. Note that the analogies given are not perfect and have logical flaws, but I'm just trying to put a model for the relationship of voltage, amps, and current into your heads. If you already understand circuitry, this probably didn't help too much. I'll make a guide for you next, but first thing's first.<br />
<br />
#[[Solving Resistor Circuits]]<br />
#[http://www.allaboutcircuits.com/ Extensive Site about Circuits]<br />
#[http://www.seattlerobotics.org/guide/electronics.html "Really Basic Electronics"]<br />
#[http://www.answers.com/topic/analysis-of-resistive-circuits Analysis of resistive circuits] (this link is slightly more advanced)<br />
<br />
==Episode II==<br />
<br />
A little review, perhaps:<br />
<br />
The three concepts of Voltage, resistance, and current are all interrelated through this basic formula:<br />
<br />
V = I R<br />
<br />
or Voltage = Current times Resistance<br />
<br />
<br />
'''Okay, whatever Demosthenes, I don't really care, why do I have to learn this formula anyways? Like I care about this 'omg' guy or whoever he is.'''<br />
<br />
You have to learn Ohm's law because it helps you to 'analyze' circuits. That means you can use this law to find voltage, resistance, or current, if you have two of the three. Let's look at how to apply this formula:<br />
<br />
The application of this formula is pretty easy, once you get the hang of it. Basically, imagine a wire, a battery, and a resistor somewhere along the wire. If the battery has a voltage of 10 volts, and the resistor has a resistor of 30 ohms, you simply use Ohm's law to find the current:<br />
<br />
V= IR .....write your equation, so you know what you're doing here...<br />
<br />
10 volts = (I)(30 ohms) ...Set up the equation, plugging in the values....<br />
<br />
(10 volts)/(30 ohms) = I ...Divide both sides by '30 ohms' so that you can isolate the variable, I, or the current....<br />
<br />
10 volts/30 ohms = 1/3 amperes do out the math....fun!...<br />
<br />
'''But wait Demosthenes, what if they ask for voltage or resistance?'''<br />
<br />
Don't get scared, my young padawan. The equation can be set up so that no matter which two of the three variables you know, you can figure out the other one easily. Suppose there's a circuit with a 6 volt battery and 2 amps of current, how would you set that up? What's your answer? (You try it first, and see if it agrees with mine!!)<br />
<br />
Alright, let's see how you did:<br />
<br />
V = IR ....okay, first write out the equation so you know what you're doing<br />
<br />
R = (V)/(I) .....Manipulate the equation so you have the two knowns on one side<br />
<br />
R = 6 volts / 2 amps ....Plug in the values<br />
<br />
R = 3 ohms ....solve by dividing 6 by 2.<br />
<br />
Here are the 3 general forms of the law you'll need to know:<br />
<br />
*V = IR <br />
*R = V/I <br />
*I = V/R<br />
<br />
Whichever value you're searching for, simply make that the 'lone' variable, then plug in the values, and see what you get. Pretty simple.<br />
<br />
There's some nice little quiz questions at the bottom of the page in the following link which you can test yourself further with...<br />
<br />
[http://www.seattlerobotics.org/guide/electronics.html Go to the bottom...there's questions and answers there!]<br />
<br />
[http://library.thinkquest.org/10784/circuit_symbols.html A Guide to Electric Symbols]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
==Episode III==<br />
<br />
Let's consider the 'series' and 'parallel' concepts that were mentioned, because they are vitally important.<br />
<br />
We have gone over how to calculate Ohm's law in basic circuits, with one resistor, but suppose we have a circuit with multiple resistors. How would the calculation of resistance work?<br />
<br />
This is a very important question - because no circuit you'll encounter is going to have just one component. Before we figure out how to calculate, however, we need to look into the concept of components in 'series' and components in 'parallel.'<br />
<br />
I have no visual way of showing you how these circuits look on here, so I will refer you to a website for all of the diagrams. [http://www.eng.cam.ac.uk/DesignOffice/mdp/electric_web/DC/DC_5.html Series + Parallel Circuits]<br />
<br />
Okay, now, looking at this website, we quickly see two diagrams. The first is a series circuit - all of the components are connected in one line, one direct path, from one end of the battery to the other.<br />
<br />
The second circuit is a parallel circuit - there are different ways for the current to go from one end of the battery to the other.<br />
<br />
Understanding these two things is crucial - because we must recognize whether or not components are 'in series' or 'in parallel' with each other in order to make the correct mathematical calculations. I suggest to all reading this chapter - it is ON POINT with what you need to know for Circuit Lab.<br />
<br />
I'll assume that the earlier concepts are understood, and move on to the mathematics part.<br />
<br />
To calculate the total resistance of two resistors in series is quite easy - you simply add the resistance of all the resistors in series, and you get the total resistance.<br />
<br />
For parallel circuits, however, you can find the inverse of the total resistance by adding the inverse of the resistors in parallel together. This is shown by this formula:<br />
<br />
<math>(1/R_T)=(1/R_1)+(1/R_2)+(1/R_N...)</math><br />
<br />
From this formula, we can solve for a direct formula for resistance in parallel.<br />
<br />
<math>R_{total} = \frac {1}{\frac{1}{R_{1}} + \frac{1}{R_{2}}.... + \frac{1}{R_{n}}}</math><br />
<br />
It sounds confusing here, yes, but simply look through this chapter and it will become more clear to you.<br />
<br />
Here are some questions for you, from me, and if you want, you can email me your answers and I will check them for you:<br />
<br />
1. What is the total resistance of two 3 ohm resistors which are in parallel? What would the current be in this circuit if there is a 6 volt battery?<br />
<br />
2. What is the total resistance of three 2 ohm resistors which are in series? What would the voltage of the power source be if the current is 3 amps?<br />
<br />
3. What is the total resistance of two 1 ohm resistors in series, and two 2 ohm resistors in parallel? What would the current flow be if there was a 12 volt battery powering the circuit?<br />
<br />
==Episode IV==<br />
<br />
Okay, we've been talking a lot about resistors - but we don't even know what one looks like yet. [http://www.bsimotors.com/resistor.jpg The Mighty Resistor]<br />
<br />
There you have it - pretty simple eh? It's just a piece of metal, and the piece in the center there is what provides the resistance.<br />
<br />
But if you think about resistance - remember we said it was the force against the flow of the electrons - you must realize an important concept.<br />
<br />
Resistors release heat....Don't worry, I'll explain.<br />
<br />
Imagine our electrons - merrily flowing along the wire, pushing new electrons to flow on, and so on. This wire is not very hard to flow in - it's made of a material that's very conductive. But what would happen if we placed something in the middle of the wire that was harder for the electrons to flow through? They're going to be bumping into all the atoms in the material, which will cause the atoms to vibrate. This, in turn, will cause nearby air molecules to take some energy.<br />
<br />
That energy is in the form of heat. Where did it come from again? From the electrons bumping into atoms inside the resistor.<br />
<br />
But, if you think about this even further, wires are matter too - they have atoms. So you can't say that these are perfect conductors either - because they aren't.<br />
<br />
Have you ever wondered why the US government wouldn't just put a bunch of solar panels out in New Mexico, Nevada, and Arizona, then ship the electricity everywhere and make it cheaper for us all? The reason is that electrons can't flow in wires for a really long distance without losing a lot of energy. There's just too many atoms along the way; the amount of energy lost is going to be huge.<br />
<br />
That's something very important to realize - and the rules sheet also tells us to pay attention to that.<br />
<br />
Despite this, during our calculations with Ohm's Law, we usually disregard wire resistance, because in small circuits the amount of heat energy lost is negligible. However, it's still important to consider.<br />
<br />
And what about batteries, the sources of the power which are required for our lovely event? [http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/83/Four_AA_batteries.jpg/250px-Four_AA_batteries.jpg Batteries!] *cue angel choir music*<br />
<br />
Believe it or not - these aren't perfectly efficient either (what kind of world is this?)! The resistance in batteries is also a topic to understand for Circuit Lab. First, let's examine what a battery actually is.<br />
<br />
A battery works by producing an excess of electrons through a kind of chemical reaction known as a 'redox' reaction. Basically, without jargon - you have some chemicals inside the battery, they react together, and their reaction creates electrons (we're not concerned with chemistry here, but circuitry). The resistance in a battery comes through the chemicals' ability to react smoothly, and the 'electrode's' ability to get the electrons out smoothly.<br />
<br />
In a newer battery, this is not a problem. It is just with older batteries that we find serious internal resistance problems.<br />
<br />
These explanations were not meant to have you become the master of science - I just wanted to touch upon some things, because the event rules do. These are some of the more advanced things in the rules - and I'm not looking to explain that in this guide. For further explanations, see the following websites:<br />
<br />
[http://www.glenbrook.k12.il.us/gbssci/phys/class/circuits/u9l3b.html Resistance]<br />
<br />
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_resistance Wikipedia guide to Resistance]<br />
<br />
[http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/dccircon.html#c1 Another good site]<br />
<br />
==Episode V==<br />
<br />
Voltage Drops and POWER!<br />
<br />
Okay guys, we should all have a firm grasp on our three basic concepts - V, I, and R. Now let's talk about some things that happen in a circuit with these numbers.<br />
<br />
[[Image:Battery20and20Resistor.gif]]<br />
<br />
Take a look at this circuit - the voltage of the battery is 9 volts, the resistor has a resistance of 100 ohms, so by Ohm's Law, the people who made the picture know that...<br />
<br />
9 volts / 100 ohms = A<br />
<br />
A = .09 amps<br />
<br />
The thing to understand about current - it is ALWAYS the same everywhere you go in a circuit. Before the resistor -- .09 amps. After the resistor -- .09 amps. In Canada -- .09 amps. Always the same!<br />
<br />
However, voltage at different points in a circuit is NOT the same. Remember that we said voltage is a measure of 'potential energy,' think of it as the amount of push is behind the electrons to push them forward. So there's 9 volts of push before the resistor - the battery is giving those electrons a real shove.<br />
<br />
But, now you have a resistor in the way - it's like trying to bike up a hill. It was easy at first, you were giving the same amount of push to go at, say 10 mph, but to continue to go that speed (think of it as amps), you need to increase the effort. You're going to be tired coming off the hill.<br />
<br />
Now, relate that back to voltage drops with resistors - as the current goes past a resistor, it has LESS potential to push it along, because some was lost in going through the resistor.<br />
<br />
Just the exact amount of voltage lost can be calculated using Ohm's Law: just take the current at the resistor, and the resistance of each resistor, multiply them, and you have the voltage drop.<br />
<br />
Take this [http://www.allaboutcircuits.com/vol_1/chpt_6/1.html example] and I will help you through it.<br />
<br />
There are three resistors, each with different resistance values. If you remember our rule about adding series resistors, you can just add all three values together to the get the resistance over the whole circuit. Now, you've added these values, and you know the voltage for the whole circuit, so using Ohm's Law, find the current by dividing voltage by resistance.<br />
<br />
Next, use the rule as I stated above to find the voltage drop for each resistor (if you did it right, it should add up to 45 volts).<br />
<br />
Now what about POWER (I capitalized it just because it looks cooler that way)?<br />
<br />
Well, power's a pretty easy concept : to calculate the power of a circuit, just multiply the voltage and the current.<br />
<br />
P = IV<br />
<br />
==Episode VI==<br />
<br />
A lot of people have state competitions coming up, so I'm going to broaden things up, make sure everything is covered, and definitely go over all the things we've learned in a big Circuit Lab review sheet!<br />
<br />
'''Circuit Lab Review Sheet'''<br />
<br />
'''Electron Flow''' = Electricity is really just electrons flowing from one atom to another in a long chain of molecules in a material. Some materials allow this easily (conductors) and other materials don't really allow this (insulators). Some materials can function both ways, such as Silicon (semi-conductors).<br />
<br />
'''Voltage [(E) or (V)]'''= A measure of 'potential energy' in electrical circuits. This is a measure of how much 'push' is behind the electrons to slide from atom to atom.<br />
<br />
'''Current [(I) or (A)'''] = The actual measure of how many electrons are whizzing by a certain spot per second. Basically, this tells you how much flowing is going on in a circuit.<br />
<br />
'''Resistance (R)'''= Resistance is the force that tries to slow down current, such as friction tries to slow a car down when it travels.<br />
<br />
'''Ohm's Law''' - V=IR. This is by far the most useful equation that you will need in this event. Using this formula, you will be able to derive one value if you know the other two.<br />
<br />
'''Power (P)''' = Power can be calculated by multiplying voltage (V) and Current (I) together. In other words, P=IV. This calculation is useful for telling you, for instance, how much heat is dissipated by a resistor (that means power can tell you how much heat is created by the 'electrical friction' of resistance).<br />
<br />
'''Series Components''' - This connections are when a component in a circuit has a DIRECT link to the other component. If you were to take your finger and move it along the line in the drawing of the circuit, there should be only ONE way to go if the components are in series.<br />
<br />
'''Parallel Components''' - These components are essentially 'branches' from one main power line. To find out whether or not components are in parallel, try starting from the battery, tracing along the circuit. Are there multiple paths you can take in the circuit? This will give you some parallel components.<br />
<br />
'''"Conventional Current Flow" vs. "Electron Flow"''' - This has to do with how circuit diagrams are interpreted. Now, remember we said that electrons are 'flowing' in the wires? The question here deals with : Do they 'flow' from the positive end of the battery, or the negative end of the battery?<br />
<br />
Conventional current flow, devised by Benjamin Franklin, has the moving particles (later called electrons) positively charged. Therefore, this concept holds that electrons flowed out of the positive end of the battery. Electron flow, on the other hand, deals with the ACTUAL route of the electrons - being negatively charged particles, they go through the negative end of the battery! They then flow around the whole circuit, la la la, and arrive back at the positive end. Capeesh?<br />
<br />
'''RC Time Constant''' - Don't get scared by this - RC stands for 'resistor-capacitor.' What this value is is how long it takes, in seconds, for a capacitor to be charged to 63.2 percent full charge OR 36.8% of its initial voltage. Don't get scared by this - just know that a capacitor can store charge, and you know what a resistor is. They're not going to slam you on this, just be familiar with what that term means.<br />
<br />
'''Diode''' - this is a circuit component, and basically it's an electrical gate. It allows current to flow one way through it, but not the other way. An example is the Light Emitting Diode (LED).<br />
<br />
'''Solar Cells''' - These use beams of light to create electricity (You may notice one on the calculator you're using to do your Ohm's Law calculations). The most common kind is the 'photovoltaic cell,' and basically these use semi-conductors to generate a current flow out of some spare energy hitting them. You might look into 'n-type silicon' and 'p-type' silicon for further reading on this concept...<br />
<br />
'''DC motors''' - DC motors are little motors that take an electric current and spin really fast. Some can spin as fast as 8000 revolutions per minute! They spin because electricity flowing in the motor creates a magnetic field which pushes the motor output in spins really quickly.<br />
<br />
'''Multimeters, Voltimeters, Ammeters, etc''' - These are all devices used to measure values in a circuit such as 'voltage' 'amperage' 'resistance' 'capacitance' etc. Try to get your hands on one of these and familiarize yourself with how it works<br />
<br />
'''Resistance Color Code on Resistors''' - There's a [http://wiki.xtronics.com/index.php/Resistor_Codes table] you have to memorize to help you find out how much a resistor is worth in ohms of resistance....<br />
<br />
I'd say if your state competition is coming up, memorize those terms up there, familiarize yourself with all the SI electrical units, and familiarize yourself with a multimeter. If you do all that stuff you should be able to get through most of any test!<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
==Episode VII==<br />
<br />
Having trouble with '''capacitors'''?<br />
<br />
Think about them this way: a capacitor is just something that 'holds a charge.'<br />
<br />
If you look on online guides for capacitors, they might say something like 'a capacitor is two metal plates that use electrostatic fields to store a charge of electricity.'<br />
<br />
What the heck?:-?<br />
<br />
I am going to clarify this for you. First of all, look at this [http://groups.physics.umn.edu/demo/electricity/5F3010.html movie] to get an idea of what a capacitor does.<br />
<br />
I will take you through, step by step, what happens in that movie.<br />
<br />
1. At the beginning of the movie, the switch has not been thrown, there is no charge anywhere in the circuit except in the battery. It can't flow out of the battery because it has no where to go! It will take the closing of the switch for it to flow somewhere.<br />
<br />
2.Immediately when the switch is thrown, you see the light bulb come on full blast. The current runs through that light bulb, whose filament is a RESISTOR (this ties back to the RC constant we talked about earlier). All of this current wants to go somewhere: that place ends up being the capacitor. This is called the 'charging' of a capacitor.<br />
<br />
'''--But Demosthenes, what happens to the current when it 'goes to the capacitor?''''<br />
Well, good question. You might remember that electrons are negatively charged, right? So, wherever there is an abundance of them, there will be a negative charge. What a capacitor does is take a whole lot of electrons onto one of it's sides, building up a big electric charge there, due to its' relationship to the battery (the end of the capacitor that's connected to the negative end of the battery will be negative!)<br />
<br />
This negative charge building up on the capacitor can NOT go across the capacitor - don't be confused about this. The electrons literally just sit there - they are STORED there. That is the beauty of capacitors: using the attraction of the negative plate and the positive plate, the electrons can literally stay where they are for a very long time.<br />
<br />
3. This ability for capacitors to store charge is seen as the switch is closed. You might ask 'well, Demosthenes, how does the light bulb continue to light up even after the battery is removed from the circuit?' Good question, once again, my rhetorical friend.<br />
<br />
When the switch is flipped, the only two things to be considered in the new circuit are the capacitor and the light bulb, in series with one another. This capacitor stored a charge from earlier on - the electrons are still sitting there. They are waiting for a chance, once the 'pressure' of the voltage of the battery is gone, to flow back to the other side of the capacitor and make everything neutral and happy. (Note: the reason the electrons stayed on the plate before is because the battery was PUSHING them there. The capacitor was fully charged when the battery didn't have enough push to put even more electrons on the negative plate).<br />
<br />
So, what you have in this third step is electrons rushing off the negative plate, through the light bulb, and onto the positive plate. That is called the 'discharging' of a capacitor.<br />
<br />
So, now, let's get back to the RC time constant. When the capacitor is either 63.2 percent fully charged, or 36.8 percent discharged, we say that this is 'one rc'.<br />
<br />
Don't get scared by the 'one rc constant' language. A constant is just a number - and RC refers to resistance times capitance. RC = t! remember that! this is a time value, which is different for each capacitor (which has a different C value) and a different resistor (which has a different resistance!).<br />
<br />
That video is so telling. Everyone who is confused must watch it multiple times. The best way to learn a hard concept like this is to see it in action : and this video is very good for showing this concept of capacitors.<br />
<br />
Good luck on capacitors, all!<br />
<br />
'''Diodes:'''<br />
<br />
As covered before, diodes are simply one way gates that allow current flow in one direction. In circuit diagrams they will appear as an triangle, with one point pointing in the direction of current flow (remember that current "flows" from positive to negative, but electrons from negative to positive)<br />
<br />
So, given a simple circuit with a resistor, a power supply, and a diode, it is easy to tell if current flows through a diode or not.<br />
<br />
But what about more complex circuits?<br />
<br />
Well, what I like to do is to start out treating every diode as a conductor, thus, a short circuit. Then figure out the direction of circuit flow at each spot there is a diode. Every time you have current flowing in the opposite direction as a diode, start over with that diode as an open switch.<br />
<br />
'''Light Bulbs'''<br />
<br />
Well A light bulb is a simple device consisting of a filament resting upon or somehow attached to two wires. The wires and filament are conducting materials which allow charge to flow through them. One wire is connected to the ribbed sides of the bulb and the other is connected to the bottom of the base of the bulb. The ribbed edge and the bottom base are separated by an insulating material which prevents the direct flow of charge between the bottom base and the ribbed edge. The only pathway by which charge can make it from the ribbed edge to the bottom base or vice versa is the pathway which includes the wires and the filament. Charge can either enter the ribbed edge, make the pathway through the filament and exit out the bottom base; or it can enter the bottom base, make the pathway through the filament and exit out the ribbed edge. As such, there are two possible entry points and two corresponding exit points.<br />
<br />
'''The Requirement of a Closed Conducting Path'''<br />
<br />
There are two requirements which must be met to establish an electric circuit. The first is clearly demonstrated by the above activity. There must be a closed conducting path which extends from the positive terminal to the negative terminal. It is not enough that there is a closed connecting loop; the loop itself must extend from the positive terminal to the negative terminal of the electrochemical cell. An electric circuit is like a water circuit at a water park. The flow of charge through the wires is similar to the flow of water through the pipes and along the slides of the water park. If a pipe gets plugged or broken such that water cannot make a complete path through the circuit, then the flow of water will soon cease. In an electric circuit, all connections must be made and made by conducting materials capable of carrying charge. Metallic materials are conductors and can be inserted into the circuit to successfully light the bulb. There must be a closed conducting loop from the positive to the negative terminal in order to establish a circuit and to have a current.<br />
<br />
'''The Requirement of an Energy Supply'''<br />
<br />
The second requirement of an electric circuit that is common is that there must be an electric potential difference across the two ends of the circuit. This is most commonly established by the use of an electrochemical cell, a pack of cells, or some other energy source. It is essential that there is some source of energy capable of increasing the electric potential energy of a charge as it moves from the low energy terminal to the high energy terminal. As applied to electric circuits, the movement of a positive test charge through the cell from the low energy terminal to the high energy terminal is a movement against the electric field. This movement of charge demands that work be done on it in order to lift it up to the higher energy terminal. An electrochemical cell serves the useful role of supplying the energy to do work on the charge in order to pump it or move it through the cell from the negative to the positive terminal. By doing so, the cell establishes an electric potential difference across the two ends of the electric circuit.<br />
<br />
<br />
==Circuits Formulas==<br />
<br />
Ohm's Law (stated 3 different ways):<br />
<br />
<math>E = I \times R</math><br />
<br />
<math>I = \frac{E}{R}</math><br />
<br />
<math>R = \frac{E}{I}</math><br />
<br />
Power Formulas<br />
<br />
<math>P = I \times E</math><br />
<br />
<math>P = \frac{E^2}{R}</math><br />
<br />
<math>P = I^2 \times R</math><br />
<br />
===Series Circuits===<br />
<br />
<math>E_{total} = E_{1} + E_{2}.... + E_{n}</math><br />
<br />
<math>R_{total} = R_{1} + R_{2}.... + R_{n}</math><br />
<br />
<math>I_{total} = I_{1} = I_{2}.... = I_{n}</math><br />
<br />
<math>P_{total} = P_{1} + P_{2}.... + P_{n}</math><br />
<br />
====Circuit 1====<br />
[[image:SeriesResist-1.gif]]<br />
<br />
To learn everything about this circuit we can use a chart. Start by entering what we know:<br />
<br />
[[image:Series_1-1.gif]]<br />
<br />
Using the formula: R(total) = R1 + R2.... + Rn we can find the total resistance:<br />
<br />
[[image:Series_1-2.gif]]<br />
<br />
We can now use Ohm's Law in the form of I = E/R to find the total current in the circuit<br />
<br />
[[image:Series_1-3.gif]]<br />
<br />
From the formula: I(total) = I(R1) = I(R2).... = I(Rn) we can now determine the current in both resistors:<br />
<br />
[[image:Series_1-4.gif]]<br />
<br />
Lastly, we can use Ohm's Law E = I x R to find the voltage used by each of the resistors<br />
<br />
[[image:Series_1-5.gif]]<br />
<br />
Note: Power (P) is measured in Watts (W). The formula is: P = I x E<br />
<br />
====Circuit 2====<br />
<br />
[[image:SeriesResist-2.gif]]<br />
<br />
In Circuit 2 resistor #1 is increased to 9 ohms with all other parameters remaining the same. Calculate the values for this circuit just as in Circuit 1.<br />
Results are:<br />
<br />
[[image:Series_2.gif]]<br />
<br />
<br />
Note: The voltage used by resistor 1 increased and the voltage used by #2, the current and total power decreased.<br />
<br />
===Parallel Circuits===<br />
<br />
<math>E_{total} = E_{1} = E_{2}.... = E_{n}</math><br />
<br />
<math>I_{total} = I_{1} + I_{2}.... + I_{n}</math><br />
<br />
<math>R_{total} = \frac {1}{\frac{1}{R_{1}} + \frac{1}{R_{2}}.... + \frac{1}{R_{n}}}</math><br />
<br />
<math>P_{total} = P_{1} + P_{2}.... + P_{n}</math><br />
<br />
==Worksheets==<br />
[[Media:Circuits_-_Parallel_with_Ohms_Law.doc |Parrallel Circuits]]<br />
<br />
[[Media:Kirchoffs_Law.doc |Kirchoffs Law Worksheet]]<br />
<br />
[[Media:Combo_Circuits_Worksheet.doc |Combo Circuits]]<br />
<br />
[[Media:Circuits_Review.doc |Circuits Review]]<br />
<br />
[[Media:Transformers.doc |Transformers]]<br />
<br />
[[Media:Electric_Power_Energy.doc |Electrical Power]]<br />
<br />
<br />
[[Category:Event Resources]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Circuit_Lab_(Episodes)&diff=28894Circuit Lab (Episodes)2013-11-04T21:29:02Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: /* Episode I */ trying to "cleanup".</p>
<hr />
<div>{{Cleanup}}<br />
<br />
{{EventLinksBox<br />
|2009thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=17&t=403 2009]<br />
|2010tests=[http://scioly.org/wiki/2009_Test_Exchange#Shock_Value 2010]<br />
|2010thread=[http://scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=65&t=1278 2010]<br />
}}<br />
<br />
==Introduction==<br />
''Continuing with my trend of the two previous help threads, (which will be linked at the bottom for anyone interested) I've decided to write a new shocking guide. A guide to that energizing event, Circuit Lab. If you were at all like me when you got these rules, you might have screamed in shock. But fear not, my fellow shocked-in-the-fingers-friends, for I've prepared a few notes, definitions, and various helpful items that hopefully won't short circuit (I'll explain that later) your brain. -Zekebud''<br />
<br />
==Episode I==<br />
First of all, let's answer some questions for the completely new:<br />
<br />
'''-What is a 'circuit'?'''<br />
<br />
Let's take an example of a battery, for now. The battery has a positive (+) end, and a minus ( - ) end. When you touch a wire onto both ends of the battery at the same time, you have created a circuit. What just happened? Current flowed from one end of the battery to the other through your wire. Therefore, our definition of circuit can simply be a never-ending looped pathway for electrons (the battery counts as a pathway!).<br />
<br />
'''-But what's current? What are all these positive and minus things?'''<br />
<br />
This is the next thing we should understand: electron flow. What is an "electron?" To put it simply, an electron is an atomic particle which carries a negative charge. These electrons spin around the nucleus of an atom, which has a positive charge, and is located in the very center of the atom. The concept of "electricity" has to do with these electrons and with their "electron flow." Do you remember the example of our battery? This battery takes these negatively charged electrons from a chemical reaction inside the battery, pushes them out of the negative end of the battery, and into the wire. These electrons will then bump electrons in the atoms of the wire over and over until finally electrons arrive back at the positive end of the battery. Elements which allow this process of "bumping" those electrons on over determines how conductive the element is. So, when there's a current, it's just electrons bumping each other from atom to atom and flowing on.<br />
<br />
'''-Oh, I get it; you could just put a wire onto one end of a battery, and the electrons would still bump each other?'''<br />
<br />
No, you could not. As stated before, in our definition of the circuit, a continuous loop is required. But think about it scientifically: If you did attach the wire to only one end of the battery, where would the electrons go that got bumped to the opposite end of the wire? That is why there needs to be that continuous loop of wire: the electrons need somewhere to go.<br />
<br />
'''-Okay, I gotcha! I know about the flowing thing now, but what about all that "voltage," "resistance," and "ampere," stuff they're going to ask me on the circuit lab tests?'''<br />
<br />
To help everyone understand these 3 concepts, I'm going to use an example from sports.<br />
<br />
Imagine you are the coach of the New York Yankees baseball team. Aside from dealing with being the Devil on Earth, you also have to deal with keeping a winning team amidst the ever-so-polite New York fans and cutthroat media. You want to make your team the best it can be by focusing on 2 big things: scoring runs, and preventing runs. If you can do both of these, you'll be an awesome team, but no one is perfect. So naturally, you're going to have to choose one area to focus on.<br />
<br />
Say you want to score more runs; let's relate this to the concept of "amperes." The amount of runs you make is your score - the more you get the better your chance of winning. Similarly, amperes measure the amount of current you have flowing per second through an area: is it a lot, or a little bit?<br />
<br />
Now, if you want to win the game, you don't necessarily have to score a whole lot of runs, you just need to score more than your opponent. So, maybe your resistance to their scoring of runs will be high - and resistance to current flowing is also one of our important terms we need to know.<br />
<br />
Now, how do these concepts of amperes and resistance relate? If you multiply the resistance by the amperes, you have the voltage of a circuit (remember, we're always talking about circuits here, not on a baseball field). This relationship was discovered by Georg Simon Ohm, and it says, simply, that:<br />
<br />
<math>V = I \times R</math><br />
<br />
Or<br />
<br />
Voltage = Current times Resistance<br />
<br />
If you are having trouble, think back to the baseball example: you can have a high chance of winning (voltage) by either scoring a lot of runs (high current) or having good defense/pitching (resistance).<br />
<br />
'''-But I was the kid in Little League who kicked dirt in the outfield, and I just don't understand 'voltage'...'''<br />
<br />
As for voltage, it's definitely the hardest of the three concepts to understand. Some really smart guys call it "potential," other people use analogies of a water tank. The links at the bottom will explain all this juicy stuff to you: I, again, will develop my own analogy (I won't grill the Yankees this time). Have you ever pumped up a super-soaker in order to blast your little brother? If so, you'll be pleased to understand the next example.<br />
<br />
The harder you pump that super-soaker, the harder that stream is going to be when it comes out of the gun. You can think of voltage like that. Voltage is the potential for that water to go very quickly out of the gun: the more you pumped, putting more "voltage" in, the faster that water will go: but sometimes you will have a "multi-functioning" nozzle which even allows you to adjust that water speed even further. Suppose you're new at super-soakers and you don't have a steady arm to hold the gun, so you want the water to go out in a "wider" and "bigger" stream, you might change the nozzle to a bigger opening. What you've just done is changed the amount of space that the water is allowed to go through: the water is now given a much bigger space to flow through. The "voltage," or potential, of the water to go fast and give bruises is still high, but now you've taken away from it's hitting-power by spreading it out. Anyone see where this is going? The bigger your nozzle gets (think of it like the resistance), the smaller the hitting power (current (which is a speed in electricity too!)) is going to be.<br />
<br />
'''-Wow, the water example makes it easier to understand. So it's like if I can get one of those huge guns, with more "voltage," I might be able to get a lot more "amps" out of it (how hard it hits).'''<br />
<br />
If anyone is at all confused by these examples, it would be a good idea to read the links placed throughout the guide, in addition to the links at the bottom of this episode. Note that the analogies given are not perfect and have logical flaws, but I'm just trying to put a model for the relationship of voltage, amps, and current into your heads. If you already understand circuitry, this probably didn't help too much. I'll make a guide for you next, but first thing's first.<br />
<br />
#[[Solving Resistor Circuits]]<br />
#[http://www.allaboutcircuits.com/ Extensive Site about Circuits]<br />
#[http://www.seattlerobotics.org/guide/electronics.html "Really Basic Electronics"]<br />
#[http://www.answers.com/topic/analysis-of-resistive-circuits Analysis of resistive circuits] (this link is slightly more advanced)<br />
<br />
==Episode II==<br />
<br />
A little review, perhaps:<br />
<br />
The three concepts of Voltage, resistance, and current are all interrelated through this basic formula:<br />
<br />
V = I R<br />
<br />
or Voltage = Current times Resistance<br />
<br />
<br />
'''Okay, whatever Demosthenes, I don't really care, why do I have to learn this formula anyways? Like I care about this 'omg' guy or whoever he is.'''<br />
<br />
You have to learn Ohm's law because it helps you to 'analyze' circuits. That means you can use this law to find voltage, resistance, or current, if you have two of the three. Let's look at how to apply this formula:<br />
<br />
The application of this formula is pretty easy, once you get the hang of it. Basically, imagine a wire, a battery, and a resistor somewhere along the wire. If the battery has a voltage of 10 volts, and the resistor has a resistor of 30 ohms, you simply use Ohm's law to find the current:<br />
<br />
V= IR .....write your equation, so you know what you're doing here...<br />
<br />
10 volts = (I)(30 ohms) ...Set up the equation, plugging in the values....<br />
<br />
(10 volts)/(30 ohms) = I ...Divide both sides by '30 ohms' so that you can isolate the variable, I, or the current....<br />
<br />
10 volts/30 ohms = 1/3 amperes do out the math....fun!...<br />
<br />
'''But wait Demosthenes, what if they ask for voltage or resistance?'''<br />
<br />
Don't get scared, my young padawan. The equation can be set up so that no matter which two of the three variables you know, you can figure out the other one easily. Suppose there's a circuit with a 6 volt battery and 2 amps of current, how would you set that up? What's your answer? (You try it first, and see if it agrees with mine!!)<br />
<br />
Alright, let's see how you did:<br />
<br />
V = IR ....okay, first write out the equation so you know what you're doing<br />
<br />
R = (V)/(I) .....Manipulate the equation so you have the two knowns on one side<br />
<br />
R = 6 volts / 2 amps ....Plug in the values<br />
<br />
R = 3 ohms ....solve by dividing 6 by 2.<br />
<br />
Here are the 3 general forms of the law you'll need to know:<br />
<br />
*V = IR <br />
*R = V/I <br />
*I = V/R<br />
<br />
Whichever value you're searching for, simply make that the 'lone' variable, then plug in the values, and see what you get. Pretty simple.<br />
<br />
There's some nice little quiz questions at the bottom of the page in the following link which you can test yourself further with...<br />
<br />
[http://www.seattlerobotics.org/guide/electronics.html Go to the bottom...there's questions and answers there!]<br />
<br />
[http://library.thinkquest.org/10784/circuit_symbols.html A Guide to Electric Symbols]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
==Episode III==<br />
<br />
Let's consider the 'series' and 'parallel' concepts that were mentioned, because they are vitally important.<br />
<br />
We have gone over how to calculate Ohm's law in basic circuits, with one resistor, but suppose we have a circuit with multiple resistors. How would the calculation of resistance work?<br />
<br />
This is a very important question - because no circuit you'll encounter is going to have just one component. Before we figure out how to calculate, however, we need to look into the concept of components in 'series' and components in 'parallel.'<br />
<br />
I have no visual way of showing you how these circuits look on here, so I will refer you to a website for all of the diagrams. [http://www.eng.cam.ac.uk/DesignOffice/mdp/electric_web/DC/DC_5.html Series + Parallel Circuits]<br />
<br />
Okay, now, looking at this website, we quickly see two diagrams. The first is a series circuit - all of the components are connected in one line, one direct path, from one end of the battery to the other.<br />
<br />
The second circuit is a parallel circuit - there are different ways for the current to go from one end of the battery to the other.<br />
<br />
Understanding these two things is crucial - because we must recognize whether or not components are 'in series' or 'in parallel' with each other in order to make the correct mathematical calculations. I suggest to all reading this chapter - it is ON POINT with what you need to know for Circuit Lab.<br />
<br />
I'll assume that the earlier concepts are understood, and move on to the mathematics part.<br />
<br />
To calculate the total resistance of two resistors in series is quite easy - you simply add the resistance of all the resistors in series, and you get the total resistance.<br />
<br />
For parallel circuits, however, you can find the inverse of the total resistance by adding the inverse of the resistors in parallel together. This is shown by this formula:<br />
<br />
<math>(1/R_T)=(1/R_1)+(1/R_2)+(1/R_N...)</math><br />
<br />
From this formula, we can solve for a direct formula for resistance in parallel.<br />
<br />
<math>R_{total} = \frac {1}{\frac{1}{R_{1}} + \frac{1}{R_{2}}.... + \frac{1}{R_{n}}}</math><br />
<br />
It sounds confusing here, yes, but simply look through this chapter and it will become more clear to you.<br />
<br />
Here are some questions for you, from me, and if you want, you can email me your answers and I will check them for you:<br />
<br />
1. What is the total resistance of two 3 ohm resistors which are in parallel? What would the current be in this circuit if there is a 6 volt battery?<br />
<br />
2. What is the total resistance of three 2 ohm resistors which are in series? What would the voltage of the power source be if the current is 3 amps?<br />
<br />
3. What is the total resistance of two 1 ohm resistors in series, and two 2 ohm resistors in parallel? What would the current flow be if there was a 12 volt battery powering the circuit?<br />
<br />
==Episode IV==<br />
<br />
Okay, we've been talking a lot about resistors - but we don't even know what one looks like yet. [http://www.bsimotors.com/resistor.jpg The Mighty Resistor]<br />
<br />
There you have it - pretty simple eh? It's just a piece of metal, and the piece in the center there is what provides the resistance.<br />
<br />
But if you think about resistance - remember we said it was the force against the flow of the electrons - you must realize an important concept.<br />
<br />
Resistors release heat....Don't worry, I'll explain.<br />
<br />
Imagine our electrons - merrily flowing along the wire, pushing new electrons to flow on, and so on. This wire is not very hard to flow in - it's made of a material that's very conductive. But what would happen if we placed something in the middle of the wire that was harder for the electrons to flow through? They're going to be bumping into all the atoms in the material, which will cause the atoms to vibrate. This, in turn, will cause nearby air molecules to take some energy.<br />
<br />
That energy is in the form of heat. Where did it come from again? From the electrons bumping into atoms inside the resistor.<br />
<br />
But, if you think about this even further, wires are matter too - they have atoms. So you can't say that these are perfect conductors either - because they aren't.<br />
<br />
Have you ever wondered why the US government wouldn't just put a bunch of solar panels out in New Mexico, Nevada, and Arizona, then ship the electricity everywhere and make it cheaper for us all? The reason is that electrons can't flow in wires for a really long distance without losing a lot of energy. There's just too many atoms along the way; the amount of energy lost is going to be huge.<br />
<br />
That's something very important to realize - and the rules sheet also tells us to pay attention to that.<br />
<br />
Despite this, during our calculations with Ohm's Law, we usually disregard wire resistance, because in small circuits the amount of heat energy lost is negligible. However, it's still important to consider.<br />
<br />
And what about batteries, the sources of the power which are required for our lovely event? [http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/83/Four_AA_batteries.jpg/250px-Four_AA_batteries.jpg Batteries!] *cue angel choir music*<br />
<br />
Believe it or not - these aren't perfectly efficient either (what kind of world is this?)! The resistance in batteries is also a topic to understand for Circuit Lab. First, let's examine what a battery actually is.<br />
<br />
A battery works by producing an excess of electrons through a kind of chemical reaction known as a 'redox' reaction. Basically, without jargon - you have some chemicals inside the battery, they react together, and their reaction creates electrons (we're not concerned with chemistry here, but circuitry). The resistance in a battery comes through the chemicals' ability to react smoothly, and the 'electrode's' ability to get the electrons out smoothly.<br />
<br />
In a newer battery, this is not a problem. It is just with older batteries that we find serious internal resistance problems.<br />
<br />
These explanations were not meant to have you become the master of science - I just wanted to touch upon some things, because the event rules do. These are some of the more advanced things in the rules - and I'm not looking to explain that in this guide. For further explanations, see the following websites:<br />
<br />
[http://www.glenbrook.k12.il.us/gbssci/phys/class/circuits/u9l3b.html Resistance]<br />
<br />
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_resistance Wikipedia guide to Resistance]<br />
<br />
[http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/dccircon.html#c1 Another good site]<br />
<br />
==Episode V==<br />
<br />
Voltage Drops and POWER!<br />
<br />
Okay guys, we should all have a firm grasp on our three basic concepts - V, I, and R. Now let's talk about some things that happen in a circuit with these numbers.<br />
<br />
[[Image:Battery20and20Resistor.gif]]<br />
<br />
Take a look at this circuit - the voltage of the battery is 9 volts, the resistor has a resistance of 100 ohms, so by Ohm's Law, the people who made the picture know that...<br />
<br />
9 volts / 100 ohms = A<br />
<br />
A = .09 amps<br />
<br />
The thing to understand about current - it is ALWAYS the same everywhere you go in a circuit. Before the resistor -- .09 amps. After the resistor -- .09 amps. In Canada -- .09 amps. Always the same!<br />
<br />
However, voltage at different points in a circuit is NOT the same. Remember that we said voltage is a measure of 'potential energy,' think of it as the amount of push is behind the electrons to push them forward. So there's 9 volts of push before the resistor - the battery is giving those electrons a real shove.<br />
<br />
But, now you have a resistor in the way - it's like trying to bike up a hill. It was easy at first, you were giving the same amount of push to go at, say 10 mph, but to continue to go that speed (think of it as amps), you need to increase the effort. You're going to be tired coming off the hill.<br />
<br />
Now, relate that back to voltage drops with resistors - as the current goes past a resistor, it has LESS potential to push it along, because some was lost in going through the resistor.<br />
<br />
Just the exact amount of voltage lost can be calculated using Ohm's Law: just take the current at the resistor, and the resistance of each resistor, multiply them, and you have the voltage drop.<br />
<br />
Take this [http://www.allaboutcircuits.com/vol_1/chpt_6/1.html example] and I will help you through it.<br />
<br />
There are three resistors, each with different resistance values. If you remember our rule about adding series resistors, you can just add all three values together to the get the resistance over the whole circuit. Now, you've added these values, and you know the voltage for the whole circuit, so using Ohm's Law, find the current by dividing voltage by resistance.<br />
<br />
Next, use the rule as I stated above to find the voltage drop for each resistor (if you did it right, it should add up to 45 volts).<br />
<br />
Now what about POWER (I capitalized it just because it looks cooler that way)?<br />
<br />
Well, power's a pretty easy concept : to calculate the power of a circuit, just multiply the voltage and the current.<br />
<br />
P = IV<br />
<br />
==Episode VI==<br />
<br />
A lot of people have state competitions coming up, so I'm going to broaden things up, make sure everything is covered, and definitely go over all the things we've learned in a big Circuit Lab review sheet!<br />
<br />
'''Circuit Lab Review Sheet'''<br />
<br />
'''Electron Flow''' = Electricity is really just electrons flowing from one atom to another in a long chain of molecules in a material. Some materials allow this easily (conductors) and other materials don't really allow this (insulators). Some materials can function both ways, such as Silicon (semi-conductors).<br />
<br />
'''Voltage [(E) or (V)]'''= A measure of 'potential energy' in electrical circuits. This is a measure of how much 'push' is behind the electrons to slide from atom to atom.<br />
<br />
'''Current [(I) or (A)'''] = The actual measure of how many electrons are whizzing by a certain spot per second. Basically, this tells you how much flowing is going on in a circuit.<br />
<br />
'''Resistance (R)'''= Resistance is the force that tries to slow down current, such as friction tries to slow a car down when it travels.<br />
<br />
'''Ohm's Law''' - V=IR. This is by far the most useful equation that you will need in this event. Using this formula, you will be able to derive one value if you know the other two.<br />
<br />
'''Power (P)''' = Power can be calculated by multiplying voltage (V) and Current (I) together. In other words, P=IV. This calculation is useful for telling you, for instance, how much heat is dissipated by a resistor (that means power can tell you how much heat is created by the 'electrical friction' of resistance).<br />
<br />
'''Series Components''' - This connections are when a component in a circuit has a DIRECT link to the other component. If you were to take your finger and move it along the line in the drawing of the circuit, there should be only ONE way to go if the components are in series.<br />
<br />
'''Parallel Components''' - These components are essentially 'branches' from one main power line. To find out whether or not components are in parallel, try starting from the battery, tracing along the circuit. Are there multiple paths you can take in the circuit? This will give you some parallel components.<br />
<br />
'''"Conventional Current Flow" vs. "Electron Flow"''' - This has to do with how circuit diagrams are interpreted. Now, remember we said that electrons are 'flowing' in the wires? The question here deals with : Do they 'flow' from the positive end of the battery, or the negative end of the battery?<br />
<br />
Conventional current flow, devised by Benjamin Franklin, has the moving particles (later called electrons) positively charged. Therefore, this concept holds that electrons flowed out of the positive end of the battery. Electron flow, on the other hand, deals with the ACTUAL route of the electrons - being negatively charged particles, they go through the negative end of the battery! They then flow around the whole circuit, la la la, and arrive back at the positive end. Capeesh?<br />
<br />
'''RC Time Constant''' - Don't get scared by this - RC stands for 'resistor-capacitor.' What this value is is how long it takes, in seconds, for a capacitor to be charged to 63.2 percent full charge OR 36.8% of its initial voltage. Don't get scared by this - just know that a capacitor can store charge, and you know what a resistor is. They're not going to slam you on this, just be familiar with what that term means.<br />
<br />
'''Diode''' - this is a circuit component, and basically it's an electrical gate. It allows current to flow one way through it, but not the other way. An example is the Light Emitting Diode (LED).<br />
<br />
'''Solar Cells''' - These use beams of light to create electricity (You may notice one on the calculator you're using to do your Ohm's Law calculations). The most common kind is the 'photovoltaic cell,' and basically these use semi-conductors to generate a current flow out of some spare energy hitting them. You might look into 'n-type silicon' and 'p-type' silicon for further reading on this concept...<br />
<br />
'''DC motors''' - DC motors are little motors that take an electric current and spin really fast. Some can spin as fast as 8000 revolutions per minute! They spin because electricity flowing in the motor creates a magnetic field which pushes the motor output in spins really quickly.<br />
<br />
'''Multimeters, Voltimeters, Ammeters, etc''' - These are all devices used to measure values in a circuit such as 'voltage' 'amperage' 'resistance' 'capacitance' etc. Try to get your hands on one of these and familiarize yourself with how it works<br />
<br />
'''Resistance Color Code on Resistors''' - There's a [http://wiki.xtronics.com/index.php/Resistor_Codes table] you have to memorize to help you find out how much a resistor is worth in ohms of resistance....<br />
<br />
I'd say if your state competition is coming up, memorize those terms up there, familiarize yourself with all the SI electrical units, and familiarize yourself with a multimeter. If you do all that stuff you should be able to get through most of any test!<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
==Episode VII==<br />
<br />
Having trouble with '''capacitors'''?<br />
<br />
Think about them this way: a capacitor is just something that 'holds a charge.'<br />
<br />
If you look on online guides for capacitors, they might say something like 'a capacitor is two metal plates that use electrostatic fields to store a charge of electricity.'<br />
<br />
What the heck?:-?<br />
<br />
I am going to clarify this for you. First of all, look at this [http://groups.physics.umn.edu/demo/electricity/5F3010.html movie] to get an idea of what a capacitor does.<br />
<br />
I will take you through, step by step, what happens in that movie.<br />
<br />
1. At the beginning of the movie, the switch has not been thrown, there is no charge anywhere in the circuit except in the battery. It can't flow out of the battery because it has no where to go! It will take the closing of the switch for it to flow somewhere.<br />
<br />
2.Immediately when the switch is thrown, you see the light bulb come on full blast. The current runs through that light bulb, whose filament is a RESISTOR (this ties back to the RC constant we talked about earlier). All of this current wants to go somewhere: that place ends up being the capacitor. This is called the 'charging' of a capacitor.<br />
<br />
'''--But Demosthenes, what happens to the current when it 'goes to the capacitor?''''<br />
Well, good question. You might remember that electrons are negatively charged, right? So, wherever there is an abundance of them, there will be a negative charge. What a capacitor does is take a whole lot of electrons onto one of it's sides, building up a big electric charge there, due to its' relationship to the battery (the end of the capacitor that's connected to the negative end of the battery will be negative!)<br />
<br />
This negative charge building up on the capacitor can NOT go across the capacitor - don't be confused about this. The electrons literally just sit there - they are STORED there. That is the beauty of capacitors: using the attraction of the negative plate and the positive plate, the electrons can literally stay where they are for a very long time.<br />
<br />
3. This ability for capacitors to store charge is seen as the switch is closed. You might ask 'well, Demosthenes, how does the light bulb continue to light up even after the battery is removed from the circuit?' Good question, once again, my rhetorical friend.<br />
<br />
When the switch is flipped, the only two things to be considered in the new circuit are the capacitor and the light bulb, in series with one another. This capacitor stored a charge from earlier on - the electrons are still sitting there. They are waiting for a chance, once the 'pressure' of the voltage of the battery is gone, to flow back to the other side of the capacitor and make everything neutral and happy. (Note: the reason the electrons stayed on the plate before is because the battery was PUSHING them there. The capacitor was fully charged when the battery didn't have enough push to put even more electrons on the negative plate).<br />
<br />
So, what you have in this third step is electrons rushing off the negative plate, through the light bulb, and onto the positive plate. That is called the 'discharging' of a capacitor.<br />
<br />
So, now, let's get back to the RC time constant. When the capacitor is either 63.2 percent fully charged, or 36.8 percent discharged, we say that this is 'one rc'.<br />
<br />
Don't get scared by the 'one rc constant' language. A constant is just a number - and RC refers to resistance times capitance. RC = t! remember that! this is a time value, which is different for each capacitor (which has a different C value) and a different resistor (which has a different resistance!).<br />
<br />
That video is so telling. Everyone who is confused must watch it multiple times. The best way to learn a hard concept like this is to see it in action : and this video is very good for showing this concept of capacitors.<br />
<br />
Good luck on capacitors, all!<br />
<br />
'''Diodes:'''<br />
<br />
As covered before, diodes are simply one way gates that allow current flow in one direction. In circuit diagrams they will appear as an triangle, with one point pointing in the direction of current flow (remember that current "flows" from positive to negative, but electrons from negative to positive)<br />
<br />
So, given a simple circuit with a resistor, a power supply, and a diode, it is easy to tell if current flows through a diode or not.<br />
<br />
But what about more complex circuits?<br />
<br />
Well, what I like to do is to start out treating every diode as a conductor, thus, a short circuit. Then figure out the direction of circuit flow at each spot there is a diode. Every time you have current flowing in the opposite direction as a diode, start over with that diode as an open switch.<br />
<br />
'''Light Bulbs'''<br />
<br />
Well A light bulb is a simple device consisting of a filament resting upon or somehow attached to two wires. The wires and filament are conducting materials which allow charge to flow through them. One wire is connected to the ribbed sides of the bulb and the other is connected to the bottom of the base of the bulb. The ribbed edge and the bottom base are separated by an insulating material which prevents the direct flow of charge between the bottom base and the ribbed edge. The only pathway by which charge can make it from the ribbed edge to the bottom base or vice versa is the pathway which includes the wires and the filament. Charge can either enter the ribbed edge, make the pathway through the filament and exit out the bottom base; or it can enter the bottom base, make the pathway through the filament and exit out the ribbed edge. As such, there are two possible entry points and two corresponding exit points.<br />
<br />
'''The Requirement of a Closed Conducting Path'''<br />
<br />
There are two requirements which must be met to establish an electric circuit. The first is clearly demonstrated by the above activity. There must be a closed conducting path which extends from the positive terminal to the negative terminal. It is not enough that there is a closed connecting loop; the loop itself must extend from the positive terminal to the negative terminal of the electrochemical cell. An electric circuit is like a water circuit at a water park. The flow of charge through the wires is similar to the flow of water through the pipes and along the slides of the water park. If a pipe gets plugged or broken such that water cannot make a complete path through the circuit, then the flow of water will soon cease. In an electric circuit, all connections must be made and made by conducting materials capable of carrying charge. Metallic materials are conductors and can be inserted into the circuit to successfully light the bulb. There must be a closed conducting loop from the positive to the negative terminal in order to establish a circuit and to have a current.<br />
<br />
'''The Requirement of an Energy Supply'''<br />
<br />
The second requirement of an electric circuit that is common is that there must be an electric potential difference across the two ends of the circuit. This is most commonly established by the use of an electrochemical cell, a pack of cells, or some other energy source. It is essential that there is some source of energy capable of increasing the electric potential energy of a charge as it moves from the low energy terminal to the high energy terminal. As applied to electric circuits, the movement of a positive test charge through the cell from the low energy terminal to the high energy terminal is a movement against the electric field. This movement of charge demands that work be done on it in order to lift it up to the higher energy terminal. An electrochemical cell serves the useful role of supplying the energy to do work on the charge in order to pump it or move it through the cell from the negative to the positive terminal. By doing so, the cell establishes an electric potential difference across the two ends of the electric circuit.<br />
<br />
<br />
==Circuits Formulas==<br />
<br />
Ohm's Law (stated 3 different ways):<br />
<br />
<math>E = I \times R</math><br />
<br />
<math>I = \frac{E}{R}</math><br />
<br />
<math>R = \frac{E}{I}</math><br />
<br />
Power Formulas<br />
<br />
<math>P = I \times E</math><br />
<br />
<math>P = \frac{E^2}{R}</math><br />
<br />
<math>P = I^2 \times R</math><br />
<br />
===Series Circuits===<br />
<br />
<math>E_{total} = E_{1} + E_{2}.... + E_{n}</math><br />
<br />
<math>R_{total} = R_{1} + R_{2}.... + R_{n}</math><br />
<br />
<math>I_{total} = I_{1} = I_{2}.... = I_{n}</math><br />
<br />
<math>P_{total} = P_{1} + P_{2}.... + P_{n}</math><br />
<br />
====Circuit 1====<br />
[[image:SeriesResist-1.gif]]<br />
<br />
To learn everything about this circuit we can use a chart. Start by entering what we know:<br />
<br />
[[image:Series_1-1.gif]]<br />
<br />
Using the formula: R(total) = R1 + R2.... + Rn we can find the total resistance:<br />
<br />
[[image:Series_1-2.gif]]<br />
<br />
We can now use Ohm's Law in the form of I = E/R to find the total current in the circuit<br />
<br />
[[image:Series_1-3.gif]]<br />
<br />
From the formula: I(total) = I(R1) = I(R2).... = I(Rn) we can now determine the current in both resistors:<br />
<br />
[[image:Series_1-4.gif]]<br />
<br />
Lastly, we can use Ohm's Law E = I x R to find the voltage used by each of the resistors<br />
<br />
[[image:Series_1-5.gif]]<br />
<br />
Note: Power (P) is measured in Watts (W). The formula is: P = I x E<br />
<br />
====Circuit 2====<br />
<br />
[[image:SeriesResist-2.gif]]<br />
<br />
In Circuit 2 resistor #1 is increased to 9 ohms with all other parameters remaining the same. Calculate the values for this circuit just as in Circuit 1.<br />
Results are:<br />
<br />
[[image:Series_2.gif]]<br />
<br />
<br />
Note: The voltage used by resistor 1 increased and the voltage used by #2, the current and total power decreased.<br />
<br />
===Parallel Circuits===<br />
<br />
<math>E_{total} = E_{1} = E_{2}.... = E_{n}</math><br />
<br />
<math>I_{total} = I_{1} + I_{2}.... + I_{n}</math><br />
<br />
<math>R_{total} = \frac {1}{\frac{1}{R_{1}} + \frac{1}{R_{2}}.... + \frac{1}{R_{n}}}</math><br />
<br />
<math>P_{total} = P_{1} + P_{2}.... + P_{n}</math><br />
<br />
==Worksheets==<br />
[[Media:Circuits_-_Parallel_with_Ohms_Law.doc |Parrallel Circuits]]<br />
<br />
[[Media:Kirchoffs_Law.doc |Kirchoffs Law Worksheet]]<br />
<br />
[[Media:Combo_Circuits_Worksheet.doc |Combo Circuits]]<br />
<br />
[[Media:Circuits_Review.doc |Circuits Review]]<br />
<br />
[[Media:Transformers.doc |Transformers]]<br />
<br />
[[Media:Electric_Power_Energy.doc |Electrical Power]]<br />
<br />
<br />
[[Category:Event Resources]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Talk:Experimental_Design&diff=28893Talk:Experimental Design2013-11-04T21:19:29Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>You have to make sure your hypothesis and conclusion exactly follow the topic. Not doing so is a fatal mistake.<br />
<br />
[[Category:Talk Pages]]<br />
<br />
I think Sir Navigator has done works to the Common Strategies section, and I call on the wikimods to remove the cleanup tag. Because it feels good when it's gone. Otherwise I'd like to keep cleaning up if there's still stuff to be done there. [[User:Knittingfrenzy18|Knittingfrenzy18]] ([[User talk:Knittingfrenzy18|talk]]) 15:19, 4 November 2013 (CST)</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Herpetology&diff=28892Herpetology2013-11-04T21:16:15Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: I don't see much cleanup to be done here. Just some 1st person in the first paragraph. retag cleanup if needed.</p>
<hr />
<div>'''Herpetology''' deals with the identification and life science of different specimens of amphibians and reptiles.<br />
<br />
This article mainly deals with the life science portion of this event, as identification is a skill that is best learned on your own. While [[Field Guides|field guides]] may help with learning how to ID specimens, different techniques for ID and different studying methods will work for different people.<br />
<br />
The official taxonomy list used for this event is posted [http://www.soinc.org/events/herpetology on soinc.org].<br />
<br />
==Introduction to Herpetology==<br />
===Amphibians VS Reptiles===<br />
While most amphibians are tied to water throughout their lives, reptiles of many species generally entirely terrestrial. The adaptational differences of each represent this difference.<br />
<br />
{| class="wikitable" style="width:75%; height:50px" border="1"<br />
|-<br />
! <br />
! Amphibian<br />
! Reptile<br />
|-<br />
| Eggs<br />
| Moist and spongy exterior<br />
| Tough and leathery outer shell<br />
|-<br />
| Skin<br />
| Moist glandular skin<br />
| Keratinized, rough skin/scales<br />
|-<br />
| Reproduction<br />
| External generally<br />
| Internal generally<br />
|-<br />
| Origin<br />
| Lobe-finned fishes<br />
| Amphibians<br />
|-<br />
| Feet<br />
| Often webbed, without claws<br />
| Clawed, less often webbed<br />
|-<br />
| Respiration<br />
| Lungs, skin, and/or gills<br />
| Lungs, skin in rare cases.<br />
|}<br />
<br />
===Internal Anatomy===<br />
'''Circulatory System:''' consists of two loops.<br />
*Pulmonary loop - from heart to lungs and back<br />
*Systemic loop - from heart to body tissues and back<br />
<br />
Hearts in all herps other than crocodiles consists of two atria and one ventricle somewhat divided by a septum. Contraction of heart keeps oxygenated and deoxygenated blood separate even though ventricle isn't completely divided. n crocodiles, two atria and ventricles exist. <br />
<br />
There are two main ways in which adult amphibians respire:<br />
*Pulmonary respiration - breathing through lung by positive-pressure breathing<br />
*Cutaneous respiration - respiration through the skin<br />
<br />
'''Nervous System:''' brain is similarly sized (relatively) in amphibians and reptiles.<br />
<br />
In reptiles, the cerebrum (used for controlling behavior) is larger than amphibians. Optic lobes are also large, due to the fact that many reptiles rely on sight for hunting. Some reptiles and amphibians have nictitating membrane which is a transparent,movable membrane that covers the eyes allowing them to see with their 'eyelids' closed.<br />
<br />
Hearing is also important. Sound waves heat the tympanum and then are transferred to the inner ear through the columella. Snakes lack a tympanum and are effectively deaf. They are however able to sense vibrations caused by sound through a touch. They detect these ground vibrations which are transferred to columella by the bones of jaw.<br />
<br />
The Jacobson's organ is an extra sense organ in the roof of the mouth of reptiles. This organ is used to detect scents in the air. Reptiles use their forked tongue to gather chemicals from the environment and transfer it to the back of their mouth. These scent chemicals are then analyzed by the brain to find prey by using the two segments of the forked tongue independently gathering scent, and determining in the brain the direction of the scent through the sensitivity on each fork. While reptiles can smell with their nostrils, the jacobson organ is vastly more sensitive and important.<br />
<br />
Another 'sixth' sense is present in pit vipers. A heat-sensitive pit beneath eyes allows the snake to detect heat. This allows them to locate warm blooded prey instantly in any light.<br />
<br />
===Reproduction===<br />
Fertilization - the joining of egg and sperm<br />
*Internal Fertilization - fertilized within female's reproductive tract<br />
*External Fertilizaqion - fertilized outside body <br />
<br />
Reptilian Patterns of Reproduction - division of reproduction methods by how long eggs stay within female and in how eggs are provided with nutrition<br />
*Oviparity - female's tract encloses egg in tough shell which is then deposited <br />
*Ovovivoparity - eggs retained in female's body before being either laid shortly before hatching or hatching within body<br />
*Viviparity - shell is not formed around egg and young mature in female's body; nutrients often delivered by placenta<br />
<br />
===Behavior===<br />
Many behavioral aspects of reptiles and amphibians are due to their thermoregulation strategies. Each of these species are ectotherms (cold-blooded and gaining heat from environment rather than metabolism). This energy saving strategy leads to several behavioral adaptations.<br />
*Activity - Many ectotherms have optimum temperatures of function (due to the optimum temperatures of enzymes), this results in many organisms in cooler habitats being most active in midday and many organisms in desert habitats to be more nocturnal. The other pros and cons of diurnal/nocturnal are listed below.<br />
Other reasons to be diurnal include easier sight and communication as well as more common prey in some habitats. Reasons to be nocturnal include less competition for food and fewer predators in some habitats.<br />
<br />
*Aestivation - During cold or dry seasons, some organisms 'hibernate' in order to retain energy. <br />
<br />
Other aspects of behavior good for review are mating rituals, how they interact with other organisms (aggressive or passive), and how they obtain food.<br />
<br />
===Conservation===<br />
Populations of various reptiles have diminished for several reasons. First of all is their (or their eggs) use as food in many cultures. (Snapping Turtle soup is actually quite tasty.) "Rattlesnake roundups" have occured in some states as recreational activities. Snakes are gathered to be killed by visitors who do so in belief that killing snakes protect public. Every year in Sweetwater, Texas, about 1% of the entire rattlesnake population of Texas is slaughtered. Some attendees claim that this is justified due to the fact that they collect venom, however the venom is useless for most any research as it is not collected in a sterile environment. Some are also gathered for use as folk medicine. Snake venom has use in medical research. Habitat destruction is also hurting various populations. <br />
<br />
Amphibian populations have been mysteriously declining for several years. There are several proposed reasons for this decrease. Some believe thinning of the ozone layer increases the amount of UV B radiation that reaches sensitive eggs, embryos, and larvae causing them to die. Herbicides, pesticides, and fertilizers also have killed amphibians when interfering with their natural hormones. Habitat destruction and disease have also lead to a large amount of decrease in population.<br />
<br />
One of the largest threats to anurans (frogs and toads) is a lethal fungal infection that has been expanding in prevalence and range in recent year. This disease know as chrytridiomycosis is caused by the chrytid fungus ''Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis.'' The disease is thought to increase in range with global warming. This disease is responsible for large numbers of frog death, and are among the leading causes of the extinction of several frog species, and possible more to come.<br />
<br />
==Helpful Hints==<br />
1) If they allow a field guide, make your own, and know where everything in it is.<br />
<br />
2) Be able to identify quickly, you should be able to do most if not all identification without resources.<br />
<br />
3) Do not rely on your field guide, memorize as much as you can.<br />
<br />
4) Make flashcards or online quizzes to study.<br />
<br />
5) Put post-it flags in your field guide to get to major sections easily.<br />
<br />
6) Print out diagrams and helpful pictures if needed, and put them into your field guide.<br />
<br />
7) Know where everything is in your field guide, as this will be much quicker than jumping to the index and searching for the page.<br />
<br />
8) Some field guides will only have the Western specimens and some will only have the Northeastern. Be sure that you know both Western and Northeastern specimens, along with Central.<br />
<br />
== Reference==<br />
*Audubon guide<br />
*Peterson guide<br />
<br />
==Day of the Event==<br />
First of all, do not panic. Panicking will only make you go slower and cause unnecessary mistakes. Make sure that both you and your partner are calm and relaxed, confident, and ready to blow away your competition. Bring two pencils and pens, just in case. Make sure you don't speak loudly, talk in hushed tones or whispers. Write neatly and legibly. Be 100% sure that the station you're on is the station you are writing answers for on your answer sheet. Do not spend more than half of the time trying to identify the specimen, go on to the questions and try to figure them out logically. <br />
<br />
==Sample Questions==<br />
<br />
[[File:Iguana.PNG]]<br />
<br />
1. Identify the family and genus of this lizard<br />
<br />
2. What kind of teeth does this species of lizards have?<br />
<br />
3. Are these lizards principally herbivores or carnivores?<br />
<br />
[[File:Whiptail.PNG]]<br />
<br />
1. Identify the family and genus of this lizard<br />
<br />
2. What is unique about the way certain species of this lizard produce?<br />
<br />
3. What do these lizards eat?<br />
<br />
==Links==<br />
* [http://edtech.kennesaw.edu/web/reptiles.html Amphibians and Reptiles]<br />
* [http://worms.zoology.wisc.edu/frogs/mainmenu.html Amphibians]<br />
* [http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/frogquiz/ Frog Call Quiz]<br />
* [http://tolweb.org/tree/ Detailed Information on Limited Taxa]<br />
* [http://cnah.org/ Versatile Resource]<br />
* [http://www.californiaherps.com/index.html Good for Identification Quizzes]<br />
* [http://www.exploratorium.edu/frogs/ Frogs]<br />
* [http://www.pca.state.mn.us/kids/froglinks.html Frog Links]<br />
* [http://www.awesomelibrary.org/Classroom/Science/Biology/Amphibians.html More Frogs]<br />
* [http://www.naturesound.com/frogs/frogs.html Frogs: Colors & Sounds]<br />
* [http://newyorkscioly.org/SOPages/Events/Amphibians-Herpetology.html NY Coaches Conference]<br />
* [http://scioly.org/wiki/2009_Test_Exchange#Amphibians_.26_Reptiles Scioly Test Exchange Amps and Reps Tests ]<br />
* [http://scioly.org/wiki/2009_Test_Exchange#Herpetology Scioly Test Exchange Herpetology tests ]<br />
<br />
{{Living ID}}<br />
<br />
[[Category:Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Study Event Pages]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Wheeled_Vehicle&diff=28891Wheeled Vehicle2013-11-04T21:09:58Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: maybe not outdated anymore? put it back if still.</p>
<hr />
<div>{{EventLinksBox<br />
|active=Yes<br />
|type=Engineering<br />
|cat=Build<br />
|2014gallery=[http://gallery.scioly.org/thumbnails.php?album=10 Image Gallery]<br />
|2014thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=168&t=4980 2014]<br />
|B Champion=<br />
}}<br />
'''Wheeled Vehicle''' is a physics event in which students must construct a vehicle powered only by a non-metallic elastic solid device. The participants must be able to adjust the vehicle to travel a specified distance as chosen by the event supervisor as fast, as straight, and as accurately as possible.<br />
<br />
==Event Description==<br />
Prior to the event, competitors must design, build, and test a vehicle which is only powered by a non-metallic, elastic material.<br />
<br />
At the competition, the event supervisor will announce a track distance between 7 and 11 meters after impound is complete. The exact distance will be in different intervals for different levels of competition (see below). Competitors will be given a total time of 8 minutes to set up their vehicle and give it two runs. The vehicle must be triggered by actuating a release mechanism with a pencil supplied by the event supervisor.<br />
<br />
==Basic Construction Parameters==<br />
*The vehicle should be designed to travel between 7 and 11 meters and stay inside a 1.00 meter wide lane.<br />
*''All'' energy used to propel the vehicle must be stored in a non-metallic, elastic device.<br />
*The distance between the front and back axles must not exceed 70 cm.<br />
*The width of the vehicle must not exceed 30 cm.<br />
*The vehicle must have a 1/4 inch wooden dowel attached to the front of the vehicle. This dowel serves as a measurement point for distance to the line, and also a method to trigger the photogate system (if used by the event supervisor).<br />
<br />
The calibration intervals include:<br />
Regionals: 1.00 meter (100 cm)<br />
States: 0.50 meters (50 cm)<br />
Nationals: 0.10 meters (10 cm)<br />
<br />
For more detailed rule clarifications see:[http://www.soinc.org/events/wheeledveh/index.htm]<br />
<br />
==Designs==<br />
The two main parts of your design will be the energy mechanism and the braking system.<br />
<br />
Body design is also important-do you want a lightweight, easy to move car, or perhaps something in the middle that won't do a wheelie as easily, or maybe something ridiculously heavy, powered by a very strong elastic solid? Most teams choose to go as light as possible. Try to find ways to shave down weight where you can.<br />
<br />
===Elastic Energy Mechanisms=== <br />
Some of the popular energy mechanisms are:<br />
<br />
*rubber bands<br />
*fishing poles<br />
*carbon fiber poles<br />
*bungee cords<br />
<br />
These can be harnessed in many ways, such as a string wrapped around an axle, and the elastic unwrapping the string.<br />
<br />
===Braking Mechanism===<br />
You will need a braking mechanism, so you can accurately stop. Here are some things to think about:<br />
<br />
#It has got to be accurate, and adjustable on-site, when you hear the distance of the track<br />
#Somewhat simple so that there's not a whole lot of room for error <br />
#It has to be very reliable, so that it will work perfectly every time<br />
<br />
Braking systems are almost always built differently by each team to accommodate their vehicle. There are systems that you can easily adapt to your device. ([[Scrambler]], [[Mousetrap Vehicle]], and many other SO events include similar braking concepts.)<br />
<br />
With this laid out, we know what we want and we can start designing a mechanism. There are many different kinds of popular mechanisms, but there are many other designs you can come up with on your own.<br />
<br />
====Threaded Rod and Nut====<br />
One of the mechanisms commonly used on a vehicle is the threaded rod and nut design. It has been used by many in Scrambler and Wheeled Vehicle, and is usually very reliable. The details of how you build it and how you implement it is up to you, but the general idea will be discussed. First off, you need a threaded rod a nut (preferably a wing nut) and something to hold the nut. So first off, we need to know how many revolutions of the wheel it will take for us to reach 10 meters. We do this by using the formula for the circumference of a circle, which in this case is our wheel: C=pi*diameter(of the wheel). After figuring that out (in cm), divide 1000 by the circumference and you will know the amount of revolutions of the wheel you will need to reach the maximum distance.<br />
<br />
Here is a picture of a braking mechanism: [http://server5.pictiger.com/img/354879/picture-hosting/wvbr-1.php]<br />
<br />
First, start by looking at the blue line which in this case is our axle (which is the threaded rod). The red line represents the wing nut, the green circles represent the wheels, and the green line is the rod that holds the wing nut in place. As the wheels and axle spin, the wingnut will move down towards the chassis between the wheel and the inner assembly. Eventually, this nut will hit the chassis and lock up the axle, preventing the car from traveling more. In order to use this system for calibration, all you would have to do is start the nut on the chassis and then wind it out to the distance you need thinking about how much distance you get per turn of the wheel you can easily figure this out using the formula above. AS you might have figured out, there is one minor flaw in doing this: you cannot turn the wing nut until you move that green rod in the diagram to make it removable. <br />
<br />
==Competition==<br />
For the competition, you need to wear goggles, and you may also bring any tools or computing device to assist you in calculating distance/time. The vehicle must be impounded before competition starts, and the event supervisor may not announce the target distance until the last vehicle is impounded. As said earlier, the competition will be in a 1.0 m wide lane and will be on a relatively smooth level corridor. You will have a total of 8 minutes to run your vehicle. You will be able to trigger your vehicle once the supervisor indicates you may do so.<br />
<br />
==Helpful Links==<br />
http://www.soinc.org/events/wheeledveh<br />
<br />
http://www.tx.ncsu.edu/science_olympiad/Event_information/Wheeled_vehicle/wheeled_vehicle.htm<br />
<br />
[[Category:Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Building Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Needs Work]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18https://scioly.org/wiki/index.php?title=Rocks_and_Minerals&diff=28877Rocks and Minerals2013-11-01T18:48:25Z<p>Knittingfrenzy18: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{EventLinksBox<br />
|active=yes<br />
|type=Earth Science<br />
|cat=Study<br />
|2011thread=[http://scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=93&t=2859 2011 (Prelim)]<br />
|2012thread=[http://scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=121&t=2969 2012]<br />
|2012tests=2012<br />
|2012questions=[http://scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=121&t=3036 2012]<br />
|2013thread=[http://scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=144&t=3701 2013]<br />
|2013tests=2013<br />
|2013questions=[http://scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=144&t=3862 2013]<br />
|2014thread=[http://www.scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=167&t=4972 2014]<br />
|2014tests=2014<br />
|2014questions=[http://scioly.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=173&t=5031 2014]<br />
|B Champion=[[Paul J. Gelinas Junior High School]]<br />
|C Champion=[[Mounds View High School]]<br />
}}<br />
<br />
'''Rocks and Minerals''' is an identification event in which teams will use their knowledge of rocks and minerals to identify pictures and complete a written test.<br />
<br />
The event will be held in the 2013-[[2014]] season. <br />
<br />
See the [[Media:RocksandMineralsLIST2013.pdf|Official Rock and Mineral List]] for specific rocks and minerals that will be covered.<br />
<br />
==General Information==<br />
In Rocks & Minerals, teammates identify rocks and minerals from the [[Media:RocksandMineralsLIST2013.pdf|Official List]] and answer questions about them. This competition is usually in a station format. Competitors are allowed to bring one 3-ring binder of any size and one [[Field Guides|field guide]] to the competition.<br />
<br />
==Rocks== <br />
There are three classifications of rocks: igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary. Any type of rock can be transformed into the other kind. Igneous rocks are created from solidified magma (rock that has been melted inside the earth), sedimentary rocks are created when smaller bits of rock or sand are cemented together, and metamorphic rocks occur when other types of rocks are subjected to heat and pressure. <br />
<br />
===Igneous Rocks===<br />
There are two main classifications of igneous rocks: '''intrusive''' and '''extrusive''' rocks.<br />
<br />
*'''Intrusive rocks''' harden slowly beneath the surface of the earth, and often form large mineral crystals within the rock. Granite is a good example of an intrusive rock.<br />
**'''Porphyritic intrusive rocks''' have large crystals embedded in a matrix of smaller crystals. Pegmatite is the only porphyritic rock on the Science Olympiad list.<br />
*'''Extrusive rocks''' harden quickly during a volcanic eruption and are usually smooth-grained. Basalt is the most common form of extrusive rock.<br />
<br />
{|class="wikitable"<br />
|+Igneous Rocks<br />
!Name<br />
!Classification<br />
!Description<br />
|-<br />
!Andesite<br />
|Extrusive<br />
|Usually blackish-brown, sometimes greenish. Papier-mache look.Contains less than 5% quartz. <br />
|-<br />
!Basalt<br />
|Extrusive<br />
|Very dark, often black. Often contains phenocrysts of feldspars, olivine, and other dark minerals <br />
|-<br />
!Diorite<br />
|Intrusive<br />
|Dark gray to blackish gray, mottled. Evenly speckled with dark and light minerals, salt-and-peppery look.<br />
|-<br />
!Gabbro<br />
|Intrusive<br />
|Gray or light green, very coarse-grained. <br />
|-<br />
!Granite<br />
|Intrusive<br />
|Crystals of feldspar (pink or red), mica (dark brown or black), and quartz (clear pink, white, or black).Coarse-grained. <br />
|-<br />
!Obsidian<br />
|Extrusive<br />
|Shiny black.Volcanic glass, has a conchoidal fracture (see explanation of cleavage and fracture below) Be careful<br />
|-<br />
!Pegmatite<br />
|Intrusive<br />
|Same composition as granite but has very large, usually light crystals.<br />
|-<br />
!Pumice<br />
|Extrusive<br />
|Very light gray. Also volcanic glass, but very light and bubbly. Only rock that floats. <br />
|-<br />
!Rhyolite<br />
|Extrusive<br />
|Usually light grayish-pink. Made of the same minerals as obsidian and pumice, but did not cool as quickly. <br />
|-<br />
!Scoria<br />
|Extrusive<br />
|Dark gray, red, or black. Composed of basalt that cooled very quickly with trapped air, so it is bubbly-looking.<br />
|-<br />
|}<br />
<br />
===Sedimentary Rocks=== <br />
Sedimentary rocks occur when smaller bits of rock and sand are cemented together. Sedimentary rocks are either '''clastic''' or '''organic'''. <br />
<br />
*'''Clastic rocks''', like sandstone, form from other rocks and minerals. <br />
*'''Organic rocks''', like limestone and coal, form from the bodies or shells of organisms. <br />
{|class="wikitable"<br />
|+Sedimentary Rocks<br />
!width="15%"|Name<br />
!Classification<br />
!Description<br />
|- <br />
!Anthracite Coal <br />
|Organic<br />
|93-98% pure carbon. Shiny, scaly black. Conchoidal fracture. Can be used like black chalk.<br />
|-<br />
!Arkose<br />
|Clastic<br />
|Formed mostly from feldspar. Gray or pink. Coarse grained, looks like sandstone with redder tint (mostly quartz).<br />
|-<br />
!Bituminous Coal <br />
|Organic<br />
|50-65% carbon Black. Not very shiny. Well-jointed, splinters under pressure. Hardness: 2.<br />
|-<br />
!Breccia<br />
|Clastic<br />
|Conglomerate of sharp, angular fragments. Often forms after rock slides. <br />
|-<br />
!Conglomerate<br />
|Clastic<br />
|Conglomerate of smooth, rounded fragments. Has the largest grain sizes. Often forms in riverbeds.<br />
|-<br />
!Coquina<br />
|*<br />
|Conglomerate of limestone shell fossils that are poorly cemented. * Clastically formed organic fragments.<br />
|-<br />
!Diatomite<br />
|Organic<br />
|Light tan, cream, or white. Extremely lightweight, lighter even than chalk. Called "fossil flour" because it easily falls apart into flour-like dust.<br />
|-<br />
!Dolomite/Dolostone<br />
|Clastic<br />
|Light gray, yellowish, pinkish. Contains a mixture of limestone, but at least 50% dolomite (mineral). Often contains fossils.<br />
|-<br />
!Lignite Coal<br />
|Organic <br />
|Coal that retains fibrous, woody structure. Less than 50% carbon. <br />
|-<br />
!Limestone <br />
|Clastic<br />
|Composed of the fossilized shells of marine organisms. Chalk: White, soft, porous. Crystalline: white, hard, crystalline. Fossiliferous: fossil structures can still be seen in rock. Oolitic: formed from small, round organisms that can still be seen individually. Travertine: Color-banded, crystalline, often fibrous or concretionary. <br />
|-<br />
!Sandstone <br />
|Clastic<br />
|Even, medium-sized quartz grains. Color variable, often tan, pink, or red.<br />
|-<br />
!Shale <br />
|Clastic<br />
|Very small, microscopic particles. Soft, and splits into plates. Brown or black. <br />
|}<br />
<br />
===Metamorphic Rocks===<br />
Metamorphic rocks are composed of other rocks which have been subjected to heat and pressure. Often these rocks bear little resemblance to their parent rocks. <br />
<br />
{|class="wikitable"<br />
|+Metamorphic Rocks<br />
!Name<br />
!Parent Description<br />
!Grain<br />
!Color and Foliation<br />
!Metamorphism<br />
|-<br />
!Gneiss<br />
|Can be formed of almost any other rock. <br />
|Medium to coarse grained. <br />
|White or gray, but foliated with dark rock. Must be less than 50% foliated. <br />
|High grade metamorphism <br />
|-<br />
!Marble <br />
|Calcite or limestone <br />
|Fine to medium grained.<br />
|White, can be patched with green, gray, brown, or red. <br />
|The metamorphism of limestone or dolomite. <br />
|-<br />
!Phyllite <br />
|Slate <br />
|Very fine grains, wavy bands. <br />
|Light, silvery-gray to lead-gray. Silky sheen<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
!Schist <br />
|Almost any rock. <br />
|Garnet Schist: Contains fairly large garnet inclusions. Mica Schist: Very shiny because of diorite inclusions.<br />
|Silvery-gray, banded, wavy. Must be more than 50% foliated with dark rock.<br />
|<br />
|- <br />
!Quartzite <br />
|Pure sedimentary rocks <br />
|Fairly small particles.<br />
|White to patchy gray. Can range from sugary green to gray to pink. <br />
|The metamorphism of sandstone. <br />
|-<br />
!Slate <br />
|Shale <br />
|Very small particles. <br />
|Dark gray, shiny<br />
|Low grade Metamorphism.<br />
|-<br />
|}<br />
<br />
==Minerals== <br />
By definition, minerals must have a definite chemical and crystal structure. There are a huge variety of minerals, many of which are very common. In order to understand minerals, it is helpful to understand basic chemistry and the periodic table. I won't attempt to go over all of that here, just look it up in any chemistry book. Each mineral can be classified by ten different characteristics: group, formula, color, streak, luster, crystal structure, cleavage, fracture, hardness, and specific gravity. <br />
<br />
===Definitions===<br />
:;Group:Minerals are organized into groups based on their chemical makeup. Native elements are composed of a single, pure element; Sulfides contain sulfur, arsenic, tellurium, or selenium; Oxides and Hydroxides contain oxygen compounds; Halides contain sodium, chlorine, fluorine, iodine, or bromine; Carbonates and Borates contain the carbonate or borate groups; Sulfates contain the sulfate group; Phosphates, Arsenates, and Vanadates contain one of those chemical groups, and the Silicates and Tectosilicates contain the element silicon. <br />
<br />
:;Formula:Each mineral has a definite chemical composition. For example, copper difluorite is <math>CuF_2</math>?. Again, if you need a review on chemical formulas, look in any chemistry textbook. <br />
<br />
:;Color: Color is not a reliable way to identify a mineral! Some minerals can be any color under the sun. While color can sometimes be useful, don't rely on it! <br />
<br />
:;Streak:Streak is the color you get when you rub a rock across an unglazed piece of porcelain. Streak is much more useful than color because a mineral always has the same streak. <br />
<br />
:;Luster:A mineral's luster is the way it reflects light. Descriptions of luster are very subjective, but sometimes useful. Common types of luster are vitreous (glassy), adamantine (brilliant or gem-like), resinous (resin-like), greasy, pearly, waxy, and silky. <br />
<br />
:;Crystal Structure: Crystal structure is the basic shape the mineral grows in. A good mineral book, like the Peterson Field Guide, will tell about the different crystal structures. Here are some of them.<br />
<br />
::;Isometric: Three axes of symmetry, all at right angles to one another, and all of equal lengths. Sometimes called cubic.<br />
<br />
::;Tetragonal: Three axes of symmetry, all at right angles to one another, two of the same length and one shorter. <br />
<br />
::;Hexagonal (Trigonal): Four axes of symmetry; three are of equal length and lie in the same plane at 120 degrees, the other can be any length and lies at right angles to the others. <br />
<br />
:::;Note: Trigonal is sometimes considered to be separate from hexagonal.<br />
<br />
::;Orthorhombic: Three axes, all at right angles to one another, of three different lengths. <br />
<br />
::;Monoclinic: Three unequal axes, two at right angles, and the other inclined. <br />
<br />
::;Triclinic: Three unequal axes, none of which are at right angles to any others. <br />
<br />
:;Cleavage: When a mineral has the tendency to break along smooth, flat surfaces, it has cleavage. If the break is perfectly smooth and shiny, it is said to have perfect cleavage. Cleavage can also be described as good, distinct, or poor. <br />
<br />
:;Fracture: Fracture is described as the way a mineral breaks (not along a cleavage plane). It can be uneven, hackly (sharp, jagged surface like broken metal), splintery, or conchoidal (shell-like). <br />
<br />
:;Hardness: The Mohs Hardness Scale, which is used by most mineral collectors, is based on the hardness of other minerals. It is on a scale of one to ten, ten being the hardest. To test two minerals against each other, try to scratch each mineral with the other in an inconspicuous place. If they both scratch each other, they have the same hardness. If only one causes a scratch, it is the hardest. Or, you can use common objects to see if the scratch or can be scratched by a mineral.<br />
<br />
::{|class="wikitable"<br />
!Hardness<br />
!Mineral or Common Object<br />
|-<br />
!1<br />
|Talc<br />
|-<br />
!2<br />
|Gypsum<br />
|-<br />
!2.5<br />
|Fingernail<br />
|-<br />
!3<br />
|Calcite<br />
|-<br />
!3<br />
|Copper penny<br />
|-<br />
!4<br />
|Fluorite<br />
|-<br />
!5<br />
|Apatite<br />
|-<br />
!5.5<br />
|Knife blade<br />
|-<br />
!6<br />
|Feldspar<br />
|-<br />
!6<br />
|Window glass<br />
|-<br />
!7<br />
|Quartz<br />
|-<br />
!7<br />
|Steel file<br />
|-<br />
!8<br />
|Topaz<br />
|-<br />
!9<br />
|Corundum<br />
|-<br />
!10<br />
|Diamond<br />
|}<br />
<br />
:;Specific Gravity: Specific gravity (SG) is a measure of how dense a mineral is. It compares the mass of one gram of the mineral to the mass of one gram of water. So, a mineral with a SG of 4.5 is 4.5 times as heavy as water. With practice, you can tell whether a mineral specimen is "light" (usually less that 3.5) or "heavy" (greater than 4). Specific gravity can be helpful in detecting metallic minerals (they are usually heavier), or in cases where a mineral is unusually heavy. For example, galena is a gray, metallic mineral with a high lead content, and it is noticeably heavy. It is especially useful in the case of barite, a white mineral which is unusually heavy because it contains the heavy metal barium, but does not look metallic at all. <br />
<br />
This page will not list the characteristics of every mineral; however, you can get all that information from any good mineral identification handbook. You could go and learn every characteristic of every mineral, but it is a good idea to only try and memorize the one distinguishing characteristic of each mineral so that you can easily identify it without having to memorize too much. A short description that helps you remember that mineral is also a good idea to remember.<br />
<br />
===Mineral Name Description=== <br />
<br />
{|class="sortable"<br />
! Name !! Hardness !! SG !! Streak !! Color !! Group !! Crystal Shape<br />
|-<br />
| Talc || 1 || 2.58-2.83 || White || Light to gray, green || Silicates || Monoclinic<br />
|-<br />
| Graphite || 1-2 || 2.1-2.3 || Gray || Grey || NE || Trigonal/ Hex <br />
|-<br />
| Bauxite || 1-3 || 2.3-2.7 || White || Yellow, brown || Hydroxides || N/A<br />
|-<br />
| Sulfur || 1.5-2.5 || 2-2.1 || White || Yellow || NE || Orthorhombic <br />
|-<br />
| Halite || 2 || 2.1-2.2 || White || Numerous || Halides || Cubic<br />
|-<br />
| Gypsum || 2 || 2.32 || White || Light medium || Sulfates || Monoclinic<br />
|-<br />
| Kaolinite || 2-2.5 || 2.6-2.63 || White || Light, medium || Silicates || Triclinic <br />
|-<br />
| Ulexite || 2.5 || 1.96 || White || Colorless || Borates || Triclinic<br />
|-<br />
| Galena || 2.5 || 7.58 || Lead-gray || Lead gray || Sulfides || Cubic<br />
|-<br />
| Lepidolite || 2.5-3 || 2.8-3.3 || Colorless || Pink, purple, med. || Silicates || Monoclinic<br />
|-<br />
| Copper || 2.5-3 || 8.9 || Copper-red || Copper or green || NE || Cubic<br />
|-<br />
| Silver || 2.5-3 || 10.5 || Silver-white || Silver || NE || Cubic <br />
|-<br />
| Gold || 2.5-3 || 19.3 || Golden-yellow || Yellow || NE || Cubic<br />
|-<br />
| Biotite || 2.5-4 || 2.7-3.4 || Colorless || Dark || Silicates || Monoclinic<br />
|-<br />
| Muscovite || 2.5-4 || 2.77-2.88 || Colorless || Light || Silicates || Monoclinic<br />
|-<br />
| Calcite || 3 || 2.71 || White grayish || Light medium || Carbonates || Trigonal/ Hex<br />
|-<br />
| Bornite || 3 || 5-5.1 || Gray-black || Dark/ Blue || Sulfides || Cubic <br />
|-<br />
| Celestite || 3-3.5 || 3.96-3.98 || White || Light || Sulfates || Orthorhombic <br />
|-<br />
| Barite || 3-3.5 || 4.5 || White || Light medium || Sulfates || Orthorhombic <br />
|-<br />
| Dolomite || 3.5-4 || 2.85 || White || Light || Carbonates || Trigonal/ Hex <br />
|-<br />
| Aragonite || 3.5-4 || 2.94-2.95 || White || Many || Carbonates || Orthorhombic <br />
|-<br />
| Azurite || 3.5-4 || 3.77-3.78 || Pale blue || Deep blue || Carbonates || Monoclinic <br />
|-<br />
| Sphalerite || 3.5-4 || 3.9-4.1 || Colorless-brown || Num. Esp. black || Sulfides || Cubic <br />
|-<br />
| Malachite || 3.5-4 || 4 || Pale green || Deep green || Carbonates || Monoclinic <br />
|-<br />
| Chalcopyrite || 3.5-4 || 4.3-4.4 || Green-black || Brassy yellow || Sulfides || Tetragonal <br />
|-<br />
| Fluorite || 4 || 3.1-3.3 || White || Numerous || Halides || Cubic <br />
|-<br />
| Apatite || 5 || 3.1-3.2 || White || Many esp. green || Phosphates || Trigonal/ Hex <br />
|-<br />
| Goethite || 5-5.5 || 3.3-4.3 || Orange brownish || Black-brown light || Hydroxides || Orthorhombic <br />
|-<br />
| Tremolite || 5-6 || 2.9-3.2 || White || Many esp. white || Silicates || Monoclinic<br />
|-<br />
| Hornblende || 5-6 || 3.28-3.41 || White gray || Dark esp. green || Silicates || Monoclinic<br />
|-<br />
| Hematite || 5-6 || 5.26 || Brown-red || Brown red, black || Oxides || Trigonal/ Hex <br />
|-<br />
| Sodalite || 5.5-6 || 2.14-2.4 || Colorless || Many esp. blue || Silicates || Cubic <br />
|-<br />
| Augite || 5.5-6 || 3.23-3.52 || Gray-green || Dark esp. Black || Silicates || Monoclinic<br />
|-<br />
| Opal || 5.5-6.5 || 1.9-2.3 || White || Many esp. dark || Silicates || N/A<br />
|-<br />
| Rhodonite || 5.5-6.5 || 3.57-3.76 || White || Red pink || Silicates || Triclinic<br />
|-<br />
| Magnetite || 5.5-6.5 || 5.2 || Black || Black || Oxides || Cubic <br />
|-<br />
| Amazonite || 6-6.5 || 2.55-2.63 || White || Medium esp. green || Silicates || Triclinic <br />
|-<br />
| Feldspar || 6-6.5 || 2.55-2.63 || White || White red || Silicates || Monoclinic<br />
|-<br />
| Albite || 6-6.5 || 2.6-2.63 || White || Many Esp. Light || Silicates || Triclinic<br />
|-<br />
| Pyrite || 6-6.5 || 5 || Green-black || Pale yellow || Sulfides || Cubic <br />
|-<br />
| Epidote || 6-7 || 3.35-3.5 || Colorless-grayish || Dark or yellowish || Silicates || Monoclinic <br />
|-<br />
| Olivine || 6.5-7 || 3.27-4.32 || Colorless || Green brown || Silicates || Orthorhombic <br />
|-<br />
| Almandine (garnet) || 6.5-7.5 || 4.1-4.3 || White || Dark esp. brown || Silicates || Cubic <br />
|-<br />
| Quartz || 7 || 2.65 || Colorless-white || Numerous || Silicates || Trigonal/ Hex<br />
|-<br />
| Tourmaline Group || 7-7.5 || 3-3.2 || Colorless || Medium || Silicates || Trigonal/ Hex<br />
|-<br />
| Staurolite || 7-7.5 || 3.65-3.83 || Colorless-grayish || Dark || Silicates || Orthorhombic <br />
|-<br />
| Beryl || 7-8 || 2.6-2.9 || White || Numerous || Silicates || Trigonal/ Hex<br />
|-<br />
| Topaz || 8 || 3.49-3.57 || Colorless || Numerous || Silicates || Orthorhombic <br />
|-<br />
| Corundum || 9 || 4-4.1 || White || Numerous || Oxides || Trigonal/ Hex<br />
|-<br />
| Diamond || 10 || 3.52 || White || Numerous || NE || Cubic<br />
|-class="sortbottom"<br />
! Name !! Hardness !! SG !! Streak !! Color !! Group !! Crystal Shape<br />
|}<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
;Albite:White, tan, or cream feldspar <br />
<br />
;Almandine:Dark red, garnet.<br />
<br />
;Amazonite:Bright green feldspar.<br />
<br />
;Apatite:Usually green or purple, but can be almost any color.<br />
<br />
;Aragonite:white, powdery variety of calcite. Can often form amber colored hexagonal crystals.<br />
<br />
;Augite: Augite is one of the approximately six minerals on the list that look like nondescript black rocks. However, it has a greenish tinge and cleavage at a right angle that set it apart a little.<br />
<br />
;Azurite: Always blue (one of those minerals where color can be depended on), with a blue streak.<br />
<br />
;Bauxite:Tan rock with orange, white, and prown pisoliths of aluminum, causing light weight. Formed from weathering of feldspars.<br />
<br />
;Barite:White and kind of platy, but very heavy because it contains barium. Can form rosettes.<br />
<br />
;Beryl:The cheap specimens we usually see in Science Olympiad are mostly light green and opaque. Often have hexagonal crystal. Aquamarine and Emerald<br />
<br />
;Biotite: Black mica--it's thin and platy. It comes off in thin sheets.<br />
<br />
;Bornite:"Peacock Copper." It has a dark, purplish-blue tarnish. Chalcopyrite, which looks almost the same, tarnishes purple, orange, yellow, and red.<br />
<br />
;Calcite:Looks almost like fluorite and can be any color, but it's a little softer and it has a more rhombus like shape. It also bubbles in hydrochloric acid (HCl), but most people don't have that lying around to test rocks with.<br />
<br />
;Celestite:Usually a soft, translucent white or blue.<br />
<br />
;Chalcopyrite:Very brassy yellow, tarnishes bright red, purple, yellow, and orange.<br />
<br />
;Copper:looks like, well, copper. You can usually see the green tarnish.<br />
<br />
;Corundum:very hard reddish or purplish rock. Very hard and often has small column-like opaque crystals. Rubies and Sapphires.<br />
<br />
;Diamond: Adamantine luster. Comes in various lighter colors. Hardest mineral.<br />
<br />
;Dolomite:You can often see thin, platy cream-colored crystals. Sometimes there are dark specks embedded between the crystals.<br />
<br />
;Epidote:Mostly greenish-yellow and grainy, but can be almost any shade of green. Often confused with olivine. Described as "pistachio"<br />
<br />
;Feldspar:Kind of a salmony-pink color. It has a very distinctive luster.<br />
<br />
;Flourite:Almost any color. Hard to distinguish from calcite, but it's a little harder. Usually has dipyramidal or cubic stucture.<br />
<br />
;Galena: It has perfect cubic cleavage and is very heavy. It is made of lead sulfide and is a important lead ore.<br />
<br />
;Goethite: Another "black rock". This one sometimes has a slightly iridescent tarnish, though. It has been described as an "ugly brownish orange-black rock"<br />
<br />
;Gold: Gold is...well gold colored. Don't confuse with pyrite. Typically smoother than pyrite. Also, gold generally forms nuggets, while pyrite usually forms cubic crystals.<br />
<br />
;Graphite:Silver, shiny, soft, and leaves dark smudges on your hands. Used for pencil lead.<br />
<br />
;Gypsum:Looks like any number of transparent colorless minerals, but luckily gypsum is very soft and easily scratched with your fingernail. Alabaster gypsum is white and opaque, satin-spar is white and fibrous, and selenite is transparent.<br />
<br />
;Halite:Rock Salt. About the color and hardness of selenite gypsum. It has nice cubic crystals, though, and you can usually identify it from that. Tasting specimens is against the rules in Science Olympiad, but smelling them is not and salt has a distinct smell along with a greasy feel.<br />
<br />
;Hematite:Hematite will either be black and shiny, dark gray and dull, or rusty red. Its most distinctive feature is it's cherry red streak, but it also has one other interesting property. It is almost always cool to the touch, much more than magnetite (which it looks like). <br />
<br />
;Hornblende:Black with short stubby crystals, and usually striated lengthwise.<br />
<br />
;Kaolinite:Looks like chalk, but is actually clay. It is usually white and orange.<br />
<br />
;Lepidolite:A very pretty pink or lilac color. It also has darker purple dots, called lamellae. A type of mica so it is sometimes found in sheets.<br />
<br />
;Magnetite:Looks a lot like hematite, except it's magnetic. If you don't have the equipment to check for that, it has a gray or black streak. Hematite's streak is cherry-red.<br />
<br />
;Malachite:This mineral is easy because it is always green, with a green streak. It is often found with azurite.<br />
<br />
;Muscovite:White, yellow, or tan mica--thin and platy.<br />
<br />
;Olivine:Usually light green or yellowish-green. Transparent specimens are called peridot.<br />
<br />
;Opal:Precious opal is iridescent, but most opal is white and opaque with a greasy or waxy luster. Usually amorphous crystals.<br />
<br />
;Pyrite:Metallic fool's gold, often found in cubic or hexagonal crystals. It has a blackish green streak. Distinguished from gold by greater hardness, lower specific gravity, rougher surface, and tendency to form cubic crystals as opposed to nuggets.<br />
<br />
;Quartz:Fairly hard, no cleavage. Agate is often grey or brown and is banded, onyx is a black variety of agate, amethyst is purple and transparent, chalcedony is waxy, transparent grey and usually found in bulbous masses, chert/flint is white/black and noncrystalline with a marked conchoidal fracture, citrine is yellow or orange and transparent, crystal is colorless and transparent, jasper is orange or red and opaque, milky is crystalline but white or light tan, rose is pale pink.<br />
<br />
;Rhodonite:Comes in all shades of pink and red. It's usually massive, but sometimes crystalline.<br />
<br />
;Silver:Metallic silver color. Pure form has the highest reflectiveness of any element, but it is usually tarnished. This tarnish is silver sulfide and appears dull, dark gray.<br />
<br />
;Sodalite:Always blue, but usually a very dark, mottled blue. Its darker color and colorless streak tell it apart from azurite.<br />
<br />
;Sphalerite:Can be almost any color, but usually yellowish, tan, or reddish. It sometimes comes in crystals, but it can be massive, too when it is usually a dark brown. It has a resinous luster.<br />
<br />
;Staurolite:Almost always forms short, prismatic crystals. It's usually brown, and sometimes forms cruciform twins.<br />
<br />
;Sulfur:It's always some shade of yellow, and it gives off a sulfurous odor when rubbed.<br />
<br />
;Talc:Very soft, often light green, white, or grey and feels very waxy.<br />
<br />
;Topaz:Extremely variable color, but usually comes in well-formed prismatic crystals. A light colored gem<br />
<br />
;Tourmaline:Also extremely variable when it comes to color, but it often comes in long prismatic crystals with vertical striations on it's surface. Pleochroric (same crystal appears different color depending on viewing angle).<br />
<br />
;Tremolite:Usually comes in small, bladed crystals. It's light-colored and sometimes transparent. Commercially, tremolite was used as asbestos.<br />
<br />
;Ulexite:Almost always white, and looks like a densely-packed bundle of white threads. It's opaque in one direction, and conducts light in the other. It's fiber-optic abilities gave it the nickname "T.V. rock".<br />
<br />
==Bowen's Reaction Series==<br />
<br />
'''Bowen's Reaction Series''' is the work of Norman Bowen, a petrologist who conducted experiments with heating rock material at different temperatures, and analyzed his results. The reaction series helps to explain why certain minerals are commonly found together, while others are rare combinations.<br />
<br />
The series is broken in two branches, '''continuous''' and '''discontinuous'''.<br />
For the continuous branch, the series explains that at the highest temperatures,calcium-rich Plagioclase will form. As temperatures become cooler, sodium-rich Plagioclase will form, and Orthoclase, Muscovite, and Quartz will follow.<br />
For the discontinuous branch, the series says that Olivine will form at the highest temperatures, followed by Pyroxene, Amphibole, and Biotite. After Biotite, the branch produces Orthoclase, Muscovite, and Quartz like the continuous branch does. <br />
<br />
This also helps explain why certain minerals are only found in certain types of igneous rocks. As olivine and pyroxene form at higher temperatures, they are more likely to be found in ultramafic and mafic rocks, as compared to felsic rocks. Conversely, quartz is found largely in felsic rocks due to forming at the lower temperatures and crystallizing later.<br />
<br />
[[File:Bowen.gif]]<br />
<br />
==Picking a Field Guide==<br />
It is probably a good thing to use a binder over a field guide, since not only can you organize it at your own discretion, you can learn the facts and pseudo-memorize them as you create your sheets (plus it's great for general geology/petrology/mineralogy notes). However, if you like to use field guides, here is a guide to picking one by a SO veteran:<br />
<br />
'''Simon and Schuster''': Definitely the best one of them all. Okay pictures, a lot of information, and has great notes in the start of each section. I think it's quite concise and efficient - very reliable. Not the easiest read, but definitely numero uno. Hands down.<br />
<br />
'''Peterson''': Ehh, a not-so-close second, but a clear silver medalist here. Not as informative as S&S, but does have nice pictures and good ID tips. I like the layout. Good backup.<br />
<br />
'''Audubon''': Personally, I think this guide shouldn't be used - first of all, I hate it when the notes are just crammed together tightly on pages. The pictures are iffy, and the information was a bit outdated even in the most recent version. Find something else.<br />
<br />
'''Smithsonian''': This one is great for learning how to ID the rocks, but once you get past that, its use and value drops considerably. Not a terrible start, though.<br />
<br />
'''The Complete Guide to Rocks and Minerals''': A bit similar to that of Smithsonian, but at least goes a bit in depth. Seems quite large to carry around while running to stations - might as well just use a binder.<br />
<br />
So, in short, if you're just starting off, try Peterson or Smithsonian. Once you've mastered some of the general basics, try your hand at Simon and Schuster. But why use them when you can have a lovely binder? (Protip: it's perfectly okay to splice pages of your field guide into your binder).<br />
<br />
==Advice==<br />
#Speed is the key; Rocks & Minerals is a very fast-paced event, and you need to be able to find what you want quickly because most stations have multiple tasks in a short time period, so organization is very important. Make sure you can quickly find information in your book and binder. If you minimize the amount of information you bring, the amount of information you have to sort through to get to what you want will be less. As a rule of thumb, '''keep it travel size''': a one-inch binder should be plenty, and a fairly good book will do.<br />
#If you want to be successful, don't just read this and expect it to tell you everything. Get a couple of good books and get to know them really, really well. Eventually you won't need the books for basic identification, but it's always good to keep them around just in case. <br />
#The Peterson Field Guide to Rocks and Minerals is a recommended field guide by a Rocks and Minerals veteran. The Audubon book is also recommended (the field guide, not the pocket guide) and the Eyewitness Handbook.<br />
#If you're really serious, buy or borrow a college book on geology or mineralogy. There are also a lot of good internet resources. I'd suggest starting at http://www.minerals.net. It has good descriptions of minerals, and a lot of nice links.<br />
<br />
==Links==<br />
*[http://www.scioly.org/eventpages/rocks/index.html Printable Note Sheet]<br />
*[[GMOA Notes]]<br />
*[[Rocks and Minerals/definitions|Definitions]]<br />
*[http://classroom.sdmesa.net/dbarrie/Geol%20100%20Chap%20Study%20Guides.htm Some lecture notes to get started on]<br />
<br />
{{Geology}}<br />
<br />
[[Category:Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Study Event Pages]]<br />
[[Category:Needs Work]]</div>Knittingfrenzy18