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|Division B Champion||Beckendorff Junior High School|
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Severe Storms is focused on the study of Severe Weather that affects the United States. It can be split into three main groups: Thunderstorms, Hurricanes, and Winter Storms. For all pages pertaining to this topic, see Category:Severe Storms.
- Main article: Thunderstorms
Thunderstorms can occur anywhere that warm, moist air meets cooler air. They are common along cold fronts where the warm air moves rapidly upward and condenses, which forms cumulonimbus clouds. Lightning, thunder, and rain are associated with thunderstorms, and severe storms may be accompanied by heavy rain, strong winds, hail, and on occasion, tornadoes.
- Main article: Hurricanes
Hurricanes are storm systems which have a large, low-pressure center. They spin counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern hemisphere. Hurricanes often produce many thunderstorms with heavy rain and strong winds. They may also produce tornadoes and damaging storm surge. Hurricanes usually form over large bodies of warm water, and will become weaker if they travel over land, mainly because they lose the warm water energy source.
- Main article: Winter Storms
Winter storms can produce precipitation such as snow, sleet, or freezing rain, rather than the rain and hail thunderstorms produce. These storms can happen outside of the winter season, but this is extremely rare.
- Main article: Mudslides
- Main article: Mid-latitude Cyclones
- Main article: Atmospheric Rivers
Links and Resources
- More detailed Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale
- Inland High Wind Model
- Enhanced Fujita Scale
- Introduction to Thunderstorms
- Atmospheric Rivers
- "The Atmosphere" by Frederick K. Lutgens and Edward J. Tarbuck
- "Meteorology Today" by Ahrens