Ornithology/Bird List

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Main article: Ornithology

This page contains a list of the birds on the National Bird List, with pictures and identification tips. Before learning ID, it is highly recommended to have basic understanding of topographic terms to better utilize the ID tips. Please refer to the guidelines for help using this page, or if you plan to contribute. If you already know basic ID and are looking for a condensed list of commonly-missed birds and their ID, see the ID tips section of the main page. Note that this page is mainly for learning ID and taxonomy. For information about each bird, see Species of Birds section of the main page. For ID tips and audio files of list birdsongs, see Bird Calls.

Order and family Common name Genus and species Image ID tips
Anseriformes, Anatidae Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis
Whistling duck in flight.jpeg
carrot beak, cinnamon chest, wings have a white stripe and are edged in black
Anseriformes, Anatidae Snow Goose Anser caerulescens
Snow goose white morph.JPG
white goose with a shorter neck than trumpeter swan, grin patch on beak; blue morph has a black-gray body with white head and belly
Anseriformes, Anatidae Canada Goose Branta canadensis
Canada goose.jpg
brown body, white belly, black head and neck, white chinstrap
Anseriformes, Anatidae Trumpeter Swan Cygnus buccinators
Tr swan.jpg
white swan with longer neck than snow goose, juveniles have orange on the beak and look ashy, breeding individuals have rusty head
Anseriformes, Anatidae Wood Duck Aix sponsa
Wood duck.jpg
male has splendid plumage and a slicked-back crest, female has a white ring and teardrop around the eye, male in eclipse plumage is dull, lacks the crest, and has a white stripe on the cheek
Anseriformes, Anatidae Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Mallard.png
your typical duck, male has green head, yellow bill, and brown chest, females are streakier than green-winged teals, both sexes have powder-blue speculums on the wing (note: any bird's speculum may not be visible unless in flight)
Anseriformes, Anatidae Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata
Nor show.jpg
distinctive wide flat bill used to feed from the top of the water, males have green head like mallard but white chest (not brown), females have wide orange bills unlike green-winged and mallard (who have normally-shaped black ones), both sexes have powder-blue speculums
Anseriformes, Anatidae Green-winged Teal Anas crecca
Gwt.png
males have green crescent running from the eye toward the back of the head, females have softer, more rounded patterns than streaky mallards, both sexes have bright green speculums
Anseriformes, Anatidae Canvasback Aythya valisineria
Canvas.png
distinctively long sloping forehead on both sexes, males have cinnamon head, black chest, white body, females have brown instead of cinnamon and black
Anseriformes, Anatidae Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus
HM.png
males have big puffy crest that may be flattened or raised, head is black with white sections on both sides of the crest, females/juveniles have brown heads and cinnamon crests, both sexes have slender bills
Galliformes, Phasianidae Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus
Pheasant.jpg
males look like fancy chickens with green head, red wattle, white collar, and streaming tail, females are dull brown with much longer necks and tails than northern bobwhite or ruffed grouse
Galliformes, Phasianidae Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus
Ruffed grouse.jpg
chunky, short, both sexes have small scruffy crest and mottled barring on the belly, male displays by fanning tail, exposing black ruff, and drumming with its wings
Galliformes, Phasianidae Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo
Wild Turkey.jpg
bald head, brown iridescent feathers, female looks like a short, tiny emu with a bald blue head, male has red wattles
Galliformes, Odontophoridae Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus
Bobwhite.jpg
small, has more black in its plumage than both ring-necked pheasant and ruffed grouse, has stripes on its head from eyes to neck (black and white on males, buffy and brown on females)
Gaviiformes, Gaviidae Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata
Red-throated Loon.jpg
breeding adult has red throat and gray back, nonbreeding is black/gray/white, red eyes, thinner beak than common loon, and tilts its head up slightly
Gaviiformes, Gaviidae Common Loon Gavia immer
Loon.jpg
breeding adult has all-black head and green collar, nonbreeding tends to have pale collar or spur of white on neck, heftier beak than red-throated loon
Podicipediformes, Podicipedidae Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps
Pb grebe.jpeg
very spherical head and short bill, gray-brown, note that the ring on the bill is only present in breeding season
Podicipediformes, Podicipedidae Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena
Rn grebe.jpeg
breeding adult has cinnamon neck, brown cap, white chin, and brown body, lacks the neck stripes of red-throated loon, nonbreeding has yellow bill, triangular head, and long neck, unlike loons
Procellariiformes, Diomedeidae Laysan Albatross Phoebastria immutabilis
Laysan albatross.jpeg
distinctive black "eyeliner," white body and black back, chick looks like a fuzzy kiwi
Procellariiformes, Procellariidae Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis
N fulmar.jpeg
distinctive nostril tubules, note that it has many color morphs on a spectrum of white to dark gray
Pelecaniformes, Pelecanidae American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
American White Pelican.jpg
white body, yellow beak with big flappy pouch, black primaries
Pelecaniformes, Ardeidae American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus
American Bittern.JPG
wide bands of white and brown streaking on neck, often has neck extended and beak pointing up
Pelecaniformes, Ardeidae Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias
GreatBlueHeron.jpg
tall, powder-blue or gray, whitish head with black stripe, white morph is all white but has yellow bill (unlike snowy egrets' black bill)
Pelecaniformes, Ardeidae Snowy Egret Egretta thula
SnowyEgret.JPG
pure white, black legs and golden feet, lores turn red and plumes show in breeding season, black bill
Pelecaniformes, Ardeidae Green Heron Butorides virescens
Green Heron.jpg
small for a heron, dark green/blue cap and wings, cinnamon throat
Pelecaniformes, Ardeidae Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Nycticorax-nycticorax.jpg
white body, gray wings, black cap
Pelecaniformes, Threskiornithidae Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja
Roseate spoonbill.jpg
it's pink! (note the gray bill that narrows in the middle and ends in a circular shape)
Suliformes, Phalacrocoracidae Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus
Double-crested cormorant during breeding season.jpg
hooked bill, short neck, and thicker head distinguish it from anhinga, lacks anhinga's s-shaped neck, in breeding season has red lores and two head tufts
Suliformes, Anhingidae Anhinga Anhinga anhinga
Anhinga.jpg
longer and more slender than double-crested cormorant, straight thin beak and long neck, has white streaks and spots on backs of wings unlike double-crested cormorant, females and juveniles have pale head/neck
Suliformes, Fregatidae Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
Frigatebird.jpg
displaying male has inflated red gular sac, thin hooked beak, wings are distinctively long but thing, tail is long and forked, female has white chest but black head, juvenile has white chest and head
Ciconiiformes, Ciconiidae Wood Stork Mycteria americana
Wood Stork.JPG
white with a bald wrinkled head and a long curved bill
Falconiformes, Falconidae Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway
Caracara.jpg
red face and black cap/crest, cream neck and black body
Falconiformes, Falconidae American Kestrel Falco sparverius
Amerikestrel.jpg
small orange-blue raptor with vertical black and white bars on its face, both sexes have rusty backs, males have powder-blue secondaries while females have all rusty primaries
Falconiformes, Falconidae Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Peregrine Falcon.jpg
black helmet and white eyering, black back/wings with white underside, wings are pointy and swept-back
Accipitriformes, Pandionidae Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Osprey.jpg
white head/crest with a black/brown line through the eyes, black back and white undersides
Accipitriformes, Accipitridae Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Bald eagle.jpg
brown body, adult has white head and tail, juvenile looks like golden eagle but has more white streaking
Accipitriformes, Accipitridae Northern Harrier Circus hudsonius
Harrier.jpg
distinctive owl-like dish on face, females are brown and males are gray
Accipitriformes, Accipitridae Cooper’s Hawk Accipiter cooperii
Coopers hawk.jpg
small, broad light and dark gray bands on tail, adult has copper and white bars on chest while juveniles have brown streaks, gray back and cap
Accipitriformes, Accipitridae Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis
Redtailedhawk.jpg
unlike cooper's hawk, has mostly white belly with a brown belly band (cooper's has uniform copper barring), dark brown wings and back, note that tail may not be red, especially when seen from below
Accipitriformes, Accipitridae Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Golden eagle.jpg
all-brown eagle with slightly lighter neck feathers
Cathartiformes, Cathartidae Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
Turkey Vulture.jpg
unlike CA condor, bald head is red, not orange, and wings in flight have black "arms," not white
Cathartiformes, Cathartidae California Condor Gymnogyps californianus
Condor.jpg
unlike turkey vulture, bald head is orange, not red, and wings in flight are white, not black, neck has a ruff of feathers that turkey vulture lacks, often seen with a tag on the wing due to conservation efforts
Gruiformes, Rallidae Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris
Clapper rail.jpg
looks like a chicken with a long bill, chest is cinnamon but belly is brown with white bars
Gruiformes, Rallidae Sora Porzana carolina
Sora.jpg
short bright yellow beak, gray face and belly with brown cap and back, juveniles are brown above and buffy below but can be differentiated from clapper rail by their short beak
Gruiformes, Rallidae Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica
PurpleGallinule.jpg
looks like a chicken with really long toes, wings are green, beak is red with a yellow tip and a blue shield on the forehead, adult has iridescent purple body while juvenile is brown
Gruiformes, Rallidae American Coot Fulica americana
Coot.jpg
black-gray waterbird with a white beak and red eyes, white shield on forehead with a small purple dot at the top, lobate feet
Gruiformes, Gruidae Whooping Crane Grus americana
Whooping crane.jpg
all-white bird with long legs and red face, beak is orange-black, black wingtips are only seen in flight
Charadriiformes, Charadriidae American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica
American Golden-Plover.jpeg
breeding adults have black undersides, a gold-speckled back, and a white eyebrow that runs down to the shoulder, while juveniles and nonbreeding adults are dull brown but share the short bill, small head, and white eyebrow
Charadriiformes, Charadriidae Killdeer Charadrius vociferus
Killdeer.jpeg
brown and white shorebird with two black "necklaces" at the throat
Charadriiformes, Haematopodidae American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus
American Oystercatcher.jpeg
black oversides and white undersides, carrot-orange bill and eye ring, yellow eyes, bill is long and shaped like needle-nose pliers
Charadriiformes, Recurvirostridae Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus
Black-necked Stilt.jpeg
frail bird with long pink legs and white belly, top side is black including namesake long neck, white fluffy eyebrow
Charadriiformes, Recurvirostridae American Avocet Recurvirostra americana
American Avocet.jpeg
long-legged, white body, black wings with white stripe, bill is slightly curved up, head is rusty only in breeding season
Charadriiformes, Scolopacidae Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius
Spotted Sandpiper.jpg
brown drab bird with darker eyestripe and yellow legs, spots only in breeding season
Charadriiformes, Scolopacidae Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Ruddy Turnstone.jpg
short bill, orange legs, black "W" shape on chest, brown top side that turn rust and black in breeding season
Charadriiformes, Scolopacidae Dunlin Calidris alpina
Dunlin.jpg
long bill, black legs, breeding adult has rust cap and back with black belly, nonbreeding has brown top side and head
Charadriiformes, Scolopacidae Wilson’s Snipe Gallinago delicata
Wilson’s snipe.jpg
longer legs and more forward-placed eyes than american woodcock, white and brown bars and streaks with three buffy strips from the head to the back
Charadriiformes, Scolopacidae American Woodcock Scolopax minor
American Woodcock.jpg
shorter legs and eyes closer to back of head than wilson's snipe, rusty underside and gray-blue wings
Charadriiformes, Laridae Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla
Laughing Gull.jpg
white "eyelashes," breeding adult has black head and red beak, nonbreeding has white head and black beak
Charadriiformes, Laridae Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis
Ring-billed Gull.jpg
ring on bill, breeding adult has pure white body and gray wings, juvenile has brown spotting, note herring gull juvenile has ring on bill as well
Charadriiformes, Laridae Herring Gull Larus argentatus
Herring Gull.jpg
breeding adults have red spot on bill, nonbreeding/juvenile has ring on bill but is bigger and longer-necked than ring-billed gull, brown is in longer streaks than the ring-billed gulls's spots
Charadriiformes, Laridae Least Tern Sternula antillarum
Least Tern.jpg
long swept back pointed wings like all terns, yellow bill, white body, helmet fades to a small black smudge outside of breeding season
Charadriiformes, Laridae Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia
Caspian Tern.jpg
carrot-red bill, black cap
Charadriiformes, Laridae Black Tern Chlidonias niger
Black Tern.jpg
black bill, only has all-black plumage in breeding season, nonbreeding looks like least tern but keeps black bill color
Charadriiformes, Laridae Black Skimmer Rynchops niger
Black Skimmer.jpg
distinct from american oystercatcher by white face and black half of bill, bottom is longer than top
Charadriiformes, Alcidae Common Murre Uria aalge
Common Murre.jpg
smooth waterbird, black on top and white on bottom, breeding adult lacks the intricate stripes and spots of common loon, brindled morph has white eyering and line, nonbreeding/juvenile has white cheeks and a black line where the white eyering/line is on brindled morph (distinguishing it from the loons)
Charadriiformes, Alcidae Tufted Puffin Fratercula cirrhata
Tufted Puffin.jpg
black body with a thick scaly orange bill, long yellow tufts and white face only found in breeding season
Columbiformes, Columbidae Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura
Mourning Dove.jpg
buffy-gray body, gray wings with black spots, blue eyering, long tail
Columbiformes, Columbidae Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina
Common Ground-Dove.jpg
scalier head and shorter tail than mourning dove
Columbiformes, Columbidae Rock Pigeon Columba livia
Rock Pigeon.jpg
usually gray with iridescent neck, gray body, and two black bars on the wing, can be rusty or all-white, tiny head and bill compared to body
Cuculiformes, Cuculidae Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus
Black billed cuckoo.jpg
long body/tail, brown top and white undersides, red ring around eyes, namesake black bill
Cuculiformes, Cuculidae Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus
Greater roadrunner.jpg
crest, long tail bent up slightly, brown and white streaks, blue and red on face during breeding season
Strigiformes, Tytonidae Barn Owl Tyto alba
Barn owl.jpg
heart-shaped white facial disk, brown with speckles above and white below, females tend to be darker
Strigiformes, Strigidae Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus
Great Horned Owl.jpg
bigger ear tufts and much taller than screech owl, juvenile looks like a fuzzy branch segment
Strigiformes, Strigidae Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus
Snowy Owl.jpg
white owl with round head and yellow eyes, female has more brown barring than male
Strigiformes, Strigidae Barred Owl Strix varia
Barred Owl.jpg
white with brown bars on head and tail, brown streaks on chest
Strigiformes, Strigidae Screech Owl Megascops asio (Eastern)
Screech Owl.jpg
smaller owl with shorter ear tufts and head almost as big as its body, note "screech owl" covers multiple species and rules do not specify which
Caprimulgiformes, Caprimulgidae Chuck-will's-widow Antrostomus carolinensis
Chuckwillswidow.jpg
feathers like leaves or bark, flat head, wide mouth. lacks common nighthawk's white wing slashes or chinstrap and has a bigger head, more nocturnal
Caprimulgiformes, Caprimulgidae Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor
Common Nighthawk.jpg
slightly paler/more finely barred patterning, smaller/more forward-leaning head, white wing slashes and white chinstrap
Apodiformes, Apodidae Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica
ChimneySwift.jpg
in flight, looks like a brown cigar taped to a boomerang, when not flying clings vertically to surfaces with white chin and long wings
Apodiformes, Trochilidae Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris
RubyThroated.jpg
the only hummingbird on national list, small with thin beak, SoCal state list only: distinguished from Anna's by males lacking Anna's red crown and females having a whiter belly
Coraciiformes, Alcedinidae Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon
BeltedKingfisher.jpeg
white belly and collar, metallic blue crest/back/wings/tail, rusty belt found only in females
Piciformes, Picidae Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus
Red-headed Woodpecker.jpg
black and white body, namesake red head, juveniles have black instead of red but lack the white facial stripes of other woodpeckers
Piciformes, Picidae Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker.jpg
belly not always visibly yellow, red forehead unlike downy woodpecker's red on back of head, white stripe on wing unlike downy's white stripe on back, only males have red throat
Piciformes, Picidae Downy Woodpecker Dryobates pubescens
Downy Woodpecker.jpg
white stripe on back, not on wing like yellow-bellied sapsucker, only males have red patch on back of head
Piciformes, Picidae Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus
Northern Flicker.jpg
only woodpecker on the list that isn't black-white-red, black crescent on chest and spotted belly, two morphs: red-shafted (west) and yellow-shafted (east), red-shafted has rusty face while yellow-shafted has gray face, only males have whisker/mustache
Piciformes, Picidae Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus
Pileated Woodpecker.jpg
both sexes and juveniles have red crest, but female's forehead is black while male's forehead is red like the crest, male also has red cheek stripe
Passeriformes, Tyrannidae Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi
Olive-sided Flycatcher.jpg
all flycatchers have thin beaks and perch mostly upright, olive-sided can be distinguished by its olive sides that look like a vest
Passeriformes, Tyrannidae Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe
Eastern Phoebe.jpg
belly is all-white, lacks olive-sided flycatcher's vest
Passeriformes, Tyrannidae Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus
Vermilion Flycatcher.jpg
males are bright red with black eyestripe(which scarlet tanager lacks), females have fiery bellies, juveniles have the thin beak and rictal bristals of all flycatchers but have pale-ish face, black eyestripe, and peach/yellow belly
Passeriformes, Tyrannidae Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus
Great Crested Flycatcher.jpg
brown top, namesake crest, highlighter yellow belly, cinnamon tail
Passeriformes, Tyrannidae Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus
Eastern Kingbird.jpg
darker top than eastern phoebe, sharper outline, white band on tail tip, more banana-shaped
Passeriformes, Tyrannidae Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher.jpg
only flycatcher on the list with white head, adults have salmon belly and long forked tails that juveniles lack
Passeriformes, Laniidae Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus
Loggerhead Shrike.jpg
big head, thick hooked beak, black mask
Passeriformes, Vireonidae Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus
Warbling Vireo.jpg
vireos longer and more slender than warblers, more smudged edges than warblers and lacks streaking of juvenile vermillion flycatcher
Passeriformes, Vireonidae Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus
Red-eyed Vireo.jpg
unlike warbling vireo, has two black lines on face, note that red eye is only visible up close
Passeriformes, Corvidae Steller's Jay Cyanocitta stelleri
Steller's Jay.jpg
black in front and blue behind, same crest as blue jay, note the name is spelled "steller's," not "stellar's" (important with many autograded questions)
Passeriformes, Corvidae Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata
Blue Jay.jpg
unlike steller's jay, has white belly and face
Passeriformes, Corvidae Black-billed Magpie Pica hudsonia
Black-billed Magpie.jpg
black head/chest and tail with white belly, clean/sharp boundaries between colors, black is iridescent and shines blue in some lights
Passeriformes, Corvidae American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos
American Crow.jpg
smaller than raven, less feathers on nose, lacks scruffy neck, square tail tip
Passeriformes, Corvidae Common Raven Corvus corax
Common Raven.jpg
bigger than crow, more feathers on nose, scruffy neck feathers, wedge-shaped tail
Passeriformes, Alaudidae Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris
Horned Lark.jpg
brown above with black mask and neck line, only breeding males have yellow mask and horns
Passeriformes, Hirundinidae Purple Martin Progne subis
Purple Martin.jpg
swallows/martins have long body/wings and wings swept back/curved, males are all purple-black, females look like barn/cliff swallow without crimson/yellow and with darker bellies
Passeriformes, Hirundinidae Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
Cliff Swallow.jpg
crimson throat, yellow/white forehead, tail is more squared off
Passeriformes, Hirundinidae Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Barn Swallow.jpg
crimson throat, crimson forehead, tail is more forked
Passeriformes, Paridae Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus
Black capped Chickadee.jpg
big head, thin beak, black cap and bib, white cheeks, gray wings, buffy sides
Passeriformes, Paridae Tufted Titmouse Baeolophus bicolor
Tufted titmouse.jpeg
gray above with crest, black forehead, peach sides
Passeriformes, Sittidae Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis
Red breasted nuthatch.jpg
thin beak, no neck, namesake red brest, black and white face stripes, blue back
Passeriformes, Sittidae White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis
White breasted nuthatch.jpg
thin beak, no neck, white face/cheeks/breast, blue back and black top of head, very "clean" look
Passeriformes, Certhiidae Brown Creeper Certhia americana
Brown creeper.jpg
mottled fuzzy brown blob, thin curved beak, almost always on a tree trunk
Passeriformes, Troglodytidae Cactus Wren Campylorhychus brunneicapillus
Cactus wren.jpg
all wrens in the list are brown with white eyebrows and black spots on wing and short upward-angled tails, cactus wren has black speckles all over and peach belly
Passeriformes, Troglodytidae Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris
Marsh wren.jpg
eyebrows, wings, and especially back all have black-and-white "barcode" stripes
Passeriformes, Troglodytidae Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus
Carolina wren.jpg
mostly brown, a bit of black barring/spotting on wing edges and tail, not as much as marsh wren
Passeriformes, Cinclidae American Dipper Cinclus mexicanus
American dipper.jpg
chunky and smooth with thin bill, blue-gray with head slightly more brown, juveniles have pale underparts, almost always found near water
Passeriformes, Regulidae Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa
Golden crowned kinglet.jpg
kinglets are tiny fuzzballs whose heads look like part of their bodies, have thin beaks and toothpick legs, and are gray-green on top with white wingbars; golden-crowned has white eyestripes unlike ruby-crowned eyering, also has black lines outside yellow lines on the head (males flash an orange crown usually concealed)
Passeriformes, Regulidae Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula
Ruby crowned kinglet.jpg
white eyering, not eyestripes, lacks black/yellow headstripes
Passeriformes, Polioptilidae Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea
Blue-gray gnatcatcher.jpg
tiny fuzzball blue-gray above, white below, black tail and white eyering, only breeding male has black monobrow
Passeriformes, Turdidae Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis
Eastern bluebird.jpg
thinner beak than indigo bunting, blue back, white belly, orange chest, females more washed out, juveniles spotted with white but with blueish wings/tail
Passeriformes, Turdidae Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina
Wood thrush.jpg
robin-shaped with big belly, brown above and white below with large black spots, unlike ovenbird has gray cheeks, unlike brown thrasher has black eyes
Passeriformes, Turdidae American Robin Turdus migratorius
American robin.jpg
black head, gray back, orange brest, has white eyelashes and yellow beak that spotted towhee lacks, female/juvenile paler
Passeriformes, Mimidae Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis
Gray Catbird.png
blue-gray all over, black cap and crimson undertail coverts, longer tail and less chunky than american dipper
Passeriformes, Mimidae Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos
Northern Mockingbird.jpg
thin beak, light gray above and pale below, thinner eyestripe than loggerhead shrike, dark wings and tail, yellow eyes
Passeriformes, Mimidae Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum
Brown Thrasher.jpg
yellow eyes unlike ovenbird and wood thrush, brown above and white below, black streaks on chest
Passeriformes, Bombycillidae Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum
Cedar Waxwing.jpg
sleek and plump, body is brown fading to yellow, black mask, crest, yellow tail tip, juveniles are streaked and have smaller crests, red sealing-wax-like feather tips on wing not always visible
Passeriformes, Parulidae Yellow Warbler Setophaga petechia
Yellow warbler.jpg
all warblers have thin bills and chunky overall shape, males have orange streaks on throat, females/juveniles can be ID-ed by yellow cheeks and yellow lining on wing feathers (unlike magnolia warbler and common yellowthroat)
Passeriformes, Parulidae Magnolia Warbler Dendroica magnolia
Magnolia warbler.jpg
males have black mask (unlike black-throated green warbler), black neck streaks, and yellow chest(unlike yellow-rumped warbler), females are gray (not brown) on top and have white eyerings and white wingbars (unlike yellow warbler and common yellowthroat)
Passeriformes, Parulidae Yellow-rumped Warbler Setophaga coronata
Yellow-rumped warbler.jpg
black-and-white streaky overall, white chest (unlike magnolia warbler), lacks black-throated green warbler's yellow face, both sexes have yellow patches on wing and rump, females have less throat streaking
Passeriformes, Parulidae Black-throated Green Warbler Setophaga virens
Black-throated green warbler.jpg
unlike magnolia and yellow-rumped, has yellow face without mask but with ashy eyestripe/ear patch, greenish back, females have less throat streaking
Passeriformes, Parulidae Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia
Black-and-white warbler.jpg
black and white only, pretty much a living barcode
Passeriformes, Parulidae American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla
American redstart.jpg
yellow/orange patches on the wings, tail, and armpits, dark head/back/wings but white below, females/juveniles washed out version of male, more uniform coloring/less streaking than yellow-rumped warbler
Passeriformes, Parulidae Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla
Ovenbird.jpg
brown above and white with black streaks below, distinctive black stripes on head, orange stripes on head not always visible, brown cheeks (unlike wood thrush), black eyes (unlike brown thrasher)
Passeriformes, Parulidae Kentucky Warbler Geothlypis formosa
Kentucky Warbler.jpg
yellow upside-down checkmark on an olive head, black cheeks only on male
Passeriformes, Parulidae Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas
Common yellowthroat.jpg
males have black mask that goes above their eyes and lack throat streaking, females are brown above with brown cheeks, all-brown wing, and no eyering(unlike yellow warbler or magnolia warbler)
Passeriformes, Passerellidae Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus
Spotted towhee.jpg
all sparrows have thick conical bills, unlike american robin has red eyes, black bill, and no white eyelashes, females have gray top instead of black, both sexes have rusty sides, juvenile is streaky and dull brown, still has conical bill and darker than other sparrow juveniles
Passeriformes, Passerellidae Black-chinned Sparrow Spizella atrogularis
Black-chinned sparrow.jpg
pink beak, gray head/body, only breeding male has black chin, unlike harris's sparrow lacks white/streaky breast, unlike dark-eyed junco has brown wings and gray sides
Passeriformes, Passerellidae Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus
Lark sparrow.jpg
white distinctly patterned head, three black stripes from beak to neck, chestnut eyebrow and cheek, juveniles have buff instead of chestnut patches
Passeriformes, Passerellidae Harris's Sparrow Zonotrichia querula
Harris sparrow.jpg
only sparrow on the list with white streaked breast and unstreaked head, all ages and sexes have scaly black crown, only breeding adults have black chin, nonbreeding adults have brown instead of gray head
Passeriformes, Passerellidae White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys
White-crowned sparrow.jpg
head looks like a skunk's stripes, juvenile has buff and brown instead of white and black stripes as well as orange beak
Passeriformes, Passerellidae Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina
Chipping sparrow.jpg
rusty cap and thin black eyestripe, nonbreeding is more washed out and brown, nonbreeding/juvenile may have pink beak but not carrot orange like white-crowned juvenile
Passeriformes, Passerellidae Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis
Dark-eyed junco.jpg
many different regional color morphs, always has pink beak and white outer tail feathers, easiest way to ID is note the sparrow-shaped bill and use process of elimination from the other pink-beaked sparrows
Passeriformes, Calcariidae Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus
Lapland longspur.jpg
breeding male has black face and bib, unlike harris's/black-chinned has white unstreaked breast and rusty back of head, female/juvenile has brown head and black outline of cheek
Passeriformes, Calcariidae Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis
Snow bunting.jpg
snow white with black wings, bill is shorter and thicker than scissor-tailed flycatcher, nonbreeding has rusty patches on white head
Passeriformes, Cardinalidae Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis
Northern cardinal.jpg
bright red with crest, female is same shape as male but brown with red spots
Passeriformes, Cardinalidae Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea
Indigo bunting.jpg
unlike eastern bluebird, has thick bill and blue belly, nonbreeding/female/immature is brown with black thick conical bill, few streaks, and unstreaked head, sometimes with patches of blue
Passeriformes, Cardinalidae Painted Bunting Passerina ciris
Painted bunting.jpg
male is a walking rainbow, female is green but has thicker bill and green wings unlike female scarlet tanager
Passeriformes, Cardinalidae Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea
Scarlet tanager.jpg
lacks black mask of vermillion flycatcher, female has thinner bill and black wings unlike painted bunting
Passeriformes, Icteridae Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus
Bobolink.jpg
all blackbirds are somewhat long and have thin but conical bills, male bobolink is black below and white above with a "bald" look from yellow back of head, female/juvenile is yellow but streaked and has buffy eyestripe sandwiched between two black stripes, unlike female house sparrow has yellow undersides, lacks western meadowlark's dark V on neck and white flanks
Passeriformes, Icteridae Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus
Red-winged blackbird.jpg
male has bright red wing patches edged in yellow (may be partially covered), female has buffy eyestripe but darker and streakier than female house/nonbreeding chipping/juvenile white-crowned sparrow, spotted towhee juvenile lacks the eyestripe
Passeriformes, Icteridae Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta
Western meadowlark.jpg
brown and white-streaked above, bright yellow below, unlike female bobolink has black V on neck and white flanks, nonbreeding are paler and more washed-out
Passeriformes, Icteridae Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Yellow-headed blackbird.jpg
male has yellow front of head, not back, female/juvenile still has yellow face and black body but less extensive
Passeriformes, Icteridae Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula
Common grackle.jpg
all-dark with eerie pale eye, long tail, males iridescent, juvenile has dark eye but longer tail than brown-headed cowbird, darker than female brown-headed cowbird but lacking male brown-headed cowbird's brown head
Passeriformes, Icteridae Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater
Brown-headed cowbird.jpg
dark not eye, pale eye like grackle, unique short chunky silhouette, male's appearance is in the name, females uniform dull brown and juvenile more scaly than streaky
Passeriformes, Icteridae Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula
Baltimore oriole.jpg
males have a striking orange breast and black head/back, lack white eyelashes of american robin, females a duller dirty orange breast and head, juveniles yellow-green but have two white wingbars unlike scarlet tanager or painted bunting females, dark shoulders unlike nonbreeding american goldfinch
Passeriformes, Fringillidae Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
Red crossbill.jpg
all finches are chunky with very thick conical bills, crossbill bill is hooked and crossed over (on some tests, you may need to zoom in!), juvenile plumage close to house finch(look for bill)
Passeriformes, Fringillidae American Goldfinch Spinus tristis
American goldfinch.jpg
breeding male is a flying highlighter, nonbreeding is brown-yellow with wings and tail like barcodes, yellow shoulders (not dark like baltimore oriole)
Passeriformes, Fringillidae Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus
Evening grosbeak.jpg
thick, jade-green beak (may appear bone-white), males have yellow eyebrow
Passeriformes, Fringillidae House Finch Haemorhous mexicanus
House finch.jpg
female/juvenile is uniformed streaked with the general shape of a finch, male may have red or yellow wash on the face and chest but is still streaked
Passeriformes, Fringillidae Pine Siskin Spinus pinus
Pine siskin.jpg
plumage like female house finch, slightly thinner bill and yellow/buffy wings/tail
Passeriformes, Passeridae House Sparrow Passer domesticus
House sparrow.jpg
male has thick cinnamon eyestripe, female has buffy eyestripe edged in brown, lacks western meadowlark's V shape, lacks bobolink's yellow chest
Passeriformes, Sturnidae European Starling Sturnus vulgaris
European starling.jpg
breeding is iridescent with yellow bill and dark eyes (unlike common grackle), nonbreeding is spotted with white, juvenile is uniformly brown and paler than common grackle juvenile


2010 Bird List (Incomplete)
List of birds
Order on list Order and family Common name Genus and species Image Comments
1 Anseriformes, Anatidae Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis
Whistling duck in flight.jpeg
2 Anseriformes, Anatidae Snow Goose Chen caerulescens
Snow goose white morph.JPG
3 Anseriformes, Anatidae Canada Goose Branta canadensis
Canada goose.jpg
4 Anseriformes, Anatidae Trumpeter Swan Cygnus buccinators
Tr swan.jpg
5 Anseriformes, Anatidae Wood Duck Aix sponsa
Wood duck.jpg
6 Anseriformes, Anatidae Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Mallard.png
7 Anseriformes, Anatidae Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera
Cin teal.jpg
8 Anseriformes, Anatidae Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Nor show.jpg
9 Anseriformes, Anatidae Green-winged Teal Anas crecca
Gwt.png
10 Anseriformes, Anatidae Canvasback Aythya valisineria
Canvas.png
11 Anseriformes, Anatidae Common Eider Somateria mollissima
CE.png
12 Anseriformes, Anatidae Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata
SS.png
13 Anseriformes, Anatidae Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis
LTD.png
14 Anseriformes, Anatidae Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus
HM.png
15 Galliformes, Phasianidae Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus
Pheasant.jpg
16 Galliformes, Phasianidae Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus
Ruffed grouse.jpg
17 Galliformes, Phasianidae Greater Prairie-Chicken Tympanuchus cupido
Greater prairie chicken.jpg
18 Galliformes, Phasianidae Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo
Wild Turkey.jpg
19 Galliformes, Odontophoridae Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus
Bobwhite.jpg
20 Gaviiformes, Gaviidae Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata
Red-throated Loon.jpg
21 Gaviiformes, Gaviidae Common Loon Gavia immer
Loon.jpg
22 Podicipediformes, Podicipedidae Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps
Pb grebe.jpeg
23 Podicipediformes, Podicipedidae Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena
Rn grebe.jpeg
24 Procellariiformes, Diomedeidae Laysan Albatross Phoebastria immutabilis
Laysan albatross.jpeg
25 Procellariiformes, Diomedeidae Black-footed Albatross Phoebastria nigripes
Bf albatross.jpeg
26 Procellariiformes, Procellariidae Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis
N fulmar.jpeg
27 Procellariiformes, Procellariidae Pink-footed Shearwater Puffinus creatopus
Pf shearwater.jpeg
28 Pelicaniformes, Pelicanidae American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
American White Pelican.jpg
29 Pelicaniformes, Phalacrocoracidae Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus
Double-crested cormorant during breeding season.jpg
30 Pelicaniformes, Anhingidae Anhinga Anhinga anhinga
Anhinga.jpg
31 Pelicaniformes, Fregatidae Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
Frigatebird.jpg
32 Ciconiiformes, Ardeidae American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus
American Bittern.JPG
33 Ciconiiformes, Ardeidae Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias
GreatBlueHeron.jpg
34 Ciconiiformes, Ardeidae Snowy Egret Egretta thula
SnowyEgret.JPG
35 Ciconiiformes, Ardeidae Green Heron Butorides virescens
Green Heron.jpg
36 Ciconiiformes, Ardeidae Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Nycticorax-nycticorax.jpg
36 Ciconiiformes, Threskiornithidae Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja
Roseate spoonbill.jpg
37 Ciconiiformes, Cathartidae Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
Turkey Vulture.jpg
38 Ciconiiformes, Cathartidae California Condor Gymnogyps californianus
Condor.jpg
39 Falconiformes, Accipitridae Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Osprey.jpg
40 Falconiformes, Accipitridae Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Bald eagle.jpg
41 Falconiformes, Accipitridae Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus
Harrier.jpg
42 Falconiformes, Accipitridae Cooper’s Hawk Accipiter cooperii
Coopers hawk.jpg
43 Falconiformes, Accipitridae Swainson’s Hawk Buteo swainsoni
Swainson's hawk.jpg
44 Falconiformes, Accipitridae Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis
Redtailedhawk.jpg
45 Falconiformes, Accipitridae Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Golden eagle.jpg
46 Falconiformes, Falconidae Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway
Caracara.jpg
47 Falconiformes, Falconidae American Kestrel Falco sparverius
Amerikestrel.jpg
48 Falconiformes, Falconidae Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Peregrine Falcon.jpg
49 Gruiformes, Rallidae Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris
Clapper rail.jpg
50 Gruiformes, Rallidae Sora Porzana carolina
Sora.jpg
51 Gruiformes, Rallidae Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica
PurpleGallinule.jpg
52 Gruiformes, Rallidae American Coot Fulica americana
Coot.jpg
53 Gruiformes, Gruidae Whooping Crane Grus americana
Whooping crane.jpg
54 Charadriiformes, Charadriidae American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica
American Golden-Plover.jpeg
55 Charadriiformes, Charadriidae Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Snowy Plover.jpeg
56 Charadriiformes, Charadriidae Killdeer Charadrius vociferus
Killdeer.jpeg
57 Charadriiformes, Haematopodidae American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus
American Oystercatcher.jpeg
58 Charadriiformes, Recurvirostridae Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus
Black-necked Stilt.jpeg
59 Charadriiformes, Recurvirostridae American Avocet Recurvirostra americana
American Avocet.jpeg
60 Charadriiformes, Jacanidae Northern Jacana Jacana spinosa
Northern Jacana.jpg
61 Charadriiformes, Scolopacidae Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda
Upland Sandpiper.jpg
62 Charadriiformes, Scolopacidae Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Ruddy Turnstone.jpg
63 Charadriiformes, Scolopacidae Dunlin Calidris alpina
Dunlin.jpg
64 Charadriiformes, Scolopacidae Wilson’s Snipe Gallinago delicata
Wilson’s snipe.jpg
65 Charadriiformes, Scolopacidae American Woodcock Scolopax minor
American Woodcock.jpg
66 Charadriiformes, Scolopacidae Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor
Wilsons Phalarope.jpg
67 Charadriiformes, Laridae Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla
Laughing Gull.jpg
68 Charadriiformes, Laridae California Gull Larus californicus
California Gull.jpg
69 Charadriiformes, Laridae Herring Gull Larus argentatus
Herring Gull.jpg
70 Charadriiformes, Laridae Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus
Great Black-backed Gull.jpg
71 Charadriiformes, Laridae Least Tern Sternula antillarum
Least Tern.jpg
72 Charadriiformes, Laridae Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia
Caspian Tern.jpg
73 Charadriiformes, Laridae Black Tern Chlidonias niger
Black Tern.jpg
74 Charadriiformes, Laridae Black Skimmer Rynchops niger
Black Skimmer.jpg
75 Charadriiformes, Stercorariidae Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus
Pomarine Jaeger.jpg
76 Charadriiformes, Alcidae Common Murre Uria aalge
Common Murre.jpg
77 Charadriiformes, Alcidae Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle
Black Guillemot.jpg
78 Charadriiformes, Alcidae Marbled Murrelet Brachyramphus marmoratus
Marbled Murrelet.jpg
79 Charadriiformes, Alcidae Tufted Puffin Fratercula cirrhata
Tufted Puffin.jpg
80 Columbiformes, Columbidae White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica
White-winged Dove.jpg
81 Columbiformes, Columbidae Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura
Mourning Dove.jpg
82 Columbiformes, Columbidae Inca Dove Columbina inca
Inca Dove.jpg
83 Columbiformes, Columbidae Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina
Common Ground-Dove.jpg


Links

2020 Bird List