Ornithology/Charadriiformes

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Main article: Ornithology


Charadriiformes are medium-large birds that typically live near water, feeding off of invertebrates. There are about 350 species around the world. Stilts feed mainly on small aquatic animals like mollusks and crustaceans. They have long, thin necks, legs, and straight beaks, and partially webbed front toes. Most birds in this family have contrasting black and white plumage. Stilts are monogamous and lay three to four light colored eggs with dark markings. The chicks are downy and precocial. The Killdeer and the Laughing Gull are the only two birds that require knowledge of a call in 2020. However, the black-necked stilt used to require a call which can be found here.

Lapwings and Plovers (Charadriidae)

American Golden Plover
Golden Plover.jpg
Species Pluvialis dominica
Habitat Arctic tundra of Canada and Alaska
Diet Insects and crustaceans
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern
Killdeer
Killdeer.jpeg
Species Charadrius vociferus
Habitat Beaches and coastal wetlands
Diet Insects, occasionally other invertebrates and seeds
Call Link
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern

Oystercatchers (Haematopodidae)

American Oystercatcher
American Oystercatcher.jpeg
Species Haematopus palliatus
Habitat Beaches, marshes, and mudflats
Diet Shellfish and marine invertebrates
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern

Stilts and Avocets (Recurvirostridae)

Black-necked Stilt
Black-necked Stilt.jpeg
Species Charadriiformes, Recurvirostridae
Habitat Wetlands and coastlines
Diet Invertebrates, small fish, tadpoles
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern
American Avocet
American Avocet.jpeg
Species Charadriiformes, Recurvirostridae
Habitat Shallow, fresh and saltwater wetlands
Diet Aquatic invertebrates
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern

Sandpipers, Phalaropes, and Allies (Scolopacidae)

Spotted Sandpiper
Spotted Sandpiper.jpg
Species Actitis macularius
Habitat Stream banks and freshwater shores
Diet Insects, crustaceans and invertebrates
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern
Ruddy Turnstone
Ruddy Turnstone.jpg
Species Arenaria interpres
Habitat Rocky shores or tundras
Diet Invertebrates
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern
Dunlin
Dunlin.jpg
Species Calidris alpina
Habitat Tundras and mudflats
Diet Insects, molluscs and crustaceans
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern
Wilson's Snipe
Wilson’s snipe.jpg
Species Gallinago delicata
Habitat Marshes, bogs and tundras
Diet Insects and worms
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern
American Woodcock
American Woodcock.jpg
Species Scolopax minor
Habitat Forests
Diet Earthworms and other invertebrates
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern

Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers (Laridae)

Laughing Gull
Laughing Gull.jpg
Species Leucophaeus atricilla
Habitat Marshes
Diet Molluscs, fish, insects
Call Link
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern
Ring-billed Gull
Ring-billed Gull.jpg
Species Larus delawarensis
Habitat Lakes, rivers and coasts
Diet Insects, fish, grain
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern
Herring Gull
Herring Gull.jpg
Species Larus argentatus
Habitat Beaches, marshes and mudflats
Diet Fish and crustaceans
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern
Least Tern
Least Tern.jpg
Species Sternula antillarum
Habitat Coasts, beaches, estuaries
Diet Small fish
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern
Caspian Tern
Caspian Tern.jpg
Species Hydroprogne caspia
Habitat Lakes and ocean coasts
Diet Fish
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern
Black Tern
Black Tern.jpg
Species Chlidonias niger
Habitat Freshwater marshes
Diet Insects and fish
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern
Black Skimmer
Black Skimmer.jpg
Species Rynchops niger
Habitat Rivers, coasts and lagoons
Diet Small fish, insects, crustaceans
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern

Auks, Murres, and Puffins (Alcidae)

Common Murre
Common Murre.jpg
Species Uria aalge
Habitat Islands, rocky shores, cliffs
Diet Small fish, molluscs, worms
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern
Tufted Puffin
Tufted Puffin.jpg
Species Fratercula cirrhata
Habitat Island coasts
Diet Fish and marine invertebrates
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern