Ornithology/Gruiformes

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Main article: Ornithology


The order Gruiformes is polyphyletic- the common ancestors of the birds in the group are not contained in the group. To compare, if "warm-blooded animals" was considered a group, then both Mammals and Birds would be in the group, but their last common ancestor would not be, because it would have most likely been cold-blooded. However, the American Ornithologist's Union still categorizes them as such, and the list follows them.

Rails, Gallinules, and Coots (Rallidae)

Clapper Rail
Clapper rail.jpg
Species Rallus longirostris
Habitat Coastal marshland
Diet Crustaceans, insects, small fish
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern
Sora
Sora.jpg
Species Porzana carolina
Habitat Marshland
Diet Small invertebrates, seeds
Call Link
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern
Purple Gallinule
PurpleGallinule.jpg
Species Porphyrio martinica
Habitat Swamps and Marshes
Diet Seeds, leaves, fruit, invertebrates, frogs, and fish
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern
American Coot
Coot.jpg
Species Fulica americana
Habitat Wetlands and open bodies of water
Diet Plants, arthropods, fish
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least concern

Cranes (Gruidae)

Whooping Crane
Whooping crane.jpg
Species Grus americana
Habitat Breeds in muskeg
Diet Invertebrates, small reptiles, fish, and grain
Call Link
Conservation
Status iucn3.1 EN.svg
Endangered