Solar System/Missions

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This page is incomplete. It does not cover all important aspects of this subject. Please keep this in mind when reading the page and add relevant information if possible.

This page is about missions to celestial bodies within the solar system. To learn more about the Solar System general competition, go to the main Solar System page.

Solar System Missions

Asteroids

Missions
Name Start Date Status Objective Link
Asteroid Redirect End of Decade Upcoming Capture an Asteroid and place it in orbit around the moon for samples and data Over View
Dawn 27/9/07 Current Study Vesta and Ceries Mission Page
Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous 17/2/96 Past(28/2/01) Study Near-Earth steroid 433 Eros; First to Orbit and Touchdown on an asteroid NEAR-Shoemaker
Osiris-REx 2016 Upcoming (End 2018) Travel to Near-Earth Asteroid Bunno (1999RQ36) and bring back a 2.1-ounce sample to study About Osiris-REx

Comets

Missions
Name Start Date Status Objective Link
Deep Impact Building: Nov, 99; Launch: Jan, 05 Past Probe beneath the surface of a comet Deep Impact Overview
EPOXI 12/1/05 Past Follow-On mission to Deep Impact; One part to study three stars with solar-planets (EPOCh) and another to study the nucleus of Hartley 2 (DIXI) EPOXI
Rosetta 2/3/04 Current Catch the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, soft land on the comet and accompany it into our inner solar system Overview
Stardust-NExT 2005 (Used Existing Spacecraft) Past Document a comets change through perihelion; Compare dust from Tempel 1 and Comet Wild 2; Study effects of Deep Impact on Tempel 1 Stardust-NExT

Earth's Moon

Missions
Name Start Date Status Objective Link
Apollo 1961 Completed To land a man on the moon, establish new technology to help the United States' space future, and help humans adjust to new foreign environments The Apollo Missions
Clementine January 25, 1994 Ended To make surface altimetry measurements of the moon surface, test space components and sensors, analyze the surface mineralogy of the Moon and the near-Earth asteroid 1620 Geographos, and image at multiple wavelengths Clementine Project Information
GRAIL September 2011 Ended To make the most accurate gravitational map of the Moon to date, help deduce the Moon's interior structure and composition, and help learn about its thermal evolution, information that can help navigation for future lunar spacecraft and contributing to knowledge about the evolution of the inner solar system GRAIL
LADEE September 2013 Ended To gather information about the lunar atmosphere, surface conditions, and environmental influences on lunar dust LADEE - Lunar Atmosphere Dust and Environment Explorer
LCROSS June 2009 Ended Confirm the presence or absence of water ice in a permanently shadowed crater near a lunar polar region NASA - LCROSS
Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter June 2009 Ongoing Analyzes the temperature and imaging of the polar regions of the moon concerning the prospect of water and helps identify potentially resourceful sites with the potential for safe future robotic and human lunar missions Lunar Reconnaisance Orbiter
Mini-RF June 2009 Ongoing Map the lunar poles, search for water ice, and demonstrate future NASA communication technologies NASA Mini-RF
Moon Mineralogy Mapper October 2008 Ended Produce the first mineralogical map of the Moon Missions - Moon Mineralogy Mapper
Ranger 1961 Ended Obtain close-up images of the Lunar surface Ranger to the Moon (1961-1965)
Surveyor May 1966 Ended Obtain close-up images of the lunar surface and determine if the terrain was safe for manned landings, thus paving the path to the Apollo 11 landing in July 1969 Surveyor to the Moon (1966-1968)

Jupiter

Missions
Name Start Date Status Objective Link
Galileo October 1989 Ended Study Jupiter and its mysterious moons [https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/galileo/ Missions Galileo
Hubble UNF UNF UNF UNF
Juno August 2011 Ongoing Understand Jupiter's origin and evolution, look for a solid planetary core, map the magnetic field, measure water and ammonia in the deep atmosphere, and observe auroras Juno NASA
Pioneer UNF UNF UNF UNF
Voyager UNF UNF UNF UNF

Mars

Missions
Name Launch Date Status Objective Link
Hubble UNF UNF UNF UNF
InSight UNF UNF UNF UNF
Mars Exploration Rover 2003 Active UNF [1]
Mars Global Surveyor 1996 Complete UNF [2]
Mars Odyssey 2001 Active UNF [3]
Mars Pathfinder 1996 Complete To prove that building a cheaper spacecraft was possible and would work. [4]
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter 2005 Active UNF [5]
Mars Science Laboratory, Curiosity 2011 Active UNF [6]
MAVEN 2013 Active UNF [7]
Phoenix 2007 Complete UNF [8]
Viking 1 1975 Complete UNF [9]

Mercury

Missions
Name Start Date Status Objective Link
MESSENGER UNF UNF UNF UNF

Neptune

Missions
Name Start Date Status Objective Link
Hubble UNF UNF UNF UNF
Voyager UNF UNF UNF UNF

Planets

Missions
Name Start Date Status Objective Link
Hubble UNF UNF UNF UNF
James Webb Space Telescope UNF UNF UNF UNF
Kepler UNF UNF UNF UNF
Roentgen Satellite UNF UNF UNF UNF
SWIFT UNF UNF UNF UNF
WISE UNF UNF UNF UNF

Pluto

Missions
Name Start Date Status Objective Link
Hubble UNF UNF UNF UNF
New Horizons UNF UNF UNF UNF

Saturn

Missions
Name Start Date Status Objective Link
Cassini UNF UNF UNF UNF
Hubble UNF UNF UNF UNF
Pioneer UNF UNF UNF UNF
Voyager UNF UNF UNF UNF

Sun (Influence on Earth)

Missions
Name Start Date Status Objective Link
Explorer UNF UNF UNF UNF
FAST UNF UNF UNF UNF
Geotail UNF UNF UNF UNF
Hinode (Solar-b) UNF UNF UNF UNF
Ionospheric Connection Explorer UNF UNF UNF UNF
IMAGE UNF UNF UNF UNF
Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph UNF UNF UNF UNF
Magnetospheric MultiScale UNF UNF UNF UNF
Polar UNF UNF UNF UNF
RHESSI UNF UNF UNF UNF
SDO UNF UNF UNF UNF
SOHO UNF UNF UNF UNF
Solar Anomalous and Magnetosphere Particle Explorer UNF UNF UNF UNF
Solar Orbiter Collaboration UNF UNF UNF UNF
Solar Probe Plus UNF UNF UNF UNF
Sounding Rockets UNF UNF UNF UNF
STEREO UNF UNF UNF UNF
THEMIS UNF UNF UNF UNF
TIMED UNF UNF UNF UNF
TRACE UNF UNF UNF UNF
Ulysses UNF UNF UNF UNF
Van Allen Probes (Radiation Belt Storm Probes) UNF UNF UNF UNF
WIND UNF UNF UNF UNF

Uranus

Missions
Name Start Date Status Objective Link
Hubble UNF UNF UNF UNF
Voyager UNF UNF UNF UNF

Venus

Missions
Name Start Date Status Objective Link
Magellan UNF UNF UNF UNF
Pioneer UNF UNF UNF UNF

References

NASA: Solar System Missions