Endangered, Extinct, and Exotic Animals

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Endangered, Extinct, and Exotic Animals was a new trial event for both Division B and Division C in New York and Texas for the 2013 season, and is scheduled to be run as a trial event at the 2015 National Competition. Also known as Triple E or EEE, it tests competitors on their knowledge of endangered, extinct, and exotic animals. As well as identification, questions may be given on the causes and effects of changes in biodiversity and the effects the introduction of invasive species have on environments.

Contents

Event Overview

Competitors are expected to recognize all of the organisms on the official taxa list, which can be found on the second page of this document: [1]. Of these organisms, competitors are expected to know possible reasons as to why endangered and extinct animals reached their individual respective status, how introduced and invasive species were likely introduced to an area, and how their introduction could impact the area's biodiversity.

This event is given either in timed stations, as a test, or as a PowerPoint. Students are given either pictures or information for identification purposes and then asked questions about the specific organisms. Twenty 3”x5” index cards, with no published information or photographs, held together by a single ring, are the only materials allowed.

New York Version

For New York, questions will be limited to the species on the official New York List, which can be found on the second and third pages of these documents: Division B-[2] Division C-[3]. Each team is allowed one secure three ring binder with any information (from any sources).

Texas Version

In Texas, questions will be limited to the species on the official Texas List, which can be found on the third and fourth page of this document: Division B-[4]. Twenty-five 3”x5” index cards, with no published information or photographs, held together by a single ring, are the only materials allowed.


NOTE: All following species are from the National list.

Fishes

Topeka Shiner (Notropis topeka)

STATUS: ENDANGERED

LISTED 15 DECEMBER 1998

The Topeka Shiner is a small minnow that lives in the prairie streams of the central United States. It is a shiny silver color and has a characteristic black colored stripe running along the side of its body. The states it lives in include Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, and South Dakota. The prairie streams it lives in are typically slow moving, have good water quality, and have a cool to moderate temperature. Instead of building their own nests, Topeka shiners share nests with orange-spotted or green sunfish. The main threat to these fish is changes to the water in which they live. Any activity, such as building projects, that increases silt is dangerous to the fish, as their food source and eggs can be buried.

Pallid Sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus albus)

Paddlefish (Polyodon spathula)

Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnas thynnus)

Sharks (Questions are about shark species as a whole and do not test on specific species)

Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua)

Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar)

Blue Marlin (Makaira nigricans)

Amphibians

Inyo Mountains Salamander (Batrachoseps campi)

Wyoming Toad (Bufo baxteri)

Mountain Yellow-legged Frog (Rana muscosa)

Dusky Gopher Frog (Rana sevosa)

Ramsey Canyon Leopard Frog (Rana subaquavocalis)

Macaya Burrowing Frog (Eleutherodactylus parapelates)

Panamanian Golden Frog (Atelopus zeteki)

Puerto Rican Crested Toad (Peltophryne lemur)

Japanese Giant Salamander (Andrias japonicas)

Table Mountain Ghost Frog (Heleophryne rosei)

Reptiles

Sea Turtle (Questions are about sea turtle species as a whole and do not test on individual species)

Jamaican Boa (Epicrates subflavus)

Gopher Tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus)

American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis)

Indigo Snake (Drymarchon melanurus)

Giant Madagascar Leaf-tailed Gecko (Uroplatus fimbriatus)

Philipine Crocodile (Crocodilus mindorensis)

False Gharial (Tomistoma schlegelii)

Ploughshare Tortoise (Astrochelys yniphora)

Panther Chameleon (Furcifer pardalis)

Giant Garter Snake (Thamnophis gigas)

Red River Soft Shell Turtle (Rafetus swinhoei)

Cuban Rock Iguana (Cyclura nublia)

Grand Caymen Iguana (Cyclura lewisi)

Aruba Island Rattlesnake (Crotalus unicolor)

King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah)

Mammals

Black-footed Ferret (Mustela nigripes)

Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus)

African Elephant (Loxodonta africana)

Grey Wolf (Canis lupus)

Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)

Tiger (Students do not need to know subspecies)

Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla & G. beringei)

Orangutan (Pongo abelii & P. pygmaeus)

Greater Bamboo Lemur (Prolemur simus)

Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis)

Little Brown Bat (Myotis spp.)

Birds

Whooping Crane (Grus americana)

Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus)

Least Tern (Sterna antillarum)

Eskimo Curlew (Numenius borealis)

Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator)

African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus)

Galapagos Penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus)

Introduced and Invasive Species

Brown Tree Snake (Boiga irregularis)

Cane Toad (Bufo marinus)

Burmese Python (Python molurus)

Nile Monitor (Varanus niloticus)

Spectacled Caiman (Caiman crocodiles)

Feral Pigs (Sus scrofa)

Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Lionfish (Pterois volitans)

Norway Rat (Rattus norvegicus)

Common Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella)

European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)

Laws and Regulations

Links

Trial Event Rules
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