Meteorology/Severe Storms

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This page refers to a topic of Meteorology which is currently in rotation for the 2020 and 2021 seasons. It was last in rotation during the 2017 season.

Severe Storms

Severe Storms is focused on the study of Severe Weather that affects the United States. It can be split into three main groups: Thunderstorms, Hurricanes, and Winter Storms. For all pages pertaining to this topic, see Category:Severe Storms.

Thunderstorms

Main article: Severe Storms/Thunderstorms

Thunderstorms can occur anywhere that warm, moist air meets cooler air. They are common along cold fronts where the warm air moves rapidly upward and condenses, which forms cumulonimbus clouds. Lightning, thunder, and rain are associated with thunderstorms, and severe storms may be accompanied by heavy rain, strong winds, hail, and on occasion, tornadoes.

Hurricanes

Main article: Severe Storms/Hurricanes

Hurricanes are storm systems which have a large, low-pressure center. They spin counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern hemisphere. Hurricanes often produce many thunderstorms with heavy rain and strong winds. They may also produce tornadoes and damaging storm surge. Hurricanes usually form over large bodies of warm water, and will become weaker if they travel over land, mainly because they lose the warm water energy source.

Winter Storms

Main article: Severe Storms/Winter Storms

Winter storms can produce precipitation such as snow, sleet, or freezing rain, rather than the rain and hail thunderstorms produce. These storms can happen outside of the winter season, but this is extremely rare.

Mudslides

Main article: Severe Storms/Mudslides

Mid-latitude Cyclones

Main article: Severe Storms/Mid-latitude Cyclones

Atmospheric Rivers

Main article: Severe Storms/Atmospheric Rivers


Links and Resources

Links

WW2010
More detailed Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale
Inland High Wind Model
Enhanced Fujita Scale
Introduction to Thunderstorms
Atmospheric Rivers

Resources

"The Atmosphere" by Frederick K. Lutgens and Edward J. Tarbuck
"Meteorology Today" by Ahrens