Difference between revisions of "Microbe Mission/Diseases List"

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== Viral Diseases ==
 
== Viral Diseases ==
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Viruses are nonliving obligate intracellular parasites that utilize either DNA or RNA as their genetic material. A virus usually has a proteinaceous ''capsid'' studded with different glycoproteins, which facilitate entry into a host cell. The capsid itself protects the genetic material of the virus.
 +
 +
Viruses are usually extremely species-specific, rarely infecting different species. Virus replication may be halted by antiviral medications such as '''aciclovir'''. Furthermore, vaccines, comprised of heat-killed or live attenuated viruses and/or antigens, may be injected into a host animal to provoke a humoral immune response. Antibodies produced will circulate and memory T/B cells proliferate, protecting the host from further infection.
 +
 +
Viruses are usually classified by the '''Baltimore Classification System''', which separates viruses into groups by nucleic acid properties:
 +
*Type I viruses are double-stranded DNA viruses
 +
*Type II viruses are single-stranded DNA viruses
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*Type III viruses are double-stranded RNA viruses
 +
*Type IV viruses are positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses
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*Type V viruses are negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses
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*Type VI viruses are RNA retroviruses
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*Type VII viruses are DNA retroviruses
  
 
=== AIDS ===
 
=== AIDS ===
 +
Caused by an RNA retrovirus, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which emerged in the 1980s. HIV attacks CD4+ T-cells of the immune system, crippling its ability to defend against opportunistic infections. Several classes of retroviral medications may be given to patients, but no cure is currently available. Late-stage AIDS is marked by opportunistic infections and Kaposi's Sarcoma, a cancer caused by a human herpesvirus. AIDS is an STD, although blood transfusions and needle sharing also spreads the disease.
 +
 
=== Chicken Pox and Shingles ===  
 
=== Chicken Pox and Shingles ===  
 +
Caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV), a herpesvirus. Chickenpox is marked by red itchy rashes and a fever in children, and much more serious fevers in adults. However, chickenpox will not usually manifest itself twice. Shingles is more commonly seen in the elderly, and causes itchy rashes on places like the chest. Herpesviruses display lysogeny, and so shingles may recur throughout life. There exists a vaccine for VZV.
 +
 
=== Common Cold ===
 
=== Common Cold ===
 +
Caused by about 200 different types of rhinoviruses, making medication/vaccines impossible to develop. Causes symptoms of runny noses, fever, general illness that goes away after a few days. NSAIDs will usually aid in painkilling, but the recovery itself is natural. The disease is not serious in most cases.
 +
 
=== Dengue Fever ===
 
=== Dengue Fever ===
 +
Five types of flaviviruses, which also cause Yellow Fever. Dengue is a potentially fatal disease spread by mosquitoes. Symptoms include fever, rash, vomiting, and sores, but may also include Dengue hemorrhagic fever. The resulting low platelet count and hypotension leads to Dengue Shock Syndrome. There exists no vaccine.
 +
 
=== Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever ===
 
=== Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever ===
 
=== Hepatitis ===
 
=== Hepatitis ===

Revision as of 06:29, 5 June 2017

This page is for detailed information about each disease on the Microbe Mission Diseases List.

The event Microbe Mission specifies a list of diseases that may be tested on. The 2017 list may be found here. Lists from past years are linked in the Resources section.



Viral Diseases

Viruses are nonliving obligate intracellular parasites that utilize either DNA or RNA as their genetic material. A virus usually has a proteinaceous capsid studded with different glycoproteins, which facilitate entry into a host cell. The capsid itself protects the genetic material of the virus.

Viruses are usually extremely species-specific, rarely infecting different species. Virus replication may be halted by antiviral medications such as aciclovir. Furthermore, vaccines, comprised of heat-killed or live attenuated viruses and/or antigens, may be injected into a host animal to provoke a humoral immune response. Antibodies produced will circulate and memory T/B cells proliferate, protecting the host from further infection.

Viruses are usually classified by the Baltimore Classification System, which separates viruses into groups by nucleic acid properties:

  • Type I viruses are double-stranded DNA viruses
  • Type II viruses are single-stranded DNA viruses
  • Type III viruses are double-stranded RNA viruses
  • Type IV viruses are positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses
  • Type V viruses are negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses
  • Type VI viruses are RNA retroviruses
  • Type VII viruses are DNA retroviruses

AIDS

Caused by an RNA retrovirus, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which emerged in the 1980s. HIV attacks CD4+ T-cells of the immune system, crippling its ability to defend against opportunistic infections. Several classes of retroviral medications may be given to patients, but no cure is currently available. Late-stage AIDS is marked by opportunistic infections and Kaposi's Sarcoma, a cancer caused by a human herpesvirus. AIDS is an STD, although blood transfusions and needle sharing also spreads the disease.

Chicken Pox and Shingles

Caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV), a herpesvirus. Chickenpox is marked by red itchy rashes and a fever in children, and much more serious fevers in adults. However, chickenpox will not usually manifest itself twice. Shingles is more commonly seen in the elderly, and causes itchy rashes on places like the chest. Herpesviruses display lysogeny, and so shingles may recur throughout life. There exists a vaccine for VZV.

Common Cold

Caused by about 200 different types of rhinoviruses, making medication/vaccines impossible to develop. Causes symptoms of runny noses, fever, general illness that goes away after a few days. NSAIDs will usually aid in painkilling, but the recovery itself is natural. The disease is not serious in most cases.

Dengue Fever

Five types of flaviviruses, which also cause Yellow Fever. Dengue is a potentially fatal disease spread by mosquitoes. Symptoms include fever, rash, vomiting, and sores, but may also include Dengue hemorrhagic fever. The resulting low platelet count and hypotension leads to Dengue Shock Syndrome. There exists no vaccine.

Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever

Hepatitis

Influenza

Measles

Mumps

Mononucleosis

Polio

Rabies

Rubella

Small Pox

West Nile Virus

Yellow Fever

Bacterial Diseases

Anthrax

Botulism

Cholera

Chlamydiasis

Dental Caries

Gonorrhea

Legionnaire's Disease

Lyme Disease

MRSA

Peptic Ulcer Disease

Pertussis

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Strep throat

Syphilis

Tetanus

Tuberculosis

Fungal Diseases

Athlete's Foot

Dutch Elm Disease

Ergotism

Histoplasmosis

Early Potato Blight

Ringworm

Thrush

Protozoan & Algal Diseases

Malaria

Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning

Estuary Associated Syndrome

Giardiasis

Cryptosporidiosis

Prionic Diseases

Scrapie

Kuru

Parasitic Worms

Hookworm

Pinworm

Schistosomiasis

Tapeworm

Trichinosis

Diseases from Past Years

Information about diseases that were on previous years' lists but have since been removed. Occasionally these are tested on by inexperienced or less dedicated event supervisors who mistakenly use past lists or reuse old questions indiscriminately.

Typhus

Resources

2017 list 2012 list 2011 list