Mission Possible/Chemical Devices

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These are examples of chemical devices that may be used in the Mission Possible event.

Endothermic Reactions

Ammonium Chloride and Water

Ammonium Chloride and Water

Exothermic Reactions

Oxidizing Iron

Winter glove warming packets
These one-use packets oxidize iron filings to produce heat.

Gas Producing Reactions

Vinegar and Baking Soda

Baking soda
The classic elementary science project volcano components. Mix vinegar and baking soda to generate carbon dioxide gas.

Alka Seltzer and Water

Alka-Seltzer in water
A spin on the baking soda reaction, but both components are actually in the seltzer and the water is just releasing them. Using vinegar may speed up the reaction, as will powdering the tablets.

Mentos and Coke

Mixing mentos in diet coke = rapid gas expansion
Potentially much more dramatic than other gas producing reactions. Either use small quantities, contain it well, or both. If anything leaves the boundaries of the machine, you will be penalized.

Precipitation Reactions

Ferric Chloride and Washing Soda

Ferric chloride you will have to order from online or beg some off of a chemistry teacher. Washing soda you can pick up at the supermarket. Dissolve both components in water to get a quick, dependable reaction.

Electricity Producing Reactions

Vinegar Battery

Vinegar can be used with copper and zinc metal plates to generate electricity
Vinegar (or another acid, but a strong one is not necessary and will just dissolve your plates) will react with two metals (like copper and zinc, check online for other combinations) to provide a small voltage and current. And ice cube tray is a simple way to have many small cells that can be wired in series, parallel, or both. Expect to power a small LED or a small relay.

Potato / Lemon Battery

A standard potato battery
A number of foods can be used with two different metal probes to generate a little power. Expect to power a small LED or a small relay. Galvanized nails are covered in zinc, so they will work along side copper wire.

Chemiluminescent Reactions

Luminol

Glowsticks

Glowsticks can be opened and the chemicals seperated for later use. Luminol is sometimes contained.

Cut the top off of the stick and pour the liquid inside into an opaque container. Carefully extract the glass tube inside the plastic glowstick tube. Put the glass tube in another opaque bottle. If you break the glass inside the bottle then you can just use a syringe or pipet to extract the chemical. Combine the two chemicals in your machine to generate light. Use opaque containers and do not open the glowstick packaging until necessary because some of the chemicals may photodegrade, rendering them weak or useless. Some of the chemicals also stain in interesting and permanent colors.