Ornithology

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Overview

This event is geared towards the study of birds. For this event you will most likely need to know how to identify birds and also their calls.

Birds of Prey

Most Birds of Prey are called raptors.The word raptor comes from the Latin word "rapere" which means to take or sieze by force. A bird is defined as a raptor if:

  1. Hunts
  2. Has keen senses
  3. large Talons/Beak

The Following families are the major raptors

  1. Accipitridae:Hawks,Ospreys,Eagles,Harriers,Kites
  2. Cathartidae:New World Vultures
  3. Falconidae:Falcons
  4. Strigidae:Owls
  5. Tyonidae:Barn Owls

Accipitridae

Eagles

Bald Eagle Call

  • Large Birds with long broad wings
  • Large nest on cliffs/trees
  • Hunt for small mammals in open areas uses a flat wing soar that distinguises it from turkey vultures

Hawks

Red Tailed Hawk Call

  • medium birds of pray
  • normally hunts from a concealed perch
  • Agile long tail feathers allow for steering in tight places
  • prey on small mammals and songbirds

Ospreys

  • single raptor found worldwide
  • Eat mainly Fish
  • nest near water

Carhtartidae

New World Vultures

  • carrion eaters
  • common near dumps
  • no feathers on head

Falconidae

Falcons

  • small to medium with long pointed wings
  • powerful hunters
  • Swift flyers
  • Take over other birds nests

Bird Calls

Loons

Common Loon Call

Herons

American Bittern

Green Heron

Hawks/Eagles

Bald Eagle Call

Red Tailed Hawk Call

Falcons

American Kestrel

Phasianidae

Rallidae

Clapper Rail

Virginia Rail

Charadriidae

Killdeer

Scolopacidae

Willet

Greater Yellowlegs

Laridae

Least Tern

Columbidae

Mourning Dove

Cuculidae

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Strigidae

Caprimulgidae

Whip-poor-will

Apodidae

[White-throated Swift]

Links

great for calls

Bird ID info

2010 National Bird List