Difference between revisions of "Roller Coaster"

From Scioly.org
Jump to: navigation, search
Line 165: Line 165:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 10th
 
| 10th
| [[Jeffery Trail Middle School]]
+
| [[Jeffrey Trail Middle School]]
 
| 432
 
| 432
 
| 69
 
| 69

Revision as of 03:44, 4 May 2020

Roller Coaster

Type Physics
Category Build
Event Information
Latest Appearance 2019
Forum Threads

Roller Coaster was a Division B for the 2019 season, which replaced Mission Possible. It was previously a trial event in many states, as well as at the 2017 National Tournament and 2015 National Tournament. The objective of the event is to design and build a roller coaster, using spherical vehicles, to travel the track as close as possible to a target time between 10 and 60 seconds.

Construction

Device

The roller coaster must be within these dimensions: 50 cm length × 50 cm width × 60 cm height.

Track

The track can be made of anything except for commercially sold tracks such as Hot Wheels. The vehicle, at all times, must be visible to the event supervisor. As of the 2018-2019 season, funnels are allowed to be used, as long as it is constructed such that the ball is visible at all times. The track can have 3 gaps, in which they can contribute to the total "gap bonus". In order to qualify, the gap must have a horizontal span of 5 cm and the vehicle must be unsupported. These gaps must be labeled.

Vehicle

The vehicle can be any spherical object. Some possible items include marbles or ping-pong balls. Different objects will move along the same track at different speeds and may be otherwise affected - for example, some vehicles may require a steeper slope to begin moving. The vehicle, if not passing through a gap, must be traveling on the track at all times (e.g, it can't bounce off of the track).

Time Target and Other Construction Rules

The roller coaster must be designed so that the vehicles can complete the track in a variable amount of time. The target time is a specific time between 10 and 60 seconds (2019), in varying intervals (5s for regional, 2s for state, and 1s intervals for national) The event supervisors at the tournament will choose a target time and tell it to each team as they begin their 8 minute testing period. The target time should be the same for all teams. Teams must adjust their devices to the target time during their 8 minute testing period.

Examples

2019 Winning Roller Coaster


In the above picture, only two gaps were constructed. Commonly, a "regain" will be built after each jump. After having one large jump, another ramp with a not as steep incline would be built, conserving all the energy which would otherwise be wasted after each jump. As of the 2019 season, a large majority of teams used a "C" or "U" jump as the 2nd, or even 3rd jump. The ball would land at the bottom of the C, indicated by the pencil lines drawn on the wooden board. It would then loop around and shoot out, out of the top of the C, allowing the ball's energy to be almost fully conserved. This allowed teams to get upwards of 80 centimeters of gap. The roller coaster pictured above had a total of 86 centimeters of gap.

Commonly, a foam pipe insulation cut in half can be used as the track. It can then be elevated using wood dowels, attaching it to the base with hot glue, super glue, wood glue, nails, etc. In this method, a good train would be a marble or other small, round object. If the time target is not being achieved, try increasing or decreasing the weight of the train. Another method would be, similarly, PVC pipe cut in half with joints, though it would be harder to make turns.

However, many teams also use 3d printed gaps, or commonly even metal or aluminium gaps. With a material like aluminium, the lack of friction allows the ball to jump even further.

The use of oil, even the tiny bit of sweat on your hands, would easily affect the amount of gap that the ball gets. By using gloves or wearing a protective cover around your hands, as well as making sure the ball is free of any foreign substances, is recommended to allow consistency in gaps.

In addition, different densities and sizes of the ball can also change the amount of gap you may get. In the device pictured, a PTFE ball, with a diameter of 1/2" was used. However, metal balls are also used for consistency. Furthermore, a regular marble is the most common, as they are the most accessible to most teams. These are not the only methods. Feel free to try things out on your own and find out what method works best for you!

Here is one made out of paper.

Competition

The event supervisors will announce the target time to each team at the start of their 8 minute testing period. The event supervisor will also measure the team's device before testing - this does not count toward the 8 minute testing period. Each team is allowed up to two runs, which must start within their testing period.

Scoring

A team's score is determined from their single best run. A run's score is calculated based on the height of the device, the accuracy of the run (closeness to the Target Time), and the Gap Bonus. The way the current rules are written, more points can be gained through the gap bonus than through any other method, making gaps extremely important. Teams with construction or competition violations, or teams who missed impound, are ranked in lower tiers (specified by the rules). Failed runs will receive a score of zero, but will be ranked above teams with violations.

Helpful Links

Trial Event rules used for 2016 from soinc.org
A picture of a rollercoaster, found on the National SO website
An example score sheet, also from soinc.org
Paper Roller Coaster Company is now selling kits specifically designed for 2018 S.O. rules. Look for "Science Olympiad Roller Coaster Kit"

Nationals Scores

2019 Nationals Results
Place School Total Score Time Gap (cm) Height Target Time
1st Community Middle School 665 47 86 60 47
2nd Tower Heights Middle School 653 49 84 60 47
3rd Kennedy Middle School 645 47 82 60 47
4th Kraemer Middle School 608 64 78 60 47
5th Harlan Rowe Middle School 595 47 72 60 47
6th Slauson Middle School 559 48 65 60 47
2018 Nationals Results
Place School Score Gap
1st Bedford Middle School 618 107
2nd Meads Mill Middle School 581 100
3rd Tower Heights Middle School 562 92
4th Slauson Middle School 518 91
5th Solon Middle School 506 92
6th Springhouse Middle School 499 92
7th Paul J. Gelinas Junior High School 471 87
8th Community Middle School 461 77
9th Kennedy Middle School 446 71
10th Jeffrey Trail Middle School 432 69