Difference between revisions of "User:Jaspattack/Sandbox"

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Revision as of 20:42, 4 April 2020

Miscellaneous

Fossils

  • compare with rocks + minerals list - link page for rocks on list?
  • maybe make template like herp/ornithology *this is the best course of action*
    • this entire page probably needs to get redone because i didn't think about that

Template

(found at User:Jaspattack/Sandbox/Fossils)


Kingdom Protozoa (Protists)

Protists are essentially organisms that do not fit into any other categories. They are eukaryotic organisms, however they are not animals, plants or fungi. Only one phylum under Kingdom Protozoa is on the 2020 fossil list - Foraminifera.

Phylum Foraminifera

Picture(s) An illustration of various forams
Fossil Range Cambrian to Recent
Distinctive Features All forams possess a test, a shell secreted while the animal was alive. The shell is commonly made of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) or aggregated particles of sediment.
Typical Modes of Life/Habitat All are marine, living on or inside sediment (benthic). However, some are planktonic and float in the water column.
Adaptations Over Time While fossilized forams are typically very small (less than 20 cm), larger forams with complex shell structures have been found over time.
Common Names/Nicknames Forams
Additional Information The phylum Foraminifera, or as they are usually called, forams, are extremely basic fossils. They are single celled organisms, the oldest of which date back to the Cambrian. They became much more common when coral reefs expanded, and would die off without them. Forams are also useful indicators of past environments and can be good index fossils. The petroleum industry will typically analyze the foram content of the ground they want to drill in to determine whether or not to drill there. In the phylum Foraminifera, competitors must know the order Fusulinida and the genus Nummulites. In some circles, Foraminifera is considered a class or a sub-phylum to the phylum Retaria.

Order Fusulinida

Picture(s) A diagram of fusulinid morphology
Fossil Range Upper Pennsylvanian to Upper Permian
Taxonomy Domain: Eukaryota
Phylum: Retaria
Subphylum: Foraminifera
Distinctive Features As the test grows, it twists into a spiral around the single cell and forms chambers. They look similar to grains of wheat, and many of them are found together.
Typical Modes of Life/Habitat Most were planktonic, living in clear marine water far from shore.
Adaptations Over Time Early fusulinids were smaller and more spherical, and overtime they evolved to be longer and narrower.
Common Names/Nicknames Fusulinids
Additional Information Fusulinids have also been considered a genus instead of an order in some classifications. They are some of the most complex forams. Fusulinids were omnivorous, eating via reticulopodia (cell extensions), which projected through pores in the test to catch small creatures. The shell is secreted by the protoplasm of the cell. Fusulinids went extinct with the Permian-Triassic extinction event.
Genus Nummulites
Picture(s) Nummulites.jpg
Fossil Range Middle Cretaceous to Recent
Taxonomy Phylum: Retaria
Subphylum: Foraminifera
Order: Rotaliida
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Kingdom Animalia (Animals)

Sponges (Phylum Porifera)

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Genus Astraeospongia
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Genus Hydnoceras
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Bryozoans (Phylum Bryozoa)

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Genus Archimedes
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Genus Rhombopora
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Graptolites (Phylum Hemichordata)

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Order Dendroidea

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Order Graptoloidea

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Corals (Phylum Cnidaria)

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Order Tabulata

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Genus Favosites
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Genus Halysites
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Order Rugosa

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Genus Heliophyllum
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Genus Hexagonaria
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Order Scleratinia

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Genus Septastraea
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Phylum Arthropoda

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Subphylum Crustacea
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Subphylum Chelicerata
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Class Insecta

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Class Trilobita

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Genus Cryptolithus
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Genus Calymene
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Genus Elrathia
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Genus Isotelus
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Genus Eldredgeops
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Brachiopods (Phylum Brachiopoda)

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Class Inarticulata

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Genus Lingulata
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Class Articulata

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Genus Atrypa
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Genus Composita
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Genus Juresania
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Genus Leptaena
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Genus Mucrospirifer
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Genus Platystrophia
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Genus Rafinesquina
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Order Rhynchonellida

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Mollusks (Phylum Mollusca)

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Class Bivalvia

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Genus Exogyra
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Genus Gryphaea
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Genus Pecten
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Genus Glycymeris
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Genus Astarte
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Genus Nucula
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Class Cephalopoda

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Order Goniatitida

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Order Ceratitida

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Order Ammonitida

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Genus Baculites
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Genus Dactylioceras
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Order Belemnitida

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Genus Belemnitella
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Order Nautilida

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Common Names/Nicknames Chambered Nautilus
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Order Orthocerida

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Class Gastropoda

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Genus Conus
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Genus Cypraea
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Genus Platyceras
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Genus Turritella
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Genus Worthenia
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Echinoderms (Phylum Echinodermata)

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Class Asteroidea

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Class Blastoidea

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Genus Pentremites
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Class Crinoidea

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Class Echinoidea

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Class Ophiuroidea

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Vertebrates (Phylum Chordata)

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Superclass Agnatha

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Class Placodermi

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Genus Bothriolepis
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Genus Dunkleostetus
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Class Chondrichthyes

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Superorder Selachimorpha

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Genus Otodus
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Genus Carcharocles
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Species C. megalodon
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Genus Dunkleostetus
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Superorder Batoidea

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Superclass Osteichthyes

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Class Actinopterygii

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Genus Knightia
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Genus Xiphactinus
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Class Sarcopterygii

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Genus Eusthenopteron
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Genus Latimeria
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Genus Tiktaalik
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